Julius Caesar leads his army across the Rubicon, plunging Rome into civil war.
Death of St. Militiades, Pope
Theodosius I, the Great, Spain, Roman emperor born
Death of David I, King of Scotland
An Armenian monk attempts to baptize the KaKhan of the Mongols
Francesco Parmigianino, Italian artist born
First lottery is held in England, at St. Paul's Cathedral
The first secretary of the US Treasury -- Alexander Hamilton -- He was born in the West Indies. born
The first shipment of rhubarb was sent to the United States from London. Benjamin Franklin sent the plant to his buddy, John Bartram in Philadelphia.
The Continental Congress convened in New York City.
The Michigan Territory was created.
Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph company and Cornell University born
The first pineapples are planted in Hawaii.
Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada, He was born in Glasgow, Scotland. born
Puerto Rican patriot Eugenio De Hostos born
Psychologist and philosopher William James born
Francis Scott Key, poet of "The Star-Spangled Banner," dies in Baltimore.
Alabama secedes from the Union.
Lincoln accepts Simon Cameron's resignation as Secretary of War.
Bizet's music was first performed in public. He described it as "badly played, badly heard."
Milk was delivered in glass bottles for the first time by one Alexander Campbell, in New York.
Women's rights activist Alice Paul (founder of National Women's Party in 1913) born
Actor Monte Blue (Rootin' Tootin' Rhythm, Thunder Pass, Song of the Gringo, Wagon Wheels, So This is Paris, Orphans of the Storm) born
"Popular Mechanics" magazine was published for the first time.
South African novelist Alan Paton ("Cry the Beloved Country") born
British troops massacre 1,000 dervishes in Somaliland.
Baseball pitcher Schoolboy (Lynwood Thomas) Rowe born
Roger Lewis, aviation executive born
The first sedan-type car was unveiled at the National Automobile Show in New York City. The car was manufactured by the Hudson Motor Company.
Auto racer Carroll Shelby born
Singer Don Cherry (Band of Gold) born
Aaron Copland's jazzy, dissonant Organ Symphony was performed in New York. The Organ Symphony's outer movements are a little hard on the ears even today. But the middle movement, a scherzo, is jumpy, fun music, well worth hearing.
Producer Grant Tinker born
Producer David L. Wolper born
Actor Rod Taylor (The Birds, Masquerade, The Time Machine) some sources list 1930 born
In the Soviet Union, the Bolsheviks reduce the work day to seven hours.
Turkey adopts the European metric system.
The prime minister of Canada, Jean Chretien born
The German police raid the homes of dissident clergy in Berlin.
Aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, California, that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
The first woman bank president, Frances Moulton, assumed her duties in Limerick, Maine.
Charles Edison, son of the inventor, is appointed as Secretary of the Navy.
Rock musician Clarence Clemons (Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band) born
Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
Radio host Jim Hightower born
The United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.
Actress Christine Kaufmann (Bagdad Cafe, Murders in the Rue Morgue, Taras Bulba, The Last Days of Pompeii) born
Country singer Naomi (Diane) Judd born
Truman proposes free, two-year community colleges for all who want an education.
Singer Dennis (Frederick) Greene (Group Roll is Here to Stay!, The Golden Age of Rock `n' Roll) born
Lloyd Bridges starred as Mike Nelson, an ex-Navy frogman who became an underwater trouble shooter in "Seahunt" on CBS-TV. The show remained on the network for four years.
Musician Guitar Vicki Peterson (Group; The Bangles like an Egyptian, Manic Monday) born
Actress Kim Coles ("Living Single") born
US Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
Some Picasso works that have never been seen before go on exhibit in Toronto.
The Interagency Council on Smoking Health says 125,000 Americans will die from cigarettes in 1965 alone.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxee Maxwell (Brownstone) born
Singer Mary J. Blige born
Musician Tom Rowlands (The Chemical Brothers) born
Owners of American League baseball teams voted to adopt the designated-hitter rule on a trial basis.
France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.
Two Soviet cosmonauts aboard the "Soyuz 27" capsule linked up with the "Salyut Six" orbiting space station, where the "Soyuz 26" capsule was already docked.
Surgeon general's report leaves no doubt that smoking causes lung cancer.
Honda to build Japan's first U.S. passenger-car assembly plant in Ohio.
The Denver Broncos edged the Cleveland Browns 23-to-20 in overtime and the New York Giants trounced the Washington Redskins 17-0, sending the two winning teams to the Super Bowl.
Vice President George Bush met with representatives of independent counsel Lawrence E. Walsh to answer questions about the Iran-Contra affair.
At the 24th Annual People's Choice Awards "ER" was chosen favorite TV drama series for the fourth straight year and Seinfeld was chosen the favorite comedy for the third year running.
The Soviet Union announced it would participate in the 1988 Seoul Summer Olympics.
World War Two flying ace Gregory "Pappy" Boyington died in Fresno, California, at age 75.
President Reagan bade the nation farewell in an address from the Oval Office.
Martial law, imposed during the June 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy movement, was lifted in Beijing.
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Lithuania, where he sought to assure supporters of independence that they would have a say in their republic's future.
The United States and Iraq intensified their rhetoric, with Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third telling Air Force pilots in Saudi Arabia, "We pass the brink at midnight January 15," and Iraqi President Saddam Hussein boasting of his army's readiness.
The president of Algeria (Chadli Bendjedid) resigned, two weeks after Muslim fundamentalists had defeated his ruling party in legislative elections.
Andrew Davis and the BBC Philharmonic recorded a whole bunch of brief Delius pieces for Teldec. It included a piece called "Paris" and another called "Walk to the Paradise Garden."
Former independent presidential candidate Ross Perot publicly returned to politics, recruiting Americans for a watchdog group which, he told CNN, would counter special interests that were preventing government reform and deficit reduction.
NATO leaders concluded a two-day summit in Belgium by warning Bosnian Serbs of their willingness to order bombing raids in former Yugoslavia to relieve embattled Muslim enclaves. President Clinton, who attended the summit, then traveled to the Czech Republic for a short visit.
Fifty-two people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed as it was preparing to land near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena; a nine-year-old girl survived.
President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit in Washington, playing down differences over trade
52 people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed as it was preparing to land near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena; a nine-year-old girl survived.
Addressing pointed questions about the first lady, President Clinton offered a rousing defense of his wife, Hillary, during a news conference.
Ryutaro Hashimoto was chosen the new prime minister of Japan.
Funeral services were held for former French president Francois Mitterrand.
The space shuttle "Endeavour" blasted off on a nine-day mission.
President Clinton summoned top administration officials to a daylong planning session for his second term.
An earthquake of magnitude seven-point-three shook Mexico City and the southern part of Mexico, but no deaths were reported.
Utility workers and the National Guard struggled to clear roads and restore electric power to thousands of people in New England and New York state as cold weather descended on the battered region. Storms blamed on El Nino hammered the area with three days of freezing rain.
Two Spanish lovers were literally caught with their pants down at church Sunday when members of a stunned congregation surprised them in the throes of passion. "They weren't actually having sex but the girl's trousers were down around her ankles and they were very touchy-feely," a police spokesman in the northern Spanish city of Valladolid said. The man was detained when he resisted police efforts to stop what the spokesman called "obscene acts."
The Denver Broncos beat the Pittsburgh Steelers, 24-to-21, to win the American Football Conference Championship; the Green Bay Packers defeated the San Francisco 49ers, 23-to-10, to claim the National Football Conference Championship.
Hundreds of prisoners rioted at a jail in southwest Colombia and by nightfall they were still holding 567 visitors hostage, most of them women, after freeing 18 hostages earlier in the day. The prisoners were calling for improvements in squalid jail conditions.
President Clinton and House Republicans clashed in impeachment trial papers, with the White House claiming the perjury and obstruction allegations fell short of high crimes and misdemeanors and GOP lawmakers rebutting: "If this is not enough, what is?"
Whittling away more of the federal government's power over states, the US Supreme Court ruled, 5-to-4, that state employees cannot go into federal court to sue over age bias.
Carlton Fisk and Tony Perez were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Jobs unveils new products after cloud of secrecy and lawsuits
Third case of BSE reported in Canada
Bush nominates Chertoff for new Secretary of Homeland Security
Mamdouh Habib to be released from Guantanamo Bay without charge
Whole Foods moves to renewable energy
Former NSA employee alleges illegal spying
Chinese block of Wikimedia enters tenth week
Smoke reported on London Underground
Ukraine hurt by Russian gas deal
Comet Wild samples near home
Seven-year old Tennessee boy chased by police
Opera Singer Birgit Nilsson, 87 was buried today
Apple unveils new Intel-based Mac
UN warns neighbours of Turkey about bird flu
Stars pose for ITV ice-skating show (UK)
Canadian sextuplets could get blood transfusion, religion forbids it
Large blizzard sweeps through British Columbia, Northern Alberta and Saskatchewan
Bank of England raises interest rates
CBS blog criticizes stations' coverage of Tigger incident
US House votes Federal minimum wage increase
Bush unveils America's new Iraq plan
Ontario, Canada byelections announced
Hezbollah network Al-Manar available to wider international audience
Hamas leader criticizes Bush's Middle East visit
Snow falls in Baghdad for first time in 100 years
Mexican senator AndrÃ©s Henestrosa dies at 101
KDE 4 desktop environment released
FC Bayern Munich sign JÃ¼rgen Klinsmann as new coach
Sir Edmund Hillary dead at 88
Televised press conference Sunday to announce Golden Globes winners
Opposition calls for mass rallies across Kenya
Waves of arrests in Turkey on suspicion of involvement in 'Ergenekon' organization
Too Grimm? Mother Goose cartoonist sued by Colombian coffee growers
US salmonella outbreak linked to peanut butter, brand recalls product
UN Security Council passes Gaza ceasefire resolution
Cristiano Ronaldo crashes Ferrari at Manchester Airport
French Guiana and Martinique reject referendum for increased autonomy
Illinois high school boys basketball: Benet beats Carmel after losing previous close games
NFL Playoffs: Cardinals thrill Packers in overtime
United Airlines flight makes emergency landing at Newark Airport
Health expert: Swine flu outbreak exaggerated by pharmaceutical companies for profits
US Senate Majority leader Harry Reid criticized over "Negro" comments
Angolan police arrest two after attack on Togo football team
Moon water possibly originated from comets, data shows
'Brakes failed': fourteen killed in Guatemala bus crash
US Coast Guard rescues Iranian ship
All branches of UK photography retailer Jessops close today