Death of Carloman, King of the Franks
William, first son of King Henry II of England. Died in infancy. born
Death of St, Hyacinth of Cracow
Three Cardinals interview the senior officers of the Templars at Chinon, France
Gypsies denied entry into Paris
Cardinal Borgia renounces his Office to marry a French princess
Antwerp surrenders to the Duke of Parma; sacked.
German vicar and writer Johann V Andreae born
John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returns from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers is ever found.
Mathematician Pierre de Fermat born
John III Sobieski, King of Poland & Lithuania born
English Puritan Richard Mather, 39, first arrived in Boston. A staunch defender of the congregational form of church government, Mather is remembered today for founding the "dynasty" to which was born his son Increase Mather in 1639, and his grandson Cotton Mather in 1663.
Antonio Fernandez Carvajal is 1st Jew to receive English denizenship.
Composer Nicola Antonio Porpora born
French artist ans engraver Charles D J Eisen born
By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.
Birth of William Carey, pioneer English missionary to India. He taught at the newly founded Fort William College of Calcutta from 1801 until his death, and helped found the Serampore Press, which made the Bible accessible to over 300 million people. born
Composer Philippe Libon born
Composer Franz de Paula Roser born
Birth of George Croly, Irish churchman and author. He is primarily remembered today as author of the hymn, "Spirit of God, Descend Upon My Heart." born
Frontiersman and politian Davy Crockett American who died in the defense of the Alamo. born
The location of the capital city of the United States moved from New York City to Philadelphia.
The violinist Ole Bull died in Bergen, the home of Grieg. Ole Bull was one of the world's greatest violinists in his day.
Robert Fulton's "North River Steam Boat" (popularly known as the "Clermont") began heading up New York's Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany.
In Pennsylvania, Thomas Campbell, 46, and his son Alexander, 20, formed the American Movement for Christian Unity, which later became the Disciples of Christ Church.
Napoleon Bonaparte's army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow.
Napoleon arrived at Saint Helena for the beginning of his exile on this day.
The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
Solyman Merrick of Springfield, MA, patented the wrench.
Federal batteries and ships bombarded Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor during the Civil War.
F.P. Cahill became the first man to be mortally wounded by Billy the Kid
Samuel Goldwyn (Goldfish) (movie pioneer born
Black nationalist leader Marcus Garvey born
Harry Hopkins, organized the Works Projects Administration under President Roosevelt born
Actress Mae West. American actress in burlesque, vaudeville, Broadway, and movies born
A prospecting party discovered gold in Alaska, a finding that touched off the Klondike gold rush.
The first Pulitzer Prize was awarded this day as Joseph Pulitzer made a million dollar donation to Columbia University. This provided the funding for the Pulitzer Prize awards to be made in Joseph Pulitzer's name.
Publisher-diplomat John Hay Whitney born
Charles F. Kettering of Detroit, MI, patented the electric automobile self-starter.
A Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia after death sentence for the murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
A hurricane struck Galveston, Texas, killing 275 people.
Actress Maureen O'Hara born
Blues guitarist Luther Allison born
The first movie to use the combination of black and white and color film -"Wizard of Oz", premiered on this night.
President Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William Mackenzie King met in Ogdensburg, New York, where they agreed to set up a joint defense commission.
The Allied conquest of Sicily was completed as US and British forces entered Messina.
Movie director Martha Coolidge ("Rambling Rose") born
Arthur Honegger's Third Symphony, the "Liturgical," was premiered in Zurich. All five of Honegger's symphonies deserve more attention than they get, and the Third is a very moving experience when played well. The finale includes a particularly ominous march.
Rock musician Sib Hashian (formerly with Boston) born
Rock singer Kevin Rowland (Dexy's Midnight Runners) born
Country singer-songwriter Kevin Welch born
Rock musician Colin Moulding (XTC) born
Singer Belinda Carlisle born
American Francis Gary Powers pleads guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
The East German government began building the Berlin Wall.
Rock musician Gilby Clarke (formerly with Guns N' Roses) born
East German border guards shot and mortally wounded 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who had attempted to cross the Berlin Wall into the western sector.
Rock musician Steve Gorman (The Black Crowes) born
Rock musician Jill Cunniff (Luscious Jackson) born
Actor David Conrad ("Relativity") is 30. born
The Woodstock Music and Art Fair concluded near Bethel, New York.
248 people were killed as Hurricane "Camille" slammed into the Gulf Coast.
Singer Donnie Wahlberg born
Tennis player Jim Courier born
Lee Trevino gets his first hole-in-one.
The first successful trans-Atlantic balloon flight ended as Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed their "Double Eagle Two" outside Paris.
Lyricist Ira Gershwin, who, with his composer brother George, wrote such classic songs as "A Wonderful" and "The Man I Love," died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 86.
As delegates to the Republican national convention arrived in Dallas, the platform committee put finishing touches on its party doctrine, which said the GOP was seeing "a new dawn of the American spirit."
Over 1,400 meat packers walked off the job at Geo. A. Hormel and Co.'s main plant in Austin, Minnesota, in a bitter strike that lasted just a little more than a year.
Actor Bryton McClure ("Family Matters") born
President Reagan praised a tax revision bill approved by House and Senate conferees the day before, calling it "a triumph for the American people and the American system."
Kidnapped American journalist Charles Glass escaped and was rescued after being held hostage for 62 days in Lebanon.
Rudolf Hess, the last member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle, died at a Berlin hospital near Spandau Prison at age 93, having apparently committed suicide by strangling himself with an electrical cord.
Pakistani President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq and US Ambassador Arnold Raphel were killed in a mysterious plane crash (suspected of being an assassination).
Vice President George Bush was nominated for president at the Republican national convention in New Orleans.
The Commerce Department reported the U.S. trade deficit shrank to $8.7 billion dollars in June, the smallest monthly imbalance since December 1984.
Actress/singer Pearl Bailey died in Philadelphia at age 72.
Iraq said it would "play host" to all foreign citizens in the country who were from "aggressive nations," and place them in military and civilian targets until the threat of war was over.
During an outdoor mass in Pecs, Hungary, Pope John Paul II expressed moral support for Croatians, but stopped short of endorsing Croatia's drive for independence.
In Strathfield, Australia, a man armed with a machete and a rifle killed seven people at a shopping mall before taking his own life.
President Bush arrived in Houston for the opening of the Republican national convention, which featured an address by former President Reagan.
Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of Allen's longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow. The breakup sparked a bitter child custody battle for the couple's three children.
Joel Cohen and the Boston Camerata performed at Tanglewood. They did 17th, 18th and 19th century American folk hymns as well as spirituals from New England and New York.
A prosecutor in Wayne County, Michigan, charged Dr. Jack Kevorkian under Michigan's six-month-old law against assisted suicide for aiding in the death of Thomas Hyde, who was suffering from Lou Gehrig's disease. (A jury later acquitted Kevorkian.)
Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman resigned under pressure, the latest Clinton administration official felled by the Whitewater controversy.
James B. McDougal, McDougal's ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. (James McDougal was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges.)
A military cargo plane carrying gear for President Clinton crashed and exploded shortly after takeoff from Jackson Hole Airport in Wyoming; eight crew members and a Secret Service employee were killed.
The Reform Party announced Ross Perot had won its nomination to be its first-ever presidential candidate.
President Clinton urged both sides in the United Parcel Service strike to "redouble their efforts" to reach a deal, but hours later, negotiators recessed their intensive talks.
Russia allowed the ruble to drop in value by up to 34 percent.
The Federal Reserve Board approved the megamerger of NationsBank and BankAmerica.
President Clinton gave grand jury testimony via closed-circuit television from the White House concerning his relationship with Monica Lewinsky; he then delivered a TV address in which he denied previously committing perjury, admitted his relatiogship with Lewinsky was "wrong," and criticized Kenneth Starr's investigation.
More than 17,000 people were killed when a magnitude 7.4 earthquake struck Turkey.
Israeli Army begins forced evacuation of Gaza settlements
21 July bombing suspect to be extradited back to the UK
Fiddle Legend Vassar Clements dead at 77
Bangladesh hit by several bomb explosions
Canadian gasoline tops $1 a litre, politicians consider options
Two new schools open in Beslan
New computer worm poised to cause massive outages
Two injured in explosion at Toronto fairground
"Camp Casey" moves to safer land, as Mother's protest continues
Body of missing New Zealand student found
New Zealand army Unimog crash leaves one solider dead
House fire in Buffalo, N.Y. leaves two families homeless
Liverpool's elected officials call in the Police
Man confesses to 1996 murder of JonBenet Ramsey
Indonesian health officials investigating possible human to human transmission of H5N1 Bird Flu virus
Overnight battle for Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula
US Airport evacuated in 'liquid bomb' scare
Federal judge rules warrantless wiretaps illegal
Hollywood notables condemn Hamas and Hezbollah
Dutch sheep contaminated by bluetongue
David Witt, father-in-law of Floyd Landis, commits suicide
Two German scientists claim to have broken the speed of light
US President George W. Bush's daughter announces engagement
Nauru to hold parliamentary elections
Three killed in Utah coal mine rescue
Airplane crash in Alaska kills five
Two die from overdoses and 83 arrested at New Jersey Ozzfest
Russia to resume bomber patrols
Richard Stallman, founder of GNU Project confirmed safe after earthquake
Hurricane Dean now a Category 4 storm
World Deaf Swimming Championships Day 5: A fantastic ending
Exclusive report on New Zealand's digital TV service
Beijing 2008: Michael Phelps wins eighth gold
Merkel: Georgia will join NATO
Five killed in mid-air collision over Warwickshire, England
Accident at Russian hydroelectric plant kills ten
Shri Shyam Bhajan Hindu religious festival held in Hyderabad
12 injured after van carrying church group flips over on Buffalo, NY expressway
Hurricane Bill gains strength over Atlantic
Renault F1 team exclusion overturned
It's a GLAM wrap: Curators meet collaborators at Canberra conference
English Wikipedia publishes 3 millionth article
Kevin Harvick wins fourteenth career NASCAR Sprint Cup race
China's economy surpasses Japan's in second quarter
US political columnist James J. Kilpatrick dies at age 89
Celebrity plastic surgeon Dr. Frank Ryan dies in car accident aged 50
Robert Wilson, bassist for The Gap Band dies aged 53
Chinese human rights activist faces trial
Indiana State Fair stage collapse kills four, injures forty
Police social media frenzy threatens to prejudice alleged child killer trial
News of the World Scotland editor charged with perjury, hacking
Ryanair sue Associated Newspapers, Mirror Group