Battle of Adrianople; Visigoth cavalry defeats Roman Army
St. Irene, 1st Byzantine Empress, dies
Death of Pope Damascus II. He was pope from July to August of 1048.
The Election of Urban VI as Pope declared null
300 Jews killed in Barcelona riots, for refusing baptism.
Pierre d'Ailly, Bishop of Cambrai (1397-1420), died at the age of 70. He sought to end the papal schism at the Council of Constance.
Sixtus IV was named pope. He served until 1484. He forstered the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, condemed the abuses of the Inquisition and launched an extensive building program in Rome (Sistine Chapel, Sistine Bridge).
First Mass celebrated in the Sistine Chapel.
English author and angler Izaak Walton born
Dutch theologian Johannes Cocceius. He based his theory of life on the Bible and recommended a life in and through the Scriptures rathr than the church and orthodoxy. born
The funeral of Ben Jonson, playwright, held
Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in the Bronx
Mohawks force peace to the New Netherlands' Indian War
Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary. born
The "Columbia" returned to Boston Harbor after a three-year voyage, becoming the first ship to carry the American flag around the world.
The Methodist New Connection was formed by Alexander Kilham and three other Methodist clergymen in Leeds, favoring complete separation from the Church of England.
The United States and Canada signed the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, resolving a border dispute.
The Free-Soil Party nominated Martin Van Buren for president at its convention in Buffalo, New York.
Henry David Thoreau published "Walden," in which he described his experiences while living near Walden Pond in Massachusetts.
Nathan Ames, of Saugus, MA, patented the escalator
Hector Berlioz conducted the premiere of his "Beatrice et Benedict" at Baden-Baden. Berlioz, who was as good a writer as a composer, described "Beatrice et Benedict" as, quote, "a caprice written with the point of a needle."
Anglican theologian Sir Edward C. Hoskyns. born
Pioneer Swiss child psychologist Jean Piaget born
A.J. Fisher of Chicago, IL, received a patent for the electric washing machine.
Ruggiero Leoncavallo died at the age of 61. Leoncavallo turned out to be a one-hit composer his brief but gripping "Pagliacci" is regularly performed together with another short opera, Mascagni's "Cavalleria Rusticana."
Former baseball manager Ralph Houk born
Robert Shaw England, actor (Deep, Jaws, Sting, Black Sunday) born
Marvin Minsky Artifical intelligence computer scientist (MIT) born
Percy Grainger was married to Ella Viola Strom. People talk about Grainger's excessively close relationship to his mother and his penchant for whipping himself, but Grainger also had a sense of fun, evidenced by the fact that his wedding took place at the Hollywood Bowl.
Betty Boop animation (debutes in Max Fleischer's animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes) born
Country singer-songwriter Merle Kilgore born
Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics as the United States took first place in the 400-meter relay.
Australian tennis star Rod Laver born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Billy Henderson (The Spinners) born
Comedian-director David Steinberg born
"Smokey the Bear" was created by the Forest Service and Wartime Advertising Council to represent forest fire prevention.
The first network television broadcast originated from Washington, D.C., studios of W3XWT (now WTTG), then the DuMont television station. The program announced the second atomic bomb dropping on Nagasaki, Japan.
Boxing Hall-of-Famer Ken Norton born
Three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States exploded a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74-thousand people.A B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb
Singer Barbara Mason born
Football player Doug Williams born
Rock singer Benjamin Orr (The Cars) born
Actress Melanie Griffith born
Actress Amanda Bearse born
Singer Whitney Houston born
Joan Baez and Bob Dylan shared the stage for the first time when the singers performed in a concert in Forest Hills, New York.
Singapore proclaimed its independence from the Malaysian Federation.
Baseball player Deion Sanders born
Actress Gillian Anderson ("The X-Files") born
Actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally murdered in Tate's Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime.
LeRoy satchel Paige, one of baseball's pitching legends, was inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.
Nearly 500 delegates representing more than 200 Southern Presbyterian churches, meeting in Ashville, N.C., severed ties to the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. because of their liberal views.
President Richard M. Nixon formally resigned as president of the United States becoming the first person in the history of the country to resign the top political office in the land. Gerald R. Ford became the nation's 38th chief executive.
The New Orleans Superdome opened as the hometown Saints met the Houston Oilers in an exhibition football game. The Oilers won 31-to-7. The Superdome cost $163 million to construct.
Actress Jessica Capshaw born
Guatemala's new military leader, Brigadier General Oscar Humberto Mejia Victores lifted a 40-day-old state of alert imposed by the president he ousted, Efrain Rios Montt.
At the 1984 Summer Olympics, Britain's Daley Thompson won his second successive Olympic decathlon.
A federal judge in Norfolk, Virginia, found retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker guilty of seven counts of spying for the Soviet Union.
President Reagan underwent a urological examination at Bethesda Naval Hospital, and said afterward, "Everything's normal, everything's fine."
Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh, vowing to investigate the Iran-Contra affair "vigorously but fairly," told a meeting of the American Bar Association in San Francisco that he would not be deterred by the "popularity of persons involved."
Hockey star Wayne Gretzky of the Edmonton Oilers was traded to the Los Angeles Kings per his request.
President Reagan nominated Lauro Cavazos to be secretary of education; Cavazos became the first Hispanic to serve in the Cabinet.
In Mexico, a train fell into the San Rafael River after a bridge collapsed, killing 112 people.
Tishiki Kaifu was elected prime minister of Japan, succeeding Sousuke Uno.
A week after Iraq invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
In South Africa, hundreds of police battled neo-Nazis as pro-apartheid extremists tried to stop a speech by President F.W. de Klerk.
Closing ceremonies were held for the Barcelona Summer Olympics, with the Unified Team of former Soviet republics winning 112 medals, the United States, 108.
Reputed "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to five counts of pandering and one count of selling cocaine. (Fleiss was convicted in 1994 of three counts of pandering and acquitted of the drug charge, but the verdicts were later thrown out due to jury misconduct. Fleiss eventually pleaded guilty to attempted pandering.)
A divided Senate opened formal debate on legislation to provide health insurance for millions of Americans without it.
Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San Francisco of a heart attack at age 53.
A weary-looking Boris Yeltsin was sworn into his second term as president of Russia.
Bob Dole telephoned Jack Kemp to ask him to be his running mate; Kemp accepted.
An Amtrak train with nearly 300 people aboard derailed on a bridge near Kingman, Arizona; more than 100 people were injured.
Americans, Kenyans and Tanzanians held church and memorial services to mourn those killed in a pair of US embassy bombing attacks.
In China, engineers dynamited levees along the Yangtze River to ease the worst floods in 44 years.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and the entire Cabinet, marking the fourth time in 17 months he had fired the government. Yeltsin named Vladimir Putin, a former KGB agent, the new prime minister.
Bridgestone/Firestone Incorporated announced it was recalling six and a-half million tires that had been implicated in hundreds of accidents and at least 46 deaths.
Oil for food scandal: UN releases third report
U.S. Pentagon conference says weapons entered Iraq from Iran
Anti-gay church protests U.S. at military funerals
New entrance discovered to world's longest cave
U.N. to begin forming response to Iranian nuclear program
Shuttle Discovery given 'go' for landing at Edwards AFB
Space Shuttle Discovery lands safely in California
Municipal elections pushed back in Haiti
U.S. war protest mom met Bush in 2004
Brothers found guilty of killing schoolboy
Fire at New Zealand hospital destroys laundry
British soldier dies in Afghanistan
Lieberman loses to Lamont in Connecticut primary
Arrests over phone-tap of British royal family
US base in Nuristan, Afghanistan attacked
Coca-Cola and Pepsi face ban in Indian states
Hearing testimony; U.S. soldiers took turns raping 14 year old Iraqi girl before killing her
Edinburgh Fringe festival begins
Iranian Islamic police raid concert arresting 230
Reports: Design flaw caused Minneapolis, Minnesota bridge to collapse
Magnitude 5.3 earthquake strikes Taiwan
Tornado touches down in New York City
Police capture escaped monkey in Wisconsin, USA
Orville Moody, 1969 U.S open winner dies at age 74
Fear and loathing on the campaign trail, July 2008
Olympic highlights: August 9, 2008
Georgia wants ceasefire in Ossetia war
American actor and comedian Bernie Mac dies at age 50
Georgian President declares country is in 'state of war'
American tourist killed in Beijing
Four children among seven killed after police chase ends in crash in US
No bomb threat, hijacking of plane in China's Xinjiang region according to Afghan officials
Typhoon prompts massive evacuations in China
Police in Salinas, California identify teenage gunshot victim
Christian band MercyMe's tour bus in fatal collision with car in Indiana
Apple executive leaves company after iPhone 4 antenna issues
German mosque used by September 11 militants closed
US Defense Secretary announces cuts in Pentagon programs
Papua New Guinea Culture and Tourism minister charged with attempted murder
Technical troubles hold up International Space Station repairs
Uproar over light sentence of Hong Kong judge's niece
Allied WWII spy Nancy Wake dies aged 98
Former Prime Minister of Finland Harri Holkeri dies aged 74
U.S. Presidential candidate Fred Karger denied place at Fox News debate
Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait recall ambassadors to Syria
DNA components found in meteorites
Rioting develops throughout England
BMW announces 7.6% sales rise as US, China demand grows
Scottish annual drug deaths coming down from record levels