Death of Theodosius II, Emperor of the East
Crusaders outside of Damascus retreat - end of the 2nd Crusade
Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic, philosopher born
Serbians defeat Bulgarians, and kill Czar Michael Sisman of Bulgaria
Death of Jacopo Sannazaro (given 6,000 Crowns for 6 lines of poetry)
Turks make a sneak attack on Rhodes
Henry VIII, King of England born
King Henry the Eighth's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, orders her heralds to publish that Lord Darnley is to be "named and styled King"
Frobisher's expedition reaches Labrador
Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe
English fireships burn the Spanish Armada
Bermuda discovered by Admiral George Somers
Surrender of Kalmar Castle, Sweden
Champlain discovers Lake Huron
Riot in St. Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, in protest against the use of the Book of Common Prayer
Cromwell reaches Edinburgh
Thomas Heyward soldier, signed Declaration of Independence born
Johann Sebastian Bach died in Leipzig of a stroke. Bach had gone blind about a year before, but had reported some return of vision in his last 10 days. Musical fashion was passing Bach by, and though he was widely mourned it was as a top-flight organist. German composer Johann Sebastian Bach was a devout Lutheran.
Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
Peru declared its independence from Spain.
Balington Booth founded Volunteers of America born
The American Dental Association proposed its first code of ethics this day.
Beatrix Potter England, children's author (Tale of Peter Rabbit) born
The metric system was authorized for the standardization of weights and measures throughout the United States this day.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, guaranteeing due process of law, was declared in effect.
The U.S. Department of Education was established on this day.
American Presbyterian theologian J. Gresham Machen in Baltimore. born
Marcel Duchamp painter (Nude Descending a Staircase) born
Joe E. (Evan) Brown (comedian, actor Mad World) born
The city of Miami, Florida, was incorporated. The newly incorporated city had a population of 260. Today, not counting suburbs, Miami boasts a population of nearly 400,000.
Gustav Mahler finished composing his Third Symphony on this day in 1896. Alma Mahler reported that this was a relief. Mahler composed in the countryside and demanded silence. He even got farmhands to muffle the bells on nearby cows.
The Hamburger is created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
Rudy (Hubert) Vallee (singer born
Austria declared war on Serbia, marking the start of World War I.
"Polka king" Frankie Yankovic (Grammy Award-winning musician: accordion: Just Because) born
Movie director Andrew V. McLaglen born
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (First Lady U.S. President John F. Kennedy, wife of Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis; editor: Doubleday Publishing) born
Darryl Hickman (actor born
Congress makes "The Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd National Anthem.
Federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called "Bonus Army" of World War One veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.
The singing telegram was introduced on this day. The first person to receive a singing telegram was singer, Rudy Vallee, in honor of his 32nd birthday.
Peter Duchin (pianist, bandleader; son of musician, Eddy Duchin) born
The president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori born
Judy Garland sang one of the most famous songs of the century with the Victor Young Orchestra. The tune became her signature song and will forever be associated with the singer-actress. Garland recorded Over the Rainbow on this day for Decca Records. It was the musical highlight of the film, The Wizard of Oz.
The conductor Riccardo Muti, so well known to fans of the Philadelphia Orchestra, was born in Naples. Muti's family moved to a remote village when he was quite young, and he would later comment approvingly on the effects of isolation from popular culture. born
Bill Bradley (basketball born
President Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing.
The U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.
"Garfield" creator Jim Davis born
A US Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
Rock musician Rick Wright (Pink Floyd) born
Singer Jonathan Edwards born
Linda Kelsey (actress born
Barbara Ferrell (National Track & Field Hall of Famer Olympic medalist: silver: 100 meter dash, gold: 4x100 meter relay born
Georgia Bright Engel (actress Coach) born
Actress Sally (Ann) Struthers (Emmy Award-winning the Family [1971-72, 1978] promoter of the Christian Children's Fund) born
Actress Georgia Engel born
Peter Doyle (singer Teach the World to Sing, Look What They've Done to My Song Ma) born
The Walt Disney film, Alice in Wonderland, was released by RKO Pictures.
The first press interview with Elvis Presley was published in "The Memphis Press-Scimitar."
In preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Hiram L. Fong, to the US Senate and the first Japanese-American, Daniel K. Inouye, to the US House of Representatives.
Actor Michael Hayden ("Murder One") born
President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
Actress Elizabeth Berkley born
On this day, exactly a year after their first date, TV's Six Million Dollar Man, Lee Majors, married one of Charlie's Angels, Farrah Fawcett. The new Farrah Fawcett-Majors was named one of the 10 most beautiful women on the campus of the University of Texas.
The Grateful Dead, the Allman Brothers and the Band, among others, played to 600,000 people at Watkins Glen, New York.
An earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate. Other estimates have the death toll as high as one million people killed.
Roy Wilkins turned over leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to Benjamin L. Hooks.
The 23rd Summer Olympic Games opened at the Los Angeles Coliseum in Southern California this day. Peter V. Uberroth, head of the U.S. Olympic Committee, welcomed 7,800 athletes from 140 nations during the 3-1/2 hour opening ceremonies.
Lou Brock, Enos Slaughter, Hoyt Wilhelm and Arky Vaughn were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown, New York on this day.
''NASA'' released a transcript of a recording from the doomed space shuttle ''Challenger'' in which pilot Michael J. Smith could be heard saying, ''Uh-oh!'' as the spacecraft disintegrated.
Attorney General Edwin Meese told the congressional Iran-Contra committees that President Reagan was "quite surprised" the previous November when Meese told him about the diversion of Iran arms-sales profits for use by the Contra rebels.
Actor Jonathan Osser"Hiller and Diller" born
Both houses of Congress overwhelmingly approved some $6 billion in aid for drought-stricken farmers.
Israeli commandos abducted a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim cleric, Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid from his home in south Lebanon.
The collision of a freighter and two barges spilled 500,000 gallons of oil in the Houston Ship Channel near Galveston, Texas.
Political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.
President Bush warned Iraq it would be making ''an enormous mistake'' if it failed to disclose its nuclear weapons program to United Nations inspectors.
Dennis Martinez pitched the 15th perfect game in major-league baseball history as the Montreal Expos beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0.
Democrats counterattacked a day after aides to President Bush had accused Democrat Bill Clinton of lacking foreign policy expertise.
Iraq opened its Agricultural Ministry to UN weapons experts after a three-week standoff.
Pop star Michael Jackson sued the British tabloid Daily Mirror over photos and an article that said he was left a "scarface" from numerous plastic surgeries.
At the Barcelona Olympics, the US women's 400-meter freestyle relay team won the gold medal.
President Clinton declared himself ready to provide air power quickly to protect peacekeepers in Bosnia once he received a request from the United Nations.
Congressional negotiators agreed on a crime-fighting package that included hiring 100,000 new police officers, banning assault-style weapons, vastly expanding the death penalty and putting third-time felons behind bars for life.
A jury in Union, S.C., rejected the death penalty for Susan Smith, sentencing her instead to life in prison for drowning her two young sons (Smith will be eligible for parole after 30 years).
The Senate, caught up in the reform fervor in Washington, voted unanimously to bar senators and their staffers from accepting vacation trips and other expensive gifts from anyone other than close friends and family.
Federal investigators reported "very good leads" in the hunt for the Olympic bomber, a day after the explosion in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta that killed a Georgia woman.
President Clinton, addressing a veterans convention in New Orleans, called on Congress to pass expanded anti-terrorism measures.
The Clinton administration and congressional leaders reached a tentative agreement on balancing the budget by 2002 while slicing taxes for millions of families, students and investors.
Five people were killed in a flash flood that tore through Fort Collins, Colorado.
During a day of official mourning, President Clinton praised two slain police officers at the US Capitol as heroes whose sacrifice "consecrated this house of freedom."
Monica Lewinsky received blanket immunity in exchange for providing "full and truthful testimony" to a grand jury investigating President Clinton.
General Motors reached a tentative agreement with the United Auto Workers to end an almost two-month strike.
Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion deal to create the second-biggest phone company.
The Senate opened debate on the Republicans' $792 billion tax cut bill. Surgeon General David Satcher declared suicide a serious national threat, saying, "People should not be afraid or ashamed to seek help."
Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori was sworn in for an unprecedented third term of office, infuriating demonstrators who set government buildings ablaze.
California Senator launches probe into National Guard abuse allegations
Ties found between Abu Ghraib prison abuse and Guantanamo Bay
U.S. Congress passes CAFTA with 2 vote House margin
21 July London bombing suspect held
Australian refugee activists plan protest during minister's speech
Burundi radio station ban lifted as media council chair resigns
Icelandic Kaupthing Bank earnings soar 292%
Cambridge Silicon Radio, Ltd. acquires UbiNetics Holdings Limited
Icelandic Landsbanki Ãslands earnings on the increase
IRA orders end to armed campaign
Figo will not transfer to Liverpool
Doctor to be charged after mother's death in Ohio
New York area blog spawns book deal, NBC sitcom
US, five Asian nations announce climate change partnership
Iran will continue work on nuclear fuel cycle
NASA: Discovery appears safe to return to Earth
John Major brings "Anglo Saxon way of life" into terrorist discussion
Canada denies visa for Africa's top biosafety negotiator
Fans of OS/2 want IBM to release it as open-source software
Mysterious disease kills 31 in China's Sichuan province
Germany's July unemployment rate falls slightly
Hoax email plays on tube travellers' fears
New Zealand National Party only wants immigrants of "bedrock values"
Music reality show 'The One' cancelled by ABC a week after its debut
Landis' fate to be announced Monday
Blog about Liverpool city council causes stir
Ancient prayer book found in Irish bog
Empire State Games come to White Plains, NY
Cast of Bratz appears in Canada to promote film release
Australia drops charges against Indian doctor
German League Cup: Bayern Munich wins 6th League Cup
European football: Santa Cruz to Rovers
Tour de France: Levi Leipheimer wins stage 19
Door opens mid-Qantas flight; plane makes an emergency landing
US presidential candidate Obama speaks in Berlin, Germany
Five of six accused over Egyptian ferry fire that killed over 1,000 are acquitted
Two bomb blasts kill at least 17 in Istanbul, Turkey
Puffin numbers are falling on UK's Farne Islands
Report says modernizing and repairing US bridges to cost $140 billion
22 killed as heavy rain hits Panzhihua, China
North Carolina terrorist ring broken up, seven arrested
Bull fighting banned in Catalonia
Severe smog blankets Moscow
Plane crash in Pakistani capital kills 152
Wyclef Jean considering standing for president of Haiti