Poison gas was used in warfare by the Chinese.
Gratian, Roman Emperor, slain at Lugdunum
Siege of Constantinople begins
Archbishop Langton meets with the Barons and prelates of England and thus sets in motion the Magna Charta
The fleet of the 5th Crusade finally breaks thru to Damietta
King Louis IX of France and the 7th Crusade set out
Death of St. Thomas de Cantilupe
Death of St. Thomas of Hereford
Birth of Edward II, King of England
Death of Douglas, " The Good Sir James," in Spain
Death of John "the Blind", King of Bohemia, at Crecy
Death of Margaret, Queen to Henry VI of England
Birth of Ivan IV "the Terrible," Czar of Russia born
The Honourable Artillery Company chartered in England
The Abbey of Glastonbury, England dissolved as Catholic institution
Marriage of Francis II, King of France, to Mary, Queen of Scots
Protestantism formally effected in Scotland
Antonio, claimant to the Portuguese throne, routed by the Spanish
Galileo presents his 30X telescope to the Venetian Senate
Great Colonial Hurricane strikes New England
Leids regent Johan van de Bergh born
Hundreds of French colonists arrived in Louisiana, with some of them settling in present-day New Orleans.
ComposerJohann Jacob Rowalt born
English painter of animals George Stubbs (House Frightened by Lion) born
German philosopher, theologist and poet Johann G von Herder born
Composer Franz Teyber born
[Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria born
British forces destroyed the U.S. Library of Congress this day and all of the 3,000 books held there.
Allan Pinkerton, founder of the private detective agency born
Major General John Newton (Union volunteers), died in 1895 born
Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.
An opera inspired a revolt when a Belgian crowd rioted against Dutch rule. They had just finished attending a performance of an opera by Auber about the revolution in Neopolitan times past.
Author Bret (Francis) Harte (The Luck of Roaring Camp, The Outcasts of Poker Flat, How Santa Claus Came to Simpson's Bar) born
Joseph Gibbons of Albion, Michigan patented the seeding machine.
Swiss surgeon Theodor Kocher, Thyroid specialist and winner of Nobel Prize in 1909. born
Ludwig II, Known as the Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86) born
French poetess Louise J Gautier born
US actor George Fawcett (Intolerance) born
Richard Wagner and Cosima Liszt were married in Lucerne, Switzerland. They had been living together for years and already had children. The marriage took place on the birthday of King Ludwig, the Bavarian monarch who had a crush on Wagner.
Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours.
Dancer-actress Ruby Keeler born
Former US arms control director Eugene V. Rostow born
The National Park Service was established within the Department of the Interior.
Actor-producer Mel Ferrer born
Former Alabama Governor George C. Wallace born
The first airplane flight from New York to Alaska arrived in Nome.
The United States signed a peace treaty with Germany.
Game show host Monty Hall born
Sleeping Car Porters Union founded and organized by A. Phillip Randolph.
Althea Gibson, 1st black tennis champion (in a major event) born
Graf Zeppelin passes over San Francisco, headed for Los Angeles after trans-Pacific voyage from Tokyo.
Talk show host Regis Philbin born
Jazz musician Wayne Shorter born
Movie director Hugh Hudson born
Movie director John Badham born
Filmmaker Marshall Brickman born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Walter Williams (The O'Jays) born
US forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War Two.
During World War Two, Paris was liberated by Allied forces after four years of Nazi occupation.
Rock singer-actor Gene Simmons born
Country singer-musician Henry Paul (Blackhawk) born
President Truman ordered the Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike.
Rock singer Rob Halford born
Rock singer Eyvis Costello born
Movie director Tim Burton born
Country singer Billy Ray Cyrus born
Actress Ally Walker ("Profiler") born
Rock musician Vivian Campbell (Def Leppard) born
Actress Joanne Whalley-Kilmer born
Actor Blair Underwood born
The Beatles received a gold record for their hit single, A Hard Day's Night. It was the third gold record of the total of 18 they would receive.
The Society for Investigation of Unexplained was founded.
Rap DJ Terminator X (Public Enemy) born
Country singer Jo Dee Messina born
The US spacecraft "Voyager Two" came within 63,000 miles of Saturn's cloud cover, sending back pictures of and data about the ringed planet.
Samantha Smith, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri V. Andropov resulted in her famous peace tour of the Soviet Union, was killed with her father in an airliner crash in Maine.
Saudi Arabia denounced Iran's government as a "group of terrorists," and said its forces would deal firmly with any Iranian attempts to attack the Saudis' Muslim holy places or vast oil fields.
In his sharpest attack yet on the Reagan administration's drug policies, Democratic presidential nominee Michael Dukakis criticized US dealings with Panama's military leader, General Manuel Noriega, saying they were "criminal."
Congressman Barney Frank, (D-Massachusetts), acknowledged hiring a male prostitute as a personal employee, then firing him after suspecting the aide was selling sex from Frank's apartment.
The United Nations authorized military action to enforce a trade embargo imposed on Iraq after it invaded Kuwait.
Thousands of abortion foes rallied at a stadium in Wichita, Kansas, where six weeks of anti-abortion protests led by Operation Rescue resulted in more than 2,600 arrests.
The Soviet republic of Byelorussia declared independence.
Norway and Denmark formally recognized the independent Baltic republics.
Carl Lewis ran a world-record 9.86 seconds in the 100-meter dash in Tokyo. That beat the previous record, 9.90, set by Leroy Burrell at the U.S. Championships two months earlier in New York City.
Hurricane "Andrew" thrashed the Louisiana coast.
President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton appeared separately before the American Legion in Chicago; Bush cited his World War Two military service while Clinton sought to bury the controversy over his Vietnam-era draft status.
Researchers reported that cigarette smoking significantly boosts the risk of developing cataracts, a leading cause of blindness.
Right-wing extremists, egged on by Berlin residents, set fire to a hostel for Vietnamese asylum seekers during a third night of violence against foreigners.
On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at an all-time high of 3,652.09.
The United States applied limited sanctions against China and Pakistan after concluding the Chinese had sold missile technology to the Pakistanis.
Amy Biehl, a Fulbright scholar from Newport Beach, California, was slain by a mob in South Africa.
Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman was indicted by a federal grand jury in New York in connection with a number of terrorists activities, including the bombing of the World Trade Center.
The Senate passed a $30 billion crime bill, 61-38, handing a major victory to President Clinton, who praised what he called a bipartisan spirit among both Democrats and Republicans.
Senator Bob Packwood, R-Oregon, reversed his position and called for public hearings in the sexual harassment allegations against him.
Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu, safely back on U.S. soil after two months in Chinese detention, said the spying case against him was "all lies" and vowed to seek compensation from China.
President Clinton began a whistlestop train trip in Huntington, West Virginia, that would take him to the Democratic national convention in Chicago.
The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida.
Dow Corning Corporation offered $2.4 billion to settle claims from more than 200,000 women with illnesses related to silicone breast implants.
Retired Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell died in Richmond, Virginia, at age 90.
The FBI, reversing itself after six years, admitted that its agents might have fired some potentially flammable tear gas canisters on the final day of the 1993 standoff with the Branch Davidians near Waco, Texas, but said it continued to believe law enforcement agents did not start the fire which engulfed the cult's compound.
Winners of international postcard-sized art exhibit announced
German Constitutional Court green-lights early elections call
Next generation DVD format war nearing deadline
Protestors want 'carnival not confrontation' at Forbes conference
US satellite radio provider Sirius unveils portable player
US televangelist Pat Robertson apologizes for assassination remark
Brampton, Canada and Marikina, Philippines seeing double as cities twin
Americans are getting fatter, not-for-profit's report finds
Authorities search for victims of Peruvian air crash
George H. W. Bush to attend Sydney CEO conference
RTÃ‰'s Eddie Hobbs attracts massive audience
Canadian city announces first Studios of Brampton tour
8th case of mad cow disease found in Canada
Air New Zealand Screen Awards winners announced
Israel buys nuclear capable subs
Tony Blair's eldest son admitted to hospital
NASA announces official search for the missing Apollo tapes
Dutch Ambassador to India expresses regret following Schiphol false-alarm
Biggest free music event in Europe back in Liverpool
63% of Israelis want Olmert to quit
Venezuelan President Chavez in Beijing to boost trade
Bodies of Afghan boy, Canadian soldier returned
Liberal MP resigns as deputy foreign affairs critic
Nigerian troops allegedly burned down slums after soldier's killing
Security scare prompts UK-US flight to divert
Texas man foils burglary in Britain
Tony Blair's eldest son released from hospital
Fire brings down two domes of historical Russian cathedral
Wife of adulterous Czech PM joins rival political party
Italy to take command of UNIFIL
Portugal formally commits to participate in UN's force
Unidentified plane reportedly shot down in Kodori gorge
Rumors say Cuban President Fidel Castro has died
UK company "seriously considering" GPS tracking devices in school uniforms
72 hour Australia wide ban on horse movements
Explosions in Hyderabad, India
South African cricket team in Zimbabwe - 2nd ODI
Forest fires burn on in Greece; death toll nears 50
Trains collide in Serbia, two dead
Six more arrests made in search for killer of Rhys Jones
Efforts to salvage Indonesian naval vessel grounded off Queensland, Australia hampered by stormy weather
New Zealand ATM gives out double the money
Malaysian newspaper suspended due to offensive Jesus picture
Scottish Premier League: Celtic thump Hearts 5-0
Quebec City mayor dies unexpectedly
Margaret Thatcher suffering from dementia, says daughter
Gladys Powers, last female veteran of World War I dies age 109
Pastor Michael Guglielmucci admits his cancer was a hoax; Videos being removed from YouTube
Women in South Africa advancing in fields of science and technology
Tropical Storm Ignacio forms over the Pacific
President of East Timor pardons rebels who shot him
New Zealand scientist Graham Liggins dies aged 84
Spanish newspaper co-founder Carlos Mendo dies aged 77
Astronomers discover large exo-solar system
Trapped journalists in Libya freed
Apple executive Steve Jobs resigns
UK electoral commission asked to investigate News International payoffs
Japan nuclear disaster: areas to remain off-limits for decades
Sierra Leone sends lone athlete for the nation's second ever Paralympic Games
Soldiers in Syria reportedly 'suffocated' while seizing chemicals, weapons in Damascus suburb