Cleopatra commits suicide after Mark Antony's defeat at the battle of Actium
Irish abbot, St. Fiacre died. His life of severe denial attracted many. He was the founder of a hermitage in Kilkenny and of a monastery in France.
Death of St. Claire of Assisi
Death of Philip VI, King of France
Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam at the Battle of Otranto
Death of Pope Sixtus IV at the age of 70. He was pope from 1471 to 1484.
Ponce de Leon arrives in Puerto Rico
Marriage of Christian II, King of Norway and Denmark, to Isabella
Emperor Charles V grants religious freedom in treaty of Passau
Pope Julius III orders all copies of the Talmud to be confiscated and burned.
English artist Thomas Bewick, English artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables) born
George IV, king of England (1820-30) born
English poet laureate Robert Southey born
Joseph Barnby, English organist and choirmaster. He composed nearly 250 hymn tunes during his life. Of these the most enduring include LAUDES DOMINI ("When Morning Gilds the Skies"), LONGWOOD ("Spirit of God, Descend Upon My Heart"), MERRIAL ("Now the Day is Over") and ST. ANDREW ("We Give Thee But Thine Own"). born
American painter Abbott Thayer, credited with noting camouflage in the animal world born
Isaac Singer was granted a patent for his sewing machine. He set up business in Boston with $40 in capital.
Educator and poet Katherine Lee Bates, who wrote "America the Beautiful" born
General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, Texas.
Philanthropist Juluis Rosenwald born
Joseph Lister became the first doctor to use disinfectant during surgery.
President Andrew Johnson sparked a move to impeach him as he defied Congress by suspending Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
Mystery writer Mary Roberts Rinehart born
This is the birthday of the phonograph record. Edison drew a sketch of his idea, with a note to his mechanic, John Kreusi, "Make this." When the mechanic did, Edison recorded himself reciting the poem "Mary Had a Little Lamb." It worked. "I was never so taken aback," Edison said.
Christy Mathewson, Hall of Fame baseball pitcher born
Movie producer Cecil B. DeMille born
Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes the first motor tour. Without her husband's knowledge, she borrowed one of his cars and traveled 180km to visit relatives for 5 days.
A peace protocol was signed ending the Spanish-American War. The United States acquired Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines, and annexed Hawaii.
Comic actor Cantinflas (Mario Moreno) (Around the World in 80 Days, Pepe) born
Actress Jane Wyatt (Father Knows Best` Spock's mother in "Star Trek") born
The novel "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, was first published.
Choreographer Michael Kidd (Milton Greenwald) born
Actor-director John Derek born
Country singer Porter Wagoner born
Singer-musician Buck (Alvis Edgar) Owens born
Author/screen writer William Goldman, (Marathon Man, The Princess Bride, All the President's Men) born
Auto racer Parnelli (Rufus) Jones born
Babe Ruth's final game at Fenway Park, 41,766 on hand.
Padrewski recorded Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" for a movie of the same name. He bumped into Winston Churchill at the film studio working on a script. This can be described as a meeting of two world leaders because Padrewski once served for a while as premier of Poland.
Comedian, Red Skelton, got his first taste of network radio on this night, as he appeared on the Rudy Vallee Show on NBC.
Actor George Hamilton born
Singer Jennifer Warren (Up Where We Belong [w/Joe Cocker]) born
Joseph P. Kennedy Junior, eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blew up over England.
The former president of Brazil, Fernando Collor de Mello born
Soviet Union conducted a secret test of its first hydrogen bomb.
Jazz musician Pat Metheny born
President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour.
Country singer Danny Shirley (Confederate Railroad) born
First ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island.
The first balloon satellite -- the "Echo One" -- was launched by the United States from Cape Canaveral.
Pop musician Roy Hay (Culture Club) born
One day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union also sent up cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men landed safely Aug.15.
Rapper Sir Mix-A-Lot born
The last tour for the Beatles began this day at the International Amphitheater in Chicago; and John Lennon apologized for boasting that the Beatles were more popular than Jesus Christ. London's "Catholic Herald" said Lennon's comment was "arrogant ... but probably true."
"Fleetwood Mac" made their stage debut at the National Blues Festival in Great Britain.
The Boston Celtics basketball team was sold for $6,000,000. It was the highest price paid for a pro basketball team to that date.
Tennis player Pete Sampras born
The last American combat ground troops left Vietnam
Jack Nicklaus won his 14th major golf title, breaking a record held for nearly 50 years by Bobby Jones. Nicklaus won the PGA Championship for the third time.
Rock musician Bill Uechi (Save Ferris) born
The space shuttle "Enterprise" passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating, and then touching down in California's Mojave Desert.
Pope Paul the Sixth, who had died August sixth at age 80,
Actress Dominique Swain born
Terry Felton of the Minnesota Twins set a major-league record for rookie pitchers. He went 0-for-14. Guy Morton of the Cleveland Indians had lost 13 games, but won his 14th, in 1914.
President Reagan opened a drive for Hispanic political support as he denounced Cuba's communist government in a speech to the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce in Tampa, Florida.
Luis Aparicio and Don Drysdale, who began the playing careers on the same day in 1956, were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.
The 23rd Olympic Games ended in Los Angeles with a record attendance of 5.5 million people despite a Soviet-led boycott.
The world's worst single-aircraft disaster occurred as a crippled Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashed into a mountain, killing 520 people.
Rod Carew became the first player in the history of the California Angels franchise to have his uniform number retired. Number 29 played for the Angels for seven years.
NASA announced it had selected a new rocket design for the space shuttle aimed at correcting the flaws believed responsible for the Challenger disaster.
President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair, saying his former national security adviser, John Poindexter, was wrong not to have told him about the diversion of Iran arms-sale money.
The Last Temptation of Christ, the controversial film directed by Martin Scorsese, opened this day in nine cities despite objections by some Christians and various religious groups who felt the film was sacrilegious.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sought to tie any withdrawal of his troops from Kuwait to an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Air Force Staff Sergeant John Campisi of West Covina, California, died after being hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first U.S. casualty of the Persian Gulf crisis.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y., began hosting a two-day reunion of former Negro League players.
A letter from Lebanese kidnappers was made public; it offered to trade the release of Western hostages for the freedom of ''all detainees'' worldwide.
After 14 months of negotiations, the United States, Mexico and Canada announced in Washington that they had concluded the North American Free Trade Agreement, which would create the world's largest trading bloc.
Avant-garde composer John Cage died in New York at age 79
President Clinton signed a relief package for the flooded Midwest.
Pope John Paul the Second began his third US visit in Denver with a welcome by President Clinton.
The launch of space shuttle "Discovery" was scrubbed at the last second.
President Clinton lifted a ban on rehiring air traffic controllers fired for going on strike in 1981.
Woodstock '94 opened in Saugerties, New York, marking the 25th anniversary of the original Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York.
Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. Breyer, already sworn in during a private ceremony, took a public oath at the White House.
In baseball's eighth work stoppage since 1972, players went on strike rather than allow team owners to limit their salaries.
In a methodical, daylong procession, Republican presidential candidates courted Ross Perot's followers at a United We Stand America conference in Dallas.
The Republican Party opened its 36th national convention in San Diego by celebrating Bob Dole as a tested, trustworthy leader who would lower taxes and bring compassionate conservatism to the White House.
Steel workers approved a contract ending a ten-month strike against Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation.
Two New York City police officers were placed in desk jobs as authorities investigated the charges of Abner Louima, a Haitian immigrant who accused police of sodomizing him with the wooden handle of a toilet plunger after he was arrested in a nightclub fight.
A flash flood in Arizona's Lower Antelope Canyon claimed the lives of 11 hikers.
Swiss banks agreed to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to Holocaust survivors to settle claims for their assets.
Los Angeles County prosecutors charged white supremacist Buford O. Furrow with murder and five counts of attempted murder, all filed as hate crimes, in the wounding of five people at a Jewish community center and the shooting death of a Filipino-American mail carrier. (Federal prosecutors already had charged Furrow in the postman's slaying.)
The Russian nuclear submarine "Kursk" and its 118-man crew were lost during naval exercises in the Barents Sea.
Evander Holyfield won a 12-round unanimous decision over John Ruiz in Las Vegas for the vacant WBA heavyweight title.
Actress Loretta Young died at age 87.
Julian McGauran makes rude gesture to Australian Senate
British Airways strike grounds flights at Heathrow
Israel bans nonresidents from Gaza
Pro-democracy demonstrations erupt in Maldives
Iran stands firmly against nuclear agency resolution
Prices at the pump spike overnight in U.S.
Former Japanese prime minister Hashimoto indicated his retirement
Security Council backs ceasefire in Israel-Lebanon conflict
British Muslims warn Prime Minister Tony Blair over foreign policy
Chinese wiki conference occurs in Shanghai
Gevaert and Hellebaut win golden medal at European athletics championships
Worshippers gunned down in Missouri Church
Los Angeles Internatonal computer glitch causes four hour backup
US Presidential elections: Mitt Romney wins Iowa straw poll
Olympic highlights: August 12, 2008
Russia withdraws from Georgia
Remnants of Hurricane Felicia affect Hawaii
President of Costa Rica contracts H1N1 swine flu
Tourist plane crash in Papua New Guinea leaves thirteen dead
Prospective Nobel Prize for Higgs boson work disputed
Plants may adapt faster to climate change than previously thought, new study shows
Early puberty for US girls raises health risk
Ramadan begins today in India
Three killed amongst Birmingham, England riots
Australian politician Karen Overington dies aged 59
Former Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko arrested on contempt of court charges
School Principal found dead in Tennessee classroom; teen held by police
Scientists use gene therapy, patients' own immune systems to fight leukemia
Cities across Texas increase efforts to combat mosquitos
Romney taps U.S. congressman Paul Ryan as presidential running mate
Scottish politician David McLetchie dies at age 61
Nelson Mandela's health showing 'slow but steady improvement'
Dibabaâs comeback: Long-distance track star wins her first World Championship title since 2007
Search continues for victims of Indonesian volcano eruption
First Australian election debate: immigration policy, same-sex marriage
Britain's most experienced astronaut retires after 26 years at NASA