Death of Anthemius, Emperor of the West
Displaced by the Mongols, the Khwarismian Turks take Jerusalem; 300 people escape
Election of Pope Adrian V
Charles IV chosen as Holy Roman Emperor
Edward III of England lands in Normandy
Death of Nicolas Oresme 1
Clement VII excommunicated Henry VIII for divorcing Catherine of Aragon, and afterward marrying Anne Boleyn. Two years later, Henry broke with Rome and established the Anglican communion as the national religion of England.
Robert Greene, Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon) born
Death of Guiseppe Arcimboldo, surrealist painter
Founding of San Juan de los Caballeros, New Mexico
Coronation of Michael I, Czar of Russia
Ann Austin and Mary Fisher became the first Quakers to arrive in America andwere promptly arrested. Five weeks later, they were deported back to England.
Frederik I, King of Prussia (1701-13) born
Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer/cartographer born
Thomas Bowdler, Dr. Bowdler gave up his medical practice to practice surgery on the works of William Shakespeare, Edward Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, and then the Old Testament. born
John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States (1825-1829) born
The US Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.
Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel near Weehawken, New Jersey.
American painter James Whistler born
Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early began an abortive invasion of Washington DC, turning back the next day.
Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
Babe Ruth debuted in the major leagues with the Boston Red Sox. Ruth made $2,900 his rookie season. In only six years his paycheck was worth $125,000 when he became a member of the New York Yankees. He started out as a pitcher. If the American League's designated pitcher had been in effect we might not ever have learned of his hitting ability.
Enrico Caruso bypassed opera for a short time to join the WWI effort. He recorded "Over There", the patriotic song written by George M. Cohan.
Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
Actress Brett Somers panelist: Match Game P.M. born
President Roosevelt became the first chief executive to travel through the Panama Canal while in office.
George Gershwin died while a Hollywood surgeon was trying to operate on his brain tumor. One of Gershwin's last words was to complain that movie mogul Sam Goldwyn had come to visit him, and complained that Gershwin was concentrating too much on writing serious music.
Convicts at Wormwood Scrubs prison in London were treated to a recital. Peter Pears sang, Benjamin Britten accompanied on the piano, and Michael Tippett served as page turner. The latter composer, incidentally, was at that time doing time in the prison.
The U. S. Army used napalm on Japanese forces on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. This is the first recorded use of Napalm.
Singer Jeff Hanna (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band) born
Singer Bonnie Pointer born
Actor Stephen Lang of a Salesman. born
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate, with Richard Nixon as his running mate. They were elected in November.
Boxer Leon Spinks, who in 1978 won and then lost the heavyweight boxing title in fights with Muhammad Ali born
The US Air Force Academy was dedicated at Lowry Air Base in Colorado. The first class included 306 cadets.
Reggae singer Michael Rose (Black Uhuru) born
Singer Peter Murphy (formerly with Bauhaus) born
Actor Mark Lester ("Oliver!") born
Rock guitarist Richie Sambora (Bon Jovi) born
1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I).
Actress Debbe Dunning ("Home Improvement") born
Kenny Rogers formed The First Edition, just one day after he and members Thelma Camacho, Mike Settle and Terry Williams left The New Christy Minstrels.
The Vatican reported that Albania had closed its last Roman Catholic church.
The Medal of Freedom was awarded posthumously to the Reverend Martin Luther King Junior in a White House ceremony.
216 people were killed when a tanker truck overfilled with propylene gas exploded on a coastal highway south of Tarragona, Spain.
The abandoned US space station "Skylab" made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere and showering debris over the Indian Ocean and the Australian desert.
Neva Rockefeller became the first woman ordered by the court to pay alimony to her husband.
The Reagan administration filed its first school desegregation lawsuit, charging that Alabama's public colleges and universities were practicing segregation.
An Ecuadorian jetliner crashed into a mountain and exploded, killing all 119 people aboard.
Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Dole ordered that airbags or automatic seat belts be installed in cars beginning with some 1987 models unless states enacted laws requiring seat-belt use.
Nolan Ryan, of the Houston Astros, became the first, major-league pitcher to earn 4,000 strikeouts in a career as he led the Astros to a 4-3 win over the New York Mets.
Two explosions sank the Rainbow Warrior, flagship of the Greenpeace environmental activist group, in Auckland, New Zealand; killing a ship's photographer and launching an international uproar. France later acknowledged responsibility.
An Air Force plane crashed in Sequoia National Forest in California. Experts speculated the plane was a radar-evading stealth fighter jet, a plane whose existence had yet to be officially confirmed.
Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke won a third consecutive term, becoming the first Labor Party leader in the country's history to be elected to three straight terms in office.
Nine people were killed when three gunmen attacked hundreds of tourists aboard a Greek cruise ship, the "City of Poros," which was steaming toward a marina in suburban Athens.
Laurence Olivier, considered by many the finest English-speaking actor of his generation, died at age 82.
The American League won the 60th All-Star Game, defeating the National League 5-3 in Anaheim, California.
Leaders of the so-called "Group of Seven" nations concluded their summit in Houston by encouraging Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to enact reforms in return for Western aid.
A Nigerian Airlines jet carrying Muslim pilgrims crashed at the Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, international airport, killing all 261 people on board.
A solar eclipse cast a blanket of darkness stretching 9,000 miles from Hawaii to South America, lasting nearly seven minutes in some places.
Undeclared presidential hopeful Ross Perot, addressing the NAACP convention in Nashville, Tennessee, startled and offended his listeners by referring to the predominantly black audience as "you people."
President Clinton wrapped up his visit to South Korea with a visit to the Demilitarized Zone separating South and North Korea; he then flew to Hawaii, where he placed a wreath at the site of the sunken battleship USS "Arizona" at Pearl Harbor.
In Des Moines, Iowa, severe flooding shut down a water system serving 250,000 residents.
Shawn Eckardt was sentenced in Portland, Oregon, to one and a-half years in prison for his role in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan.
Haiti's army-backed regime ordered the expulsion of international human rights observers.
President Clinton, on his first official visit to Germany, urged his hosts to take on a stronger leadership role in global affairs.
The U.N.-designated "safe haven" of Srebrenica fell to Bosnian Serb forces.
President Clinton announced the normalization of full diplomatic relations between the United States and Vietnam.
An Air Force F-16 jet trying to make an emergency landing slammed into a house in Pensacola, Florida, setting the home on fire, killing a four-year-old boy and badly burning his mother. (The pilot ejected safely.)
President Clinton was cheered by tens of thousands of people in Bucharest, Romania, where he raised hopes for NATO membership.
Ninety-one tourists were killed when fire broke out at the Royal Jomtien Hotel in Pattaya, Thailand.
Air Force Lieutenant Michael Blassie, a casualty of the Vietnam War, was laid to rest near his Missouri home, after the positive identification of his remains, which had been enshrined at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington, Virginia.
A U.S. Air Force cargo jet, braving Antarctic winter, swept down over the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Research Center to drop off emergency medical supplies for Dr. Jerri Nielsen, a physician at the center who had discovered a lump in her breast.
A Middle East summit hosted by President Clinton opened at Camp David between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
The American League defeated the National League 6-to-3 in the All-Star Game.
Robert Runcie, the former archbishop of Canterbury, died in Hertfordshire, England, at age 78.
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, the nation's oldest black church, elected the Reverend Vashti McKenzie of Baltimore its first female bishop.
Hurricane Dennis makes landfall on Gulf Coast near Pensacola
100 participate in Zagreb Pride
Abbott labs ends dispute with Brazilian government over AIDS drug
Australian PM promises to assist Corby
Ryanair launches more Shannon Airport routes
Meth use now USA's top drug problem, survey finds
Worker's Party leader detained in Sao Paulo's airport with $100,000 hidden in his underpants
Wild storms lash New South Wales South Coast
BSkyB director joins Setanta
Yankees defeat Indians, 9-4; win 7 of last 8 heading into the All-Star break
German opposition launches election campaign
Funding for new Museum of Liverpool approved
Temperature in east Iceland reaches 25 degrees Celsius (77Â°F)
First gay marriage in Spain takes place
Fulton Fish Market leaves Manhattan after more than 180 years
Republicans criticize Sen. Clinton for comparing Bush to Mad magazine character
Gas explosion in Russian shopping center kills 24
Man charged in vehicle death of Michigan woman
David Ahenakew removed from the Order of Canada
Remembering Srebrenice massacre
Islamists win battle for Mogadishu
Searchers of pig farm for pig digested human remains receive counseling
25 more NZ police head off to East Timor
Several blasts rock Mumbai commuter trains
World Cup official attempts suicide
White House reverses Geneva Conventions stance
Microsoft ends support for Windows 98 and Me
Canadian boy, sucked into water pump, loses feet
Pink Floyd's Syd Barrett dies at age 60
Portion of ceiling collapses in Boston tunnel
Libyan court upholds death sentence for foreign medics in HIV case
Police investigate Youtube video of two year old 'on ecstacy'
Evolutionary biology labs at University of Colorado threatened
The 24th Shin Kong Life Tower Run Up will promote Bananas of Taiwan
PETA protests Burberry in White Plains, NY
Legia receives ban; Rovers face Vetra
Empty tower at Miami International Airport catches fire
Canadian merchant Ed Mirvish Dies at 92
Italian President ends visit to Ghana
Agassi and Sharapova voted Wimbledon's sexiest champions on commercial website
New gambling review could jeopardize UK's 'supercasino' plans
Chicago Transit Authority announces repairs to Blue and Red Line
WMAQ reporter Amy Jacobson leaves job following controversial video
AFC Asian Cup: Indonesia shock Bahrain, China put five past Malaysia
Study links breast cancer to Western diet
Former US First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson dies at 94
Swiss President visits Ghana
Jesse Jackson apologizes for comment about Barack Obama
Dow Chemical to buy Rohm and Haas
Hundreds of Air Canada flight attendants to lose jobs
Canadian Football League news: July 11, 2008
Afghan government claims U.S. air strike killed dozens of civilians
Burglars steal Milan LuÄiÄ's Memorial Cup ring from his Vancouver home
Lebanon forms unity government with Hezbollah-led opposition
Roller skating babies become YouTube sensation
NHC upgrades Tropical Depression Four-E to Tropical Storm Carlos
Space Shuttle Endeavour's launchpad struck by lightning delaying launch
New words added to Webster's dictionary
Two pilots dead in Richmond plane crash
Gaza Strip aid ship departs Greece, diverts to Egypt
Brazilian footballer, ex-policeman among seven arrested for 'barbaric' murder
Pakistani Punjab police website hacked
Church of England rejects compromise over women bishops
Colombian journalist denied entry into US
China's consumer prices rise to a three-year high in June as food prices soar 14.4 percent
Stun gun found on JetBlue flight in Newark, New Jersey
Syrian security forces raid Homs, one killed, twenty injured
Former US First Lady Betty Ford dies aged 93
Chris Moyles announces departure from BBC Radio 1 breakfast show