The Council of Ephesus upholds the Monophysite view
Death of Lothair, King of Lorraine
Abu al-Qasim az-Samakhshari, Persian theologian, philologist born
The Stone of Scone stolen by Edward I, King of England
A priest, one Matthew of York, and one William le Waleys, are accused of burglary of 3 shillings worth of beer, in Perth
Murder of Wenceslas III, King of Poland
The Pope summons witnesses for the Templar trials
Death of Thomas Kempis at the age of 91. He was a Dutch mystic and devotional author.
Marriage of Margaret of England to King James IV of Scotland
Marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Catherine Howard
Girolamo Fracastoro, physician, poet, scientist, dies
Charles IX, King of France, signs the Treaty of St. Germain
Gilles Personne de Roberval, French geometrician, inventor born
Venetian Senate examines Galileo's telescope
Ibrahim "the Mad," Ottoman Sultan, deposed and killed.
Jacques Basnage, French Reformed Church clergyman. He aided diplomatically in arranging Triple Alliance at the Hague. born
Charles Bullfinch, 1st US professional architect. born
Jean Henri Merle d'Aubigne, Swiss ecclesiatical historian. Authoer of a multi-volume history of the Reformation. born
Emmanuel M. J. d'Alzon, founder of the Augustinians of the Assumption. born
George E. Ellis, Unitarian clergyman. Editor of the Christian Register and Christian Examiner. born
Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for St. Helena to spend the remainder of his days in exile.
Brigham Young was chosen to lead the Mormons following the killing of Joseph Smith.
The Swedish Baptist General Conference of America began with the baptism of three persons from Rock Island, Ill. in the Mississippi River. They we baptised by Gustaf Palmquist of Sweden.
Matthew Henson (explorer with Robert Peary] born
Modest Mussorgsky completed "Pictures at an Exhibition" on this day in 1874. It was inspired by a real-life exhibition of paintings by Victor Hartmann. Mussorgsky attended, and made musical sketches.
Thomas A. Edison received a patent for his mimeograph.
Metropolitan Leonty, dean of the first Russian Orthodox theological seminary in the United States (1906-1915). born
Author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (The Yearling) born
A.T. Marshall of Brockton, MA patented the refrigerator on this day.
Jazz musician Benny Carter born
Former Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg. born
Actress Sylvia Sidney born
Actress Rosetta LeNoire born
Membership in the U.S. House of Representatives was established at 435 on this day. Every 211,877 residents of the U.S. were represented by one member of Congress.
Producer Dino DeLaurentiis born
Actor Rory Calhoun (Francis Durgin)(Angel, Apache Uprising, River of No return, Treasure of Pancho Villa) born
Rudi Gernreich, designed 1st women's topless swimsuit & the miniskirt born
Actress Esther Williams born
Actor Richard Anderson born
Joan Mondale (wife of former Vice President Walter F. Mondale) born
Actor Dustin Hoffman born
Actress Connie Stevens born
Country singer Phil Balsley (The Statler Brothers) born
The German Luftwaffe began a series of daylight air raids on Britain.
Six convicted Nazi saboteurs who'd landed in the US were executed in Washington DC; two others received life imprisonment.
Movie director Peter Weir ("Fearless", "The Truman Show") born
The Soviet Union declared war against Japan during World War Two.
The Soviet Union declared war on Japan,two days after the atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and seven days before Tokyo surrendered.
President Truman signed the United Nations Charter.
Actor Keith Carradine born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Airrion Love (The Stylistics) born
Brian Sipe (Cleveland Browns U.S. Football League [1985-86]) born
Country singer Jamie O'Hara born
Movie director Martin Brest born
The United States and South Korea initiated a mutual security pact.
Rock musician Dennis Drew (10,000 Maniacs) born
Newscaster Deborah Norville born
Actor-singer Harry Crosby born
Decca Records in Britain destroyed 25,000 copies of "Tell Laura I Love Her," saying the song was "too tasteless and vulgar for the English sensibility."
Rock musician Rikki Rockett (Poison) born
Rock musician The Edge (U2) born
Britain's "Great Train Robbery" took place as thieves made off with 2.6 million pounds in banknotes.
Ginastera's opera"Bomarzo" was banned in his homeland of Argentina. Military authorities, who were many years from losing the Falklands War and still had a tight grip on Argentinean society, said "Bomarzo" was too violent for public consumption.
Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president at the Republican national convention in Miami Beach. (Later that day, Nixon chose Maryland Governor Spiro T. Agnew to be his running mate.)
Country singer Mark Wills born
Vice President Spiro T. Agnew branded as "damned lies" reports he had taken kickbacks from government contracts in Maryland, and vowed not to resign -- which he eventually did.
President Nixon announced he would resign following new damaging revelations in the Watergate scandal.
Hank Williams, Jr., the son of the legendary country singer Hank Williams, fell 500 feet down a mountain in Montana. He suffered multiple injuries, but after two years of surgery, he returned to music as a legend in his own right.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Drew Lachey (98 Degrees) born
Singer JC Chasez ('N Sync) born
Odie the dog, Garfield's best fiend, fist appeared in the cartoon.
A jury in Kansas City, Missouri, awarded TV anchorwoman Christine Craft $500,000 in her sex discrimination suit against the former owner of KMBC-TV. The award was later overturned.
Brig. Gen. Efrain Rios Montt was deposed as president of Guatemala.
Carl Lewis won his third gold medal of the Summer Olympic Games, winning the 200 meters race in a time of 19.80 seconds.
A bomb exploded outside the Rhein-Mein U.S. air base near Frankfurt, killing two Americans, in an attack blamed on the Red Army Faction.
17 people were killed when a car bomb exploded in a shopping district in west Beirut - the third car-bombing in the Lebanese capital in 12 days.
The opening ceremonies of the Pan American Games were held in Indianapolis, Indiana. A two-hour extravaganza called "The Magic That's America" was presented at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
In the Persian Gulf, a Navy F-14 "Tomcat" fighter fired two missiles at an Iranian jet approaching an unarmed US scout plane. Both missiles missed their target, and the Iranian plane flew off.
Britain's Princess Beatrice Elizabeth Mary born
UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar announced a cease-fire between Iran and Iraq.
The Duchess of York, the former Sarah Ferguson, wife of Britain's Prince Andrew, gave birth to their first child, a girl they name Beatrice.
The space shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a secret five-day military mission that reportedly included the deployment of a spy satellite.
As the Persian Gulf crisis deepened, American forces began taking up positions in Saudi Arabia; Iraq announced it had annexed Kuwait; President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that "a line has been drawn in the sand.""
Lebanese kidnappers freed British TV producer John McCarthy, held hostage for more than five years; however, a rival group abducted Frenchman Jerome Leyraud, threatening to kill him if any more hostages were released.
The slain bodies of former Iranian Prime Minister Shahpour Bakhtiar and his chief of staff were found in Bakhtiar's residence outside Paris.
The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved membership applications from North and South Korea.
Eight people were injured when more than 10,000 fans rioted inside a stadium in Montreal after Guns N' Roses canceled its concert in mid-show. It was the second riot linked to the rock group and its lead singer, Axl Rose.
The US basketball "Dream Team" clinched the gold at the Barcelona Summer Olympics, defeating Croatia 117-to-85.
The space shuttle "Atlantis" returned from a problem-plagued mission. AIDS activist Alison Gertz died in Westhampton Beach, Long Island, New York, at age 26.
AIDS activist Alison Gertz died in Westhampton Beach, Long Island, New York, at age 26.
In Somalia, four US soldiers were killed when a land mine was detonated underneath their vehicle, prompting President Clinton to order Army Rangers to try to capture Somali warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two once-warring countries; Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin became the first Israeli head of government to officially set foot on Jordanian soil.
President Clinton ordered all companies doing business with the federal government to report the pollution they cause. This was said during a visit to Baltimore.
The regime of Iraq's Saddam Hussein was shaken when his two eldest daughters, their husbands and other senior army officers defected.
President Clinton belittled Bob Dole's tax plan, vowing to oppose tax cuts that he said the country couldn't afford. Republican sources, meanwhile, said Dole was seriously considering Jack Kemp to be his running mate.
The Teamsters and United Parcel Service completed a second day of federally mediated talks, with neither side reporting progress toward ending a strike.
President Clinton, in his Saturday radio address, vowed the bombers of two US embassies in Africa would be brought to justice, "no matter how long it takes or where it takes us."
Opening a new attack on the Republican tax-cut measure, President Clinton warned the nation's governors at their meeting in St. Louis that the $792 billion package would trigger "huge cuts" in Medicare, farm programs and other spending critical to their voters.
A bomb ripped through an underground walkway in central Moscow, killing at least 13 people.
Chile's Supreme Court stripped General Augusto Pinochet's immunity, clearing the way for the former dictator to be tried on human rights charges. (However, an appeals court later ruled Pinochet unfit to stand trial because of his deteriorating health and mental condition.)
Vice President Al Gore formally introduced and celebrated his Jewish running mate, Senator Joseph Lieberman, during an appearance in Gore's home state of Tennessee.
India, Pakistan begin next round of talks
Slovenian alpinist in rescue on Nanga Parbat
Reports indicate Bush appointing friend to lead Plame inquiry
Space Shuttle Discovery STS-114 landing postponed for weather
'Afghanistan is a 20-year venture' warns Canadian general
ABC News anchor Peter Jennings dies at 67
Koizumi has dissolved the Japanese Diet in response to rejection of postal services commercialization bill
Police seize $1 million worth of cannabis in southwestern Sydney
Colombia's Uribe sworn in to second term as president
Effort to end monkey-ing around on Delhi's subway
Christchurch, New Zealand floods causes havoc
Former Australian cricketer Dean Jones sacked after "terrorist" comment
Talks continue over UN resolution on Lebanon war
19 killed in Baghdad blast
Australia's 15th census to be held tonight
US box office breakouts for August 8, 2006
Fredrik Ljungberg named captain of Swedish football team
North and South Korea to hold second summit
Strong earthquake shakes Indonesia's capital Jakarta
MLB: Barry Bonds breaks Hank Aaron's home run record
League table of world universities published: top three from USA
Giant Lego man found in sea
Dutch MP advocates proscription of Koran
Reports: Parents of missing girl Madeleine McCann are suspects in her disappearance
Wikipedia features EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica on its main page
Former US Senator John Edwards admits to extramarital affair
Governments 'concerned' by situation in Ossetia
Four British Airways executives charged with price fixing
Maine resident arrested in Florida for death threats to Bush, Obama
Pakistan civilian government unites in a coalition to impeach President Pervez Musharraf
Juan Bustos, president of Chilean House of Representatives dies
Russia joins South Ossetian war
Olympic Games officially open
Train hits collapsed bridge in Czech Republic, killing ten
US government points to dead scientist as 'lone anthrax attacker'
Nader chosen as the presidential nominee of the Peace and Freedom Party
Philippines hit by Typhoon "Kiko" (Morakot), dozens killed
Small plane and helicopter collide over Hudson River in New York City
Spanish football captain dies at 26
Drug cartel and police shootouts erupt in Mexico
Western Australian court to set precedent on the burqa
Australian rules football: Gippsland Football League round 16 split round week two
US unemployment rate remains unchanged at 9.5% in July
Poll: Arabs discouraged by US policies, back nuclear-armed Iran
Flash floods kill over a hundred in India, 500 missing
Boeing rolls out first 787 Dreamliner to go into service
United States Government loses AAA credit rating from Standard and Poor's
Hugh Carey, former New York Governor, dies aged 92
Bill to eliminate corruption does not go far enough, say Indian activists and lawyers
Olympics gymnastics finals conclude with wins for Netherlands, United States, China
Tokyo Electric Power Company releases first figures on the extent of Fukushima leakage