BC Roman Senate bestows the title "Augustus" on Octavian
Death of St. Marcellus, Pope
Death of St. Honaratus of Arles
Death of St. Fursey, whose writings inspired Dante's "Divine Comedy"
Rene I, King of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem born
The church council is transferred from Ferrara to Florence
Parliament (England) passes an Act forbidding Women, apprentices, journeymen, servingmen of the degree of yeomen, underhusbandmen or laborers to read the New Testament in English
Ivan IV, "the Terrible," crowned Czar of all the Russias.
Abdication of Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Death of Edmund Spenser, poet
Charles I made Duke of York
Handel, not yet 25 years old, became Kapellmeister to the Elector of Hanover. After just a few weeks, Handel took a leave of absence to visit London, and stayed for months.
Samuel McIntire, architect of Salem, Massachusetts. born
German philosopher Franz Brentano born
Andre Michelin, the French industrialist who first mass-produced rubber automobile tires. born
Frank Bacon actor/author (Lightnin) born
General Sherman begins a march through the Carolinas.
Mr. Everett Barney patented the metal screw, clamp skate.
Robert Service, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee) born
The US Civil Service Commission was established.
Faure's Requiem was premiered in suburban Paris with the composer conducting. The Requiem was something of a lark for Faure, who did not have a commission for it.
Guy Chamberlin early NFL end/coach born
The first five-player college basketball game was played at Iowa City, Iowa. The University of Chicago defeated the University of Iowa by the low score of only 15-12.
Fulgencio Batista president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59) born
Alexander Knox, actor (Gorky Park, 2 of a Kind) born
Ethel Merman (Ethel Zimmerman). She was famous for her stage personality and the signature tune "There's no business like show business." (some sources 1908) born
Eduardo Frei (Christian Democrat), president of Chile (1964-70) born
Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean HOF baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals) born
Buddy Lester, actor (Nick-Phil Silvers Show) born
President Wilson orders all industries not involved in food production to close on Mondays.
Nebraska, Wyoming and Missouri became the 36th, 37th and 38th states to ratify Prohibition, which went into effect a year later.
Actor Elliott (Edgeworth) Reid (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, A Woman's World, Follow Me Boys) born
The United States went legally "dry" as prohibition of alcoholic beverages took effect under the 18th amendment to the Constitution. The amendment was repealed in 1933 by the 21st Amendment.
The League of Nations holds its first meeting in Paris.
Allies lift the blockade on trade with Russia.
Leon Trotsky was dismissed as chairman of the Russian Revolution Military Council.
Actress Katy Jurado (High Noon, One-Eyed Jacks, Trapeze) born
Author William Kennedy born
Jazz drummer G.T. (Granville) Hogan born
Author-editor Norman Podhoretz (Making It, Breaking Ranks) born
American zoologist Dian Fossey. She was the world's leading authority on the mountain gorilla. born
American writer Susan Sontag. She is best known best known for her essays on modern culture. born
American mezzo-soprano opera singer Marilyn Horne. She is noted for the seamless quality and the exceptional range and flexibility of her voice. Her talent is exceptionally displayed in coloratura roles by Gioacchino Rossini and George Frideric Handel. born
Auto racer A. J. (Anthony Joseph) Foyt. He was the first 4 time winner of the Indianapolis 500, winning in 1961, 1964, 1967, and 1977. born
Forty-eight U.S. publishers reject an invitation to the International Congress in Germany.
Franklin D. Roosevelt asks for an extension of the Social Security Act to more women and children.
Hitler cancels an attack in the West due to bad weather and the capture of German attack plans in Belgium.
Screen star Carole Lombard, her mother and 20 other people were killed in a commercial airliner crash near Las Vegas, Nev. Lombard was the wife of actor Clark Gable.
Country singer Jim Stafford born
Eisenhower assumes supreme command of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe. General Eisenhower was in charge of D-Day operations.
Movie director John Carpenter (Escape from L.A., Village of the Damned, Body Bags, Prince of Darkness, Starman, The Thing, Escape from New York, Halloween) born
Actress-dancer-choreographer Debbie Allen (Fame, Ragtime, The Fish that Saved Pittsburgh) born
Football player Chuck Crist born
The Egyptian government makes Islam the state religion.
Three B-52s took off from Castle Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, round-the-world flight by jet planes, which lasted 45 hours and 19 minutes.
Toscanini died, he was 89. Arturo Toscanini was considered in his day to be the greatest conductor on the planet. He was the father of the movement toward strict interpretation of composers' wishes.
Singer (Helen Folasade Adu) Sade born
Mickey Mantle signed a contract which made him the highest paid baseball player in the American League. His contract was for $75,000 for the 1961 season. Willie Mays (the National League), was making more money than any baseball player with his contract for $85,000.
Rock musician Paul Webb (Talk Talk) born
The musical "Hello, Dolly!," starring Carol Channing, opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
The Soviet Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 linked up to become the first manned spacecraft to dock in Earth's orbit.
Willie Mays's new contract for the year was reported to be for $105,000 a year.
Eighteen are arrested in Mississippi for the murder of three civil rights workers.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxine Jones (En Vogue) born
Alan S. Boyd was sworn in as the first secretary of transportation.
Actor David Chokachi ("Baywatch") born
David Seville (Ross Bagdasarian) died in Beverly Hills. He was the force, and artist, behind the Alvin and the Chipmunks novelty songs of the '50s, '60s and '70s.
This is National Nothing Day, set aside each year for people to sit around for the entire day and just hang out. No celebrating, observing or honoring anything.
The Irish Republican Army calls an end to a 25-day cease fire in Belfast.
NASA named 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who became America's first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Junior, who became America's first black astronaut in space.
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi departed Iran for Egypt; he never returned being forced into exile by Ayatollah Khomeini.
In Northern Ireland, Protestant gunmen shot and wounded Irish nationalist leader Bernadette Devlin McAliskey and her husband.
President Reagan called for "peaceful competition" with Moscow. He authorized research and development on space-age weapons capable of destroying incoming nuclear missiles, the program was known as "Star Wars."
Michael Jackson received eight awards at the American Music Awards.
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi said Libya would train, arm and protect Arab guerrillas for Palestinian suicide and terrorist missions, his first explicit endorsement of terrorism.
President Reagan, responding to Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev's proposal to eliminate all nuclear weapons by the year 2000, said, "We're grateful for the offer," and said it was being studied "with great care."
China's number-two leader, Hu Yaobang, 71, was forced to resign as Communist Party chief for failing to curb student demonstrations for more democracy.
Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder was fired as a CBS Sports commentator, one day after telling a Washington DC TV station that, during the era of slavery, blacks had been bred to produce stronger offspring.
NFL St Louis Cardinals announce move to Phoenix
Actress Yvonne Zima ("ER") born
Three days of rioting erupted in Miami when a police officer fatally shot a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of a passenger.
Moscow rushed 11,000 more troops to Azerbaijan and Armenia to reinforce soldiers trying to quell deadly ethnic violence.
The White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. President Bush said in a nationally broadcast address "the battle has been joined" as fighter bombers pounded Iraqi targets. (Because of the time difference, it was early January 17 in the Persian Gulf when the attack began.)
Officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that had left at least 75,000 people dead.
Attorney General-designate Zoe Baird and her husband paid a $2,900 fine for employing illegal aliens in their home; however, controversy over the hirings still derailed Baird's nomination.
At a joint news conference in Geneva with President Clinton, Syrian President Hafez Assad indicated a willingness to negotiate a peace treaty with Israel.
In Moscow, Yegor Gaidar, first deputy prime minister and architect of Russia's market reforms, announced his resignation.
In Union, S.C., a prosecutor announced he would seek the death penalty for Susan Smith, the woman accused of drowning her two young sons, 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex. (Smith was convicted of murder, but was sentenced to life in prison.)
Gunmen in Trabzon, Turkey, hijacked a Black Sea ferry with more than 200 people on board, and demanded that Russian troops stop fighting Chechen rebels in Pervomayskaya. (The hostages were released three days later).
Entertainer Bill Cosby's only son, Ennis, was shot to death in Los Angeles in an apparent roadside robbery attempt.
Israeli soldiers dismantled their military headquarters in Hebron, marking the beginning of the end of Israel's 30-year-old rule in the West Bank city.
In Atlanta, two bomb blasts an hour apart rocked a building containing an abortion clinic, injuring six people.
The tobacco industry reached a $15.3 billion settlement with the state of Texas.
Ten people were injured by an ammonia leak in southeastern Mexico near a petrochemical complex run by state oil monopoly Petroleos Mexicanos. The leak was near the village of Zacatal Victoria.
Heirs to William Randolph Hearst lost a bid to develop a $120 million resort on the California coast. The California Coastal Commission voted unanimously to reject changes to San Luis Obispo County zoning regulations that would have allowed the Hearst Corporation to build a 650-room golf complex. The vote was hailed by environmentalists who said it saved 1 of the last stretches of undeveloped coastline between Los Angeles and San Francisco.
Forty-five ethnic Albanians were found slain near the southern Kosovo village of Racak.
Closing three days of opening arguments, House prosecutors demanded President Clinton's removal from office, telling a hushed Senate that otherwise the presidency itself may be "deeply and perhaps permanently damaged."
Ricardo Lagos was elected Chile's first socialist president since Salvador Allende.
Ariel Sharon gives 'free hand' to military for crack-down
U.S. reported to mount covert operations in Iran
Japan plans defense against Chinese invasion
Free Software Foundation releases first draft of GPLv3
Daily protests in Sarajevo, organized online
West Australian Premier Geoff Gallop resigns
U.S. senators defend Pakistan missile strike that killed 18
New Zealand's secrets from 20 years ago released
Brazilian general dies in Haiti
Israeli PM Ariel Sharon briefly opens eyes
CNN banned from Iran after misquoting president
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf inaugurated as Liberian president
Earthquake south of Medan, Indonesia
Miami police officer injured after falling from horse
Arizona may have driest winter in centuries
New Zealand's threatened species list updated
Google and Yahoo remain on the top of the U.S. web search market
Orange County Sheriff's Office still investigating into Tigger hit
Bravitude climbing fast on Google
String of church fires in Greenville, NC cause concern
Victoria power grid collapses due to spot fires
Clashes in central Bolivian city kills two
UFO sightings reported in Texas town
Naked News to create international language editions
American actor Brad Renfro dies at age 25
George Bush completes his Middle East tour
Nearly two dozen people killed in bomb blast on bus in Sri Lanka
Japanese detain two anti-whaling activists, deny abuse claims
'Tom Cruise: An Unauthorized Biography' released, $100 million lawsuit in planning stages
Tighten 'noose' so Osama can't operate: Obama
US actor Patrick McGoohan dead at age 80
Burris sworn in as US Senator for Illinois
Russian spacecraft Phobos-Grunt falls in Pacific Ocean
Dozens killed, injured after blast hits Shias in Punjab, Pakistan
Helicopter collides with crane in central London