Italian poet Pietro Aretino born
Execution of Elizabeth Barton, the "Nun of Kent"
Jacques Cartier left France on his first voyage of Canadian exploration
Massacre of the Waldensians in Provence, France
Elizabeth I declared "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England
Spanish fleet burned by the English at Santa Cruz
Nicolas Antione, a convert to Judaism, burned at the stake in Geneva
The future King James II of England escapes the Parliamentarians by sailing to Holland
Oliver Cromwell dissolves the "Rump" Parliament
Asser Levy & Jacob Barsimson become 1st Jews granted full American citizenship (New Amsterdam)
France declared war on Austria, marking the start of the French Revolutionary Wars.
French Emperor Napoleon III born
The fourth vice president of the United States, George Clinton, died in Washington at age 73, becoming the first vice president to die while in office.
Hot Springs National Park, the first national park in the U.S., was established by an act of Congress. It had been a reservation prior to becoming a national park.
The Territory of Wisconsin was established by Congress.
Nikolai Miaskovsky was born in the town of Novogeorgievsk in Russian Poland. Miaskovsky would become a prolific symphonist and an active figure in the Soviet cultural life. In the West his music was seldom performed until emigres like Mstislav Rostropovich began to program it from time to time.
Holland Smith, the father of amphibious warfare. Holling "Howling Mad" Smith developed techniques for amphibious assaults that involved coordination of land, sea and air forces. born
Adolf Hitler born in Braunau, Austria.
Silent film comedian Harold Lloyd born
Spanish surrealist painter Joan Miro. Miro's works are filled with fanciful shapes and intense colors. born
Some 136,000 coal miners went on strike in Columbus, Ohio.
Scientists Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.
Jazz musician Lionel Hampton born
Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens born
Bandleader Tito Puente born
"Your Hit Parade," starring Kay Thompson, Charles Carlyle, Gogo DeLys and Johnny Hanser was first broadcast on radio. The show would remain on radio for 24 years.
Singer Johnny Tillotson born
RCA publicly demonstrated its new and powerful electron microscope.
During World War Two, allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
Rock musician Craig Frost (Grand Funk; Bob Seger's Silver Bullet Band) born
United Auto Workers president Walter P. Reuther was shot and wounded at his home in Detroit.
Actress Jessica Lange born
Willie Shoemaker won his first race as a jockey aboard Shafter V at Golden Gate Fields in Albany, California.
Singer Luther Vandross born
Actress Catherine Mary Stewart born
13-year-old Dolly Parton released her first single, "Puppy Love," on the Gold Band label.
The Federal Communications Commission gave approval for FM stations to begin "Stereo" broadcasting.
Baseball player Don Mattingly born
Blackout of New York, New England, and Eastern Canada
Pierre Elliott Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister of Canada.
Country singer Wade Hayes born
The US Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools.
The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon with astronauts John Young and Charles Duke aboard. Thomas Mattingly remained in orbit around the moon aboard the command module This was the third landing.
MTV host Carmen Electra born
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could order low-cost housing for minorities in a city's white suburbs to ease racial segregation.
The US Supreme Court said car owners could refuse to display state mottoes on license plates, such as New Hampshire's "Live Free or Die."
A Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 crash-landed in northwestern Russia after being fired on by a Soviet interceptor after entering Soviet airspace. Two passengers were killed.
The first Cubans sailing to the United States as part of the massive Mariel boatlift reached Florida.
President Reagan signed a $165 billion Social Security rescue plan designed to prevent bankruptcy of the trust fund for the elderly.
State Department officials disclosed that six Eastern European countries had been told to stop supporting "international terrorists" and halt espionage operations if they wanted to improve relations with the U.S.
In his Saturday radio address, President Reagan called for more U.S. aid to the Nicaraguan rebels, saying that "Russian military personnel" were in battle zones.
Some 200 people died when a double-decker ferry sank in rough weather in Bangladesh.
Following an absence of six decades, Russian-born pianist Vladimir Horowitz performed in the Soviet Union to a packed audience at the Grand Hall of the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow.
Karl Linnas, sentenced to death by the Soviets in 1962 for running a World War II concentration camp, became the first Nazi war criminal returned by the United States to the Soviet Union against his will. (Linnas, who maintained his innocence, died of heart disease in Leningrad the following July.
Gunmen who'd hijacked a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet were allowed safe passage out of Algeria under an agreement that freed the remaining 31 hostages and ended a 15-day siege in which two passengers were slain.
The Oliver North case went to the jury in his Iran-Contra trial.
Ramon Salcido, a California winery worker later convicted of killing six relatives and a co-worker, was deported from Mexico to the U.S.
Former junk bond financier Michael Milken agreed to plead guilty to six felonies and pay $600 million in penalties to settle the largest securities fraud case in history.
Pete Rose, already banished from baseball for gambling, pleaded guilty to two felony counts alleging he concealed nearly $300, 000 in income from the Internal Revenue Service.
U.S. Marines landed in northern Iraq to begin building the first center for Kurdish refugees on Iraqi territory. Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the U.S. commander of Operation Desert Storm, left Saudi Arabia for home.
The Russian congress adopted a resolution affirming Russia's membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States in a victory for President Boris Yeltsin.
Defending champion Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya became the sixth three-time winner of the Boston Marathon, while Russia's Olga Markova won the women's division.
Madonna signed a multi-million-dollar deal with Time Warner to form an entertainment company that would make her the highest paid female pop star in the world.
President Clinton told a news conference he accepted responsibility for the decision to try to end the 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Texas, but said David Koresh bore "ultimate responsibility" for the deaths that resulted.
Mexican comedian Cantinflas died in Mexico City at age 81.
Barbara Streisand launched her first concert tour in 27 years at London's Wembley Arena. Tickets ranged from $50 to $350.
Israeli and PLO negotiators wrapped up an agreement transferring civilian government powers to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing, the FBI announced it was looking for two men suspected of renting the truck used to carry the explosive.
Russia and the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies agreed in Moscow to end nuclear tests by the fall and pledged new steps to keep nuclear materials out of the wrong hands.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu escaped indictment in an influence-peddling scandal, with prosecutors saying they lacked evidence.
Hwang Jang Yop, the highest-ranking North Korean to defect, arrived in South Korea, ending a 67-day odyssey that began in China.
In an unusual use of a racketeering law designed to fight the mob, a federal jury in Chicago ruled that anti-abortion protest organizers had used threats and violence to shut down clinics. The federal jury in Chicago awarded more than $85,000 in damages to two women's health clinics. The clinics, along with the National Organization for Women, had filed a class-action lawsuit, asserting that abortion opponents were using threats and extortion to try to shut them down.
A Boeing 727 leased to Air France crashed in Bogota, Colombia, killing all 53 people aboard.
Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold shot and killed 12 classmates and one teacher before taking their own lives at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado.
Littleton, Colo., paused to remember the victims on the first anniversary of the Columbine High School massacre.
U.S. federal communications agency revisits do-not-call registry
Google Maps, Google Local launches for Britain and Ireland
Australian blitz on fish poaching
Infrared technology enables recovery of lost classical writings
Italian PM Berlusconi resigns to form stronger coalition
New version of Opera web browser released
Norwegian whaling season starts with highest quota in a decade
Iraqi President Talabani speaks on 50 dead found in Tigris River
White House press secretary McClellan resigns; advisor Rove reassigned
UK Political Parties discuss green issues in run up to local elections
Mayan mob lynch couple in Guatemala
Native protesters repel police raid in Caledonia, Ontario
Islamic vigilantes acquitted of murder by Iran supreme court
RAF Hawk jet crashes in the United Kingdom
Sealing ships trapped in ice off coast of Newfoundland
Worker dies on bridge project in Toledo, Ohio
Cricket World Cup: Australia vs New Zealand
Research In Motion comments on BlackBerry outage
Gunman kills self and hostage in Texas NASA building
Strong earthquakes strike Japan; Tsunami warnings issued
Families evacuated in Bristol, United Kingdom not allowed to return to home
Italian ambassador to South Africa dies in accident
11 killed in Mexican military helicopter crash
Condoleezza Rice in Iraq for surprise visit
US Marine arrested at Logan International Airport for possessing bomb making material
South Africa prepares for elections
British author J. G. Ballard dead at 78
Father accused of trying to sell daughter, child star of 'Slumdog Millionaire'
CanJet Flight 918 hijacked
Scientist Stephen Hawking rushed to hospital in ambulance
Date announced for by-election to replace former New Zealand PM Clark
The explosion of the BP Deepwater Horizon oil platform kills 11 people and leads to an oil spill that contaminated a vast area of the Gulf of Mexico, impacting wildlife, the local fishing industry, and regional tourism.
Roadside bomb kills NATO soldier in Afghanistan
Magnitude 5.2 earthquake hits Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
Surfer dies at beach in Pichilemu, Chile
Standard & Poor's lowers the U.S. credit outlook to 'negative'