Earliest total solar eclipse chronicled by the Greeks
Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome born
Death of Richard I "Lionheart" King of England
Death of St. William of Aebelholt
St. Louis IX, King of France, taken prisoner by the Muslims
Welsh Parliament declares war on England
Othon de Grandson returns to Gascony
Death of Laura de Noves, Petrarch's inspiration, of plague
Raphael (who died the same day in 1520) born
Death of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary
Handel presided over his last "Messiah" in London's Covent Garden. He would die a week and a day later.
The U.S. Senate formally organized after achieving a quorum.
Philip Henry Gosse, invented the institutional aquarium born
Newspaper editor Joseph Medill born
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was organized by Joseph Smith in Fayette, New York.
The Civil War Battle of Shiloh began as the Confederates attacked Union forces in Tennessee.
Muckraker Lincoln Steffens born
Brigham Young marries number 27, his final wife.
Anthony Herman Gerard Fokker, pioneer aircraft manufacturer born
Author, journalist and world traveler Lowell Thomas, who introduced the world to the exploits of British officer T.E. Lawrence, was born in Woodington, Ohio. His radio signoff: "So long until tomorrow." born
Donald Wills Douglas, founded an aircraft company. born
The first modern Olympic games formally opened in Athens, Greece. The first gold medal was won by American James Connolly, who covered 44 feet, 11 and three-quarter inches in the triple jump.
First animated cartoon is copyrighted.
Explorers Robert E. Peary and Matthew A. Henson became the first men to reach the North Pole. (The claim, disputed by skeptics, was upheld in 1989 by the Navigation Foundation.)
Charlie Chaplin, age 26, signed a movie contract with the Mutual Film Corporation. The contract for $675,000 a year would make him the highest-paid film star in the world.
Congress approved a declaration of war against Germany.
Four planes take off on 1st successful around-the-world flight.
Jazz musician Gerry Mulligan born
Geneticist James Watson born
Composer-conductor Andre Previn born
Bakery executive James Dewar invented a cream-filled sponge cake in order to use small baking pans that would otherwise remain in storage except for each year's brief strawberry shortcake season. The Twinkie was born.
Harold "Bunny" Levitt dunked 499 consecutive free throws. On his 500th try, he missed. Then he threw 371 more shots without a miss. The Harlem Globetrotters offered $1,000 to anyone who could beat his record.
Country singer Merle Haggard born
Actor Billy Dee Williams born
Du Pont researchers Roy Plunkett and Jack Rebok accidentally created the chemical compound that was later marketed as Teflon.
Director Barry Levinson born
Musician John Stax (The Pretty Things) born
Heisman Trophy winner John Huarte born
Singer Michelle Phillips born
During World War II, the Japanese warship Yamato and nine other vessels sailed on a suicide mission to attack the U.S. fleet off Okinawa; the fleet was intercepted the next day.
Actor John Ratzenberger born
The first Tony Awards were presented at a dinner in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf Astoria on Easter Sunday. The Tonys are named for Antoinette Perry, a stage actress dedicated to the theater.
Actress Marilu Henner born
Figure skater Janet Lynn born
Actor Michael Rooker born
Winston Churchill stepped down as British prime minister for the last time and was succeeded by Anthony Eden.
Paramount Pictures signed Elvis Presley to a three-picture contract five days after his first screen test.
Golf great Arnold Palmer won his first major, pro golf tournament by capturing the Masters in Augusta, Georgia. Palmer defeated the defending champion, Dough Ford. Palmer was 28 years old and had been a pro since 1954.
Musician Stan Cullimore (The Housemartins) born
The United States and Britain signed an agreement under which the Americans would sell "Polaris" A-three missiles to the British.
The United States launched the "Early Bird" communications satellite from Cape Kennedy, Florida. This was the world's first commercial communications satellite. It became operational on June 28.
Federal troops and National Guardsmen were ordered out in Chicago, Washington, D.C., and Detroit, as rioting continued over the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
Actress Ari Meyers ("Kate and Allie") born
Igor Stravinsky died in New York. Stravinsky lived long enough to see musicologists name him one of the greatest figures of 20th century music. Since his death Stravinsky's reputation has grown even larger, because the newest generation of composers seems more influenced by him.
Actor Jason Hervey ("The Wonder Years") born
Actress Candace Cameron ("Full House") born
Declaring that rock-and-roll bands attracted "the wrong element," Interior Secretary James Watt declined to invite the Beach Boys to perform in Washington at a Fourth of July celebration - a decision he later reversed.
The space shuttle Challenger blasted off for the fifth time on a week-long mission. (Among the crew was pilot Francis R. "Dick" Scobee, who died in the Challenger disaster in 1986.)
William J. Schroeder became the first artificial heart recipient to be discharged from the hospital as he moved into an apartment in Louisville, Kentucky.
Gaafar Nimeiri, the president of Sudan, was overthrown in a coup.
Sugar Ray Leonard upset Marvelous Marvin Hagler to become middleweight champion.
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 24-hundred for the first time.
Dodgers executive Al Campanis said on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks "may not have some of the necessities" to hold managerial jobs in major-league baseball.
Tirza Porat, a 15-year-old girl, was killed in a West Bank melee, becoming the first Israeli civilian to die in the occupied territories since the start of the Palestinian uprising. (Although Arabs were initially blamed, the army concluded Tirza had been shot accidentally by a Jewish settler.)
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in London, holding day-long talks that were characterized as argumentative, but friendly.
Secretary of State James A. Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze concluded three days of talks in Washington, after which Shevardnadze personally delivered to President Bush a letter from Soviet President Gorbachev.
Iraq's Parliament accepted a permanent cease-fire in the Gulf War
The Supreme Court limited some undercover "sting" operations as it ruled that a Nebraska farmer had been entrapped by postal agents into buying mail-order child pornography.
Science-fiction author Isaac Asimov died in New York at age 72.
Ethnic warfare erupted in Bosnia-Herzegovina as the European Community recognized the former Yugoslav republic as an independent state.
Elvis Presley fans began to vote in the nation's first-ever election for postage stamp art. Over 1 million postcard ballots showed the younger Elvis winning over the older by a 3-1 margin.
A year after ethnic warfare erupted in Bosnia, the president of the Muslim-led government, Alija Izetbegovic, tried to rally his people with a televised address that likened the nationalism that had torn his country apart to Nazism.
Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun announced his retirement after 24 years. Justice Blackmun wrote the Roe vs. Wade opinion on the constitutionality of abortion.
The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi were killed in a mysterious plane crash near Rwanda's capital - widespread violence erupted in Rwanda over claims the plane had been shot down.
A Palestinian suicide-bomber killed seven Israelis in an attack on a bus in Afula.
Senator Alfonse D'Amato apologized for lampooning O.J. Simpson trial judge Lance Ito for his earlier mocking.
The Senate unanimously approved a $16 billion package of cuts in social programs.
President Clinton was on hand at Dover Air Force Base in Delaware to greet the arrival of 33 flag-draped caskets carrying the remains of Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and other victims of a plane crash in Croatia.
Actress Greer Garson died in Dallas at age 92. She is best known for her 1942 film "Mrs. Miniver," for which she won an Academy Award.
A stolen truck carrying illegal immigrants overturned in
A blizzard shut down much of the northern Plains.
Washington Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke died at age 84.
NASA officials announced they were cutting short the 16-day mission of space shuttle "Columbia" by 12 days because of a deteriorating and potentially explosive power generator on board the spacecraft.
Energy Secretary Federico Pena announced his resignation.
Country singer Tammy Wynette died at her Nashville, Tenn., home at age 55.
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 9,000 points for the first time.
Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic declared a unilateral cease-fire in his campaign to crush rebels in Kosovo; Western leaders called the move a sham and pledged to press ahead with airstrikes.
The father of Elian Gonzalez, Juan Miguel Gonzalez, arrived in the United States to press for the return of his six-year-old son to Cuba.
A private company mapping the human genetic blueprint announced it had decoded all of the DNA pieces that make up the genetic pattern of a single human being.
Algerian Ahmed Ressam is convicted of terrorism for bringing a car loaded with explosives into the United States as part of an alleged plan to bomb buildings during millennium celebrations.
NASA's Mars rovers exceed all expectations
Brazil organizes Summit of South American and Arab Countries
51 suspects named by UN for war crimes in Darfur
ACLU: Gen. Sanchez possibly perjured himself at 2004 Senate inquiry
British journalists on trial in Zimbabwe
Bomb explodes on historic Kashmir bus route
ABC to move Internet news network back to U.S. TVs
Harvard University divests $4.4m of PetroChina stock
'Great' title for John Paul?
Dmitri Young hits three home runs in Tigers' opener
US Highway Administration releases interim report on Boston's Big Dig: press release claims tunnel safe, but report does not
Google Maps incorporates satellite images
First female boxing death occurs in US sanctioned match
North American citizens dealt passport requirement
Nigeria destroys illegal small arms
Toronto transit union threatens strike for Monday
Prince Rainier III of Monaco has died
Space Shuttle Discovery resumes rollout to launch pad
Iraq elects Kurdish president, Saddam said to be shaken
Japan announces moon program
Canada presses Iran for an international investigation into Kazemi death
Militants attack Kashmir bus route safe house
Businesses shy to adopt Windows XP SP2
Swift mission measures distance to star explosions
16 dead after U.S. helicopter crashes in Afghanistan
Study: cognitive therapy as good as medication, but lasts longer
Swan in Fife, Scotland dies with H5N1 bird flu virus infection
German soccer player gets preliminary injunction against far-right party
Jimmy Rollins' hitting baseball streak ends at 38
Duke lacrosse season ends, coach resigns
Mckinney apologizes for confrontation with security guard
US Defense Secretary evaluates Iraq and the political climate
Overcrowded Montreal hospital asks public to stay away
Thailand bans YouTube over videos insulting king
NHL: Penguins defeat Senators in thrilling finish
PlayStation 3 banned in British prisons
UK naval crew describe their capture and detention by Iran
Small earthquake reported in Solomon Islands
Football: Everton defeat Fulham 4-1 at Goodison Park
Tennis: Philippines beats New Zealand in opening singles at Davis Cup
NFL: Former 1st pick Carr signs with Panthers
NFL: Ricky Williams applies for reinstatement
Forty Hells Angels locations in Canada raided by police
English Premier League: Week 33 round-up
Charles Manson releases album under free license
Snow falls over much of UK
Hollywood legend Charlton Heston dies at age 84
Mugabe's party calls for recount of Zimbabwe presidential votes
Blast kills 12 people, including senior Sri Lankan minister
2007/08 FA Cup: Cardiff joins Portsmouth in Cup final
Felipe Massa wins Bahrain Grand Prix
Protests surround London Olympic torch relay
Manitoba volunteers go to war against Red River flooding
Italian police find 24 children living in Rome's sewers
Major magnitude 6.3 earthquake strikes central Italy
Jenson Button wins half of the Malaysian Grand Prix points
Asian countries call for global currency
Six-year-old Egyptian boy contracts bird flu
UK Prime Minister announces date for general election
Toyota fined $16 million by US government over recalls
Heavy earthquake hits Sumatra, Indonesia
Officials: Maoist rebels kill at least 70 Indian soldiers
25 dead after mine explosion in West Virginia
Disputed Ivory Coast president Gbagbo negotiating surrender
U.S. Coast Guard unleashes cannon fire on abandoned Japanese ship