Death of St. Agapetus, Pope
Coronation of Basil II as Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
Hildebrand of Soana elected Pope Gregory VII (the Great)
Pope Gregory IX establishes the Order of Preachers as Inquisitors in France
Edward III, King of England, retrieves the Garter of the Countess of Salisbury, and remarks "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it," thus beginning the Order of the Garter
Hugues d'Aubriot founds the Bastille, Paris
Construction of the Bastille begun
Council of Constance, that re-united the Roman Catholic Church after the Great Schism, ended
Spanish Queen Isabella I, who funded the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World born
Pedro Alvarez Cabral sights Brazil, claims it for Portugal
Henry the Eighth ascended the throne of England following the death of his father, Henry the Seventh.
Defeat of the Revolt of the Comuneros
Treaty of Saragossa. The treaty divided Spanish and Portuguese interests in the Pacific Ocean. Portugal regained control of the Moluccas in return for compensation.
St. Ignatius of Loyola elected first General of the Jesuits
Death of Bartolomeo Ammannati, sculptor and architect.
English novelist Henry Fielding born
Philadelphia played host to the first circus attended by George Washington.
U.S. President George Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality to ensure that the United States did not become involved in the war between France and Britain.
The Quadruple Alliance was formed between Britain, France, Portugal and Spain, supporting Isabella II's claim to the Spanish throne against Don Carlos.
The British steamship Sirius became the first to cross the Atlantic from Britain to New York on steam power only. The journey from Cork to New York took 18 days 10 hours.
Cesar Franck was withdrawn from the Paris Conservatory by his father who decided to cancel Franck's composition studies and get his son to start earning a living from his keyboard training. Franck became an accomplished organist.
By an act of Congress, the phrase "In God We Trust" was authorized to be stamped on all U.S. coins.
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of Russia's 1917 Communist Revolution born
An eight-team National League began its inaugural season of 70 games. The original eight teams: Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia and St. Louis.
The Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.
The first shot of the Spanish-American War rang out as the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship off Key West, Florida.
Pioneer nuclear physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer born
Babe Ruth made his professional pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles. He shut out the Buffalo Bisons, 6-0.
During World War I, German forces became the first to use poison gas on the Western Front.
Violinist virtuoso Sir Yehudi Menuhin born
Jazz bass player Charles Mingus born
TV producer Aaron Spelling born
Actress Charlotte Rae born
The United States, Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.
A contraption known as the autogyro landed on the lawn of the White House. President Herbert Hoover shook hands with the pilot, James G. Ray, and gave him a trophy.
Singer Glen Campbell born
Songwriter-musician Jack Nitzsche born
Actor Jack Nicholson born
Actor-writer Jason Miller born
During World War Two, US forces began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia.
Country singer Cleve Francis born
Movie director John Waters born
Singer Peter Frampton born
Rock singer-musician Paul Carrack (Mike and the Mechanics; Squeeze) born
Rock musician (Kiss) (Paul) Ace Frehley born
An atomic test conducted in Nevada became the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.
The televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.
Actor Joseph Bottoms born
Actor Ryan Stiles ("The Drew Carey Show") born
Comedian Byron Allen born
Actor Chris Makepeace born
President Johnson opened the New York World's Fair.
Greville Wynn, British businessman imprisoned in Moscow in 1963 for spying was exchanged for Gordon Lonsdale, in prison in London.
Country singer-musician Heath Wright (Ricochet) born
Randy Matson set a world outdoor record in the shot put with a toss of 71 feet, 5 inches in College Station, Texas.
British lone yachtsman Robin Knox-Johnston arrived at Falmouth after completing the first solo nonstop circumnavigation of the Earth in just 312 days.
Millions of Americans concerned about the environment observed the first "Earth Day."
Actor Ingo Rademacher ("General Hospital") born
Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke walked and rode on the surface of the moon for seven hours, 23 minutes.
Rock singer-musician Daniel Johns (Silverchair) born
The West German magazine "Stern" announced a major historical find - the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purported to have been handwritten by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turned out to be a hoax.
A godson of Edward Elgar, breaking a silence of five decades, revealed that the 13th "Enigma" variation, the only one Elgar never publicly identified, was meant to portray Helen Jessie Weaver, a woman who was once engaged to Elgar.
Britain severed diplomatic relations with Libya; the move came after the government of Moammar Gadhafi refused to cooperate with an inquiry into a shooting outside the Libyan embassy in London that left 12 people dead.
The board of directors of CBS Inc. unanimously rejected Ted Turner's bid for a controlling interest, prompting the Atlanta cable and sports executive to launch an unsuccessful hostile takeover.
Jose Sarney was sworn in as Brazil's first civilian president in 21 years.
Washington and Lee University researchers reported that Martha Washington was worth 29,650 pounds when she and George were married. The 29,650 pounds was worth $5.9 million on their wedding day.
Britain rounded up 21 Libyans -- all but one of them university students - and said it would expel them for what was termed "revolutionary activity."
Joe Hunt, leader of a social and investment group called the "Billionaire Boys Club," was convicted by a jury in Santa Monica, California, of murdering Ron Levin, a con man whose body has never been found. (Hunt was sentenced to life in prison.)
Secretary of State George P. Shultz, visiting the Soviet Union, met with President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who reportedly criticized the Reagan administration for its "confrontational" approach to US-Soviet relations.
The Xinhua News Agency reported the first outbreak of violence stemming from China's pro-democracy protests, in the provincial capital of Xian.
Pro-Iranian kidnappers in Lebanon freed American hostage Robert Pohill after nearly 39 months of captivity.
Millions of Americans joined in a worldwide 20th anniversary celebration of the first Earth Day.
Sixty people were killed when a strong earthquake shook Costa Rica and neighboring Panama, causing millions of dollars' worth of damage.
The White House promised a full accounting of chief of staff John Sununu's travels as it sought to stem political fallout over reports of his extensive personal use of military jets.
The Supreme Court heard arguments on Pennsylvania's restrictive abortion law (the court upheld most of the law's provisions the following June, but also reaffirmed a woman's basic right to an abortion).
In Guadalajara, Mexico, more than 200 people were killed by a series of sewer explosions.
Sixteen U.S. and Dutch parachutists were killed when their plane crashed at Perris Valley Airport in California.
Govenor Guy Hunt, Alabama's first Republican governor since the Reconstruction, was removed from office after being convicted of felony ethics violations.
The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the victims of Nazi extermination. Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel was on hand to help open the memorial.
Richard M. Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, died at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, four days after suffering a stroke. He was 81.
At least 2,000 Rwandan refugees were massacred by Rwandan troops at a camp in Kibeho.
Homemaker-humorist Erma Bombeck died in San Francisco at age 69 from kidney failure.
After eleven days of focusing on Hezbollah guerrillas, Israeli warplanes turned to a new target in Lebanon, attacking the heavily fortified base of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
President Clinton flew over the flooded town of Grand Forks, North Dakota.
A jury of seven men and five women were selected in Denver to hear the murder case against Timothy J. McVeigh in the Oklahoma City bombing
In Peru, government commandos stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence, ending a 126-day hostage crisis; all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels were killed, 71 hostages were rescued.
A young woman charged along with her high school sweetheart with murdering their newborn at a Delaware motel pleaded guilty to manslaughter. Amy Grossberg was later sentenced to two and a-half years in prison; Brian Peterson received a lesser sentence of two years because he'd cooperated with authorities.
At Columbine High School in Littleton, Colo., investigators found a powerful bomb made from a propane tank, heightening suspicions that gunmen Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who killed 13 people before killing themselves, intended to destroy the school, and may have had help in assembling their arsenal.
NATO warplanes struck directly against Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, destroying his luxurious mansion.
In surreal pre-dawn raid, armed immigration agents seized Elian Gonzalez from the safety of his relatives' home in Miami. The frightened Elian was reunited with his father at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington.
Broadway producer Alexander Cohen died in New York at age 79.
Ecuador's ousted President granted asylum in Brazil
Last 10 days of online voting for Chatterbox Challenge
Koizumi offers apologies for Japan's past
Radioactive soil from Maine reactor refused at landfill in Utah
Proposed bill could force federal weather data offline
Advertising contract scandal could bring down Canadian government
Bodies of 12 young people found in Colombia
NASA study: warming and snow melt chokes sea life 1000 miles distant
Work begins on world's longest underwater pipeline
Irish National Pensions Reserve Fund gains 2.4% in first quarter
Motorola to launch iTunes mobile phone
Wendyâ€™s finger pointer gets fingered for crime
Third concert date for U2 in Dublin
Creative Technology sees profits drop 72%, but sales soar
Same-sex marriage bill passes in Spanish Congress of Deputies
Woman arrested for heckling Chinese President Hu at White House
PBS show asserts greenhouse gases, atmospheric pollutants dimming future
BJP leader Pramod Mahajan shot at in Mumbai
Jawad al-Maliki named Iraqi prime minister
Motorsport: Rick Kelly wins V8 Supercars Round 3 at Pukekohe NZ
Sarkozy and Royal go ahead to second round
High turnout observed in French presidential election
Egyptian-Canadian sentenced to 15 years for espionage
Football: Cristiano Ronaldo takes home both PFA awards
Football: Internazionale clinch Serie A title
German football: Lahm's contract offer withdrawn; Schlaudraff to Hannover
1200 schools may be closed by UK teachers strike
Georgian spy plane shot down
Five injured after explosion in UK pub
UK Independence Party gains first MP
Hillary Clinton threatens to 'totally obliterate' Iran if it attacks Israel
China, France attempt to repair relations in wake of protests
US President Bush meets with Canadian and Mexican leaders
Mountaineers 'Climb Up' for AIDS funding
Earth Day celebrated around the globe
Tonga renews emergency regulations
Belgian prime minister offers resignation
Train derails in South Africa; at least two dead
Three dead, over 70 injured in Bangkok blasts
US Treasury unveils new $100 note
Netanyahu pushed previous prime minister Olmert to attack Iran, according to Wikileaks cables
UK newspapers face libel, privacy action over murder coverage
All US states could have smoke-free laws by 2020
Amazon server outage affects Reddit, other websites
Florida judge awards Zimmerman $150,000 bond in Trayvon Martin shooting
U.S. Constitution Party nominates former Congressman Virgil Goode for president
News briefs: April 21, 2012