Death of Ogadai, Mongol KaKhan
Henry V's fleet sets sail for France, at 3 Sunday
Death of John Hunyadi, Regent of Hungary
Turks capture the castle of Otranto, in southern Italy (Naples)
Election of Alexander VI as Pope. He served until 1503. He initiated censorship of books and excommunicated Savonarola for heresy. He set the line of demarcation, separating Spanish from Portuguese lands in the New World.
Johann Tetzel dies at the age of 54. He was the first public antagonist of Martin Luther because of his preaching of indulgences. This led to Luther's publishing of the 95 themes.
Arrival in Virginia of Raleigh's second expedition of colonists
The Leipzig city council voted unanimously to hire George Philip Telemann as the city's music director, responsible for performances at the main churches and the care and feeding of the choir. Telemann would turn the job down.
Philip Embury, the first Methodist clergyman in the United States, arrives in New York from Ireland. He founded the Wesley Chapel in 1768.
William H. Odenheimer in Philadelphia. He was Bishop of New Jersey 1859 to 1874, and the first Bishop of Newark. born
Novelist Charlotte M. Yonge. He books (The Heir of Radclyffe, The Daisy Chain) spread the influence of the Oxford Movement. born
Author Robert Ingersoll born
The Ursuline convent in Charlestown, Mass., was destroyed by fire as part of an anti-Catholic campaign.
Methodist prelate and educator Charles H. Fowler. Editor of Christian Advocate from 1876 to 1880. born
The nation's first successful silver mill began operation near Virginia City, Nevada.
Songwriter Carrie Jacobs Bond ("I Love You Truly") born
The world's first roller rink opens its doors, in Newport, R.I.
Harry S. Parmelee of New Haven, CT received a patent for the sprinkler head.
American astronomer Asaph Hall discovered the two moons of Mars, which he named Phobos and Deimos.
The national religion of Japan was disestablished and freedom was given to all other religions.
Harvey Hubbell of Bridgeport, CT, received a patent for the pull chain electric light socket.
Art collector Joseph Hirshhorn born
Actor Lloyd Nolan (The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial, Airport, Hannah and Her Sisters, Earthquake, Ice Station Zebra, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Peyton Place, Julia, Martin Kane, Private Eye) born
The steamship Arapahoe becomes the first American ship to use the S-O-S distress signal. A broken tail shaft left her drifting off the coast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
Actress Jean Parker (Lois Green Zelinska) (Apache Uprising, The Gunfighter, The Texas Rangers, Little Women ) born
Andrew Carnegie died at his summer home in Lenox, Mass.
The first newsreel pictures of U.S. presidential candidates were taken on this day in Washington, DC.
Former TV talk show host Mike Douglas born
Newspaper columnist Carl Rowan born
The Mexican government ordered the seizure of the property administered by Catholic clergy.
The American Lutheran Church was formed in Toledo, Ohio by the merger of the synods of Buffalo, Iowa and Ohio.
Reverend Jerry Falwell born
The first federal prisoners arrived at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter on a warship in the western Atlantic.
During World War II, Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declared that "the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war.""
The Allies responded to Japan's offer to surrender provided Emperor Hirohito retain his sovereignty. The Allies said they would determine the emperor's future status.
Country singer John Conlee born
Actor Ian Charleson ("Chariots of Fire") born
Steve Wozniak, cofounded Apple Computer born
WCBS-TV in New York City televised the first baseball doubleheader (in color). The Brooklyn Dodgers and the Boston Braves were featured.
Wrestler-actor Hulk Hogan (Terry Bollea) born
A formal peace took hold in Indochina, ending more than seven years of fighting between the French and Communist Viet Minh.
Abstract artist Jackson Pollock died in an automobile accident in East Hampton, New York.
Paul Hindemith's opera "The Harmony of the World" was premiered in Munich. "The Harmony of the World" was based on Johannes Kepler's planetary motion theories. Hindemith later produced an orchestral piece from the music of this opera.
Elvis Presley received a gold record for the hit "Hard Headed Woman"
Milwaukee Braves baseball pitcher Warren Spahn got his 300th victory, beating the Cubs 2-1. He's now a rancher in Oklahoma.
The Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight.
Rioting and looting broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles; in the week that followed, 34 people were killed and more than one-thousand injured.
Twelve-year-old Karen Yvette Muir became the youngest person to break a world record when she swam the 100-yard backstroke in 1 minute, 8.7 seconds at Blackpool, England
Rock guitarist Charlie Sexton born
Rhythm-and-blues musician Chris Dave (Mint Condition) born
Jim Bunning of the Philadelphia Phillies became the first pitcher since Cy Young to win 100 games in each of the two major leagues. Bunning, who later became a U.S. Senator, when the Phillies defeated Minnesota 6-5.
Republican New York mayor John Lindsay switched from the GOP to the Democratic party.
The United States vetoed the proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to the United Nations, following the Security Council's refusal to consider South Korea's application.
Actor Will Friedle ("Boy Meets World") born
"Pistol" Pete Maravich signs a five-year basketball contract with the New Orleans Jazz for $3 million.
Rapper Chris Kelly (Kris Kross) born
President Reagan met at the White House with his new 12-member commission on Central America, urging the panel to develop long-range economic and social reforms for the region.
President Reagan sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address that he had "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
Carl Lewis won his fourth gold medal of the 1984 Summer Olympics as he helped the U.S. men's 400-meter relay team to victory.
Toxic gas leaked from the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Institute, West Virginia, prompting 135 people to seek medical treatment at hospitals.
American and Soviet delegations met for eight hours outside Moscow to discuss arms control proposals.
The Monkees first four LPs re-entered Billboard's top albums chart after almost 20 years.
Baseball umpire Tom Gorman died at the age of 67. He was buried in his umpire uniform with the ball-strike recorder in his hand, showing 3 balls and 2 strikes.
Britain and France ordered minesweepers to the Persian Gulf, but said they would not be used in combined operations with the United States as it escorted reflagged Kuwaiti ships.
The U.S. Senate unanimously confirmed Dick Thornburgh to succeed Edwin Meese III as attorney general by a vote of 85-to-0.
Poland's Solidarity-dominated Senate adopted a resolution expressing sorrow over Polish participation in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia.
Egyptian and Moroccan troops arrived in Saudi Arabia to join U.S. forces helping to protect the desert kingdom from possible Iraqi attack
The space shuttle Atlantis returned safely from a nine-day journey.
Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon released two Western captives: Edward Tracy, an American held nearly five years, and Jerome Leyraud, a Frenchman who'd been abducted by a rival group three days earlier.
An electrical fire in the 62-story John Hancock office tower forced more than 3,000 workers in Boston's tallest building to flee down smoky, darkened stairwells.
The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the United States, opened in Bloomington, Minnesota.
Washington, negotiators for the United States, Canada and Mexico continued to work out final details of the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the US, opened in Bloomington, Minnesota.
President Clinton named Army general John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring Gen. Colin Powell.
A federal jury awarded more than 10,000 commercial fishermen $286.8 million for losses suffered as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
The House of Representatives dismissed a sweeping $33 billion anti-crime bill.
Major league baseball players went on strike following the conclusion of the day's games.
The Tenth International Conference on AIDS concluded in Yokohama, Japan.
President Clinton banned all U.S. nuclear tests, calling his decision ''the right step as we continue pulling back from the nuclear precipice.''
A federal criminal investigation was opened into whether senior FBI officials covered up their approval of ''shoot-on-sight'' orders during a deadly 1992 siege at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
The Reform Party opened the first part of its two-stage convention in Long Beach, California, with Ross Perot and Richard Lamm battling for the presidential nod.
President Clinton made the first use of the historic line-item veto approved by Congress, rejecting three items in spending and tax bills.
White supremacist Buford O. Furrow, wanted in the wounding of five people at a Los Angeles Jewish community center and the shooting death of a mail carrier the day before, turned himself in to the FBI in Las Vegas, and waived extradition to Los Angeles.
A tornado tore across Salt Lake City, killing one person.
Pat Buchanan won the Reform Party presidential nomination in a victory bitterly disputed by party founder Ross Perot's supporters, who chose their own nominee, John Hagelin, in a rival convention.
The National Transportation Safety Board released evidence reports in the October 31st, 1999, crash of EgyptAir Flight 990 off the New England coast; a transcript of the cockpit voice recording showed the chilling details of the pilot's futile struggle to save the Boeing 767 and its 217 occupants.
Pakistan successfully tests cruise missile
Haze crisis over Malaysia prompts talks with Indonesia
Rolling Stones unleash new song critical of Bush
Tropical Storm Irene to intensify, may hit U.S. coast
Palmeiro benched on return to Major League Baseball
Scientists warn thawing Siberia may trigger global meltdown
Truck carrying explosives crashes, explodes in Utah
U.S. government hiring more hackers
Colombian reporter slain in home
Chavez equates Israel invasion of Lebanon and occupation of Palestine with Nazi oppression of Jews
Controversial Liverpool 'Evil Cabal' blog is legal
Typhoon Saomai batters China
Police in Britain uncover suspected terrorist plot
7-Eleven acquires Chicago-based White Hen chain
Green Party refines 'Buy Kiwi Made' scheme
U.S. issues warning of terrorist attacks in India
Australian immigration amendments may have difficulty passing in the Senate
UN officials push for humanitarian access in Lebanon
Internet posting says al-Qaeda plans dirty bomb attack in New York City
Mother, child found dead in Minneapolis collapse site
Home video captures alleged UFOs in Haiti
Canadian power worker says grid is 'String of Christmas Lights thatâ€™s been Running Since the 1950s'
'Gouge' found on wing of Space Shuttle Endeavour
Roadside bomb in Turkey kills nine soldiers, injures two
Chloroform spill forces evacuation of building at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York
Olympic highlights: August 11, 2008
Russia advances into Georgia from Abkhazia
Flight lands safely with help from mobile phone text messages
Bill Cotton, former Controller of BBC One, dies in hospital age 80
Two small planes collide in Wyoming, USA, killing three
24 people rescued from roller coaster at California's Great America theme park
Special Olympics founder Eunice Kennedy Shriver dies at age 88
Fifth child dies after police chase that ended in crash in California
Alleged rapist files charges against victim in Sweden on HIV infection grounds
Thieves steal Â£40 million from London jeweller
Michael Schumacher calls off Formula 1 comeback due to injury
Chilean miners trapped after mine collapse; miscalculated drilling delays rescue
Researcher claims solution to P vs NP math problem
Letitia Long becomes first female director of a major US intelligence agency
Indonesian goverment bans pornographic sites
JetBlue flight attendant accused of cursing at passenger granted bail
Mia Farrow, Carole White testify in Charles Taylor's war crimes trial
Several injured at campground in Maine as storm topples trees
One killed and nine injured in militant attack in Jammu and Kashmir
Curfew imposed in Jammu and Kashmir, three injured and four killed
Texas governor Rick Perry to announce his presidential intentions
Sri Lankan cricketer Norton Fredrick dies aged 73
Uni defeat Nambor as Sunshine Coast Rugby Union season ends