Martyrdom of St. Polycarp of Smyrna
Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians
Pepin of Heristal arrives in France
Consecration of the abbey-church at Le Bec, France
Death of St. Peter Damian
John of Plato Carpini connects with the Mongols
A sermon preached in Italy mentioned eye-glasses
Death of David II, King of Scotland
Paul II, Roman Catholic pope (1464-71) born
Coronation of Catherine, Queen to Henry V of England
Mathias I, King of Hungary born
Execution of Gilles de Raiz
Death of Pope Eugenius IV
Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, the Bible (approximate date)
Tomas de Berlanga, Bishop of Panama, sails for Peru
Columbus granted a licence to ride a mule in Spain
Death of Ferdinand, King of Spain
Assassination of Sir James Bellenden, Lord Justice Clerk
The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France.
Madeleine de la Palud interrogated concerning witchcraft
French Estates General is dissolved
English civil servant and writer of a famous Diary, Samuel Pepys. born
Henrietta Marie, Queen of England, and her daughter, the Princess Mary, flee England
John Blow, composer of 1st English opera. born
George Frederick Handel in Halle. Handel became the leading musical figure in England. He lived a few years longer than Bach, which means, like Bach, he lived long enough to see his music fall out of fashion. His oratorio, "The Messiah," was first heard in 1749. born
Handel' s Oratorio is performed for the first time, in Britain.
Meyer Amschel Rothschild, banker and founder of the Rothschild dynasty in Europe. born
Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
Emma Hart Willard, pioneer in higher education for women born
English painter and sculptor George Watts. born
Maj. Gen. Jeremy F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer Confederate War Department. born
The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries established the first pharmacy college in Philadelphia.
English poet John Keats dies.
Boston was granted a charter to incorporate as a city.
Alamo is besieged by Santa Anna, entire garrison eventually killed.
The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.
U.S. troops under Gen. Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican Gen. Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in Mexico.
Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista. The United States and Mexico had been at war over territorial disputes since May 1846.
The sixth president of the United States, John Quincy Adams, died of a stroke at age 80.
In England, officials attempted to hang murderer John Lee. Every time they tried to release the trap door, it failed. When they tested it without him, it opened. After several attempts, they gave up and changed his sentence to life in prison.
President-elect Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, an assassination plot having been foiled in Baltimore.
Texas secedes from the Union.
Black writer and philosopher W.E.B. DuBois. He was the leader of what became the NAACP. born
Mississippi was readmitted to the union. .
Victor Fleming, director of the movie classics "The Wizard of Oz" and "Gone With the Wind born
Charles M. Hall completed his invention of aluminum. He produced it using electricity.
The import of opium from China into the U.S. is forbidden.
Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco.
Gustav Mahler converted to Catholicism. It was a tacit condition of employment for the job he wanted leading the Vienna Opera, and with it the Vienna Philharmonic. Later in life Mahler would convert back to Judaism.
Novelist Emile Zola was imprisoned in France for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing the government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
Author Erich Kastner (Emil and the Detictives) born
Britain and Germany agree on a boundary between German East Africa and Nyasaland.
Director Grigor Alexandrov born
Journalist-author William Shirer born
Japan guarantees Korean sovereignty in exchange for military assistance.
The Rotary Club was founded. Paul Harris, a Chicago lawyer and three friends founded the organization after Harris noticed visitors to cities were often treated like strangers. The name comes from members rotating through various positions.
Johann Hoch is imprisoned in Chicago for murdering six of his thirteen wives.
French actress Sarah Bernhardt has her right leg amputated.
An airmail plane sets a record of 33 hours and 20 minutes from San Francisco to New York.
President Calvin Coolidge opposes a large air force, believing it would be a menace to world peace.
President Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission. The comission began its work of assigning frequencies, hours of operation and power allocations for radio broadcasters across the U.S. The name was changed to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on July 1, 1934.
Elston Howard, baseball catcher born
Chinese rebels seize Hunan.
Baseball catcher Elston Howard born
National Track & Field Hall of Fame sportsman Lee Calhoun (the only Olympic athlete to win 110-meter hurdles twice) born
Casey Stengel became manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team as he signed the first (of many) major league contracts.
In Russia, an unmanned balloon rises to a record height of 25 miles.
Twelve Chinese fighter planes drop bombs on Japan. The China Air Task Force was a scrappy but beleaguered fill-in that fought both the Japanese and supply shortcomings until the Fourteenth Air Force was formed.
ABC News correspondent Sylvia Chase born
Actress Diana Varsi (Peyton Place, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden) born
Walt Disney won an Oscar for the film, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" at the Academy Award ceremonies that were held at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Mr. Disney actually received one Oscar statuette and seven miniature ones for his work."
Actor and director Peter Fonda (Easy Rider, Futureworld, The Wild Angel's, Love and a .45). born
The first shelling of the U.S. mainland during World War II as a Japanese submarine fired 25 shells on an oil refinery in Ellwood, California.
Former football player Fred Biletnikoff born
Golfer Bobby Mitchell born
Singer-musician (John Dawson III) Johnny Winter born
American bombers strike the Marianas Islands bases, only 1,300 miles from Tokyo.
South African anti-apartheid activist, Rev. Allan Boesak born
Eisenhower opens a large offensive in the Rhineland. Turkey declares war on Germany and Japan.
During World War II, U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, and raised the American flag. A larger flag was then brought in to replace the first; the second flag-raising was captured in the famous picture taken by Joe Rosenthal.
Rock musician (Poco) Rusty Young born
Anti-British demonstration in India draws a crowd of 300,000.
Several hundred Nazi organizers are arrested in Frankfurt by U.S. and British forces.
Rock musician (The Sweet) Steve Priest born
New York's Metropolitan Museum exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art. The first showing of this collection in the U.S.
Former football player Ed "Too Tall" Jones born
Actress ("Home Improvement") Patricia Richardson born
Rock musician (Aerosmith) Brad Whitford born
The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Musician Howard Jones. born
Eight nations meet in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.
Whites join Negro students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store.
Rock musician Michael Wilton (Queensryche) born
The U.S. and Britain recognize the new Zanzibar government.
Tennis player Helena Sukova born
Actress Kristin Davis ("Melrose Place") born
Stan Laurel -- the "skinny" half of the Laurel and Hardy comedy team -- died in Santa Monica, California.
Amendment 25, concering presidental succession, passed.1
Jim Ryun set the record in the half-mile run at Lawrence,
Actor ("Family Ties") Marc Price born
Rock musician Jeff Beres (Sister Hazel) born
James Franciscus starred in "Longstreet", a made-for-TV movie that became a series in the fall of 1971.
Rock musician Lasse Johansson (The Cardigans) born
The Symbionese Liberation Army demanded $4 million for the release of Patty Hearst. Hearst was kidnapped on February 4th and her father, publisher Randolph Hearst, had already paid $2 million.
An attempted coup began in Spain as 200 members of the Civil Guard invaded the Parliament, taking lawmakers hostage. (However, the attempt collapsed 18 hours later.)
The rock group Toto won Grammy Awards for the hit single, "Rosanna", and the album, "Toto IV", at the 25th annual ceremonies in Los Angeles.
Meeting with reporters at the White House, President Reagan spoke of the need for a "homeland" for the Palestinians as part of a Mideast peace, but added, "no one has ever advocated creating a nation."
The U.S. Senate confirmed Edwin Meese III to be attorney general; by a vote of 63-31.
In his strongest message yet to embattled Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, President Reagan threatened to cut off U.S. military aid if Marcos used force against his opponents.
Missouri congressman Richard A. Gephardt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
presidential hopeful Bob Dole defeated Vice President George Bush in the South Dakota and Minnesota Republican primaries; among Democrats, Michael S. Dukakis won in Minnesota, Dick Gephart in South Dakota.
President Reagan named William L. Ball III to succeed James H. Webb Jr. as Navy Secretary.
The Senate Armed Services Committee voted eleven-to-nine against recommending the nomination of John Tower to become secretary of defense.
Former Salvadoran President Jose Napoleon Duarte died at age 64.
Military forces in Thailand overthrew the elected government and imposed martial law.
French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqui border.
President Bush announced that the allied ground offensive against Iraqi forces had begun. (Because of the time difference, it was already the early morning of Feb. 24 in the Persian Gulf.)
In Moscow, thousands of pro-Communist demonstrators, some shouting, "Down with the Russian government!," clashed with police.
The XVI Winter Olympic Games ended in Albertville, France.
Paul Tsongas won a narrow victory over Jerry Brown in the Maine Democratic caucuses
L'Oiseau Lyre decided to reissue virtually everything Baroque it had recorded in the past 20 years, which mostly means a festival of the Academy of Ancient Music under the direction of Christopher Hogwood.
President Clinton won United Nations support for a plan to airdrop relief supplies to starving Bosnians during an Oval Office meeting with Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
Nancy Kerrigan led the women's figure skating short program at the Winter Olympics in Norway, while Tonya Harding placed tenth.
Russia's new parliament took a swipe at President Boris Yeltsin by granting amnesty to leaders of the 1991 Soviet coup and the hard-liners who'd fought him in 1993.
The military chiefs of Bosnia's Muslim-led government and their second-strongest foes, Bosnia's Croats, signed a truce.
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 4,000 mark for the first time, ending the day at 4003.33.
Administration officials said President Clinton would review dozens of affirmative action programs.
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Haiti to help prepare for peaceful elections.
The Iraqi News Agency reported that Lt. Gen. Hussein Kamel al-Majid and his brother Saddam Kamel al-Majid, a pair of defectors who were also the sons-in-law of Saddam Hussein, were killed by clan members after returning to their homeland.
Dutch tourist Tosca Dieperink, 39, was killed in a holdup at a Miami service station. Two men later pleaded guilty to the slaying and were sentenced to prison.
Scientists in Scotland announced they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly."
Ali Hassan Abu Kamal, a Palestinian teacher, opened fire on the 86th-floor observation deck of New York's Empire State Building, killing one person and wounding six others before shooting himself to death.
In eastern India, nearly 200 people were killed when fire swept through a tent built for a religious festival.
The southeastern edge of an El Nino storm system spawned several tornadoes that cut across the Florida peninsula. Forty-two people were killed, some 2,600 homes and businesses damaged or destroyed, by the tornadoes. The storms were the deadliest disaster in Florida since Hurricane Andrew in 1992.
President Clinton gave cautious approval to a UN agreement reached by Secretary-General Kofi Annan with Saddam Hussein for monitoring suspected weapons sites in Iraq.
Oil-rich Brunei celebrated 14 years of independence, thankful for the wealth that has largely shielded the sultanate from a regional economic crisis but worried over smog and unemployment. A resurgence of smoke from bush fires on Borneo island forced authorities to move the sultanate's National Day celebrations from an outdoor parade ground to an indoor stadium for health concerns.
A jury in Jasper, Texas convicted white supremacist John William King of murder in the gruesome dragging death of a black man, James Byrd Jr.; King was sentenced to death two days later.
The first of two avalanches that claimed 38 lives over two days struck in Austria.
Serbs agreed in principle to give limited self-rule to majority ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, thereby temporarily heading off NATO air strikes, but during their talks in Rambouillet, France, the two sides failed to conclude a deal for ending their yearlong conflict.
Carlos Santana won eight Grammy awards, including album of the year for "Supernatural," tying the record set by Michael Jackson in 1983 for most trophies in one night.
Effort on to eradicate Polio from Asia in 2005
Dark matter galaxy discovered
Romanian leu continues to surge
Australian government commits more troops to Iraq
Feverfew compound gets at leukemia roots
European Commission approves the accession of Bulgaria and Romania
Illegal dye found in British food
Australian children suffering from iodine deficiency
Michael Morales execution postponed indefinitely
UK and Aussie troops will not fight opium in Afghanistan
Alternative to controversial hotel proposed to Buffalo, N.Y. business owners and residents
Son of former Canadian PM, Justin Trudeau wants to run for office
NASA detects dry, dusty atmospheres on extrasolar planets
UN Security Council approves African Union peace keepers for Somalia
Snow hits southern parts of Norway
New Zealand's "Waitangi" holiday to stay
Canadian MP Bill Graham to step down, Rae seeks his Toronto riding
Abducted teen in Florida found
Air New Zealand opens direct route to Canada
Virgin Train crashes in England
Canadian mouse study shows hormone associated with pregnancy may reverse MS
Unexploded bombs found in Beirut
U.S. apologizes for detention of Iraqi lawmaker's son
NHL rival teams fight during hockey game
Taipei International Book Exibition: United Daily News makes good promotion on e-books launch
Armorize Technologies: Crimes use "Edison Chen's nude photos" as a web phishing tool
National Hockey League news: February 23, 2008
Australian opposition vows to disrupt parliament on Fridays
H-IIA rocket launches WINDS satellite
US reduces Belgrade staff after embassy attack
US B-2 stealth bomber crashes in Guam
Norwegian museum claims Adolf Hitler drew Disney cartoons on painting
Anti-poverty group splatter B.C. premier's office with paint
New comet to be visible to naked eye for several days
Guantanamo captive returned to the United Kingdom
Brazil's Embraer plans to cut around 4,200 jobs
USA upsets Canada in Olympic ice hockey
Toyota accused of misleading public over recalls
General Petraeus: Fight for Afghan town Marja is 'just the initial operation'
Car bomb explodes outside court in Northern Ireland
Najibullah Zazi pleads guilty in plot to bomb New York subway
Female lawyers to be granted court access in Saudi Arabia
Anti-abortion activist Bernard Nathanson dies aged 84
Buddy Roemer ends Republican presidential bid to seek Reform Party nomination
European Commission warns Eurozone economy to shrink further