Stilicho, regent, general of Roman Empire, beheaded by the Emperor
Death of Abu Bakr, Caliph
Saint Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness
The English defeated the Scots at Cowton Moor. Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to it being called the Battle of the Standard.
Rabbi Menahem (Solomon Meiri) talmudist, author born
Death of Pope Nicholas III
William Wallace arrives in London, and is tried and convicted for treason
John II, also known as John the Good, succeeds Philip VI as king of France.
Coronation of Isabella, wife of Charles IV, King of France
England's King Richard the Third was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the War of the Roses.
James IV, King of Scots, and his army, invade England
Composer Bartolomeo Spontone born
Execution of John Dudley, Earl of Northumberland
The Duke of Alba, sent to re-establish Spanish authority in the Netherlands, instituted the Council of Troubles at the start of his tyrannical rule. It was nicknamed the "Council of Blood."
The Ruthven raid occured, in which English party in Scotland captured King James VI while he was hunting and held him captive until June 1583.
The composer Luca Marenzio, whose madrigals survive to this day, died on this day. A contemporary account suggested that he returned to Rome from Poland, was rebuked by the Pope about something, he perhaps had a heart attack.
French writer Georges de Scud'ry (Observations sur le Cid) born
Composer Christopher Gibbons born
The Civil War in England began between the supporters of Charles I (Royalists or Cavaliers) and of Parliament (Roundheads).
French Inventor and Physicist Denis Papin Invented the pressure cooker and suggested the first cylinder and piston steam engine. born
Jacob Barsimon, 1st Jew known to have arrived in America, lands at New Netherlands.
Hiacoomes, first Indian preacher of Christianity, ordained, Massachusetts.
Composer Pierre Danican Philidor born
The Austrian army forces the Turkish army out of Belgrade, ending the Turkish revival in the Balkans.
Composer Christian Friedrich Ruppe born
Pope Leo XII, [Annibale Sermattei] (1823-29) born
Ann Franklin became the first woman to hold the title of newspaper editor on this day, when she assumed those duties at The Newport Mercury in Newport, Rhode Island.
England's King George the Third proclaimed the American colonies in a state of open rebellion.
With the approach of General Benedict Arnold's army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandons Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada.
John Fitch's steamboat completes it's tests, years before Fulton builds his steamboat.
The British settlement in Sierra Leone was founded to provide a home in Africa for freed slaves and homeless Africans from England.
Physician and missionary Abraham Capadose born
Edward B. Pusey, English biblical scholar and Tractarian spokesman. A devoted church leader all his life, Pusey worked to establish religious orders in Anglicanism, founding in 1845 the first Anglican sisterhood. born
US Union general-major George Stoneman, Govenor of California 1883-87 born
Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (brother of Johann, Jr.) born
Composer Edouard Silas born
William H. Cummings, English musicologist. In 1855 he adapted a theme from Mendelssohn's "Festgesang," which afterward became the melody of the Christmas carol, "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing." born
Artist Archibald M. Willard, painted the "Spirit of '76" born
The United States annexed New Mexico.
Sir Alexander MacKenzie, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh born
The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, is assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
The schooner "America" outraced the "Aurora" off the English coast to win a trophy that became known as the "America's Cup."
Paul Gottlieb Nipkow scanning principle, in which the light intensities of small portions of an image are successively analyzed and transmitted. born
Claude Debussy was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, west of Paris. Debussy was not merely respected; he was controversial and influential. He died in 1918 at the age of 55.
The Geneva Convention for the protection of the wounded during times of active warfare was signed, leading to the formation of the Red Cross.
Charles Jenkins, inventor of the conical drinking cup and brakes for airplanes. born
Cartoonist George Herriman (Krazy Kat, Krazy Kat and Ignatz, The Dingbat Family) born
Movie Actor Cecil Kellaway (Withering Heights, The Postman Always Rings Twice, Harvey, Hush Hush Sweet Charlotte, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner) born
Writer and critic Dorothy Parker born
The Cadillac Co. was founded.
President Theodore Roosevelt became the first US chief executive to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Connecticut.
Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987 born
On this day, the Victor Talking Machine Company of Camden, New Jersey, began to manufacture the Victrola -- or record player. The hand cranked unit, with horn cabinet, sold for $200.
Korea was annexed by Japan after five years as a protectorate.
Actress Edith Atwater "Love on a Rooftop" born
It was announced in Paris that Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" had been stolen from the Louvre Museum the night before. (The painting turned up two years later, in Italy.)
Austria-Hungary declared war on Belgium.
Blues singer and guitarist John Lee Hooker (some sources 1920) born
Sci-fi author Ray Douglas Bradbury, "Fahrenheit 451," "Martian Chronicles," "The Illustrated Man" born
Heart surgeon Denton Cooley He performed the first artifical heart transplant born
Michael Collins, a founder of the Irish Republican Army and a key figure in Ireland's independence movement, was assassinated by political opponents. He had led the Irish delegation which signed the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty by which Ireland was partitioned.
Actress Honor Blackman "The Avengers'" Cathy Gale, "Goldfinger's" Pussy Galore born
Bob Flanigan (Four Freshmen) born
Karlheinz Stockhausen. After the war Stockhausen studied with Frank Martin and Darius Milhaud. Stockhausen's music is rarely performed, but he was influential in his day, especially by his use of aleatory, the element of chance in music. born
The two halves of Sydney Harbor Bridge were joined together. It was eventually opened in March 1932.
Actress Sylva Koscina born
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War born
ABC newsman Morton Dean born
Dale Hawkins (Delmar Allen Hawkins) born
Fred Milano (Belmonts) born
Baseball Hall-of-Famer Carl Yastrzemski born
Actress Valerie Harper born
Football coach Bill Parcells born
German troops reached the outskirts of Leningrad, eventually surrounding the city Sept. 8 at the start of the siege, which lasted until January 1944.
Singer Kathy Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) born
Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
Hitler ordered that Paris be destroyed.
CBS newsman Steve Kroft born
Ron Dante (Archies/Cufflinks) born
TV Producer, Screen/Scriptwriter David Chase (Rockford Files) born
Soviet troops land at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China. After the war, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East meted out justice to Japanese war criminals at locations throughout Asia.
Donna Godchaux (Grateful Dead) born
Actress Cindy Williams, "Laverne & Shirley's" Shirley Feeney born
Swimmer, Olympic Athlete Diana Nyad. She was the first to swim Bahamas to Florida in 1979 born
Rhythm and Blues Singer Teresa Davis (The Emotions) born
Frank Marino (Mahogany Rush) born
Elvis Presley started work on his first movie, "Love Me Tender."
President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon were nominated for second terms in office by the Republican national convention in San Francisco.
Country singer Holly Dunn born
Ian Mitchell (Bay City Rollers) born
Rock musician Vernon Reid born
Country singer Collin Raye born
Rock musician Debbie Peterson (The Bangles) born
Alternative Rock Performer Jay Ashton (Gene Loves Jezebel) born
Rock singer Roland Orzabal (Tears For Fears) born
Rock musician Gary Lee Connor (Screaming Trees) born
The Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered ship, completed her maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Georgia.
Country singer Mila Mason born
Rhythm-and-blues musician James DeBarge born
US table tennis player Lily Yip, born in Canton China (Olympics-92, 96) born
Tennis player Mats Wilander born
Singer - pianist Tori Amos (Boys For Pele) born
Rock singer Layne Staley (Alice Chains) born
President Lyndon B. Johnson welcomed the Shah of Iran to the U.S. for a two-day visit. Two months later, Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlevi was crowned King of Kings and Sun of the Aryans. One of the Shah's major proclamations provided for a general amnesty for political prisoners overflowing Iran's jails.
Pope Paul VI arrived in Colombia, becoming the first pontiff ever to visit South America.
800m runner Paul Ereng, born in Kenya (Olympic-gold-1988) born
The world's tallest totem pole is dedicated at Kake, Alaska.
Bolivian President General Juan Jose Torres Gonzalez was deposed in a coup by Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez, who drew support from the right-wing Falange Socialista Boliviana and the army.
Rhodesia was asked to withdraw from the 20th Olympic Summer Games because of its racial policies.
The Republican party renominated Richard M. Nixon and Spiro T. Agnew on this day in Miami, Florida.
Singer Howie Dorough (Backstreet Boys) born
President Nixon named German-born Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State. Kissinger served in that capacity until 1977. He won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.
TV, Movie, and Stage Actor, Sebastian Cabot dies at the age of 59. (Checkmate, Suspense, Family Affair's Mr.Giles French, Ghost Story's Winston Essex; narrator)
President Jomo Kenyatta, a leading figure in Kenya's struggle for independence, died; Vice President Daniel Arap Moi was sworn in as acting president.
Led Zeppelin released their final original album, "In Through The Out Door."
The last Volkswagen Rabbit rolled off the assembly line in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania. Over 11 million of the economical cars had been produced.
The Republican national convention in Dallas nominated President Reagan and Vice President Bush for second terms in office, breaking with tradition by approving both nominations with a single roll-call vote.
55 people died when fire broke out aboard a British Airtours charter jet on a runway at Manchester Airport in England.
Angolan guerrilla leader said Soviet-aided government forces started using chemical warfare in its 10-year struggle for control of the nation.
Kerr-McGee Corporation agreed to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a ten-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.
The supertanker "Bridgeton" and three other re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers left Kuwait under U.S. escort and safely cleared Persian Gulf waters where the Bridgeton had hit a mine the month before.
Speaking to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Chicago, Vice President George Bush defended the Vietnam-era National Guard service of running mate Dan Quayle, saying, "He did not go to Canada, he did not burn his draft card and he damn sure didn't burn the American flag."
Columbia's foreign minister discouraged any military intervention by the United States in the struggle against that country's drug barons.
Nolan Ryan struck out his 5,000th batter becoming the first to reach that milestone when he fanned Oakland's Ricky Henderson
Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, California. (Gunman Tyrone Robinson was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.)
President Bush signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the U.S. military buildup in the Persian Gulf.
The State Department announced it would defy President Saddam Hussein's demand to close the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait by August 24th.
Scores of angry smokers blocked a street near Moscow's Red Square for hours in protest of the summer-long cigarette shortage.
Yugoslav federal official admitted that a truce ordered in Croatia on August 7th had collapsed and 70 people had died in the fighting since then.
Soviet President Gorbachev refused to join Russian Republic president Boris Yeltsin in holding the Communist parliament responsible for the coup.
President Bush told an evangelical gathering in Dallas that the Democrats had left "three simple letters" out of their platform: "G-o-d." Democrat Bill Clinton said Bush was trying to divert attention from the economy.
Neo-Nazi violence against foreigners erupted in Rostock, Germany.
NASA engineers continued trying, without success, to re-establish contact with the Mars Observer, a day after losing contact.
Ernesto Zedillo, candidate of the party that has ruled Mexico for 65 years, declared victory a day after presidential elections that his leading opponents charged were unfair.
Jordan, overwhelmed by a flood of refugees, closed its border to arrivals from Kuwait and Iraq.
Parliament elected Negaso Gidada president of the newly-named Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
Congressman Mel Reynolds, D-Ill., was convicted in Chicago on charges of criminal sexual assault, sexual abuse, child pornography and obstruction of justice for having sex with a former campaign worker who was underage at the time. (Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison.)
President Clinton signed welfare legislation ending guaranteed cash payments to the poor and demanding work from recipients.
The 61-nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva ended in failure after India blocked an agreement on a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
A federal official threw out the contentious Teamsters election because of alleged campaign fund-raising abuses, forcing union President Ron Carey into another race against James P. Hoffa.
President Clinton, in his Saturday radio address, announced he had signed an executive order putting Osama bin Laden's Islamic Army and two of his main lieutenants on a list of terrorist groups.
Hurricane "Bret" rumbled ashore on the Texas Gulf Coast with winds over 100 mph.
Art dealer Leo Castelli died in New York at age 91.
A China Airlines jet burst into flames at Hong Kong's new airport, killing three people and injuring more than 200.
Brush fire gets close to animal park near San Diego
'MI6 officers' named on US-based website
British authorities may have detected nerve gas attack plans
Earthquake reported near Rome's coast, no damage caused
Dance party broken up by police in Utah, USA
Irish CAO releases university offers to students
Last Gaza settlement cleared, West Bank towns prepare to resist
Innovator of synthesizers Robert Moog, dead at 71
Young Quakers disappointed by UK visa denials
New Zealand man sentenced to life in prison for murder
Scottish Socialist Party to split as Sheridan launches new party
Lech Walesa quits Solidarity
Violence in Congo after first round election results are announced
Moscow market bomb kills 10, injures 55
Men charged in US and Canada over alleged plot to arm Tamil Tigers
Russian mathematician declines Fields Medal
Romanian oil company claims Iran has seized one of its rigs
Bomb scare on China-Australia flight
Russian jet with 170 aboard crashes in Ukraine
RAF jets intercept Russian bomber over north Atlantic
Prisons in New Zealand to introduce mobile phone jamming technology
59-year-old graduate student makes Division III football team
South African cricket team in Zimbabwe - 1st ODI
Mayor of Oslo resigns after tax fraud scandal
Sunni and Iraqi Shi'ite negotiators to meet in Finland
11-year-old boy dies after being shot in Liverpool
European football friendly match: England vs. Germany
MLB: Rangers score 30 runs against Orioles in first game of doubleheader
Off Festival takes place in Poland
Hurricane Dean makes second landfall; weakens to Category 1 storm
14 US soldiers dead after helicopter crash in Iraq
Dwarf gets penis glued to vacuum cleaner
United States and Iraq finalize agreement to have troops out of Iraq by 2011
Olympic highlights: August 22, 2008
Tropical Storm Fay continues through Florida
Violence in Somalia's capital kills 22 people
New England, Canada brace for Hurricane Bill
Rumours suggest Alonso and Schumacher could move to Ferrari
State of emergency declared in Greece after heavy forest fires
Usain Bolt breaks 200m and 100m sprint records at championships
Scientists say the moon is slowly shrinking
Van Gogh painting stolen again
Scottish poet Edwin Morgan dies at age 90
Australian rules football: Warragul gets first win on eve of finals
Seven killed in Chinese bombing
Libya: Rebels edge closer to Tripoli
Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi dies at 57
Four people shot in parking lot of Wal-Mart store north of Austin, Texas