Death of St. Stephen I, Pope
Marjorian, Emperor of the West, deposed and killed
Defeat of the Normans by Alan Barvek, King of Brittany
William II, "Rufus," King of England, killed in a hunting accident
The first installment of freed prisoners and ransom money from Acre arrives from Saladin to the 3rd Crusade
Edward I, King of England, lands at Dover to take his Crown
The Templars are exempted from a tax of King Edward of England by the Pope
Donald, Earl of Mar, made Regent of Scotland
Paris opened to the Regent of France
Death of St. Basil the Blessed
John Fredrick (the Elector of Saxony) and Philip of Hesse are released from custody
Assassination of Henry III, King of France
Pierre Charles L'Enfant (architect, engineer, Revolutionary War officer: designed the plan for city of Washington D.C.) born
The Declaration of Independence, adopted on July 4th, was actually signed by members of the Continental Congress.
Samuel Briggs and his son, Samuel Briggs, Jr. became the first father-son pair to receive a joint patent -- for their nail-making machine.
The New York Mirror and Ladies Literary Gazette was founded on this day. The weekly newspaper later became the daily New York Mirror.
Fifth Avenue was opened in New York City on this day. It became one of the most famous thoroughfares in the world, the home of many beautiful, fashionable stores.
On this day, the first mailboxes were installed along the streets of Boston and New York City. The idea of mailboxes began in Belgium in 1848.
John Sloan (artist Ashcan Art) born
Frontiersman "Wild Bill" Hickok was shot and killed while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood, South Dakota.
Barbed wire was patented by Rowell Hodge this day.
The composer Arthur Bliss was born in London. Bliss put himself on the musical map with something called the "Colour Symphony," premiered in 1922 just before the first of his two stays in the States. By his middle age, Bliss was director of music for the BBC.
Movie studio chief Jack Warner of Warner Brothers born
Westbrook Pegler (journalist) born
Helen Morgan (singer, actress Boat, Applause) born
Actress Beatrice Straight born
Enrico Caruso, Italian operatic tenor, died in Naples.
Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish inventor of the telephone in 1876, died.
The 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, died in San Francisco at the Palace Hotel
Author James Baldwin born
Actor Carroll O'Connor born
German President Paul von Hindenburg died, paving the way for Adolf Hitler's complete takeover.
Country singer Hank Cochran born
Rock musician Garth Hudson (The Band) born
Movie director Wes Craven born
Singer Edward Patten (Gladys Knight & The Pips) born
Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.
Singer Doris Kenner-Jackson (The Shirelles) born
A Navy patrol torpedo boat, PT-109, commanded by Lieutenant John F. Kennedy, sank after being sheared in two by a Japanese destroyer off the Solomon Islands. (Kennedy was credited with saving members of the crew.)
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., U.S. Navy pilot and elder brother of John F. Kennedy, was killed when his plane exploded over the Belgian coast.
Actress Joanna Cassidy born
President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.
Pietro Mascagni, who composed "Cavalleria Rusticana," died in Rome. His one big hit opera had poured from his pen in his twenties. Mascagni died at the age of 81, his international reputation marred by his support for Italian Fascism.
Actress Kathryn Harrold born
Actress Victoria Jackson born
Actress Cynthia Stevenson born
Actress Mary-Louise Parker born
The Pentagon reported the first of two attacks on US destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Rock musician John Stanier (Helmet) born
A major earthquake in the Philippines rocked Manila, killing 307 people.
John Dean, counsel to President Nixon, was sentenced to one-to-four years in prison for his part in the Watergate cover-up.
Actor Edward Furlong born
85 people were killed when a bomb exploded at the train station in Bologna, Italy.
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 338-90 to designate the third Monday in January a federal holiday in honor of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Charles Schultz' award-winning comic strip was picked up by the Daily Times in Portsmouth, OH on this day. With the addition of that paper, Peanuts, featuring Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Lucy, Pigpen, Linus, Peppermint Pattie, Woodstock and the gang, became the first comic strip to appear in 2,000 newspapers.
The U.S. swim team won three more gold medals at the Los Angeles Olympics through the efforts of Mary T. Meagher, George DiCarlo and the men's 400-meter medley relay team.
137 people were killed when a Delta Air Lines jumbo jet crashed while attempting to land at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
Attorney Roy M. Cohn died at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland of cardiac arrest and complications from AIDS.
The 50-year-old Walt Disney movie classic, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," was re-released. The film was the most popular animated film in motion picture history. It grossed almost $20 million in its first 2 weeks.
More than a million people gathered in Tehran, calling for the overthrow of the sheiks of Saudi Arabia, where hundreds of Iranian pilgrims had died in rioting in the Muslim holy city of Mecca.
Despite previous threats of a veto, President Reagan said he would reluctantly allow a plant-closing notification bill to become law, accusing Democrats of "political shenanigans."
U.S. military investigators concluded that "crew errors" led to the shooting down on July 3rd of an Iranian passenger jet by the USS Vincennes in the Persian Gulf.
Abortion rights advocates gained a surprising victory in the U.S. House of Representatives, which voted against including abortion curbs in a spending bill for the District of Columbia.
Iraq invaded Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. President Bush condemned the incursion as an act of "naked aggression." The Iraqis were driven out in Operation Desert Storm.
President Bush told a news conference only poor health would prevent his running for re-election.
Secretary of State James A. Baker III met in Jerusalem with a group of Palestinians, but failed to line up their immediate support for a Middle East peace conference.
The Bush campaign, accused by Bill Clinton of mudslinging, responded with a vitriolic press release that referred to "sniveling hypocritical Democrats" (President Bush later disavowed the release).
At the Barcelona Summer Olympics, Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the US repeated as heptathlon champion.
Actress Hallie Eisenberg (Pepsi commercials) born
In a dramatic scene shown on national television, Jessica, a two-and-a-half-year-old girl at the center of a custody battle, was removed from the Michigan home of Jan and Roberta DeBoer and turned over to her biological parents, Dan and Cara Schmidt of Iowa.
Serbia threatened to cut all aid to the Bosnian Serbs if they didn't approve an international peace plan.
China ordered the expulsion of two U.S. Air Force officers it said were caught spying on military sites.
Hurricane Erin came ashore near Vero Beach, Florida; the storm was blamed for 11 deaths.
Wall Street investors, worried about possible interest rate increases, roared their approval after the government reported that unemployment was creeping higher, consumer spending had slipped and manufacturing may have stalled.
Nigeria's maverick musician Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, who popularized the Afro-music beat globally, died of AIDS at age 58.
"Naked Lunch" (based on his experiences as a drug addict) author William S. Burroughs, the godfather of the "Beat generation," died in Kansas City, Missouri, at age 83.
Ventriloquist Shari Lewis died in Los Angeles at age 65.
Cyclist Marco Pantani of Italy won the Tour de France, which had been marred by a doping scandal.
A train collision in India claimed 286 lives.
Launching another salvo in a war of nerves with rival Taiwan, China announced it had test-fired a new long-range missile.
Republicans awarded Texas Governor George W. Bush their 2000 presidential nomination at the party's convention in Philadelphia and ratified Dick Cheney as his running mate.
Former President Ford was hospitalized after suffering one, possibly two, small strokes.
President Clinton postponed the scheduled execution of Juan Raul Garza, a Texas drug kingpin and murderer (Garza was executed by lethal injection June 19th, 2001)
Pennsylvania man acquitted of rape after DNA exoneration
Russia bans ABC following interview with Chechen rebel leader
Atkins Nutritionals Inc. goes bankrupt
Formula 1: Barrichello leaves Ferrari
Appalachia Mountains coal company plays State politics
Attorney Jack Thompson sets sights on Sims 2
U.S. immigrant worker debate taken up by Virginia township
All passengers survive Toronto plane crash
Tom Cruise orders â‚¬14,500 takeaway meal
Israeli soldiers landing in Baalbek
Man arrested for photographing unrelated arrest
Rotorua, New Zealand bans criminals from CBD
Father pays tribute to his son who died in Iraq
Bombs kill several during Iraq football game
Indonesian Health Ministry: Two new human clusters of Bird Flu suspected in Sumatra
Study at the University of Toronto says text messaging helps with grammar
Whoopi Goldberg to take Rosie O'Donnell's spot on 'The View'
Al-Qaeda terror ad warns of 'big surprise'
Chris Langham found guilty of downloading child pornography
Russia claims North Pole by planting flag on seabed
Highway bridge in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses
188 Fatah supporters permitted to enter Israel
European football: Tottenham defeats Celtic 2 - 0
Explosion in Turkey kills seventeen
Bristol Harbour Festival lauched, 200 thousand expected to attend
World's first double arm transplant undertaken in Munich
Homeless man causes bomb scare at LaGuardia Airport in New York City
Body of missing Desert Storm pilot found in Iraq
Three American hikers arrested in Iran
Food packages to Vestas occupiers cut off
Chelsea Clinton marries Marc Mezvinsky in Rhinebeck, New York
UK military deaths in Afghanistan reach 327
Greg Biffle wins fifteenth career NASCAR Sprint Cup race
Australian rules football: Gippsland Football League round 16 split round week one
'Black box' found near crash site of Airblue flight
Cargo plane crashes in Alaska's Denali Park, sparks wildfire
Canadian singer Justin Bieber to publish memoir
Jenson Button wins Hungarian Grand Prix
Quebec election called for September 2012
Needle found in sandwich on Air Canada flight
Two die in two-car crash near Connel, Scotland