Basilica of St. Peter plundered by Saracens, Rome
Death of Attakar II, King of Bohemia
Edward III of England defeated Philip VI of France at Crecy, in the first battle where an English cannon was used.
Jeanne d'Arc enters Paris
Michelangelo commissioned to make the "Pieta." The work was completed in 1501.
Turkish Sultan Suleiman I takes Buda (again), annexes Hungary
The Duchy of Lorraine becomes independent of the German empire
Pietro Farnese establishes the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza. Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese, duke of Parma.
The "Chase-about Raid" forces Moray and his supporters to flee
Frederik V, king of Bohemia (White Mountain) born
Frederick V elected as King of Bohemia
Composer Thomas Bullis born
Cambridge Agreement pledged. Massachusetts Bay Co. stockholders agreed to emigrate to New England.
Frans Hals, Dutch painter, dies
British statesman Sir Robert Walpole born
Dutch violinist and composer Willem the Fesch born
France, aeronaut (ballooning) Joseph Montgolfier born
French scientist Antoine Lavoisier, the founder of modern chemistry born
John Fitch granted a US patent for his working steamboat
Brig General Danville Leadbetter (Confederate Army), died in 1866 born
Flemish painter Nicaise de Keyser (Battle of Guilder Tracks) born
Composer Wilhelm Troszel born
Actor John Wilkes Booth, shot and killed U.S. President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC. born
On this day the U.S. Congress established the fiscal year -- which begins on July 1st.
Felix Mendelssohn led the premiere of his oratorio "Elijah" in the Town Hall in Birmingham, England. Its success made Mendelssohn an important figure in England, where the music of Handel had already created a strong oratorio performance tradition.
Liberia was proclaimed an independent republic.
Paper was invented by the Chines in 580. It took the Western World 100 years to catch up. Toilet paper took a while longer. It was first sold on a roll this day in 1871.
Lee de Forest, known as the father of radio born
The first kindergarten public school opens in St Louis.
Vicar and church historian Johannes Lindeboom born
James Franck, German naturalist (Nobel 1925) born
The Dutch East Indies volcano Krakatoa began an explosive eruption that destroyed two-thirds of the island and killed 36,000 people. The blast was heard thousands of miles away.
Author Earl Biggers ("Charlie Chan" detective series) born
French novelist, playwright and poet Jules Romains (Men of Good Will) born
Gabriel Faure's "Prometheus" was performed without much scenery at an open air concert in France. This was from necessity rather than choice, lightning had struck the sets.
The New Testament of the ASV (American Standard Version) Bible was first published.
Bacteriologist Albert Sabin, discoverer of an oral vaccine for polio born
Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds.
Mahler was psychoanalyzed by Sigmund Freud. People have been psychoanalyzing Mahler's music ever since.
Actor Jim Davis (Inferno in Paradise, Little Big Horn, The Outcast) born
Singer / Actor Ronny Graham (Chico and the Man, The New Bill Cosby Show, The Hudson Brothers Show, The Bob Crane Show) born
American women won the right to vote as the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect.
Former "Washington Post" Executive Editor Benjamin C. Bradlee born
Brodcast journalist Irving Levine born
The first US roller coaster built
Author Ben J. Wattenberg born
Former Democratic vice-presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro born
WXBS televised 2 games between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers. These were the first televised major league baseball games.
Singer Vic Dana (Red Roses for a Blue Lady) born
George Orwell published "Animal Farm."
Singer Valerie Simpson born
Pop singer Bob Cowsill born
The Soviet Union announced it had successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile.
The Ford Motor Company rolled out the first Edsel automobile on this day. 110,847 of the cars were built before Ford pulled the plug due to lack of sales and the negative press received about the ugly car. The car was named Edsel for the company founder's son, Edsel Bryant Ford.
Jazz musician Branford Marsalis born
Country musician Jimmy Olander (Diamond Rio) born
The official International Hockey Hall of Fame opened in Toronto.
President Johnson was nominated for a term of office in his own right at the Democratic national convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Senator Hubert Humphrey was nominated as the Vice Presidential canidate on the Democratic ticket. They won in November.
Actor Chris Burke ("Life Goes On") born
Rock musician Adrian Young (No Doubt) born
The summer Olympics games opened in Munich, West Germany.
Charles Lindbergh -- the first man to fly solo, non-stop across the Atlantic -- died at his home in Hawaii at the age of 72.
Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice was elected the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church following the death of Paul the Sixth. The new pontiff took the name Pope John Paul the First.
Actor Macaulay Culkin born
13-year-old AIDS patient Ryan White began "attending" classes at Western Middle School in Kokomo, Indiana, via a telephone hook-up at his home. School officials had barred Ryan from attending classes in person.
In the so-called ''preppie murder'' case, 18-year-old Jennifer Levin was found strangled in New York's Central Park; Robert Chambers later pleaded guilty to manslaughter.
In an attempt to eliminate a superpower stumbling block, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl said his country would destroy its 72 "Pershing One-A" rockets if Washington and Moscow scrapped all their intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
Republican presidential nominee George Bush denounced Democrat Michael Dukakis' criticism of Reagan administration drug policies as "an insult," one day after the Massachusetts governor had said US dealings with Panamanian General Manuel Noriega were "criminal."
The Little League baseball team from Trumbull, Connecticut, won the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Penn., by defeating a team from Taiwan, becoming the first American team since 1983 to win the title.
55 Americans who had been evacuated from the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car, headed for the Turkish border.
The bodies of two slain college students were found in their off-campus apartment in Gainesville, Florida, three more bodies were discovered in the days that followed, setting off a wave of panic.
In an address to the Supreme Soviet, the Soviet Union's national legislature, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised national elections in a last-ditch effort to preserve his government, but leaders of Soviet republics told him the hour of central power had passed.
The US, Britain and France imposed a "no-fly zone" over the southern one-third of Iraq aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims.
A federal judge declared a mistrial in the Iran-Contra coverup trial of former CIA spy chief Clair George. (George was convicted of perjury in a retrial, but was then pardoned by President Bush.)
Landlady Dorothea Puente was convicted in Monterey, California, of murdering three of her boardinghouse tenants; she was later sentenced to life without parole.
Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 14 co-defendants entered innocent pleas in federal court in New York, a day after their indictment on charges of conspiring to wage terrorism against the United States.
Congressional leaders and White House officials all but conceded that a health reform bill was dead for the year.
In his weekly radio address, President Clinton explained his decision to impose a two-year moratorium on mining claims on 4,500 acres of federal land near the northeast corner of Yellowstone National Park, saying the federal land was ''more priceless than gold.''
Barbara Jewell, mother of security guard Richard Jewell, tearfully called on President Clinton to clear her son's name in connection with the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. (Jewell was later cleared by the Justice Department.)
A Cuban court convicted fugitive US financier Robert Vesco of economic crimes.
Democrats opened their 42nd national convention in Chicago.
The former military ruler of South Korea, Chun Doo-hwan, was sentenced to death for mutiny, treason and embezzlement.
Former South African President F.W. de Klerk, who shared the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end apartheid, resigned as leader of the party that had created the practice.
Attorney General Janet Reno reopened the investigation of the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Junior, focusing on two allegations of a conspiracy beyond James Earl Ray.
Hurricane "Bonnie" drifted ashore in North Carolina and began creeping up the coast, packing heavy rains and high winds.
Attorney General Janet Reno pledged that a new investigation of the 1993 Waco, Texas, siege would "get to the bottom" of how the FBI used potentially flammable tear gas grenades against her wishes and then took six years to admit it.
Controversial Berlin opera features interactive drug usage
Man allowed to keep deceased friend in warehouse freezer
Iberia burning: forest fires rage across Portugal
World Health Organization declares tuberculosis emergency in Africa
Montreal lab questions ethics of recent EPO doping claims against Lance Armstrong
Hurricane Katrina strikes Florida, kills seven
Hotel quarantined after anthrax scare in US state of Michigan
Tropical Storm Katrina threatens Florida, Bahamas
Courtrooms in Ontario to get cameras
Congo electoral commissioner condemns Kinshasha clashes
Umpire Darrell Hair offers to quit ICC elite panel for $500,000
All-Ferrari front row on Turkish Grand Prix
Iran inaugurates heavy-water production plant
Bloc Quebecois says no to reversing gay marriage
South Africa lose to the All Blacks at rugby in Pretoria
Pakistan: Nawab Akbar Bugti Killed in Baluchistan
British Airways flight makes emergency landing in Iceland, terrorism ruled out
Four year-old boy battered with a brick in East Yorkshire
The Green Party of Canada to elect new leader
Elizabeth May elected leader of Canada's Green Party
Freesolo rock climber John Bachar injured in fatal car accident
130M-year-old fossil crocodile skull unearthed on coast of Dorset, UK
Truck crashes into British Columbia wedding party, killing six
FIFA U-17 World Cup: Germany tops Group F
Health Canada issues further warning on toothpaste from India
13 dead as cargo plane crashes in Congo
Building collapse in Barbados traps family
Investigators discover hole in fuel tank of burnt-out China Airlines jet
South African cricket team in Zimbabwe - 3rd ODI
Person from Indiana wins $314 million Powerball jackpot
Loss of integrity in underground city tunnel causes evacuation of Downtown Montreal
Stabilized forest fires in Greece intensify again; 2 arrested
Study: Herd animals detect Earth's magnetic field
US presidential race tied as the Democratic National Convention starts
Staffs for US presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama caught making questionable edits to Wikipedia
Tropical Storm Danny to threaten the U.S. East Coast this weekend
Afghan president Karzai widens lead in early voting count
Senator Ted Kennedy dies at age 77
Pakistan Taliban say Baitullah Mehsud is dead
Wikipedia plans to introduce new editing restrictions on articles
Obama renominates Bernanke as US central banker
White House predicts US debt will double in 10 years
Retired policeman arrested in connection with murdered journalist Anna Politkovskaya
New research shows over 400 languages originated in Turkey
US astronaut Neil Armstrong dies
Paralympic Village occupied by competitors as nations ready for the Games
Algerian Paralympic coaches express optimism
Hundreds of Czech far-right activists detained after anti-Roma protests
Drone smartphone app to help heart attack victims in remote areas announced
Migrant train derails in Tabasco, Mexico
Australian tennis ace Stosur splits with long-term coach on verge of US Open
United States spies accused of illegally bugging the United Nations headquarters
China hit by biggest cyberattack to date