Claudius, 4th Roman Emperor born
Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor born
Justin I, Emperor of Eastern Rome born
The Aghlabids capture Sicily
Large Danish army lands at Sandwich & attacks London
1st Crusade, led by Peter the Hermit, arrives in Constantinople
An assembly of Bishops, Abbots and nobles settles the "lay investiture" controversy between Anselm and Henry I
Death of Louis VI, "the Fat," King of France
Death of Carpini, Papal Legate and explorer of Mongolia
The Everlasting League forms, the basis of the Swiss Confederation
Henry V of England lands in France....again
Piero de Medici becomes ruler of Florence
Columbus discovers Venezuela
Publication of Vesalius' "De Humanis Corporis Fabrica"
Juliet Capulet (according to Shakespeare) born
Court of Star Chamber abolished in England
Britain's Queen Anne died; she was succeeded by George I.
Bach became the Kapellmeister in Cothen. It wasn't a great gig but it was a means of escaping from Weimar, where the Duke had briefly jailed Bach for quitting.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, believed in inheritance of acquired traits born
William Clark, explored Pacific Northwest with Lewis born
Francis Scott Key, composer of "The Star-Spangled Banner," born
Caroline Herschel becomes first woman discoverer of a comet.
U.S. Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act.
The first United States census was completed, showing a population of nearly four million people.
Lawyer and writer Richard Henry Dana Jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" born
Maria Mitchell (Nantucket Island), America's first woman astronomer born
Author Herman Melville born
Robert Todd Lincoln (son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln; rescued from train accident by Edwin Booth, brother of man who assassinated President Lincoln) born
The Musical Gazette of Paris contained this remark about Verdi: "There has not yet been an Italian composer more incapable of producing what is commonly called a melody."
Black Methodists in San Francisco establish first black church, Zion Methodist.
Inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco.
Colorado was admitted as the 38th state.
John Philip Sousa quit the US Marine Corps Band to form his own hundred-piece band. Sousa was then 37 years old.
Burial within San Francisco City limits prohibited.
An Aeronautical Division was added to the Army Signals Corps, and this forerunner of the U.S. Air Force bought its first airplane. The aircraft was built by the Wright brothers.
Oscar Hammerstein died. Hammerstein's not only contributed to the art form of musical, but he also built opera houses in New York, Philadelphia and London.
Composer-lyricist Lionel Bart born
Actor-director Geoffrey Holder born
Singer Ramblin' Jack Elliott born
Cartoonist Tom Wilson ("Ziggy") born
Actor-comedian Dom DeLuise born
French fashion designer Yves St. Laurent born
The Olympic games opened in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler.
Jerry Garcia, co-founder of the Grateful Dead rock group born
Actor Giancarlo Giannini born
Race-related rioting erupted in New York's Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.
An uprising broke out in Warsaw, Poland, against Nazi occupation, a revolt that lasted two months before collapsing.
President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Senator William J. Fulbright.
The Atomic Energy Commission was established by President Truman.
Blues singer-musician Robert Cray born
The United States and Canada reached agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command ("NORAD").
Rock musician Robert Buck (10,000 Maniacs) born
Rock singer Joe Elliott (Def Leppard) born
Rock singer-musician Suzi Gardner (L7) born
Rapper Chuck D (Public Enemy) born
25-year-old Charles Joseph Whitman shot and killed 15 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police.
Country singer George Ducas born
Country musician Charlie Kelley (Buffalo Club) born
Actress Tempestt Bledsoe born
Francis Gary Powers, pilot of a U-2 pilot spy plane shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960, was killed when his weather helicopter crashed in Los Angeles.
The rock music video channel MTV made its debut at 12 a.m. (EDT).
Romania won the gold medal in women's team gymnastics at the Los Angeles Olympics. The U.S. won the silver medal with the help of perfect routines by Julianne McNamara on the uneven parallel bars and Mary Lou Retton on the vault.
The U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved economic sanctions against South Africa, by a vote of 380-to-48, but Senate conservatives were able to force postponement of final action.
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted, 15-2, in favor of strict economic sanctions against South Africa to protest apartheid.
Iranians attacked the Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti embassies in Tehran as word spread of the rioting in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the day before that had claimed some 400 lives, most of them Iranian pilgrims.
Iran said it would honor an immediate cease-fire in its eight-year-old war with Iraq.
The Revolutionary Justice Organization, a pro-Iranian group in Lebanon which threatened to kill American hostage Joseph Cicippio, extended its deadline a day after another group released a videotape of a body said to be William R. Higgins'.
Moslem rebels surrendered in Trinidad and Tobago, five days after launching a coup and taking Prime Minister Arthur Robinson and 42 other hostage.
President Bush, visiting the Ukrainian capital of Kiev, urged Soviet republics to show restraint in their demands for more autonomy.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accepted a U.S. formula for Middle East peace talks with the Arabs.
The Supreme Court permitted the Bush administration to continue returning Haitians intercepted at sea to their Caribbean homeland.
Gail Devers won the women's 100 meters, Linford Christie the men's 100 meters, at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.
The city of St. Louis found itself besieged by the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, which had swelled to record levels after months of flooding in nine Midwestern states.
Supporters of Haiti's military rulers declared their intention to fight back in the face of a U.N. resolution paving the way for a U.S.-led invasion.
Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirmed they had been secretly married 11 weeks earlier in the Dominican Republic.
In the second TV network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corporation struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion.
At the Atlanta Olympics, Michael Johnson broke his world track record by more than three-tenths of a second, winning the 200 meters in 19-point-32 seconds.
A political victory for President Clinton, a federal jury in Little Rock, Arkansas, acquitted two Arkansas bankers of misapplying bank funds and conspiracy to boost his political career. (The jury deadlocked on seven other counts.)
President Clinton lifted a 20-year-old ban on the sale of high-performance aircraft and other advanced weapons to Latin America.
The National Cancer Institute reported that fallout from 1950s nuclear bomb tests had exposed millions of children across the country to radioactive iodine.
Dismissing as "an empty promise" GOP-backed legislation to create a patients' bill of rights, President Clinton in his Saturday radio address pressed Congress to pass a measure that would allow patients to sue their health insurers.
A heat wave that had gripped the nation since mid-July finally broke; authorities attributed nearly 200 deaths to the heat and humidity.
A US military court in Germany sentenced Army Staff Sergeant Frank Ronghi to life in prison without parole for sexually assaulting and killing Merita Shabiu, an eleven-year-old ethnic Albanian girl, while on peacekeeping duty in Kosovo.
Australian warship sunk as artificial reef
Burundian Hutu extremists have killed 300 civilians in the last two months
Poland accuses Belarus of human rights violations
Guantanamo prosecutors call trials a "fraud"
King Fahd of Saudi Arabia announced dead
Sudanâ€™s Vice President killed in helicopter crash
Lawmaker from Japan found hanged
Three battalions of the Royal Irish Regiment to disband as part of NI peace process
Rafael Palmeiro suspended for using steroids
Black teenager murdered in racial attack in Liverpool, England
Bush appoints John Bolton United States' ambassador to the United Nations
Fidel Castro temporarily hands power to his brother Raul
Heat gets worse in Canada
North and South Korean border guards exchange fire
Scientists crack age-old egg problem
record heat wave moves across U.S. eastern seaboard
Israeli bombardment spills 35,000 tons of heavy fuel oil
Tropical storm Chris strengthens
New Zealand suicide rate decreases
News Corp. acquires Dow Jones & Co.
Denmark withdraws troops from Iraq
Bratz picture filmed at high school in rough area of Los Angeles, while in session
Two strong earthquakes rock Vanuatu
Sunnis withdraw from Iraqi government
Argentine President harshly criticizes US border fence
Fred Thompson's 'explorationâ€™ causes confusion on USA election rules
Philippine population census to begin today
Tennis star Sharapova out of Olympics
Suspect in 2001 anthrax attack dies of apparent suicide
NASA to extend the Phoenix probe mission by 5 weeks
Bell Canada to discontinue beaver mascots
U.S. House Republicans continue speaking after lights turn off
Potential Wikia mass exodus
Harkishan Singh Surjeet, Indian politician dies at 92
Bush claims violence in Iraq down to lowest level for four years
Gunman kills three in Wisconsin shooting
President Obama names 16 recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Michigan student and California engineer sue Amazon for remote deletion of 'Nineteen Eighty-Four'
American sailor jailed for murder of Japanese taxi driver
Prosecutors drop assault case against former US VP Gore
14,000-acre Southern California 'Crown Fire' at 82% containment, evacuation orders lifted
US President Obama announces deal reached to avert government default
More than 100 reported dead after Syrian troops move against protesters
6.8 earthquake rocks northeastern coast of Papua New Guinea
Woman awarded 18.6 million dollars in lawsuit against Equifax