Death of Henry V, King of England
James II, King of Scotland, killed at Roxburgh Castle
Turks give up their unsuccessful Siege of Rhodes
Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain with a convoy of three small ships, the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria, accompanied by fewer than 100 crewmen. They left Spain half an hour before sunrise to begin the search for a water passage to Cathay.
Florence capitulates to the Imperial Army
Defeat, and execution, of Francesco Ferrucci
Etienne Dolet, printer, is hanged and burnt for blasphemy, sedition and heresy
Mary Tudor, Queen of England, enters London
Writing of the earliest letter known to have been closed with sealing wax, from London to the Rheingrave Philip Francis von Daun, in Germany by his agent in England, Gerrard Herman
Construction begins on Uranibourg Observatory, Hveen Island, Denmark
Henry Hudson enters Hudson's Bay
English architect James Wyatt chiefly remembered for his Romantic country houses, especially the extraordinary Gothic Revival Fonthill Abbey. born
Frederick William III king of Prussia from 1797 to his death in 1840. born
The La Scala opera house in Milan opened. The first opera performed there ("Europe riconosciuta") was by Antonio Salieri.
Sir Joseph Paxton English landscape gardener and designer of hothouses, who was the architect of the Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. born
Hamilton Fish U.S. secretary of state (1869-77) who skillfully promoted the peaceful arbitration of explosive situations with Great Britain and Latin America. born
Elisha Graves Otis, inventor of the safe elevator. born
Uriah Smith Stephens American utopian reformer who was instrumental in founding the Knights of Labor, the first national labour union in the United States. born
The composer Louis Gruenberg was born.
World War II correspondent Ernie Pyle (journalist Prize-winning reporter ; managing editor: Washington Daily News) born
John T. Scopes (high school teacher Scopes Monkey Trial: convicted of teaching evolution in Tennessee school) born
Martin Noth German biblical scholar who specialized in the early history of the Jewish people. born
Ray Bloch (orchestra leader Sullivan Show, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Larry Storch Show) born
Margaret E. Kuhn ("MAGGIE"), U.S. activist was the vivacious cofounder (1970) of the Gray Panthers. born
Actress Dolores del Rio (Flying Down to Rio, Journey into Fear, Flaming Star, Accused) born
Germany declared war on France. The following day, Britain declared war on Germany and World War I was underway.
Musician Les Elgart (lead trumpet, bandleader Les and Larry Elgart) born
Broadway composer Richard Adler born
Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States, following the death of Warren G. Harding.
Singer Gordon Stoker (The Jordanaires) born
Author Leon Uris (Exodus, Mitla Pass; screenplay at the O.K. Corral) born
Rev. Billy Sol Hargis (evangelist) born
Actor Gordon Scott (Werschkul) (Gladiator of Rome, Tarzan and the Trappers, Sampson and the 7 Miracles of the World) born
The world-famous Mickey Mouse Watch was introduced on this day. The timepiece sold for $2.75. A Mickey Mouse Clock sold for $1.50. Today, new models sell for $25 or more and the original watches and clocks are worth hundreds of dollars.
The State Department urged Americans in Spain to leave because of that country's civil war.
Lifestyle expert Martha Stewart born
Singer Beverly Lee (The Shirelles -I Met Him on a Sunday, Dedicated to the One I Love, Will You Love Me Tomorrow, Mama Said, Soldier Boy) born
General George S. Patton slapped a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. (Patton was later ordered by General Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize for this and a second, similar episode.)
Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist, publicly accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of having been part of a Communist underground, a charge Hiss denied.
The National Basketball Association was formed.
Waldemar Cierpinski East German runner, the second marathon runner (after Abebe Bikila) to win two Olympic gold medals. born
Movie director John Landis (Thriller video, Twilight Zone The Movie, Beverly Hills Cop 3, The Blues Brothers, Coming to America, National Lampoon's Animal House, Oscar, Three Amigos,Trading Places) born
Actress JoMarie Payton born
Actor Jay North, television's "Dennis the Menace" born
Pablo Casals got married to Martita Montanez in Puerto Rico. Casals was 80; his bride, 20. Casals once compared a cello to "a beautiful woman who grown not older but younger with time, more slender, more supple, more graceful...."
The nuclear-powered submarine "Nautilus" became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater.
Comedienne/actress Victoria Jackson (Saturday Night Live, The Pick-Up Artist, Family Business) born
Actor John C. McGinley born
Rock singer James Hetfield (Metallica) born
Rock singer-musician Ed Roland (Collective Soul) born
The Beatles made their final appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, England on this day. The group was about to leave its hometown behind for unprecedented world-wide fame and fortune.
The Beach Boys' song, Surfer Girl, was released on Capitol Records this day. It became one of their biggest hits. Surfer Girl made it to number seven on the hit music charts (9/14/63).
Hello Fadduh! (A Letter from Camp) was released this day on Warner Brothers Records. It went to number two on the pop charts (8/24/63).
The college football all-stars defeated the Green Bay Packers by a 20-17 score. It was a major upset since the college upstarts had been the heavy (50-1) underdogs.
Country musician Dean Sams (Lonestar) born
Comedian Lenny Bruce died of a morphine overdose on this day.
Actress Brigid Conley Walsh. born
Hip-hop artist Spin (Salt-N-Pepa) born
US air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Reagan they would be fired.
Singer Holly Arnstein (Dream) born
Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn resigned after 14 years on the job. Initially, he had been asked to take the job for six months or so.
At the Los Angeles Summer Olympics, Mary Lou Retton won the gold medal in the individual all-around event in women's gymnastics by scoring a perfect 10 on the vault in her final routine.
In South Africa, thousands of chanting mourners, defying a government decree banning mass funerals, buried 11 victims of rioting in the eastern Cape township of Zwide.
In Lebanon, a statement purportedly from Islamic Jihad threatened the lives of American hostages saying they would be killed unless the group's demands were met.
The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended, with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
The Soviet Union released Mathias Rust, the young West German pilot who had landed a light plane in Moscow's Red Square in May 1987.
Hashemi Rafsanjani was sworn in as president of Iran.
Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon suspended their threat to execute another American hostage, three days after the purported hanging of Lt. Col. William R. Higgins.
The prime ministers of East and West Germany agreed to move up unification to early fall and rescheduled all-German elections from December 2 to October 14.
A day after Iraq invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed to within a few miles of the border with Saudi Arabia, heightening world concerns that the invasion could spread.
Secretary of State James A. Baker III met with King Hassan II of Morocco. Baker asked the monarch for his help in gaining Palestinian participation in a Middle East peace conference.
Japanese Finance Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto publicly apologized, but refused to resign, for involvement in loans worth $10 million to three friends.
The U.S. Senate voted to sharply restrict, and eventually end, U.S. testing of nuclear weapons.
Millions of South African blacks joined a nationwide strike against white-led rule.
Russia and Ukraine agreed to put the disputed Black Sea Fleet under joint command for three years.
A U.S. federal court ruled that John Demjanjuk, whose conviction on charges he was death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible" was overturned earlier by the Israeli Supreme Court, should be allowed to return to the U.S..
The body of basketball star Michael Jordan's father, James Jordan, was found in a South Carolina creek, eleven days after he was slain; his remains weren't identified until August 13th.
The Senate voted 96-to-3 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Arkansas carried out the nation's first triple execution in 32 years.
President Clinton told a prime-time news conference he would sign either of two Democratic health plans before Congress.
Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as the Supreme Court's newest justice in a private ceremony at Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist's Vermont summer home.
A Palestinian, Eyad Ismoil, was flown to the United States from Jordan to face charges he'd driven a bomb-laden van into New York's World Trade Center. (The 1993 explosion killed six people and injured more than 1,000.)
At the Atlanta Olympics, the US men's 400-meter relay, without Carl Lewis, failed to win the gold medal, finishing behind Canada. The American women's 400 and 16-hundred relays, and the men's 16-hundred, all won gold. The US men's basketball "Dream Team" beat Yugoslavia, 95-to-69, to win the gold.
Iran's new president, moderate Muslim cleric Mohammad Khatami, took office with a message of peace to the world but said his country opposes the "high-handedness of certain big countries," a reference to the United States.
The White House played down the possibility that President Clinton would reverse previous statements and admit to a sexual relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky when he testified before a grand jury.
Congressional Republicans, shrugging off a presidential veto threat, nailed down the details of an agreement for a ten-year, $792 billion tax cut.
Arbitrators ruled the government had to pay the heirs of Dallas dressmaker Abraham Zapruder $16 million for his movie film that captured the assassination of President Kennedy.
The first issue of Talk magazine hit newsstands.
George W. Bush accepted the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Philadelphia, presenting himself as an outsider who would return "civility and respect" to Washington politics.
Spiders' egg case silk gene found
Two-story building in Lynn, Massachusetts catches fire
German Adidas buys American Reebok
Albanian girl murdered in tangle of crime
Brain dead woman gives birth
Man charged over London bombings
The San Diego Zoo gets a new baby giant panda
Canada's new governor general announced
Speeding ticket paid with 12,000 pennies
Prominent Iranian judge assassinated
New 'Mighty Mouse' from Apple debuts
United States Homeland Security network monitors suspicious activity
Ceremony takes place for decommissioned Royal Navy flagship
Freman Hendrix eclipses Kwame Kilpatrick in Detroit mayoral race
Football CL: Second qualifying round final results
Ordinance in Chicago requiring "big box" stores to pay higher wages passes
New Zealand policeman charged with drunk driving
FDA to move on approval of over-the-counter sale of "Plan B" birth control
Capitol Hill fries and toast French again
Hezbollah leader both threatens Tel Aviv and offers ceasefire
"No H5N1 virus" found in blood tests of suspected human Bird Flu cluster
Fears raised of Iraq Civil War
Citywide strike being discussed in Buffalo, N.Y.
Community of Christ sues over RLDS church name
Australian state of Victoria swears in new cabinet
US stock markets fall amid credit fears
Wisconsin gunman named, could be charged in two states
Falcon 1 rocket fails during third launch attempt
Fifteen killed in Somalia bombing
Taipei Computer Applications Show launched in Taipei World Trade Center
British man dies five days after wife in honeymoon shooting
Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn dies aged 89
UN renews Darfur peacekeeping mission
At least seven mountaineers die while climbing K2
Israel evicts two Palestinian families from their homes
One shop defies court order, one shop returns to work in Dublin Thomas Cook occupation
Dublin travel agents occupy offices against closure
Plane carrying sixteen people vanishes over Papua, Indonesia
Nigerian victory marred by deaths in custody
England remembers Bobby Robson
Illinois jurors begin fifth day of deliberations in Blagojevich corruption trial
Northern lights may appear across Canada and northern U.S. late Tuesday night
Emergency spacewalks planned to fix International Space Station
Waters on trial for House ethics charges
FBI asks Wikimedia Foundation to remove seal from websites, Wikimedia declines
Suicide bomber kills five Afghan children
Cyclist Sean Finning last competitor named to Australia's Paralympic team
Sunshine Coast Rugby Union round 19: Fraser Coast score three tries in twenty minutes in loss to University