Vespasian proclaimed Roman Emperor
Death of Maurilius, Archbishop of Rouen
Saladin's army crosses the Jordan
St. Louis IX, King of France, leaves on the 8th Crusade
A French expeditionary force sails to fight the Barbary pirates
King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia born
Two of Luther's followers burned alive at Brussels
Fredrick II, King of Denmark and Norway born
Sir Thomas More indicted for treason after refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the church. He had recently resigned from his post as Lord Chancellor of England rather than acknowledge the king's divorce. He was beheaded.
Death of Antonio de Mendoza, first Viceroy of New Spain (Mexico)
Burning of John Bradford as an heretic
An English fleet sacks Cadiz, Spain
The Westminster Assembly convenes for the first time in London. Five years later it would publish the Westminster longer and shorter catechisms, which would be rejected by the Anglican church but accepted by the Presbyterians. (London)
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz born
Johann Sebastian Bach's eldest son died. Wilhelm Friedemann Bach had held great promise as a composer himself. Some of his music has survived to this day. He died so heavily in debt that he had been reduced to selling some of his father's music under his own name.
Charles Grandison Finney, the father of modern revivalism, is ordained.
The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.
Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act took effect.
Baptist preacher Charles Haddon Spurgeon dies.
Abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, dies.
During the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders" waged a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.
Three business travelers meeting in a YMCA building decide to form an organization to distribute Bibles. The Christian Commercial Men's Association of America, later renamed the Gideons, placed their first Bibles in a hotel room nine years later.
Actress Olivia de Havilland born
Dwight D. Eisenhower married Mary ("Mamie") Geneva Doud in Denver, Colorado.
First Class Postage DROPS to 2 cents from 3 cents.
Actor Farley Granger born
Bartok's First Piano Concerto was premiered in Frankfurt, with Furtwangler conducting and Bartok himself playing the piano. The critics actually liked it. This work is very percussive but still has an almost Romantic sense of drama and climax.
Actress-dancer Leslie Caron born
The Democrats nominated Franklin Roosevelt for president. FDR eventually won four consecutive terms.
Comedy writer Pat McCormick born
Movie producer-director Claude Berr born
Movie director Sydney Pollack born
Bluesman James Cotton born
Cookiemaker Wally (Famous) Amos born
Singer-musician Delaney Bramlett born
Dancer-choreographer Twyla Tharp born
Karen Black, actress born
Actress Genevieve Bujold born
Gospel singer Andrae Crouch born
"Pay-as-you-go" income tax withholding began.
Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing world-wide financial systems (like the IMF and the World Bank).
Rock singer-actress Deborah Harry born
The United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
Movie-TV producer-director Michael Pressman born
Actor Daryl Anderson born
Rock singer Fred Schneider (B-52's) born
Actor-comedian Dan Aykroyd born
Actor Alan Ruck ("Spin City") born
Actress Lorna Patterson born
Olympic gold medal track star Carl Lewis born
Country singer Michelle Wright born
Actor Andre Braugher born
The US Post Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes.
The Medicare federal insurance program went into effect.
The United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and 58 other nations signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
Rock musician Mark Pirro (Tripping Daisy) born
Rock musician Franny Griffiths (Space) born
"O Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.
The Supreme Court ruled that public school teachers may not conduct classes in religiously affiliated schools.
The Israeli Cabinet decided to release 300 Lebanese prisoners, but denied the decision had anything to do with the release of 39 Americans held hostage in the hijacking of TWA Flight 847.
President Reagan nominated federal appeals court judge Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, setting off a tempestuous confirmation process that ended with Bork's rejection by the Senate.
A four-day national conference of Soviet Communist Party members ended in Moscow, with Mikhail S. Gorbachev winning approval for sweeping changes.
"Playboy" magazine founder Hugh Hefner married Kimberley Faye Conrad at his mansion in Los Angeles. (The couple separated last year.)
The West and East German economies were united as the Deutsche mark replaced the Ost mark as currency in East Germany.
President Bush nominated federal appeals court judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, beginning a confirmation process marked by allegations of sexual harassment.
Actor Michael Landon died in Malibu, California, at age 54.
Court TV made its debut. The cable network broadcasts entire trials, both famous and low profile.
The first supplies from relief flights reached besieged neighborhoods in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Actor Andrew Cavarno ("Party of Five") born
Actor Stephen Cavarno ("Party of Five") born
California issued its first state IOU's since the Great Depression as a budget standoff left the state cashless on the first day of its fiscal year.
The Wynton Marsalis Septet performed at Tanglewood.
The space shuttle "Endeavour" returned from a ten-day mission.
A gunman opened fire in a San Francisco law office, killing eight people and wounding six before killing himself.
PLO chairman Yasser Arafat returned to Palestinian land after 27 years in exile as he drove from Egypt into Gaza, where he kissed the ground and prayed.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin's government survived a critical no-confidence vote.
Rock 'n' roll disc jockey Wolfman Jack died in Belvidere, North Carolina, at age 57.
Twelve members of an Arizona anti-government group, the "Viper Militia," were charged with plotting to blow up government buildings.
President Clinton declared an emergency in drought-stricken parts of Southwest.
Actress Margaux Hemingway was found dead in her Santa Monica, California, apartment; she was 41.
Hong Kong reverted to Chinese rule after 156 years as a British colony.
Actor Robert Mitchum died in Santa Barbara County, California, at age 79.
Speaking in Shanghai, President Clinton urged his Chinese hosts to open markets, battle corruption and clean up the environment.
A gondola in the French Alps ripped away from its cables, killing 20 people aboard.
African nationalist Joshua Nkomo died in Harare, Zimbabwe, at age 82.
Candy empire founder Forrest Mars Sr. died in Miami at age 95.
Movie director Edward Dmytryk died in Encino, Calif., at age 90.
Exactly six months before the year 2000, Congress passed legislation to shield businesses from a potential flood of Y2K computer-related lawsuits.
In ceremonies simple and elaborate, gay couples around Vermont stood before justices of the peace and clergy to be legally joined as spouses. It wasn't quite marriage, but Vermont's new civil unions law, which took effect this day, granted them all the rights, benefits and responsibilities of marriage in the state.
South Carolina lowered the Confederate flag, widely considered a symbol of racism against blacks in the United States, from its Capitol dome amid a chorus of protests. At a midday ceremony, state officials lowered the flag from the Statehouse. They then raised a Confederate battle flag on a 30-foot pole at the Confederate Soldier Monument directly in front of the Capitol.
One person was killed and at least 75 people were injured at the Lonz Winery when the terrace floor gave way, dropping victims and rubble 20 feet into an old wine cellar. The winery is located on Middle Bass Island, Ohio, in Lake Erie.
Walter Matthau, the lovably grumpy comic actor with the hangdog face and gruff voice, died at St. John's Health Center in Santa Monica. He was 79.
Romania redenominates its currency
Fiji "running out of patience" with Vanuatu over ban on Fijian biscuits Fiji
Rail tunnel collapses at Gerrards Cross, UK
US officials accused of covering up human deaths from BSE and discouraging testing of suspected animals
Spain legalizes same-sex marriage
USA lifts remaining sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro
Minnesota state government shuts down
Multiple deaths as Congolese government cracks down on pro-democracy protests
FBI's covert "Operation Site Down" targets top international warez and piracy sites
Africa faces food crisis, UN Security Council told
Leitzinger, Forbes-Robinson win the Brumos Porsche 250 at Daytona
United States Supreme Court Justice O'Connor to retire
SchrÃ¶der loses motion of confidence
Man calls for seizure of Justice Souter home, under eminent domain ruling
US House approves $1.17 billion in Amtrak funding
UN/WHO making progress in treating HIV/AIDS, but will miss target
Schools benefit from new California budget
World's highest railway links Tibet to rest of China
Defamed man to sue website over cheat 'slur'
English cricketer Fred Trueman dies, aged 75
Superman returns to theatres
Discovery going for second launch since 2003 Columbia loss
All Ferrari front row on United States Grand Prix
Purpose of mysterious website Eon8 revealed
France beat Brazil 1-0 to take last semi-final spot
Portugal taken to penalties; beat England and reach historic semi-final
Woman killed on amusement park ride in New York
America's Cup: Alinghi one race away from winning
Kimi RÃ¤ikkÃ¶nen wins French Grand Prix
JFK airport terminal evacuated due to suspicious package
Cricket: Future Cup-3rd ODI
West Indies cricket team in England - 1st ODI
Smoking ban in England comes into force
Glasgow International Airport reopened; arrests made and houses searched
Sesame Street Live near the finish of its 27th season
IPhone hits US market, strong initial sales
Leahy: Congress willing to 'go to court' over W.H. subpoena standoff
Cricket: Scotland v Pakistan abandoned due to rain
Bush loses power to 'fast-track' trade deals
Man kills five police officers in Shanghai
Ulysses spacecraft retires after 17 year mission
Google's GPhone to be postponed awaiting Android modifications
Man to face court after axe attack in Australia
Fear and loathing on the campaign trail, June 2008
Mugabe spokeperson tells critics to 'go hang'
Counter-terrorism agents search home in suburban Chicago, Illinois
UEFA Champions League 2008â09 Qualification: 42 Clubs learn their fate for First and Second Qualifying Rounds
Libel case against Wikimedia Foundation dismissed
Half a million zÅoty vanish from the bank account of Lech WaÅÄsa
Truck carrying 12 million bees overturns in New Brunswick
File sharing site The Pirate Bay sold
Heat wave proves deadly for Nebraska cattle
Russian singer Lyudmila Zykina dies at age 80
Severe storms impact the northeast U.S.
Bomb blast kills 27 in Iraq
Australian priest admits child sex abuse, testifies in court
Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers face potential charges in Dziekanski tasering death
Christian Wulff elected Germany's new president
Scores killed in bombings at Pakistani shrine
English court jails policeman over insurance fraud
Australian Foreign Minister condemns Fiji media decree
Hundreds of thousands of British public sector workers strike over planned pension changes
U.S. space agency NASA sues ex-astronaut
Egyptian military issues ultimatum to Morsi
Canada approves revision to previously anti-competitive broadcaster acquisition
Pride in London 2013: in pictures