Hugo Grotius of Holland, father of the science of international law born
The U.S. patent system is established.
Matthew Calbraith Perry, American Navy Commodore, opened Japan to trade with the west born
Austria declares war on France and her forces enter Bavaria.
Lew Wallace, Civil War general, lawyer, diplomat and author of Ben Hur born
American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer born in Mako, Hungary.
Walter Hunt of New York City patented the safety pin on this day. He thought the safety pin to be a temporary convenience and sold the patent for a total of $400.
Union forces begin the bombardment of Fort Pulaski in Georgia along the Tybee River.
At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues his last order.
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was incorporated.
Russian premier from 1917 to 1924, Lenin born Vladimir Illyich Ulanov
Frances Perkins, labor secretary, first woman cabinet member in an American Administration born
Merchant Bernard Gimbel (Gimbel's Department Stores) born
South African Boers accept British terms of surrender.
Clare Boothe Luce, reporter and U.S. ambassador to the Vatican born
The luxury liner RMS Titanic set sail from Southampton, England, on its ill-fated maiden voyage.
Actor Harry (Bratsburg) Morgan (M*A*S*H, Dragnet, You Can't Take It with You, Pete and Gladys, HEC Ramsey, December Bride, The D.A., Aftermash) born
Country singer Sheb Wooley (Rawhide, High Noon, Rocky Mountain, Giant, Hoosiers) born
Actor Chuck Connors (The Rifleman) born
David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964 born
The novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published by Scribner's of New York.
"Ballet Macanique" was presented for the first time at Carnegie Hall in New York City. This was the first symphonic work that called for an airplane propeller and other mechanical contraptions not normally associated with the ballet.
Actress Liz Sheridan ("Seinfeld") born
Actor Max Von Sydow (Dune, The Exorcist, The Seventh Seal, The Emigrants, Flash Gordon, Hannah and Her Sisters, Hawaii, The Quiller Memorandum, Quo Vadis, Three Days of the Condor) born
The first synthetic rubber is produced.
Actor (Michael Shalhoub) Omar Sharif (Lawrence of Arabia, Dr. Zhivago, Funny Girl, Funny Lady, Peter the Great, Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna, Beyond Justice, Crime & Passion) born
German president Paul Von Hindenburg was re-elected, with Adolf Hitler coming second.
Sportscaster John Madden born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Bobbie Smith (The Spinners) born
Sportscaster Don Meredith born
U.S. troops occupy Greenland to prevent Nazi infiltration.
German Me 262 jet fighters shoot down ten U.S. bombers near Berlin.
Reggae artist Bunny Wailer born
Jackie Robinson becomes the first black to play major league baseball as he takes the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower stood by an earlier newspaper report in which he said that a professional soldier should not seek high political office. It was only four years later that General Eisenhower would find himself as President of the United States.
Baseball player Ken Griffey (Father of Ken Griffey, Jr.; the first father-son combination to play in the major leagues at the same time) born
Folk-pop singer Terre Roche (The Roches) born
Eddie Fisher was discharged from the Army and arrived home to a nice paycheck of $330,000 in record royalties. Fisher sold 7 million records for RCA Victor while on furloughs.
The three-dimensional horror movie "House of Wax," produced by Warner Brothers and starring Vincent Price, premiered New York.
Actor Peter MacNicol born
Rock musician Steven Gustafson (10,000 Maniacs) born
Singer-producer Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds born
Dick Clark devoted an hour of his "American Bandstand" afternoon TV show to the memory of Chuck Willis who had died earlier in the day from peritonitis.
Rock singer-musician Brian Setzer born
Japan's Crown Prince Akihito married a commoner, Michiko Shoda.
Rapper Afrika Bambaataa born
The U.S. Senate passes a landmark Civil Rights Bill.
Gary Player of South Africa became the first foreign golfer to win the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Player, age 25, won by just one stroke over both Charles Coe, an amateur, and defending champion Arnold Palmer.
Olympic gold medal speedskater Cathy Turner born
The nuclear-powered submarine USS Thresher failed to surface off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, a disaster that claimed 129 lives.
Rock musician Tim "Herb" Alexander born
The 13-day strike by the American Federation of Radio-TV Artists (AFTRA) came to an end less than two hours before the 39th Academy Awards presentation went on the air.
President Johnson replaces General Westmoreland with General Creighton Abrams in Vietnam.
Singer Kenny Lattimore born
The American table tennis team arrives in China.
The United States and the Soviet Union joined some 70 nations signing an agreement banning biological warfare.
The song, "Theme from 'Shaft'" received an Academy Award for Best Original Song in a film in 1971. Isaac Hayes, the composer and artist for the recording, received a standing ovation during the presentation of his Oscar.
Golda Meir announced her resignation as prime minister of Israel. And Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister, Golda Meir.
Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected to the British Parliament.
Actor Ryan Merriman ("The Pretender") born
Eddie Murphy's "Beverly Hills Cop" made it to the top ten on the list of top-grossing motion pictures. The film, at number nine on the list, was the only R-rated and non-summer movie to make the list.
Actor Haley Joel Osment born
Federal drug czar William J. Bennett unveiled details of the Bush administration's plan for fighting drug abuse and drug-related crime the nation's capital.
Three European hostages - a French woman, a Belgian man and their two-year-old daughter, who was born in captivity - were released in Lebanon by the Abu Nidal Palestinian guerrilla group following an appeal by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
A day after Mikhail Gorbachev appealed for a moratorium on all strikes, demonstrations and rallies, an estimated 200,000 workers in Byelorussia defied the Soviet president by staging a work stoppage in the capital, Minsk.
Two US F-16 fighters bombed Bosnian Serb targets Gorazde - NATO's first-ever attack on ground positions. (A second air strike took place the following day.)
Senator Bob Dole launched his third bid for the White House in Topeka, Kansas.
President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have outlawed a technique used to end pregnancies in their late stages.
The Northern Ireland peace talks concluded as negotiators reached a landmark settlement to end 30 years of bitter rivalries and bloody attacks.
Bad weather hampered NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, but the allies warned Slobodan Milosevic the lull wouldn't last. The Pentagon, meanwhile, announced that 82 U-S planes would join the force conducting airstrikes over Yugoslavia.
The Miami Heat humiliated the Chicago Bulls, 82-to-49, holding the Bulls to the lowest point total since the introduction of the shot clock.
South Korea and North Korea announced a June date for their first summit since the Korean peninsula was divided in 1945.
The Washington Post won three Pulitzer Prizes, including the public service award for the second year in a row; The Wall Street Journal took two honors, and The Associated Press won for investigative reporting on the killing of civilians by US troops at the start of the Korean War.
Actor Larry Linville, one of the stars of the situation comedy "M*A*S*H," set during the Korean War, died in New York at age 60.
South Africa becomes the first country in the world to approve a solution that can be used in place of blood in transfusions.
Maine, USA, Land Use Regulatory Commission approves reconstruction of camps on protected Allagash River
Cambridge, Mass., city council recommends construction firm W. R. Grace remain under DEP supervision for asbestos contamination
Hard drive technology breaks storage density record
Australia unemployment at 30-year low, but under-employed also at 5.1%
Thousands march on Baghdad in anniversary protest
Scientists proudly display oldest crystal on Earth
Panic in Sumatra after new earthquake
FDA recalls "Mama's" brand smoked salmon
Runners, fans prepare for 109th Boston Marathon
Anti-Japan protests spread to more Chinese cities
Detroit woman dies after child's 911 calls are neglected
Farmhouse raided as investigation into Ontario massacre continues
Defense systems of Air Force One exposed on the Internet
State Bank of India employee strike settled
France to replace controversial youth worker law
First results from Italian election
Voyager 1 signal received by radio amateurs
Phil Mickelson wins Masters
Seven south Thailand constituencies face one horse race
NASA plans to send probe into Moon's surface
Coroner's inquest rules two British men were intentionally shot by Israeli soldiers
Football: Fulham FC sacks coach Chris Coleman
Florida and Puerto Rican manatees may be removed from 'endangered species list'
Cricket World Cup: South Africa vs West Indies
Football: Manchester United thrash Roma 7 - 1
Johnny Hart of "B.C." fame passes away
UK reverses position on Navy personnel selling their stories
New South Wales anti-drug campaign to target teens
Airplane hijacker surrenders in Turkey
UK nears US in cyber-crime, ahead of Nigeria, Romania
Automobile, motorcycle, and electronic industries center at TWTC & TWTC Nangang
Israel undergoes major emergency drill
Man alleged to be former US prisoner faces 21 charges in Gambia
Iraqi PM, Russian leaders discuss energy deals
Two dead in Michigan college shooting
Nintendo Wii sales decrease in Japan
Canadian province declares April 13 "Corner Gas Day" to honour retiring TV sitcom
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration launches VORTEX2 to study tornadoes
Fiji's President abrogates constitution
Dungeons & Dragons co-creator Dave Arneson dies
Bainimarama sworn in as Fiji caretaker PM
Australia and New Zealand condemn Fiji takeover
Polish President Lech KaczyÅski dies as his plane crashes in Russia
Baseball: Oakland Athletics defeat LA Angels 10 to 4
US military to carry out review following Wikileaks release of classified 2007 video
Junior Canadian cabinet minister leaves amid scandal
Four dead after US helicopter crashes in Afghanistan
Investigation launched after small aircraft crashes on Philippines mountain, killing two
Mubarak summoned by Egyptian prosecutors to face allegations of killings and corruption
Guatemalan president and first lady granted divorce
Matt Kenseth wins NASCAR Samsung Mobile 500
Facebook to share the technology 'behind its servers'
Baseball player Manny Ramirez retires after testing positive for performance-enhancing drug
Nigeria votes in parliamentary elections
Manson Family leader Charles Manson to seek parole in California murders
CBS News correspondent Mike Wallace dies at 93