Death of Latin Father St. Jerome. He was converted at 19 and spent the last half of his life rendering the Scriptures into the contemporary ("vulgar") Latin of his day -- hence the "Latin Vulgate" -- as well as preparing commentaries on nearly every book of the Bible.
Death of Arnold de Torroges, 9th Master of the Templars
Pope Nicholas IV original name GIROLAMO MASCI pope from 1288 to 1292, the first Franciscan pontiff. born
Thomas Plantagenet, duke of Clarence. The second son of Henry IV of England and aide to his elder brother, Henry V. born
Abdication of Richard II, King of England
Death of Isabella, Queen to Charles VI, King of France
Latimer and Ridley brought to trial for heresy
Eric XIV, king of Sweden, is deposed after showing signs of madness.
Death of St. Francis Borgia
A Plymouth colony resident, John Billington, who had signed the Mayflower Compact, was sentenced to die for having shot and killed John Newcomin because of an old quarrel. It was the first execution in the British colonies.
The French, at Hochstadt in the War of the Spanish Succession, suffer only 1,000 casualties to the 11,000 of their opponents, the Austrians of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.
English revivalist George Whitefield, 56, died in Newburyport, Mass., while on his seventh visit to America.
"The Magic Flute" premiered in Vienna. Mozart was on hand, and reports of the day say he played tricks on the performers to try to throw them off.
Dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time on a patient in his Boston office. It was used to to extract a tooth.
Robert Schumann who tended to be vehement in both his criticism and his praise, with lines like "Hats off, gentlemen, a genius!" poured it on when Johannes Brahms came to visit him.
William Wrigley, Jr. American salesman and manufacturer whose company became the largest producer and distributor of chewing gum in the world. born
Reinhard von Scheer, German admiral who commanded the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland born
German physicist Hans Geiger, co-inventor of the Geiger counter born
Film director Lewis Milestone ("All Quiet on the Western Front") born
J(ohn) I(nnes) M(ackintosh) Stewart, British novelist and literary critic created the character of Inspector John Appleby, a British sleuth known for his suave humour, "raised eyebrow," and literary finesse. born
Italy declares war on Turkey over control of Tripoli.
Former Georgia Governor Lester Maddox born
Actress Deborah Kerr (Night of the Iguana) born
Novelist Truman Capote born
Babe Ruth hit his 60th homer of the season to break his own major-league record. He hits this homerun off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City.
Elie Wiesel, byname of ELIEZER WIESEL Romanian-born American novelist whose works provide a sober yet passionate testament of the destruction of European Jewry during World War II. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1986. born
Actress Angie Dickinson born
Singer Cissy Houston born
Singer Johnny Mathis (Misty and Wonderful Wonderful) born
"Porgy and Bess" premiered in Boston, setting off an argument among newspaper critics about whether it was an opera or a musical.
British, French, German and Italian leaders decided to appease Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
Rock singer-musician Dewey Martin (Buffalo Springfield) born
Johann Deisenhofer, German biochemist who, along with Hartmut Michel and Robert Huber, received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1988 for their determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential to photosynthesis. born
Singer Marilyn McCoo born
The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps becomes the Women's Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army with the same status as other army service corps
Pius XII issued the encyclical "Divino Afflante Spiritu," which encouraged Catholic scholars to devote more attention to biblical exegesis in their teachings and writings.
Pop singer Sylvia Peterson (The Chiffons) born
The verdicts were handed down in the Nuremberg war crimes trial. 12 Nazi leaders were sentenced to death by hanging.
The Berlin Airlift came to an end after 277,264 flights.
U.N. forces cross the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursue the retreating North Korean Army
Billy Graham's "Hour of Decision" first aired over ABC
Rock musician John Lombardo (10,000 Maniacs) born
The motion picture process Cinerama -- which employed three cameras, three projectors and a deeply curved viewing screen -- made its debut with the premiere of "This Is Cinerama" at the Broadway Theatre in New York.
The complete Old and New Testament of the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible was first published by Thomas Nelson and Sons. (The RSV New Testament had first appeared in 1946.)
Singer Deborah Allen born
Actor Barry Williams born
Actor Calvin Levels ("Adventures in Babysitting") born
Singer Patrice Rushen born
The first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine "Nautilus," was commissioned by the Navy.
NATO nations agree to arm and admit West Germany.
Actor James Dean was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California.
Actress Fran Drescher (The Nanny, Saturday Night Fever). born
Country singer Marty Stuart born
The Flintstones premier on TV, billed as the first adult cartoon.
Rapper-producer Marley Marl born
Black student James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try in registering for classes at the University of Mississippi.
Actress Crystal Bernard born
Rock musician Robby Takac (Goo Goo Dolls) born
President Lyndon Johnson signs legislation that establishes the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities.
Actress Jenna Elfman born
Actor Ashley Hamilton born
Tennis player Martina Hingis born
Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Moceanu . born
Actress Lacey Chabert ("Party of Five") born
The US released accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Soviets released Nicholas Daniloff.
Two top campaign aides to Massachusetts Governor Michaelgn manager John Sasso, admitted leaking an "attack" videotape that helped bring down the presidential candidacy of Delaware Senator Joseph Biden. (Sasso returned to the campaign a year later.)
LA Dodger Orel Herschiser breaks former Dodger Don Drysdale mark by pitching 59 consecutive scoreless innings.
Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.
Nolan Ryan's perfect game broken in 8th, but he gets his 300th strikeout.
President Bush and congressional leaders forged a $500 billion five-year compromise package of tax increases and spending cuts.
Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overthrown in a military coup.
George Brett of the Kansas City Royals reached 3,000 career hits during a game against the California Angels.
26th Country Music Assn Award
The Bush and Clinton campaigns opened negotiations for a series of presidential debates.
Colin Powell stepped down as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in a retirement ceremony at Fort Myer, Virginia.
An estimated ten-thousand people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 6.4 struck southern India.
Cleveland Indian Albert Belle hit his 50th home run of season.
U.S. envoy Richard Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.
With just hours to spare before the start of the fiscal year, the Senate passed and President Clinton signed a $389 billion spending bill.
In an unprecedented act of repentance, France's Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the systematic persecution and deportation of Jews by the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.
3 consecutive homers in post season and theYanks beat Indians 8-6
Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0
The General Accounting Office reported that Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr and his predecessor, Robert Fiske, had spent more than $40 million on the investigation of President Clinton's Arkansas land deals that was expanded to include the probe of the Monica Lewinsky affair.
Both President Clinton and Republicans claimed credit for news that the government would run a surplus of about $70 billion in the current fiscal year.
A major leak at a uranium-processing plant in northeastern Japan exposed dozens of people to radiation.
The San Francisco Giants played the Los Angeles Dodgers in the last baseball game at Candlestick Park (3Com Park); the Dodgers won, 9-4.
German novelist Guenter Grass won the Nobel Prize in literature.
Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered a top-level investigation of accounts of mass killings of Korean civilians by U.S. soldiers at No Gun Ri in 1950.
Belgium indicts former Chad dictator accused of humanitarian crimes
UN health expert warns Bird Flu could kill 150 million
Brazilian passenger jet wreck found in Amazon jungle
Ignatieff leads in early Canadian Liberal delegate count
Al-Qaeda's second in command, Ayman al-Zawahri appears in new videotape
Letter from 1988 says Iran needed to aquire nuclear weapons to win the war with Iraq
Interview with gay marriage movement founder Evan Wolfson
Death toll in One-Two-Go crash reaches 90
Lewis Hamilton wins Japanese Grand Prix
12 soldiers killed in raid on peacekeeping base in Darfur
Iran's parliament labels CIA a terrorist organization
Three strong earthquakes strike near New Zealand
FIFA Women's World Cup: Germany defeats Brazil to retain championship
National Football League: Quarterback Brett Favre breaks record for touchdowns
German man arrested for selling screws worth $155,000
Athabasca University receives 30 million dollars
Woman slashed to death, man steals $6 for beer
Over 100 people die in stampede at Hindu temple near Jodhpur, India
George Bush: Rescue plan will get through
Hundreds of victims still unidentified three months after Typhoon Frank
Court revelation by John Travolta of son's disease sparks autism debate
Fifty feared dead after boat capsizes in India
At least 22 dead after typhoon hits Vietnam
Homeopathy proponents jailed for allowing daughter to die
30 civillians killed by roadside bomb in Afghanistan
9/11 health care bill passed in US House of Representatives
US undergraduate commits suicide after 'outing' via webcast
Afghan employee kills U.S. citizen at Kabul CIA base
Australian columnist 'offended, insulted, humiliated' fair-skinned Aborigines
Unauthorised autobiography of Julian Assange sells less than 700 copies