Election of Pope Boniface III
Wycliffe called to trial before the Bishop of London
In England, the Northumberland Rebellion ended when Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, was defeated by Henry IV at the Battle of Bramham Moor.
Astronomer and priest Nicolaus Copernicus in Torun, Poland. He revolutionized scientific thought with his "Copernican theory," this theory placed the sun at the center of our planetary system. born
Antonello da Messina, Italian painter, dies
Austrian statesman, bishop of Vienna and later a cardinal, Melchior Klesl. He tried to promote religious toleration during the Counter-Reformation in Austria. born
Joseph Sanalbo, a convert to Judaism, burned at the stake in Rome
Coronation of Sigsimund III, King of Poland, as King of Sweden
Burning of Giordano Bruno, philosopher.
Death of Duke of Mercoeur
Arrest of Fr. Louis Gaufridi for witchcraft
Italian physician and poet Francesco Redi. He demonstrated that the presence of maggots in putrefying meat does not result from spontaneous generation but from eggs laid on the meat by flies. born
King Philip V, King of Spain born
Luigi Boccherini was born in Lucca, west of Florence in what then was called simply Tuscany. Boccherini's music became sufficiently well-known to come to the attention of Haydn and Mozart. born
Napoleon Bonaparte proclaims himself First Consul of the newly established French dictatorship.
Congress voted to accept Ohio's borders and constitution. (However, Congress did not get around to formally ratifying Ohio statehood until -- believe it or not -- 1953.)
Former Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. (He was subsequently tried for treason and acquitted.)
William III, King of the Netherlands born
The Texas state government was formally installed in Austin.
The tintype camera was patented by Professor Hamilton L. Smith of Gambier, Ohio.
Dan Sickles was acquitted of murdering his wife's lover on grounds of temporary insanity. His case was the first time this defense was used successfully in the United States.
Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.
The Knights of Pythias was founded in Washington, D.C. A dozen members formed what became Lodge No. 1.
Thomas Edison patented the first gramophone. He secured patent No. 200,521.
Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
Politician Scott Lucas born
Actor Sir Cedrick Hardwicke (The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Stanley and Livingstone, Richard III, The Ten Commandments) born
Smallpox vaccination becomes obligatory in France.
The Austria-Hungary government decrees a mandatory two year military service.
Theodore Roosevelt calls for a world conference on conservation.
British actress Merle Oberon (A Song to Remember, Wuthering Heights, Stage Door Canteen, Deep in My Heart, Hotel, The Oscar) born
The first "prize" was placed in a Cracker Jack box.
Hall-of-Fame jockey Eddie Arcaro. born
American troops are recalled from the Mexican border.
Novelist Carson McCullers (The Heart is a Lonely Hunter) born
A decree was issued by the Soviet Central Executive Committee abolishing all private ownership of land, water and natural resources in Russia.
The U.S. Red Cross reports that approximately 20,000 children die yearly in auto accidents.
Ed Wynn became the first big-name vaudeville talent to sign on as a radio talent. Previously, top talent had not considered radio a respectable medium.
Jean Sibelius's Sixth Symphony premiered. This symphony doesn't have the cold grandeur of other Sibelius works. But what it does have, in the first movement, is a fascinating by-play between the key of C Major and the Dorian mode, which is equivalent to a white key scale on D.
Actor Lee Marvin (Cat Ballou, The Caine Mutiny, The Dirty Dozen, Delta Force, Ship of Fools) born
President Coolidge proposes the phasing out of inheritance tax.
Dr. Lane of Princeton estimates the earth's age at one billion years.
Director John Frankenheimer (Days of Wine and Roses, Birdman of Alcatraz, The French Connection, The Manchurian Candidate) born
George Gershwin once had his own radio show. It premiered on this date sponsored by Feen-a-mint, a laxative.
Singer Bob Engemann (Group born
Singer William "Smokey" Robinson born
Actress Carlin Glynn born
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, giving the U.S. military the power to relocate and intern "any and all persons." The order was used to detain some 110,000 Japanese-Americans, most of them U.S.-born citizens.
President Roosevelt signed an executive order giving the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans.
During World War Two, about 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin.
The New York Yankees announced that they would admit 5,000 uniformed servicemen free to each of their home ball games during the coming season.
Singer (Lugee Sacco) Lou Christie (Lightnin' Strikes, Two Faces Have I, The Gypsy Cried, Rhapsody In the Rain, I'm Gonna Make You Mine) born
Actor Michael Nader. born
30,000 U.S. Marines landed on the Japanese-held island of Iwo Jima in the Western Pacific where they encountered ferocious resistance from Japanese forces. The Americans took control after a month-long battle.
Rock musician Tony Iommi (Black Sabbath) born
Acto Bruce Fairbairn (The Vampire Hookers, Cyclone, Nightstick) r born
The first Bollingen Prize for poetry was awarded to Ezra Pound for his collection, The Pisan Cantos. This award was controversial because Pound had been charged with treason after making pro-Fascist broadcasts in Italy.
Rock musician (Scorpions) Francis Buchholz born
The State of Georgia approved the nation's first literature censorship board. Newspapers were excluded from the new legislation.
Actress Margeaux Hemingway born
Talk show host Lorianne Crook. born
An agreement was signed by Britain, Turkey and Greece granting Cyprus its independence.
Britain's Prince Andrew born
Indy 500 driver John Paul Jr. born
Tennis Hall-of-Famer Hana Mandlikova. born
The Soviet Union informed President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of an estimated 17-thousand Soviet troops in Cuba.
Fourteen Vietnam War protesters are arrested for blocking U.N. doors in New York.
Robert F. Kennedy suggests the U.S. offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.
Actress Justine Bateman. born
Actor Benicio Del Toro ("Traffic") born
The teachers in state of Florida went on strike in the first statewide teacher's strike in the United States.
Britain slashes welfare spending.
Iceland broke off diplomatic relations with Britain after the two countries failed to agree over fishing rights in disputed waters. The dispute became known as the "Cod War."
President Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino ("Tokyo Rose").
The U.S. State Department calls El Salvador a "textbook case" of a Communist plot.
George Harrison was ordered to pay ABKCO Music the sum of $587,000 for "subconscious plagiarism" between his song, "My Sweet Lord" and the Chiffons early 1960s hit, "He's So Fine".
Receivers were appointed in Northern Ireland to manage the affairs of the De Lorean car company.
13 people were found shot to death at a gambling club in Seattle's Chinatown district in what became known as the "Wah Mee Massacre." (Two Chinese immigrants were later convicted of the killings.)
The XIV Winter Olympic Games ended at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. The Soviet Union led all countries with 25 medals, the United States captured nine medals to tie for fifth place.
Mickey Mouse was welcomed to China as part of the 30th anniversary of Disneyland.
William Schroeder became the first artificial heart patient to leave the confines of the hospital (where the historic operation was performed). He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.
About 150 people were killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed into a mountain while approaching the airport at Bilbao, Spain.
Cherry Coke was introduced by the Coca-Cola Company.
Former U.S. Senator James O. Eastland of Mississippi died at age 81.
The Senate also passed a resolution declaring the Philippine presidential election had been marked by "widespread fraud."
The Senate endorsed the United Nations convention against genocide, 37 years after President Truman first sought approval of the accord.
Taking Democratic leaders and some of his closest aides by surprise, New York Governor Mario Cuomo announced during a radio call-in program that he would not run for president in 1988.
A controversial, anti-smoking ad aired for the first time on television. It featured actor Yul Brynner in a public service announcement that was recorded shortly before he died of lung cancer.
A group calling itself the "Organization of the Oppressed on Earth" claimed responsibility for the kidnapping in Lebanon of US Marine Lieutenant Colonel William R. Higgins. (Higgins was later slain by his captors.)
Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini rejected the apology of "Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie, exhorting Muslims to "send him to hell" for committing-blasphemy.
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, snubbed by Philippine President Corazon Aquino, met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss the future of U.S. military bases in the country.
Russian federation President Boris Yeltsin delivered an unprecedented public appeal for Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to resign.
President Bush told reporters a Soviet proposal to end the Persian Gulf War fell "well short of what would be required."
Former Irish Republican Army fighter Joseph Doherty was deported from the United States to a jail in Belfast, Northern Ireland, following a 10-year battle for political asylum.
President Clinton's economic plan won praise from Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. The president, visiting Hyde Park, New York, suggested the US might have to consider a national sales tax "not too long in the future," then said he'd meant in ten years or so.
With Bosnian Serbs facing a NATO deadline to withdraw heavy weapons encircling Sarajevo or face air strikes, President Clinton delivered an address from the Oval Office reaffirming the ultimatum.
American speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
A day after being named the new chairwoman of the NAACP, Myrlie Evers-Williams outlined her plans for revitalizing the civil rights organization, saying she intended to take the group back to its grass roots.
Republican presidential hopefuls argued taxes, trade and negative ads in a final burst of contentious campaigning on the eve of New Hampshire's leadoff primary, with Bob Dole the principal target.
Baseball showman Charlie O. Finley died in Chicago at age 77.
Deng Xiaoping, the last of China's major Communist revolutionaries, died.
Detroit's daily newspapers accepted a back-to-work offer from employees who'd been on strike for 19 months, but the strikers charged the conditions for return amounted to a lockout
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan set out for Iraq on a last-chance peace mission, saying he was "reasonably optimistic" about ending the standoff over weapons inspections without the use of force.
At the Nagano Olympics, Austrian Hermann Maier won the men's giant slalom while Hilde Gerg of Germany won the women's slalom.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright again drew a sceptical response from America's heartland to the tough U.S. policy on Iraq. Her reception in a lecture hall in Nashville, Tennassee, was polite, in contrast to the raucous session of heckling in Columbus, Ohio, but the student questioners displayed similar mistrust of the policy.
Northern California got walloped again with high winds and drenching rain as yet another El Nino-driven storm pounded in from the Pacific. Police in Petaluma, 30 miles north of San Francisco, ordered mandatory evacuation of about 60 homes threatened by flooding, while a flash flood watch was issued for the entire San Francisco Bay area.
President Clinton posthumously pardoned Henry O. Flipper, the first black graduate of West Point, whose military career was tarnished by a racially motivated discharge.
George W. Bush defeated John McCain in the South Carolina Republican primary.
Airlines fight compensation legislation
Hundred of thousands march in Rome to demand freedom for kidnapped reporter
Russia negotiating missile sale with Syria
Togo's Faure GnassingbÃ© says elections will be held in 60 days
Reporters can be jailed, Appellate Court says
Earthquake stirs panic in Indonesia
North Korea has no further interest in negotiations with United States
Students find fossilised giant penguin
American Bar Association denounced President Bush's warrantless domestic surveillance program
UN says polio eradicated in Egypt and Niger
United States to expand 'information operations' against terror
Washington Post source outed by Slashdot reader
CIA covert "rendition" operative blows her cover for frequent flyer miles
Eleven die in Libya over Muhammad cartoon T-shirt
US pressure group proposes covert attack on Iran
India Win Hutch Cup One Day series 4-1
Canadian soldiers injured in three APC crash
SAFETY bill would require U.S. ISPs to log on-line user activity
Software to filter pirated video and audio files
Bombing on train from India to Pakistan kills at least 68
Voracious fire generates panic in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Fidel Castro resigns as Cuban president
National Hockey League news: February 19, 2008
UK Parliament discusses nationalisation of Northern Rock
Pakistan Peoples Party winning elections for Pakistan's national assembly according to early results
Violence erupts in Guadeloupe after labor dispute
Court rejects Polanski bid to have child sex charges dismissed
Tree car crash kills two in Oxfordshire, England
Former US Vice President Dick Cheney: 'Barack Obama is a one-term President'
Facebook takes down groups supporting Austin crash pilot
Niger coup ousts president
Court ruling upholds expulsion of New York Senator convicted of assault
Golfer Tiger Woods delivers apology speech
Kuwait stateless protest for rights
France school bus crash kills one, leaves five seriously injured