Beheading of St. John, the Baptist (Traditional date)
Romans burn the gates and enter the Temple courtyards of Jerusalem. The temple is destroyed by fire. Within a month, Jewish resistance ends.
Gen Gaius Aurelius V Diocletianus Jovius (3) becomes emperor of Rome
Origin of Era of Diocletian (Martyrs)
Anti-Pope Callistus III gives pope title to Alexander III
Castle Chastelet falls to Saladin
Election of Pope Urban IV
Henry V, king of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19) born
Hungarian poet and translator Janus Pannonius born
England again invades France
Kano Motonobu co-founder (Kano school of painting) born
Election of Pope Innocent VIII
Return of the Medici to Florence
Capture of Prato by the Spanish
The defeat of Hungarian army by Ottoman Turks; death of Lajos II, King of Hungary
Atahualpa, last of the Inca rulers, was strangled under orders of Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro. The Inca empire died with him.
German mathematician Bartholomeus Pitiscus (Trigonometry) born
Italian painter Sassoferrato (Madonna) born
French minister of Naval Jean-Baptiste Colbert born
John Locke. He emphasized Reason over the supernatural, and argued that the essence of Christianity is the acknowledgement of Christ as Messiah, who was sent to our world primarily to spread the true knowledge of God. born
Death of Louis Couperin, French Baroque composer.
Charles G. Finney, American revivalist and educator. Originally trained in law, he was converted to Christian faith at age 29, conducted revival services for eight years and, from 1835 until his death, maintained a close affiliation with Oberlin College in Ohio. born
Oliver Wendell Holmes born
Henry Bergh, founder of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals born
This day, Robert Turner of Ward, MA, received a patent for his self-regulating, wagon brake.
The Factory Act was passed in England. It was legislation to settle child labor laws.
The Latter Day Saints first published their doctrine of "celestial marriage," popularly known as polygamy. The Mormon Church maintained this teaching until the Manifest of 1890 (and later Congressional legislation) outlawed the practice.
Giuseppina married Giuseppe when a singer named Giuseppina Strepponi became Verdi's wife, after ten years of living with the composer.
The Social Brethren were officially organized in Illinois. Today, there are about 1,000 total members of this small, evangelistic denomination, with most churches located in Illinois, Michigan and Indiana. Church doctrine is a blend of Methodist and Baptist polity.
Automotive inventor Charles Kettering born
The second president of the Mormon Church, Brigham Young, died in Salt Lake City, Utah.
The first prize fight under the Marquis of Queensberry Rules was held in Cincinnati, Ohio. John L. Sullivan defeated Dominick McCaffery in six rounds.
The Chinese-American dish chop suey was invented in New York City by the chef to visiting Chinese Ambassador Li Hung-chang.
Death of Lewis H. Redner, 78, American Episcopal organist. Maintaining a keen interest in music all his life, Redner composed ST. LOUIS, the tune to which today is most commonly sung Phillips Brooks' Christmas hymn, "O Little Town of Bethlehem."
Actor Barry Sullivan (Patrick Barry) (The Bad and the Beautiful, The Road West, Oh, God!, Earthquake, The Bastard) born
'Arizonan' is the 1st vessel to arrive in SF via the Panama Canal.
Actress Ingrid Bergman born
Actor George Montgomery born
Death of Ernest W. Shurtleff, 55, American Congregational clergyman and author of the hymn, "Lead On, O King Eternal." Shurtleff died during World War I, while doing relief work along with his wife.
Musician Charlie (Charles Christoper) Parker, Jr. ('The Bird': saxophone: Now's the Time, Yardbird Suite Confirmation, Relaxin' at Camarillo) born
Auto racer Wendell Scott. born
Actor-director Sir Richard Attenborough (Jurassic Park, Miracle on 34th Street, Dr. Dolittle, The Great Escape; director: Chaplin, Ghandi, A Bridge Too Far) born
Singer Dinah Washington (Ruth Lee Jones) ( What A Diff'rence a Day Makes, It Could Happen to You, Our Love is Here to Stay, For All We Know, Baby Get Lost) born
Movie director William Friedkin (The French Connection born
TV personality Robin Leach born
Responding to a clampdown by Nazi occupiers, Denmark managed to scuttle most of its naval ships.
15,000 American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris as the French capital continued to celebrate its liberation from the Nazis.
Today is the anniversary of one of classical music's most unusual and influential compositions. An audience in Woodstock, New York, heard a composition by John Cage called "Four Minutes and Thirty-three Seconds" (4'33").
Actress Deborah Van Valkenburgh born
San Francisco International Airport opens.
South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond (then a Democrat) ended a filibuster against a civil rights bill after talking for 24 hours and 18 minutes.
Igor Stravinsky began composing "Threni." "Threni" was inspired by the lamentations of Jeremiah. But Stravinsky began making notes for it while sitting at a piano in a nightclub in Venice.
Singer Michael Jackson born
Actress Rebecca De Mornay born
"Gemini Five," carrying astronauts Gordon Cooper and Charles ("Pete") Conrad, splashed down in the Atlantic after eight days in space.
Country musician Dan Truman (Diamond Rio) born
The Beatles concluded their fourth American tour with their last public concert, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
Singer Me'Shell NdegeOcello born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Carl Martin (Shai) born
Actress Carla Gugino born
Judge John Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over secret Watergate tapes. Nixon refused and appealed the order.
Irish statesman Eamon de Valera died near Dublin at age 92.
Broadcaster and world traveler Lowell Thomas died in Pawling, New York, at age 89.
Edwin Moses won the 400-meter hurdles in track competition in Europe. It was the track star's 108th consecutive victory.
Elena was upgraded from a tropical storm to a hurricane as it swept toward the Gulf Coast, prompting more than 125,000 people from Florida to Louisiana to flee.
The Commerce Department reported America's foreign trade deficit had soared to $18 billion the month before, with imports twice as large as exports for the first time ever.
The former "American Bandstand" studio at the original home of WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, PA, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The studio is located at 4548 Market Street.
Academy Award-winning actor Lee Marvin died in Tucson, Arizona, at age 63.
On the presidential campaign trail, Democrat Michael Dukakis sought to counter Republican George Bush's salvos against the Massachusetts prison furlough program, while Bush continued to charge that Dukakis was soft on defense.
7 bombs blamed by police on drug traffickers exploded in Medillin and Bogota, Columbia.
A defiant Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared in a television interview that America could not defeat Iraq, saying, "I do not beg before anyone."
In Kiev, the republics of Russia and Ukraine signed an agreement to remain in the Soviet Union and negotiate a loose federation.
In a stunning blow to the Soviet Communist Party, the Supreme Soviet legislature voted to suspend the activities of the organization and freeze its bank accounts because of the party's role in the failed coup.
The UN Security Council agreed to send three-thousand more relief troops to Somalia to guard food shipments.
The FBI reported the number of violent crimes increased five percent in 1991; people under 25 accounted for nearly half of those arrested.
About 13,000 people staged an anti-extremist rally in Rostock, Germany, even as right-wingers continued attacks on foreigners.
Negotiations continued between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, with Israel reported on the verge of recognizing the PLO.
Bosnian Serb officials announced the results of a weekend referendum in which Bosnian Serbs overwhelmingly rejected what was billed as a last-chance peace plan.
Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization signed a new agreement to shift West Bank administrative functions to the Palestinian National Authority.
Georgian leader Eduard Shevardnadze survived an assassination attempt when a car exploded near his motorcade in Tbilisi, the capital.
At the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles, without the jury present, tape recordings of police detective Mark Fuhrman were played in which Fuhrman could be heard spouting racial invectives.
A rousing climax to the Democratic convention in Chicago, President Clinton appealed for a second term, declaring, "Hope is back in America." The convention also nominated Al Gore for a second term as vice president.
President Clinton's chief political strategist, Dick Morris, resigned amid a scandal over his relationship with a prostitute.
Hooded men killed more than 300 people in an Algerian farm village in the worst carnage since an Islamic insurgency began.
Japan's Supreme Court ruled that the country's Education Ministry broke the law by removing mention of a Japanese World War Two atrocity from historian Saburo Ienaga's high school textbook.
A Cuban airliner crashed during takeoff from Quito's international airport in Ecuador, killing 80 people. Northwest Airlines pilots went on strike after their union rejected a last-minute company offer.
Hurricane Dennis wallowed along the coast toward the Carolinas, prompting evacuation orders for the fragile Outer Banks barrier islands.
First fifty-star United States flag up for sale
Bush attendance at Australia CEO conference a hoax
Wreck of August 6 airliner crash recovered from sea off Italy
Sydney, protesters reach agreement with police
Sixteen additional suspects revealed in Zotob worm case
Little Caesars Pizza to open eight stores in Ireland
CN Health & Safety Plan planned to be cancelled
Hurricane Katrina causes upwards of $12bn of damage; oil prices surge
Sri Lanka - Government Army strikes at Tamil Tiger enclaves in the north east
Case against Karr dropped: no DNA link to JonBenet Ramsey murder
Watchdog group StopBadware.org warns against free AOL software
5 killed as bus from New York City to Montreal crashes
New Zealand police want bus driver to pay reparation
4,400 kilograms of drugs seized in New Delhi
HUD hoaxer calls attention to lack of affordable housing
25 drown as van plunges into Krishna river in India
Turkey to decide on sending troops to Lebanon
Mexican ruling boosts Calderon, rival vows parallel government
BC man is selling the boat from old TV series Gilligan's Island
U.S. commuter blows up section of Washington D.C. Bridge
India's Secretary-General candidate Tharoor suggests UN reform agenda
GAO report says federal anti-drug Ad-campaign ineffectual
Film from Nunavut in Canada's north to open TIFF
Ugandan ceasefire takes effect
Water level of Great Lakes is falling
President Bush mocked in two Canadian ad campaigns
Alberta's opposition filibuster anti-gay marriage bill
Canadian MP Benoit Sauvageau dies in car crash
Canadian Idol top four perform
Iran voices defiance towards nuclear deadline
Historian Beckett names Thatcher & Attlee greatest Brit PMs
Prison officers' strike ends in England and Wales
Wal-Mart owes back taxes, according to State of Wisconsin
First signs of recovery from horse flu outbreak
Nelson Mandela statue unveiled in Parliament Square, UK
UK PM's speechwriter awaits sentence
Comedian Colin Mochrie to host Canadian "5th Grader" game show
Nokia launches internet music store
Greece declines Finland's offer of helicopters, personnel to help fight forest fires
Teenager arrested for stabbing twin brothers
Officer dies after accident in President Bush's motorcade
U.S. Senators call for Idaho Senator Larry Craig to resign
Arung Samudera refloated and under tow to Brisbane
UEFA Champions League 2007/08: Celtic 1-1 Spartak Moscow
Fred Thompson campaign staffer leaves, Thompson's political past scrutinized
Comair Flight 5191 co-pilot, pilot's widow sue FAA, airport, chart manufacturer
Transfer: Aston Villa sign Zat Knight from Fulham
English Premier League 2007/08: Clubs seek Brazilian stars
UEFA Champions League 2007/08: Fear can drive Celtic - Strachan
F-Secure detects security flaw in Sony memory sticks
Alaskan governor Sarah Palin chosen by McCain as Vice Presidential running mate
Iraq plans 'Baghdad Eye' to draw in tourists
British Army chief General Sir Richard Dannatt stands down
Noel Gallagher quits Oasis
Space Shuttle Discovery successfully lifts off on mission STS-128
American disc jockey "DJ AM" dies at 36 of suspected drug overdose
Japanese researchers create smell sensor using genetically engineered frog eggs
Mount Sinabung erupts in Sumatra, Indonesia
UK scientists discover multiple antibiotics used by fungus-farming ants to protect colonies
Canadian professional wrestler Luna Vachon dies aged 48
Sudanese President releases all detained journalists
Freshwater lakes in Texas show signs of extreme drought
Mitt Romney officially nominated at Republican National Convention
Paralympic cyclists test out the London Velodrome
Vanuatu sends lone Paralympian to London
Colombian President announces peace talks with FARC rebels
Turkey men's wheelchair basketball team practices ahead of Summer Paralympics
Canadians express optimism regarding medal potential at Summer Paralympics
Estimated 300-ton radioactive leak at Fukushima rated 'serious incident' by watchdog
Archbishop of Canterbury: Church's attitude to same-sex marriage considered 'wicked' by the young