Coronation of Charles III, "the Simple" as King of France
King Henry IV submits to the Pope at Canossa
Death of Pedro de Montaigu, 15th Master of the Templars
William, King of the Romans, was killed
Death of St. Peter Nolesco
Henry VII (Tudor) of England born
England's King Henry the Eighth died; he was succeeded by his nine-year-old son, Edward the Sixth.
St. Jane Frances Chantal born
English navigator Sir Francis Drake died off the coast of Panama; he was buried at sea.
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist born
Johann Hevelius, astronomer born
Anna "Ivanovna", Tsarina of Russia. born
John Baskerville, inventor of typeface. born
Louis Joseph Herold was born in Paris the son of a pianist who had studied with CPE Bach. Herold composed the opera "Zampa" and the ballet, "The Sleepwalker."
London's Pall Mall is the 1st street lit by gaslight.
Canadian prime minister and statesman Alexander MacKenzie born
English philanthropist William D. Longstaff. He is best remembered today as author of the hymn, "Take Time to Be Holy." born
Anglican clergyman and author Sabine Baring-Gould. He penned the enduring hymns, "Onward, Christian Soldiers" and "Now the Day is Over. born
Sir Henry Morton Stanley (explorer to find the missing missionary, David Livingstone) born
Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.
William Seward Burroughs, invented recording adding machine. born
John Brown organized a raid on the Arsenal at Harper's Ferry.
France surrendered in the Franco-Prussian War.
The first commercial telephone switchboard began operation in New Haven, Conn., with 12 subscribers.
George W. Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator.
Concert pianist Arthur Rubinstein (Some sources 1887) born
The Carnegie Institute was established in Washington DC.
The first college sports letters were given out. Seniors who played on the University of Chicago's football team were awarded blankets with the letter "C" on them.
Russian Czar Nicholas II informs Chinas emperor that troops will evacuate Manchuria by March 22.
The United States ended direct control over Cuba.
Abstract expressionist painter Jackson Pollock born
Kaiser Wilhelm II sends the first German wireless to President Wilson.
The U.S. Coast Guard is founded to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
The German navy attacks the U.S. freighter William P. Frye, loaded with wheat for Britain.
Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.
Einstein startles Berlin by suggesting the possibility of measuring the universe.
Musician-composer Acker Bilk born
The Japanese attack Shanghai and declare martial law.
Author Susan Sontag (Against Interpretation, The Volcano Lover A Romance) born
Actor Nicholas Pryor (Hoffa, Pacific Heights, Risky Business, The Fish that Saved Pittsburgh, The Happy Hooker, Force Five, The Bronx Zoo, Beverly Hills 90210) born
Iceland became the first country to legalize abortion on medical-social grounds.
Actor Alan Alda ( M*A*S*H, Paper Lion, The Four Seasons, Same Time Next Year, California Suite) born
Infamous kidnapper, Richard Loeb is slashed to death by a fellow inmatein prison.
"Chaos Instead of Music." That was the headline the day Shostakovich was pilloried in Pravda at the direct order of Josef Stalin. The opera "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" had pleased other people but did not please Stalin.
1st Ski Tow starts running (in Vermont).
William Butler Yeats, the Irish poet and dramatist, died; he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923.
DeGaulles Free French forces sack south Libya oasis.
Hockey player Paul Henderson born
The Nazis mobilize women for military service.
Actress Marthe Keller born
During World War Two, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
Ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov born
Actress-singer Barbi Benton born
President Eisenhower turns down a Soviet bid for a 20 year friendshippact, citing UN ties.
The Air Force successfully tests the Thor missile.
Rock musician Dave Sharp (The Alarm) born
Vince Lombardi was named head coach of the Green Bay Packers.
Rock singer Sam Phillips born
The Soviets down a U.S. jet over East Germany killing three.
Country musician Greg Cook (Ricochet) born
Singer Sarah McLachlan born
DJ Muggs (Cypress Hill) born
Singer Nick Carter (Backstreet Boys) born
Israeli jets attack the suburbs of Cairo.
The CBS drama "Barnaby Jones" premiered.
The words "De plane, de plane!" were first broadcast on ABC with the premiere of "Fantasy Island."
Fire swept through the historic downtown Coates House hotel in Kansas City, Mo., killing 20 people.
Six US diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.
Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued US Brigadier General James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
In Lebanon, the kidnappers of William Buckley released a videotape in which the U.S. diplomat appealed to the U.S. government to "take action for our release quickly."
The space shuttle Challenger exploded 72 seconds after blastoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members, including civilian teacher Christa McAuliffe. It was the U.S. space program's worst disaster.
The State Department prohibited travel to Lebanon on United States passports, giving Americans already in Lebanon 30 days to get out.
Nicaragua's leftist government and Contra rebels began their first face-to-face peace talks, meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica. The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the nation's restrictive abortion law.
A 13-day standoff in Marion, Utah, between police and a polygamist clan ended in gunfire that killed a state corrections officer and seriously wounded the group's leader, Addam Swapp.
In Hungary, an official (Imre Pozsgay) described the 1956 Hungarian Revolution as a popular uprising a startling contradiction of the official Communist view that the revolt was a counter-revolution.
The San Francisco 49ers routed the Denver Broncos 55-to-ten in Super Bowl 24.
Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third and Soviet Foreign Minister Alexander A. Bessmertnykh announced in Washington DC that a planned February superpower summit in Moscow had been postponed.
The US military reported that more than 60 Iraqi fighter-bombers had taken refuge in Iran, where they were impounded by the Iranian government.
President Bush, in his State of the Union address, proposed tax breaks and business incentives to revive the economy, and announced dramatic cuts in the U-S nuclear arsenal. A multinational Middle East peace conference opened in Moscow.
A federal judge in Los Angeles ruled that the U.S. military's policy against homosexuals was unconstitutional because it's based on cultural myths and false stereotypes.
The Israeli Supreme Court unanimously upheld the deportations of 400 Palestinians from the occupied territories to Lebanon. Funeral services were held in Washington for former Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall.
The Third Prokofiev Piano Concerto was featured when Tzimon Barto appeared with the Milwaukee Symphony. Zdenek Macal opened the evening with Strauss's "Don Juan" and closed it with Beethoven's Second Symphony.
In Los Angeles, Superior Court Judge Stanley Weisberg declared a mistrial in the case of Lyle Menendez, just over two weeks after a mistrial was declared in the case of Lyle's brother Erik; both juries had deadlocked over whether the brothers were guilty of murder in the shooting deaths of their wealthy parents. (Lyle and Erik Menendez were later retried, convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole.)
President Clinton hosted a five-and-a-half-hour "work session" of governors, legislators and local officials, both Democrats and Republicans, to discuss welfare reform.
The United States and Vietnam agreed to exchange low-level diplomats and open liaison offices in each other's capital cities.
The Dallas Cowboys captured their third Super Bowl victory in four years, beating the Pittsburgh Steelers 27-to-17.
France set off a sixth underground nuclear blast in the South Pacific, the last in a series of atomic tests that generated protests worldwide.
O.J. Simpson's fate was placed in the hands of a civil court jury that was charged with deciding whether Simpson should be held liable for the slayings of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. (The jury found that Simpon was liable, and ordered him to pay $33.5 million in damages.)
The Central Intelligence Agency accused Iraq of hiding a capability to build weapons of mass destruction and said it had to be stopped. CIA Director George Tenet also told Congress that Iran was making rapid strides in acquiring medium-range missiles.
President Bill Clinton's plane, Air Force One, accidentally rolled off the tarmac while taxiing at Champaign-Urbana airport in Illinois and became stuck. The Boeing 707 aircraft was moving slowly to its designated runway for takeoff when it left the tarmac. The pilot revved the plane's engines twice to try to generate enough power to move it, but without success.
The day after his State of the Union address, President Clinton barnstormed in the nation's heartland, where he was warmly received; accompanying him was Vice President Al Gore, who urged Americans to "join me in supporting him and standing by his side."
A black chalk study by Michelangelo, "Christ and the Woman of Samaria," sold at Sotheby's auction house for $7,482,500, a record for a drawing by the legendary Italian artist. The study of two figures is among the largest in scale of any of Michelangelo's drawings, except for his cartoons, and one of the few remaining in private hands.
Ford Motor Company announced it was buying the Volvo car division in a $6.45 billion deal.
Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan honored a personal request for mercy from Pope John Paul the Second, sparing triple murderer Darrell Mease from being executed.
Sister Jeanne O'Laughlin, the Florida nun selected by Attorney General Janet Reno as a neutral party in the custody battle over Elian Gonzalez, sought unsuccessfully to persuade Reno to change her mind about returning the six-year-old to Cuba.
P&G to acquire Gillette for US$57 billion
Telekom Austria could take-over Romanian mobile telephony giant
Honduras' Head of Congress illegally standing for President
Man convicted of murdering wife 28 years ago
Hamas takes victory in Gaza elections
CNN founder Ted Turner calls Fox News Bush's propaganda machine
Dharam Singh steps down as Karnataka Chief Minister
South Africa's Table Mountain ablaze
Anti-whaling Sea Shepherd crew detained in South Africa
Tunnel under U.S.-Mexico border trafficked in people, drugs
Australia's million-dollar-a-month Nauru detention centre for two refugees
FDA approves therapeutic use of insulin inhalant
Documents allege U.S. Army kidnapped wives of enemy fighters
Trade hall roof collapses in Poland
US 'Psychological Operations' comes home
Waitangi day or New Zealand day? United Future calls for a change
David Cameron advocates a new "British" approach to a multicultural UK
Ferry hijacked to protest slogans in assassinated Turkish-Armenian journalist's funeral
US and Iraqi forces kill 250 militants in Najaf fighting
Informal MSNBC Poll: 87% of respondents believe Bush should be impeached
Environmentalists: "Turn everything off!" on February 1st
Militants in Pakistan release 250 schoolchildren after taking them hostage
711chan.org administrator calls for an end to attacks on Scientology
West Wing of White House evacuated
UK allows corporations to award high school credits
Pakistani president, British PM meet in London
Greece's Orthodox Church leader Christodoulos dies at age 69
Proton rocket launches Ekspress AM-33 comsat
President of the LDS Church dies at age 97
British broadcaster Sir David Attenborough receives hate mail from creationists
New Zealander discovers US military data on MP3 player
EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica fights back against Wikipedia, soon to let users edit contents
GLAAD Media Awards nominees announced
British government launches car industry aid package
New BBC Radio 2 boss announced
UK home shopping retailer Shop Direct group to cut 1,150 jobs
Australia celebrates Australia Day 2009
First openly gay prime minister to be appointed in Iceland
Scottish politician to face perjury trial
93-year-old Michigan man freezes to death after electric company limits his power usage
BBC announces pay freeze and no bonuses for managers
US novelist John Updike dies age 76
Russian Orthodox Church elects first new patriarch of post-Soviet era
NBA: Gilbert Arenas and Javaris Crittenton suspended for the season
2009 was worst year for airlines, says International Air Transport Association
Victoria, Australia Police investigate suspicious fire near rural town
International conference agrees on plan for Yemen's terror problem
Novelist J.D. Salinger dies aged 91
Ford Motors posts US$2.7 billion annual profit
Floods in South Africa wreak havoc
Canadian politician calls for terrorism inquiry into pie-throwing
Historian Howard Zinn dies at age 87
British, Irish premiers leave Northern Ireland; no justice deal yet reached
Obama's first State of the Union speech focuses on economy, jobs
US government to replace color-coded terror alert system
Nelson Mandela suffers collapsed lung
Taliban bombing in Kabul supermarket leaves eight dead
Egypt anti-government protests continue, Internet shut down
Five arrested over police payments at News International