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Today in History

LOTR...
Fellowship enters Moria
Arthur C. Clarke's 2001...
1997
HAL constructed
1856
Portrait artist, John Singer Sargent born in Florence, Italy
1905
Actor, musician and Country Music Hall of Fame singer, Tex Ritter born in Murvaul, Texas
1915
Womens' suffrage voted down by US House of Representatives
1932
Hattie Caraway becomes first woman elected to US Senate
1937
Actress and Bond Girl, Shirley Eaton born in London, England
1941
Blues singer and voice actor, Long John Baldry born in East Haddon, England
1951
High school cheerleader, Match Game panelist and Emmy Award winning actress, Kirstie Alley born in Wichita, Kansas
1951
Controversial radio personality, author Rush Limbaugh born in Cape Girardeau, Missouri
1954
Controversial radio personality, "shock jock" Howard Stern born in Jackson Heights, New York
1966
Batman debuts on ABC
1971
All in the Family debuts on CBS
1519
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian the First died.
1628
Charles Perrault, Paris, poet, fairy tale collector (some sources January 13) born
1632
Lazarites, or Congregation of Priests of the Mission, founded
1643
Settlement of Warwick, Rhode Island
1644
Archibald and Thomas Wanderson ordered to pay 100 marks fine for court expenses to try their wives as witches. The wives were later executed.
1723
Handel's "Ottone." was premiered. rehearsal Handel got one soprano to sing an aria the way he wanted it (slowly, without too much embellishment) by threatening to hang her upside-down out a window.
1729
Statesman and philosopher Edmund Burke ("The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.") born
1737
American patriot John Hancock born
1773
The first public museum in America was established, in Charleston, South Carolina.
1774
The citizens of Newport, Rhode Island, voted to outlaw anyone who bought or sold tea.
1856
Painter John Singer Sargent born
1876
Novelist Jack (John Chaney) London (The Sea Wolf, The Call of the Wild, White Fang) born
1876
The composer Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari was born in Venice. born
1902
Comedian Joe E. (Klewan) Lewis born
1905
Singer Tex (Woodward) Ritter (High Noon, Blood on the Saddle) born
1908
Wireless message sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
1910
Actress Luise Rainer (some sources list 1912) born
1915
Journalist Martin Agronsky born
1915
The U.S. Congress establishes Rocky Mountain National Park.
1915
The US House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
1916
Former South African President P.W. Botha born
1918
U.S. is to use state prisoners as farm laborers.
1920
President Woodrow Wilson reports that 29,000 Jews were killed in the 1919 Ukraine pogroms.
1926
U.S. coal talks break down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike drags on into its fifth month.
1926
Country singer Ray Price (Crazy Arms, Make the World Go Away, For the Good Times, I Won't Mention it Again, Nightlife) born
1928
Singer Ruth Brown born
1928
Auto racer Lloyd Ruby born
1928
Vladimir Horowitz debuted as a soloist with the New York Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall in New York City. It was the very same night that Sir Thomas Beecham gave his first public performance in the United States.
1930
Singer Glenn Yarborough (Baby the Rain Must Fall) born
1932
Oliver Wendell Holmes quits the Supreme Court at age 90.
1932
Mrs. Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the United States Senate.
1935
The "Amazing Kreskin" born
1939
Country singer William Lee Golden (The Oak Ridge Boys) born
1939
The Ink Spots gained national attention after five years together as they recorded "If I Didn't Care."
1940
Soviet bombers raid cities in Finland.
1942
President Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.
1943
The wartime Office of Price Administration said standard frankfurters would be replaced by "Victory Sausages" consisting of a mixture of meat and soy meal.
1944
Former heavyweight boxing champion Joe Frazier (World Heavyweight Champion 1970-1973) born
1945
During World War Two, Soviet forces began a huge offensive against the Germans in Eastern Europe.
1946
Singer-musician George Duke born
1946
Rock musician Cynthia Robinson (Sly and the Family Stone) born
1948
Actor Anthony Andrews born
1948
The Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants because of race.
1949
"Arthur Godfrey and His Friends" premiered on CBS-TV. The TV favorite stayed on the network for seven years.
1949
The Chicago-based children's show, "Kukla, Fran and Ollie," made its national debut on NBC-TV. Fran Allison was hostess.
1950
Baseball pitcher Randy Jones (Cy Young Award 1976) born
1951
Actress Kirstie Alley (Cheers, Look Who's Talking) born
1951
Political commentator Rush Limbaugh born
1952
Country singer Ricky Van Shelton born
1954
Radio personality Howard Stern born
1957
Rock musician Tom Ardolino (NRBQ) born
1960
Rock musician Charlie Gillingham (Counting Crows) born
1964
Leftist rebels in Zanzibar began their successful revolt against the government.
1966
Rock singer Rob Zombie (White Zombie) born
1966
President Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the US should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended. ]
1966
"Batman" debuted on ABC-TV. Adam West starred as Batman and Burt Ward was, Robin.
1967
Rapper TBird (B-Rock and the Bizz) born
1967
Model-actress Vendela born
1971
"All In the Family" debuted on CBS-TV. Carol O'Connor starred as Archie Bunker, Rob Reiner as Meathead, Sally Struthers as Gloria and Jean Stapleton as Edith.
1971
A federal grand jury indicted the Rev. Philip Berrigan and five other people, including a nun and two priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap presidential adviser Henry Kissinger.
1972
President Nixon ordered development of the space shuttle.
1973
Rock musician Matt Wong (Reel Big Fish) born
1973
Yassar Arafat is re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
1976
Mystery writer Dame Agatha Christie died in Wallingford, England, at age 85.
1976
The U.N. Security Council voted 11-1 to seat the Palestine Liberation Organization for its debate on the Middle East. The United States cast the only dissenting vote.
1986
The shuttle "Columbia" blasted off with a crew that included the first Hispanic-American in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.
1987
Europe was snowed-in with a pounding of snow and record low temperatures as a 'Siberian Express' spread across the continent.
1987
Britain's 22-year-old Prince Edward caused a stir by resigning from his Royal Marines training course.
1988
Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, in his first year of eligibility.
1988
Actor Andrew Lawrence born
1989
President-elect Bush completed the selection of his Cabinet, naming retired Admiral James D. Watkins secretary of energy and former education secretary William J. Bennett drug czar.
1990
Salvadoran President Alfredo Cristiani named eight soldiers, including chief of the military academy, as suspects in the November 1989 slayings of six Jesuit priests.
1990
The astronauts aboard the space shuttle "Columbia" retrieved an eleven-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging to Earth.
1991
A deeply divided Congress gave President Bush the authority to wage war in the Persian Gulf. The Senate voted 52-47 to empower Bush to use armed forces to expel Iraq from Kuwait; the House followed suit on a vote of 250-183.
1993
Memorial services were held in Paris for ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev and in New York for jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, both of whom had died on January sixth.
1993
Nikolaus Harnoncourt's Beethoven symphonic cycle, a nice mix of period performance and modern feeling, sold more than 100-thousand copies.
1993
A U.S. Marine taking part in the humanitarian relief mission in Somalia was killed; the same day, members of Congress called for a withdrawal of some U.S. forces.
1994
President Clinton asked Attorney General Reno to appoint an independent counsel to investigate the Whitewater affair.
1994
A Los Angeles federal jury ruled Michael Jackson did not steal the songs ``Thriller,'' ``The Girl Is Mine'' and ``We Are The World'' from his former neighbors in Gary, Indiana.
1994
President Clinton dropped his opposition to having a special counsel investigate his 1980's real estate investment with Arkansas businessman James B. McDougal.
1994
President Clinton, en route to Russia, nailed down an agreement with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
1995
The controversy over House Speaker Newt Gingrich's book deal continued. It was reported that Gingrich had met in November with media mogul Rupert Murdoch, owner of the book company, prior to signing the agreement. Gingrich later said he promised no help to Murdock.
1995
Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was killed, another wounded, during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer who was also killed.
1995
Amid unprecedented media hype, the murder trial of Hall of Fame football star O.J. Simpson began in a Los Angeles Superior Court. Simpson was accused of killing his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.
1995
President Clinton and congressional leaders agreed on a bailout package that'd give Mexico as much as $40 billion in loan guarantees. Two and a half weeks later, when Congress failed to act quickly to approve the deal, Clinton invoked his emergency authority to loan Mexico $20 billion.
1995
Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges she tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan (the charges were later dropped in a settlement with the government).
1996
Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives and pledged to release the rest if four top Russian officials took their place.
1997
Two recently enrolled female cadets at The Citadel announced they were not returning for the spring semester, citing harassment by male cadets.
1997
The shuttle "Atlantis" blasted off on a mission to pick up American astronaut John Blaha from the Russian space station "Mir."
1997
The Green Bay Packers defeated the Carolina Panthers, 30-to-13, to win the NFC Championship while the New England Patriots beat the Jacksonville Jaguars, 20-to-6, to claim the AFC Championship.
1998
Linda Tripp provided Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's office with taped conversations between herself and former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
1998
CBS signed a $4 billion, eight-year deal to televise American Football Conference games on Sunday afternoons; Fox signed a $4.4 billion, eight-year contract to continue showing National Football Conference games on Sunday afternoons.
1998
A judge ordered Tyson Foods Inc to pay $6 million in fines and penalties for giving airplane rides, pro football tickets and other gifts to former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy.
1998
New York and New Jersey squared off at the Supreme Court over which state could claim that Ellis Island, the nation's historic gateway for 16 million immigrants, falls within its borders. d
1998
A policeman and a firefighter were killed when a vehicle went out of control and hit them as they were investigating a six-car pileup on an Ohio rain-slicked highway. Another firefighter was critically injured and taken to the Miami Valley Hospital in Dayton after the accident near Centerville, about 10 miles south of Dayton.
1998
Nineteen European nations signed a treaty in Paris opposing human cloning.
1998
Germany said it had agreed to establish a $110 million fund to compensate Jewish victims of the Nazis in eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Payments from the fund would be released starting 1999 over a period of four years, Chancellery Minister Friedrich Bohl said, benefitting an estimated 17,000 to 20,000 victims.
1998
A German man went on trial in a Florida federal court for allegedly making death threats against President Clinton. Zsolt Sass, 34, was arrested in September for making the threat numerous times. He reportedly described his plans to his girlfriend in detail. Police investigating the claim found seven guns and eight knives in his car.
1999
The Supreme Court limited state regulation of voter initiatives, striking down several methods used by Colorado to police such measures.
1999
Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball was sold at auction in New York for $3 million to an anonymous bidder.
2000
Charlotte Hornets guard Bobby Phills was killed in a crash during a drag race.
2000
Forced to act by a European court ruling, Britain lifted its ban on gays in the military.
2000
The US Supreme Court gave police broad authority to stop and question people who run at the sight of an officer.
2005
Amrish Puri no more
2005
Nine die in bush-fires in South Australia
2005
Iraqi violence may restrict elections
2005
Brazilian President son's photoblog causes polemic
2005
Spanish trawler missing, three die in UK as storms hit northern Europe
2005
UK mounts rescue operation for Spanish trawler in distress in North Atlantic storm
2005
United States trade deficit reaches all time high
2006
Calls for aid to help feed millions, as East Africa plunges into drought
2006
Shooter of former Pope John Paul II released from prison
2006
Lobbyist giant shuts down due to ties with Jack Abramoff and Tom DeLay
2006
Colombian unions reiterate their accusations against Coca Cola
2006
Hospitality exchange organisation grows to 100,000 members
2006
New DNA tests find executed Virginia man was guilty
2006
Hundreds dead in Hajj stampede
2006
Screen Actors Guild Awards nominations released
2006
NHL hockey referee sounds off to website
2006
President Bush tours Katrina affected region
2006
Internal audit reveals IRS improperly identified hundreds of thousands of taxpayers as potential frauds
2006
World's biggest polluters won't cut back on fossil fuel
2006
Reggie Bush to go pro
2006
US General invokes right against self-incrimination in Abu Ghraib case
2007
Peter Jackson banned from working with New Line
2007
Canon Inc. to buy the stake of Toshiba in their joint venture
2007
Car and train collide in Buffalo, New York
2007
Canadian CEO accused of fraud, suspected to have fled country
2007
Explosion at the U.S. embassy in Athens
2007
US raids Iran 'liaison office', Russia says it is unacceptable
2007
Cisco sues Apple for iPhone trademark
2007
"Children of Men" wins Scripter Award for writing
2008
Bush says US troop build-up in Iraq has brought 'hope'
2008
Nigerian fuel tanker explosion leaves at least 30 dead
2008
Report: UK schools advised not to upgrade to Vista
2008
Protests mark anniversary of Guantanamo detention center
2008
Blue Jackets Send Mason back to OHL
2008
Delta Air Lines may enter merge talks with Northwest or United Airlines
2008
Ferries collide between Hong Kong and Macau in fog
2008
Nationalist Party wins Taiwan election
2008
'No treaty withdrawal', says Lakota elder
2009
Five Toronto teenagers charged with armed robbery
2009
Indonesia ferry sinks near Majene, more than 260 people missing
2009
Eight killed by flooding in Fiji
2009
Former Satyam CEO Raju, his brother and CFO arrested and detained in profit-fraud scandal
2010
7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes off Haitian coast
2010
Al-Qaida demands hostage exchange; threatens to kill if demands not met
2010
Former baseball star McGwire admits to steroid use
2010
Bus crashes into shop in Cardiff, Wales
2010
New Jersey to legalize medical marijuana
2010
Iranian media: Professor of Tehran University killed in bombing
2010
At least fourteen dead after rebel clashes in Somalia
2010
Three dead in workplace shooting in Georgia, USA
2010
UNHCR: 200,000 people displaced by violence in Yemen
2010
Former U.S. governor Palin signs TV deal with Fox News
2010
India test-fires 'Astra' missile
2010
Former Bartlett, Illinois official punished for possessing child porn
2011
Former US Congressman Tom DeLay sentenced to three years in prison
2012
Inquiry ordered into video of US troops urinating on Taliban fighters
2012
Valuable paintings stolen from Greek gallery
2012
Mitt Romney wins the New Hampshire Republican primary
2013
Real Madrid defeats Celta Vigo 4-0 in Copa del Rey octofinals
2013
Report: hacker activist Aaron Swartz commits suicide

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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