Saragossa taken by Alfonso "the Battler," King of Aragon
Election of Conrad III as King of Germany
Charles V confiscates the Duchy of John VI of Brittany
Charles Du Fresne, sieur Du Cange, French scholar, philologist born
Prince Rupert, Duke of Bavaria born
The English House of Commons begins to assert its power, denying the King's right to imprison its members
Archbishop Laud accused of Treason by the "Long Parliament"
Clergyman Charles Wesley. He was an English clergyman, poet and hymn writer. With his elder brother John, they started the Methodist movement in England. born
Antonio Stradivari died in Cremona. Stradivari lived more than 90 years and was building his famous violins to the very end.
Clown Joseph Grimaldi (`greatest clown in history,'`king of pantomime' Joey the Clown; singer, dancer, acrobat) born
German composer Carl Maria von Weber (opera Der Freischutz) born
New Jersey became the third state to ratify the US Constitution.
Beethoven's father died. Ludwig had just turned 12 years old.
The "Monitor", of Baltimore, Maryland, was published as the first Sunday newspaper.
Father Isaac Thomas Hecker. A Roman Catholic priest who founded the Paulist Fathers, a diocesan organization for missionary work in New York. born
Clergymn Lyman Abbott. An American Congregationalist minister and a leading exponent of the Social Gospel movement. born
English physicist Joseph J(ohn) Thompson. He helped revolutionize the knowledge of atomic structure by his discovery of the electron (1897). He received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1906 and was knighted in 1908. born
Edward MacDowell was born in New York. MacDowell was at one time considered America's greatest composer and some of his music is still occasionally performed today. born
Grant announces the organization of his army. Sherman, Hurlbut, McPherson, and McClernand were to be Corps Commanders.
The first orthopedic hospital was organized in New York City. It was called the Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled.
The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery, was declared in effect. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist in the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
British short story writer (Hector Hugh Munro) Saki (The Rise of the Russian Empire, Reginald, The Chronicles of Clovis, Beasts & Super-beasts, The Square Egg) born
Paul Klee, abstract artist (Twittering Machine) born
Ty Cobb (TYRUS RAYMOND COBB). He is frequently considered the greatest offensive player in baseball history and generally regarded as the fiercest competitor in the game. During his 24-season playing career in the American League he played 3,000+ games with a .367 batting average. born
Inventor Edwin Armstrong (EDWIN HOWARD ARMSTRONG). A radio pioneer who laid the foundation for much of modern radio and electronic circuitry, including the regenerative and superheterodyne circuits and the frequency modulation (FM) system. born
Tchaikovsky's "The Nutcracker Suite" publicly premiered in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Poet and dramatist Christopher Fry (Harris) (The Boy with a Cart, A Phoenix Too Frequent, The Lady's Not for Burning) born
West German statesman Willy (Herbert Frahm) Brandt (Nobel Peace Prize-winner 1971) born
President Wilson, a widower for one year, married the widow Edith Bolling Galt.
In a single night, about 20,000 Australian and New Zealand troops slip away from Gallipoli, undetected by the Turks defending the peninsula.
Actress Pinup Girl Betty (Ruth Elizabeth) Grable born
Actress Lynn (Marjorie Bitzer) Bari (The Young Runaways,Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops, Sunny Side of the Street, The Bridge of San Luis Rey) born
Actor Ossie Davis (A Raisin in the Sun, Grumpy Old Men, Evening Shade) born
Jazz singer Anita (Colton) O'Day (Chickery Chick, Boogie Blues; films: The Gene Krupa Story, Jazz on a Summer's Day, Zigzag, The Outfit) born
Conductor Arturo Toscanini made his first recording for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey.
Pope Pious denounces the Bolshevik regime in the Soviet Union.
Former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark (U.S. Attorney General under President Lyndon Johnson [1967-1969]) born
Beau Jack defeated Tippy Larkin in New York City to win the World Lightweight Boxing Championship.
Blues musician Lonnie Brooks born
A $1 silver certificate was issued. It was the first currency to depict the front and back sides of the Great Seal of the United States.
Adolf Hitler signed a secret directive ordering preparations for a Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. (Operation "Barbarossa" was launched in June 1941.)
Defended by 610 fighting men, the American-held island of Guam fell to more than 5,000 Japanese invaders in a three-hour battle.
Rock singer-musician Keith Richards born
The Supreme Court upheld the wartime relocation of Japanese-Americans, but also said undeniably loyal Americans of Japanese ancestry could not be detained.
Football player and coach Greg Landry born
Movie producer-director Steven Spielberg (Schindler's List born
Movie director Gillian Armstrong ("My Brilliant Career") born
Movie reviewer Leonard Maltin born
North Koreans give the Allies a list of 3,100 POWs.
Actor Ray Liotta (Unforgettable, Operation Dumbo Drop, Corrina, Corrina, Goodfellas, Field of Dreams, Dominck & Eugene, Something Wild, The Lonely Lady, Our Family Honor, Casablanca) born
"To Tell the Truth," one of America's great panel shows debuted on CBS-TV. Bud Collyer hosted the program which enjoyed a 10-year run. The show made stars of panelists: Phyllis Newman, Orson Bean, Kitty Carlisle (Hart), Sam Levinson, Tom Poston, Milt Kamen and Bess Myerson.
Japan is admitted to the UN.
The motion picture "The Bridge on the River Kwai" premiered at the RKO Palace Theater in New York.
The Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania, the first nuclear facility to generate electricity in the United States, went on line. (It was taken out of service in 1982.)
Actor Brad Pitt (12 Monkeys, Seven, Legends of the Fall, A River Runs Through It, Thelma and Louise, Cutting Class, Head of the Class, Dallas) born
Country singer Tracy Byrd born
Singer Tiny Tim, 44, married 17-year-old Miss Vicky Budinger on Johnny Carson's "The Tonight Show."
Britain's Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
An atomic leak in Nevada forces hundreds to flee the test site.
Tennis player Arantxa Sanchez Vicario born
The United States began its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam at that time during the Vietnam War. (The bombardment ended 12 days later.) President Nixon declares that the bombing of North Vietnam will continue until an accord can be reached.
Helen Reddy received a gold record for the song that became an anthem for women's liberation, "I Am Woman". The song had reached number one on December 9, 1972.
Actress Katie Holmes ("Dawson's Creek") born
Singer Christina Aguilera born
Former Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin died at age 76.
Christopher Guest of "Saturday Night Live" and actress Jamie Lee Curtis were married in the Los Angeles home of comedian Rob Reiner.
Ivan F. Boesky was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street's biggest insider-trading scandal. (Boesky served about two years of his sentence).
Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was married in a traditional Islamic ceremony to businessman Asif Ali Zardari.
PLO chairman Yasser Arafat met in Cairo with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to discuss how to continue the momentum gained by the first US - PLO dialogue.
Robert E. Robinson, an attorney and alderman in Savannah, Georgia, was killed by a mail bomb similar to a device that had claimed the life of a federal judge in Alabama two days earlier. (Walter Leroy Moody Junior was later convicted of both bombings, and is on Alabama's death row.)
In Baghdad, the ruling Revolutionary Command Council said Iraq was "ready for the decisive showdown."
Less than a month before a U.N. deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, President Bush told reporters he believed Americans would support a military strike, if one proved necessary.
The UN Security Council unanimously denounced Israel's deportation of more than 400 Palestinians and demanded their immediate return. Kim Young-sam was elected South Korea's first civilian president in three decades.
The United States and Germany pledged close cooperation to help Boris Yeltsin through Russia's political and economic crises in a two-hour meeting in Oggersheim between Vice President Al Gore and Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
Former US president Jimmy Carter arrived in Bosnia-Herzegovina on a private mission to seek an end to 32 months of war.
A powerful fertilizer bomb was found outside an Internal Revenue Service office in Reno, Nev., but fizzled before its lit fuse could do much damage.
The Dow industrials dropped 101.52 points, its biggest one-day loss in four years, amid investor worries over the budget stalemate between Congress and President Clinton.
Aides to President Clinton disclosed that Asian-American businessman Charles Yah Lin Trie, who delivered $460,000 in questionable donations to the Clintons' legal defense fund, had been to the White House at least 23 times since 1993.
The school board of Oakland, California, voted to recognize "Ebonics"
as a language in a decision that set off a firestorm of controversy (the board later modified its stance).
FBI agent Earl Edwin Pitts was arrested, accused of selling secrets to the Russians. (Pitts was sentenced in June 1997 to 27 years in prison after admitting that he'd conspired and attempted to commit espionage.)
Onetime dissident Kim Dae-jung of South Korea was elected the country's president.
Fired California highway employee Arturo Reyes Torres shot and killed four people at a maintenance yard before being killed by police.
President Clinton extended indefinitely the deadline for withdrawal of US troops helping with the UN peacekeeping effort in Bosnia.
Comedian Chris Farley was found dead in his Chicago apartment; he was 33.
South Carolina carried out the nation's 500th execution since capital punishment resumed in 1977.
The House debated articles of impeachment against President Clinton. US and British forces blasted Iraq with a third day of airstrikes.
In St. Martinville, La., Cuban inmates who'd held a jail warden and six others hostage for almost a week surrendered.
After living atop an ancient redwood in Humboldt County, California, for two years, environmental activist Julia "Butterfly" Hill came down, ending her anti-logging protest.
French film director Robert Bresson died in Paris at age 98.
President Alvaro Uribe asks Washington to stop meddling
Australia's Howard calls for nativity scenes
London bomb survivors launch campaign for public inquiry
Approval down for President Pacheco
German hostage freed in Iraq
Israeli PM Sharon suffers 'mild stroke'
Dick Cheney makes surprise Iraq visit
KwaÅ›niewski to end his term within 5 days
San Diego ends Colts' bid for perfect season
Australia reclaim Ashes in Perth
Minimum wage to be increased in New Zealand
Airplane crashes into flats in South Africa
Four shot in restaurant in Alabama, US
Emergency declared in US state of Washington, eight additional casualties, many still without power
Man arrested over prostitutes' murders in Great Britain
E-Passport cloned in five minutes
Israel Journal: The Holy Land has an image problem
Russia makes first nuclear fuel shipments to Iran
Free speech restricted in New Zealand with passing of Bill, say opponents
Brazilian-Argentine rocket successfully launched
Nick Clegg is new leader of UK Liberal Democrat party
Musharraf lifts emergency rule in Pakistan
Grand Central Railway launches direct train service linking London with north east England
BBC Radio 1 reverses "faggot" ruling hours after initial ban
Dad sells $90 video game for $9000 after catching son smoking pot
Yahoo! to purge personal data after 3 months
Illinois court rejects attempt to have governor removed from office
US, UK investigators collaborating after US 777 incident similar to London crash
Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US's first face transplant
French appeals court confirms Volvo guilty over death crash
Twin bomb blasts in 2 Philippine malls kill 6, injure 38
Philippine shipwreck kills man; rescue boat also rescued
Canadian woman gives birth while sitting on toilet
Russian ICBM test launch failed again
UN convoy attacked by gunman in Ivory Coast as peacekeeping forces ordered to leave country
Don Van Vliet, best known as 'Captain Beefheart', dies aged 69
Aidan Burley MP sacked following Nazi pics furore
Journalists escape after being kidnapped in Syria
Hackers target Westboro Baptist Church website, Twitter account