Archbishop Anselm, of Canterbury, consecrated
Nicolas Breakspear, the first and only Englishman to be elected Pope, was crowned as Adrian IV.
The Siege of Castle Kerak is lifted; Saladin withdraws
Death of William, "the Lion," King of Scotland
Council of Trent expands the authority of the Pope
John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Massachusetts Bay Colony born
Cardinal de Richelieu, the French statesman, died. He was chief minister to King Louis XIII of France and, from 1629, first minister and actual ruler of France.
The composer John Gay died. He is buried in Westminster Abbey, where there is an epitaph that Gay is said to have written himself. It reads, "Life is a jest, and all things show it. I thought so once, and now I know it."
Gen. George Washington bade farewell to his officers at Fraunces Tavern in New York. In a choked voice, the departing chief commander of the Continental Army said, "With a heart full of love and gratitude, I now take leave of you."
Britain's Observer newspaper, the oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, was first published.
Historian Thomas Carlyle born
The power mower was patented on this day by Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
James Monroe of Virginia was elected the fifth president of the United States.
English novelist Samuel Butler born
The Whig Party opened a national convention in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, during which delegates nominated William Henry Harrison for president.
Actress-singer (Helen Louise Leonard) Lillian Russell born
Queen Victoria of Britain forbids the export of gunpowder, firearms and all materials for their production.
Artist Wassily Kadinsky born
- The National Grange of Husbandry was founded this day. The organization of farmers was known, typically, as the Grange. The group contributed to agriculture and served as a focus for rural social life in America.
The 'Mary Celeste' is found adrift.
William Marcy Tweed, the "Boss" of New York City's Tammany Hall political organization, escaped from jail and fled the country.
Eduard Hanslick trashed Tchaikovsky. "There can be music that stinks to the ear," Hanslick wrote, of Tchaikovsky's enchanting Violin Concerto.
Spanish dictator Francisco Franco born
Aviator Pappy (Gregory) Boyington born
Pianist composer Eddie Heywood, Jr. (Canadian Sunset) born
President Wilson set sail for France to attend the Versailles Peace Conference.
Actress-singer Deanna Durbin born
Maria Callas was born in New York City according to her mother. However, school records said she was born the day before, and the diva herself said she was born the day before that Maria Callas was a stage name adopted later. She was born Evangelia Kalogeropoulos. (Perhaps this is what accounts for the frequent descrepancies in birthdates)I placed her birthday on December 2nd as well. born
Duke Ellington's big band opened the famed Cotton Club in Harlem. It was the first appearance of the Duke's new and larger group. He played the club until 1932.
Baseball shortstop Harvey Kuenn (American League Rookie of the Year 1953) born
Hockey player Alex Delvecchio (Most Gentlemanly Player 1966, 1969) born
The president of South Korea, Roh Tae-woo born
"Tobacco Road", a play based on Erskine Caldwell's book, premiered at the Masque Theatre in New York City. The play ran for eight years and 3,182 shows.
"Good evening, Mr. and Mrs. North and South America and all the ships at sea. Let's go to press!". "The Jergens Journal" aka "The Walter Winchell Show" and later, "Kaiser-Frazer News" was first heard on the NBC-Blue network this night. Winchell kept that gossip show going on the radio for 23 years. It was sponsored at first by Jergens lotion and later, by Dryad deodorant, Kaiser-Frazer cars and Richard Hudnut shampoo.
Game show host Wink Martindale (some sources 1930) born
Ethel Merman recorded, "I Get a Kick Out of You", from Cole Porter's musical, "Anything Goe." She was backed by the Johnny Green Orchestra. The tune was recorded for Brunswick Records.
Actor-producer Max Baer Junior (The Beverly Hillbillies, Ode to Billy Joe) born
Singer Freddy 'Boom Boom' Cannon (Frederick Anthony Picariello) born
Tennis champ Marty Riessen born
U-S bombers struck the Italian mainland for the first time in World War Two.
President Roosevelt ordered liquidation of the Works Progress Administration, created during the Depression to provide work for the unemployed.
Rock musician Bob Mosley (Moby Grape) born
Singer-musician Chris Hillman born
Drummer singer Dennis Wilson (Group born
The Senate approved US participation in the United Nations.
Rock singer Southside Johnny Lyon born
Actor Jeff Bridges (The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Fisher King, The Last Picture Show, The Company She Keeps, American Heart) born
University of Tennessee defies court rulings by rejecting five Negro applicants.
Actress Patricia Wettig born
Rock musician Gary Rossington (Lynyrd Skynyrd; the Rossington Collins Band) born
Jazz singer Cassandra Wilson born
As part of an NBC-TV special, mime artist Marcel Marceau appeared on television for the first time.
Rock musician Bob Griffin (The BoDeans) born
Rock singer Vinnie Dombroski (Sponge) born
James Caan made his TV acting debut in "A Fist of Five", an episode of "The Untouchables", starring Robert Stack.
Actress Marisa Tomei born
Actress Chelsea Noble born
The United States launched "Gemini Seven" with Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Frank Borman and Navy Commander James A. Lovell aboard.
Composer, lyricist and singer Jacques Brel made his American debut in concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City. Brel composed "Jackie", "You're Not Alone", "If You Go Away" and more.
India joined East Pakistan in its war for independence from West Pakistan. East Pakistan became the republic of Bangladesh.
Actress-model Tyra Banks born
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, ruler of the Central African Empire, crowned himself emperor in a ceremony believed to have cost more than $100 million. (Bokassa was deposed in 1979; he died in November 1996 at age 75.)
The bodies of four American churchwomen slain in El Salvador two days earlier were unearthed. (Five national guardsmen were later convicted of murdering nuns Ita Ford, Maura Clarke and Dorothy Kazel, and lay worker Jean Donovan.)
President Reagan broadens the power of the CIA by allowing spying in the U.S.
Country singer Lila McCann born
Running back Herschel Walker, of the University of Georgia, received the Heisman Trophy as the nation's finest college football player. Walker was only the seventh junior to receive the award.
President Reagan returned home from a four-nation Latin American tour, telling reporters the trip had been "real fruitful" and that "we established very good relations there."
U.S. jet fighters struck Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon in retaliation for fire directed at American reconnaissance planes. Navy Lt. Robert O. Goodman Jr. was shot down and captured by Syria.
A five-day hijack drama began as four men seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran. During the siege, two American passengers were killed by the hijackers.
The discovery of a Bronze Age shipwreck off the southern coast of Turkey was announced by the National Geographic Society this day. The find dated back to when King Tutankhamen ruled Egypt.
National security adviser Robert McFarlane resigned. President Reagan named Vice Adm. John Poindexter to succeed him.
Dallas, Texas became the largest city in the United States to pass a no smoking law for restaurants.
Both houses of Congress moved to establish special committees to conduct their own investigations of the Iran-Contra affair.
Actor Orlando Brown ("Family Matters"; "Safe Harbor") born
Cuban inmates at a federal prison in Atlanta freed their 89 hostages, peacefully ending an eleven-day uprising under an agreement providing for a moratorium on deportations of Mariel detainees nationwide.
In Venezuela, former President Carlos Andres Perez was declared the winner of the country's presidential election.
The government of Argentina announced that hundreds of heavily armed soldiers had ended a four-day military revolt.
President Bush briefed NATO leaders in Brussels, Belgium, on the just-concluded Malta summit he'd held with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
Iraq promised to release 3,300 Soviet citizens it was holding. President Bush, was not convinced that sanctions alone would bring Iraqi president Saddam Hussein "to his senses" about invading Kuwait.
Florida resident Patricia Bowman testified at William Kennedy Smith's trial in West Palm Beach that Smith had raped her the previous Easter weekend.
Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson, the longest held of the Western hostages in Lebanon, was released after nearly seven years in captivity.
Pan American World Airways ceased operations. (However, a new smaller version of Pan Am returned in September 1996.)
President Bush ordered American troops to lead a mercy mission to Somalia, threatening military action against warlords and gangs who were blocking food for starving millions.
Rock musician and composer Frank Zappa died in Los Angeles at age 52.
The Angolan government and its UNITA guerrilla foes formally adopted terms for a truce to end a conflict that was killing an estimated 1,000 people per day.
Astronauts aboard space shuttle "Endeavour" captured the near-sighted Hubble Space Telescope for repairs.
House Speaker-to-be Newt Gingrich charged in an NBC interview that as many as one quarter of the White House staff had used illegal drugs - a claim denounced the next day as "absolutely false" by Chief of Staff Leon Panetta.
Bosnian Serbs released 53 out of some 400 UN peacekeepers they were holding as insurance against further NATO airstrikes.
In a near-freezing drizzle, the first NATO troops landed in the Balkans to begin setting up a peace mission that was expected to bring 20,000 American soldiers into the middle of the Bosnian conflict.
The Mars Pathfinder lifted off from Cape Canaveral and began speeding toward Mars on a 310 million-mile odyssey to explore the Red Planet's surface.
The National Basketball Association suspended All-Star Latrell Sprewell of the Golden State Warriors for one year for choking and threatening to kill his coach, P.J. Carlesimo, three days earlier. (An arbitrator later reduced the suspension and reinstated Sprewell to the Warriors, which had terminated his contract.)
Space shuttle "Endeavor" and a crew of six blasted off on the first mission to begin assembling the international space station.
NASA scientists continued to wait in vain for a signal from the Mars Polar Lander, raising questions about the whereabouts of NASA's $165 million probe. (It's believed the spacecraft was destroyed after it plunged toward the Red Planet.)
Bush's Iraq 'Strategy' seen as public relations exercise
Top al-Qaeda leader killed in Pakistan
World Squash Titles for Shabana and David
Business Briefs for December 4, 2005
Blogger attacks Amazon "One-Click" patent
Scissors, screwdrivers accepted on US flights beginning December 22
South Dakota tower demolition botched
New Zealander fired for checking background information on girlfriends
Turkish passports will soon use RFID chips
Blair to announce plans for UK nuclear defence today
Venezuela's Hugo Chavez re-elected
Ignatieff, Rae say they'll run in next Canadian election
Kofi Annan: Iraq situation much worse than civil war
Rudd replaces Beazley as Australian opposition leader
Fiji Military Coup possibly underway
Standard Operating Procedure changes at Camp Delta, Guantanamo Bay
A battle between AMD and Intel takes place at Taipei IT Month
US Congress debates Iraq funding
Climate change threatens world's poorest says Oxfam
"Teddy bear teacher" returns to England
Developing nations bring technology transfer on agenda against resistance of Canada, Japan and US
Parts of Newfoundland still without power following weekend storms
Lashkar-e-Toiba implicated in Mumbai attacks
Congressional panel concludes Gulf War Syndrome a legitimate condition
Somalia in danger of famine
Attack on mosque kills 30 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan
American botanist Lou Jost discovers world's smallest orchid
Israel "illegally annexing" east Jerusalem, EU reports
China-EU financial relations are growing
Alassane Ouattara 'wins' Ivory Coast presidential election
British government scraps planned rules on pay equality
'Completely irresponsible' woman called emergency services to report theft of snowman
Australian Paralympian Janet Shaw dies aged 46
Protesters arrested after barricading themselves inside portion of Keystone Oil Pipeline