Death of St. Oswald, King of Northumbria, by the hand of Penda, King of Mercia
Death of Louis III, King of France
Jaffa cavalry, defeated by Richard I, with 2000 infantry, 54 knights, and 15 horses
The Brigittine Order was approved by Pope Urban V
Castilian sailors set fire to Barcelona's Jewish ghetto, killing 100
Pope Alexander IV dines with Caesare Borgia and Cardinal Adriano Castellesi
Joseph Scaliger, who proposed the Julian Day system of dating born
First English settlement in the New World founded at St. John's Newfoundland
John Eliot, "Apostle to the Indians," Bible translator born
"Mayflower" and "Speedwell" sail from England
George Abbot the Archbishop of Canterburry died at age 71.
Chicago was incorporated as a village with a population of about 200.
French novelist Guy de Maupassant (The Tellier House, Yvette, Toine, The Horla, The Diamond Necklace, The Umbrella, The Piece of String, A Woman's Life, Bel-Ami, Peter and John) born
President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the first federal income tax three percent. (3% of incomes over $800). It was rescinded in 1872.
During the Civil War, Union Admiral David G. Farragut is said to have given his famous order, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" as he led his fleet against Mobile Bay, Alabama.
Henry H. Tweedy, congregational clergyman and theologian. He was professor of practical theology at Yale (1909-1937) and author of the hymn "Eternal God, whose power upholds" born
The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.
Poet and critic Conrad Aiken (Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Selected Poems ) born
Gustav Mahler completed his Fourth Symphony. Alma Mahler wrote that Mahler was "profoundly depressed" because composing the symphony had given his life meaning. Furthermore, she said he was always sad when he finished a symphony.
Film director John Huston (Academy Award-winning director Treasure of Sierra Madre ; The Maltese Falcon, The African Queen, Prizzi's Honor) born
Actor Robert Taylor (Spangler Brugh) (Magnificent Obsession, Quo Vadis, Billy the Kid, Bataan, Knights of the Round Table, The Night Walker, Death Valley Days) born
The first electric traffic lights were installed, in Cleveland, Ohio. Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street in Cleveland, Ohio became the first intersection in the country to be equipped with an electric traffic light. The lighting ceremony occurred on this day.
Leon Theremin gave the first public display of an electronic musical instrument at the Moscow Polytechnic Institute. He called it a Thereminovox but others came simply to call it the Theremin.
The "New York World" published the first Pulitzer Prize cartoon ever awarded. "On The Road To Moscow," by Rollin Kirby, was the recipient of the prestigious journalism honor.
KDKA Radio in Pittsburgh, PA did the first play-by-play broadcast of a baseball game. Harold Arlin described the action as the Pirates beat Philadelphia 8-5.
Henry Sullivan became the first American to swim across the English Channel.
The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," by Harold Gray, made its debut.
Former astronaut Neil A. Armstrong born
Country singer Vern Gosdin born
Actress Cammie King ("Gone with the Wind") born
Actor Zakes Mokae ("Outbreak") born
Jesse Owens won his third gold medal by running a 200-meter race in 20.7 seconds at the Olympic Games held in Berlin, Germany.
Country songwriter Bobby Braddock born
Country singer Sammi Smith (Help Me Make It Through the Night, So Long Charlie Brown, What a Lie, You Just Hurt My Last Feeling) born
Actress Erika Slezak born
Actress Loni Anderson born
Rock singer Rick Derringer born
Actress Holly Palance born
Singer Samantha Sang born
The Boxing Hall of Fame inducted the first boxers. Among those first inducted were: John L. Sullivan, Jack Johnson, Jack Dempsey, Gentleman Jim Corbett, Joe Louis, and Henry Armstrong.
Actress-singer Maureen McCormick born
"American Bandstand," hosted by Dick Clark, made its network debut on ABC.
Rock musician Pat Smear (Foo Fighters) born
Actress Tawney Kitaen born
Country musician Mark O'Connor born
Actress Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), 36, was found dead in her Los Angeles home; her death was ruled a "probable suicide" from an overdose of sleeping pills.
The United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union signed a treaty outlawing nuclear tests in the Earth's atmosphere, in space or under the sea.
Rapper MCA (The Beastie Boys) born
Actor Jonathan Silverman born
Country singer Terri Clark born
The US space probe "Mariner Seven" flew by Mars, sending back photographs and scientific data.
Actress Josie Bissett (Melrose Place, The Hogan Family, Mikey, All-American Murder, Book of Love) born
President Nixon admitted ordering the Watergate investigation halted six days after the break-in. Nixon said he expected to be impeached.
The comic strip "Tank McNamara" premiered in 75 newspapers. Jeff Miller and Bill Hinds created the 6-foot, 4-inch, 225-pound former defensive tackle of the "State University Sand Crabs.""
Singer Stevie Wonder signed the recording industry's largest contract (to that date) -- $13 million over a seven-year period.
The federal government began firing air traffic controllers who had gone out on strike.
Actor Richard Burton died at a hospital in Geneva, Switzerland, at the age of 58.
Joan Benoit won the first women's Olympic marathon this day at the Summer Games, held in Los Angeles
Actor Brendon Ryan Barrett ("Soul Man") born
It was revealed that artist Andrew Wyeth had, over a 15-year period, secretly created 240 drawings and paintings of a woman named Helga Testorf, a neighbor in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.
President Reagan announced his administration had reached a "general agreement" with leaders of Congress on a new Central America peace plan. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega offered to discuss the US proposal.
Treasury Secretary James A. Baker the Third announced he was resigning to take over the presidential election campaign of Vice President George Bush. Nicholas F. Brady was nominated to take Baker's place at Treasury.
Five Central American presidents began meeting in Honduras to discuss a timetable for dismantling Nicaraguan Contra bases.
The world's largest hamburger was served. It was cooked and served at the Outagamie County Fair in Seymour, Wisconsin. The burger weighed 5,520 pounds and was 21 feet in diameter.
An angry President Bush again denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, telling reporters, "This will not stand. This will not stand, this aggression against Kuwait.""
The United States sent a Marine company into Monrovia, Liberia's capital, to evacuate U.S. citizens because of a rebel threat to arrest Americans in order to provoke foreign intervention in the country's civil war.
The world's tallest cake was completed. The cake was baked and served at the Shiawassee County Fair in Corunna, Michigan. The cake was 101 feet tall.
Democratic congressional leaders formally launched an investigation into whether the 1980 Reagan-Bush campaign had secretly conspired with Iran to delay release of American hostages until after the presidential election.
Iraq admitted it misled U.N. inspectors about secret biological weapons and also admitted to extracting plutonium from fuel at a nuclear plant.
Federal civil rights charges were filed against four Los Angeles police officers acquitted of California state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King; two were later convicted.
Acting Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger called for a war crimes investigation in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Japan's Cabinet resigned, paving the way for the end of 38 years of rule by the Liberal Democratic Party.
The US House of Representatives passed President Clinton's budget plan by a close vote of 218-to-216.
A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington chose Kenneth W. Starr to take over the Whitewater investigation from Robert Fiske.
Angered by riots, Cuban President Fidel Castro threatened to let Cubans leave without restriction for the first time since the 1980 Mariel refugee exodus.
Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to ''build a bridge of cooperation.'' (Christopher was the first U.S. secretary of state to visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.)
A bold bid to capture a skeptical public's attention, Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole proposed a $548 billion tax cut.
A jury in San Jose, California, recommended the death penalty for Richard Allen Davis, convicted of kidnapping and murdering 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma.
President Clinton signed the budget-balancing and tax-cutting bills into law, calling the legislation "a true milestone for our nation."
A two-man Russian crew blasted off for the Mir in a smooth launch that was upstaged by another breakdown aboard the aging space station, this time involving the oxygen generators.
Marie Noe of Philadelphia was arrested and charged with first-degree murder, accused of smothering eight of her children to death between 1949 and 1968. (Noe later received 20 years' probation.)
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein broke off cooperation with UN weapons inspectors and demanded the commission monitoring the weapons be reorganized.
Richard Holbrooke won Senate confirmation as UN ambassador after a grueling 14-month battle.
Republicans overcame solid Democratic opposition to narrowly win passage of a ten-year, $792 billion tax cut, first in the House, then in the Senate; President Clinton denounced the bill and promised a veto.
Mark McGwire became the 16th member of the 500-home run club, hitting two homers -- numbers 500 and 501 -- in the St. Louis Cardinals' loss to San Diego.
Actor Sir Alec Guinness died at a southern England hospital at age 86.
President Clinton vetoed a Republican-sponsored tax cut for married couples, describing it as "the first installment of a fiscally reckless tax strategy."
UN reports 'grim picture' of human rights in Burundi
Baugur Group among others buy Illum Warehouse Denmark
British Airways to fly to Iceland
Stranded Russian minisub is trapped by 60 tonne anchor
Four Israeli Arabs killed by Army deserter
An angered Robert Novak exited set of CNN ''Inside Politics'' show
U.S. to transfer some Guantanamo detainees to Afghanistan
Laboratory fire forces evacuation of Australian National University
Flooding kills dozens in North Korea, leaves thousands more homeless
Ugandan rebels agree to a ceasefire
Australia cause South Africa heartbreak in Tri Nations rugby
Swedish nuclear reactors shut down over safety concerns
Israel detains Speaker of Palestinian parliament
Mideast stance hurts Canada's PM Harper
Apollo Moon landings tapes reported missing
Mersey hospital takeover by the Australian government
Thief force-fed fifty bananas to retrieve necklace
Barry Bonds ties Hank Aaron's home run record
Civil Rights lawyer Oliver Hill dies
Tropical Storm Edouard moves on land along Texas coast
Vitamin C can help prevent cancer say the National Institutes of Health
South Korean scientists claim they have cloned pet dog
United States charges eleven in credit card fraud case
British schools to inform parents of overweight children
NASA denies rumors of finding life on Mars
American comedian Bernie Mac has pneumonia
Microsoft study proves six degrees of separation
John Gotti Jr. arrested on murder charges
Canadian theatre producers sentenced for fraud
British constable may be prosecuted for manslaughter
Stage collapse at Canadian "Big Valley Jamboree" kills one, and seriously injures four others
Brazilian environmentalists tell residents to urinate in shower to save water
Four dead, at least 15 injured after gunman opens fire at fitness center in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania
South Korean police battle striking workers
Halifax bank: UK house prices rose 0.6% during July
Three children die in Edinburgh house fire
Naomi Campbell testifies against former Liberian president
Two die in school bus accident in Missouri, several others injured
Nigel Lythgoe to return as executive producer of 'American Idol'
Black Eyed Peas to release new album, 'I Gotta Feeling' reaches six million downloads
21 sites added to Unesco World Heritage list
Mass panic as Zimbabwean officials fake air crash
Magnitude 7.0 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea
RAF UFO encounters may have been covered up by Churchill and Eisenhower
Google to discontinue social networking application Google Wave
Italian senate rejects no-confidence vote against minister
Air France, pilots union, victims group criticise transatlantic disaster probe
On the campaign trail, July 2012