Death of St. Eugenius of Carthage
Death of Rashi, medieval Jewish Bible scholar. His name is a Hebrew acrostic for Rabbi Shelomoh ben Isaac. Rashi was the leading rabbinic commentator in his day on the Old Testament and Talmud.
St. Dominic, founder of the Dominicans, was canonized.
Coronation of Alexander III, King of Scotland
Death of Bertrand Du Guesclin, Constable of France
John Dee English alchemist, astrologer, and mathematician who contributed greatly to the revival of interest in mathematics in England. born
Ottoman armies take Tabriz, Persia
Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
Haarlem surrenders to the Spanish army; a massacre follows
Sir Richard Grenville's expedition reaches Roanoke Island
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor . He headed the so-called peace party at the Habsburg imperial court during the Thirty Years' War and ended that war in 1648 with the Peace of Westphalia. born
Death of St. Francis Solano
Death of the Archduke Albert of the Catholic Netherlands
In the English Civil War, the Cavaliers take an early victory over Oliver Cromell's Roundheads at Roundway Down.
Massachusetts Bay Colony annexes Casco Bay, now in Maine
Thomas Kelly, Irish Episcopal clergyman and author of 765 hymns,including: 'Praise the Savior, Ye Who Know Him.' born
Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
English rural poet John Clare. He continued to write verse after his confinement to a mental institution. born
French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, who was executed four days later. (Marat's slaying is depicted in the famous painting by Jacques Louis David.)
Sir George Gilbert Scott, English architect and advocate of the Gothic revival style. born
Confederate cavalry commander Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Bedford County, Tennessee. He is attributed (or misquoted) as saying that the essence of warfare is to "get there the firstest with the mostest men." After the war he gained infamy by lending his name to the establishment of the Ku Klux Klan.
Sidney Webb, English economist and socialist - founder of the Fabian Society. born
Mexican revolutionary President Benito Juarez ordered property of the Roman Catholic Church confiscated throughout Mexico.
Rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City; the violence resulted in the deaths of about one-thousand people over three days.
Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west".
The Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
General Tom Thumb dies. The circus midget was age 45.
Father Edward Flanagan, American Catholic parish priest. Believing there was 'no such thing as a bad boy,' in 1922 he organized Boys Town near Omaha, Nebraska. born
Mickey Walker, also called The Toy Bulldog U.S. professional boxer, a colourful sports figure of the 1920s and early 1930s. born
Television broadcaster Dave Garroway born
Charles Scribner, Jr. U.S. publisher who was head, 1952-84, of the Charles Scribner's Sons book publishing company, which had been founded by his great-grandfather, and personal editor of Ernest Hemingway's works. born
Film score composer Ernest Gold. He wrote the score for Exodus in 1960. born
The first World Cup Soccer contest is held in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Former Housing Secretary Jack Kemp born
Strauss was fired from his post as general director of the Nazi Recishmusikhammer because the Nazis got hold of a letter he wrote, deriding the idea that he, Mozart, or any other Germanic composer was thinking of his Germanness while composing.
Actor Patrick Stewart born
Actor Robert Forster born
Singer-guitarist Roger McGuinn (The Byrds) born
The Nazis actually executed a Munich musicologist because they caught him distributing literature criticizing Hitler.
Erno Rubik - inventor of the Rubik'c cube puzzle. born
Actor-comedian Cheech Marin born
Europe accepts the Marshall plan to aid European recovery following WW2.
Austrian born composer, Arnold Schoenberg dies. He is best known for his atonal works.
Singer Louise Mandrell born
Actor-director Cameron Crowe born
Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.
Tennis player Anders Jarryd born
Country singer-songwriter Victoria Shaw born
Country singer Neil Thrasher (Thrasher Shriver) born
Singer Gerald Levert born
Race-related rioting broke out in Newark, New Jersey; by the time the violence ended July 17th, 27 people had been killed.
Rhythm-and-blues singers Lovell and Laval Jones (Twice) born
A 25-hour blackout hit the New York City area after lightning struck upstate power lines.
Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford the Second.
A 45-hour siege began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey, as four Palestinian guerrillas killed two security men and seized 20 hostages.
The Senate approved, 50-49, the production of nerve gas weaponry, with Vice President George Bush casting the tie-breaking vote.
Walter F. Mondale, the Democratic presidential nominee-apparent, launched his fall campaign in his boyhood hometown of Elmore, Minnesota, with his newly chosen running mate, Geraldine A. Ferraro.
Arthur Ashe was the first black to be inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
More than 50 rock stars performed a total of 17 hours at televised "Live Aid" concerts in Philadelphia and London to raise money for African famine relief.
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze flew to London for two days of talks with British officials, the first such visit by a Soviet foreign minister in more than a decade.
Jury selection began in Washington for the perjury trial of President Reagan's former aide and longtime confidant, Michael K. Deaver. (Deaver was later convicted of lying under oath about his lobbying business; he was fined $100,000 and ordered to perform community service.)
Final results of Mexico's recent presidential election were released, giving the victory to the candidate of the governing party, Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Opponents charged that the election had been stolen.
Washington DC attorney Thomas L. Root was rescued after ditching his private plane into the Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas; he had suffered a mysterious gunshot wound. Cuba executed four military officers for conspiring to smuggle drugs to the United States.
The Senate gave final legislative approval to a bill that would forbid discrimination based on disability, including that caused by AIDS or alcoholism.
President of the Russian republic Boris Yeltsin resigns from the Communist Party.
Soviet and American negotiators meeting in Washington wrangled over a treaty to reduce long-range nuclear missiles.
Democrats opened their 41st national convention at New York's Madison Square Garden with speakers who taunted George Bush as a failed president ripe for defeat in November.
The American League defeated the National League in the All-Star Game, 9-to-3, in Baltimore.
Race car driver Davey Allison died in Birmingham, Alabama, of injuries suffered in a helicopter crash.
It was an all-Samuel Barber program at Tanglewood . Members of the Boston Symphony Chamber players joined with baritone Thomas Hampson and pianist John Browning to presented "Dover Beach," selected songs, and Barber's sole piano sonata.
President Clinton visited flood-stricken Georgia, where he announced more than $60 million dollars in aid for Georgia, Alabama and Florida.
Tonya Harding's ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, was sentenced in Portland, Oregon, to two years in prison for his role in the attack on Nancy Kerrigan (he ended up serving six months).
Just six days after the space shuttle Atlantis returned, the shuttle Discovery blasted off on a nine-day mission.
President Clinton denounced a base-closing list for the damage it would do to California and Texas, but then approved the package while promising to save jobs in those states.
About 2,500 workers at Detroit's daily newspapers, the "Detroit Free Press" and "The Detroit News," went on strike.
At least half a million "ravers" danced around Berlin to the pulsating beats of techno music for the "Love Parade" festival, making the event one of the largest public gatherings in the city's post-war history.
After battering the Carolina Coast, the weakened remnants of Hurricane "Bertha" moved north, spawning tornadoes and dumping rain from Maryland to Massachusetts.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright returned to her Jewish roots in the Czech Republic, finding the names of family members killed by the Nazis inscribed on a Prague synagogue wall. (News reports the previous February revealed that Albright, who'd been raised a Roman Catholic, had Jewish relatives, many of whom died in the Holocaust.)
A jury in Poughkeepsie, New York, ruled that the Reverend Al Sharpton and two others had defamed a former prosecutor by accusing him of raping Tawana Brawley.
Four young cousins in Gallup, New Mexico, died after becoming trapped in a car trunk.
Angel Maturino Resendiz, suspected of being the "railroad killer," surrendered in El Paso, Texas. In Tehran, police fired tear gas to disperse 10,000 demonstrators on the sixth day of protests against Iranian hard-liners.
The American League won the All-Star game for the third straight time, defeating the National League 4-1 at Boston's Fenway Park.
Fellow Democrat Bill Bradley endorsed Vice President Al Gore for president, four months after conceding their fight for the White House.
Fiji's coup leaders released their remaining 18 captives, ending a two-month-old parliamentary hostage crisis.
Australian telecomms firm Telstra offers rebates to those affected by bombings
Train crash in southern Pakistan kills more than a hundred
Israeli army reoccupies Tulkarem in West Bank
Children massacred in Kenyan school
Baghdad barbers threatened with death for cutting beards
Nurse glues boyfriend's eyes shut
Shuttle launch on schedule despite launch pad accident
Shuttle launch called off due to faulty fuel tank sensor
Suicide bomber kills 24 children in Iraq
Italian police launch nationwide anti-terror sweep
Study: Socialized Canadian surgery half the U.S. cost with same results
Rape suspect, 14, questioned longer
Former WorldCom CEO Ebbers sentenced to 25 years
Family dog missing after protecting kids from bear
Several injured in Ben Nevis cable car accident
Investigation into Mumbai train bombings begins
Elmwood Village Hotel proposal in Buffalo, N.Y. withdrawn
Three die in crash of Canadian Search and Rescue Helicopter
White House accepts judicial review of NSA eavesdropping
FIFA launch disciplinary proceedings against Marco Materazzi
Day of attacks continue in Israel and Lebanon
Microsoft and Yahoo! link their instant messaging services
Israeli vessels enter Lebanese waters to enforce blockade
Network Rail employee arrested in connection with Cumbrian train crash
Christian protesters try to disrupt first Hindu prayer in US Senate
BBC apologises to Queen Elizabeth II for misrepresentation in documentary
Pamplona's famous "running of the bulls" in pictures
Party video game banned in UK for having offensive word
International media mogul Conrad Black convicted of fraud
Argentine Supreme Court declares Riveros pardon unconstitutional
US House votes to bring troops home from Iraq
Tour de France: Tom Boonen wins stage 6
International Festival of Cinema "OberÃ¡ en cortos" begins
AFC Asian Cup: Thailand defeat Oman, Qatar draw with Vietnam
Volcano erupts in the Aleutian Islands
Media reports: Israeli warplanes training in Iraq
Sixteen killed in Pakistan during Taliban ambush
Bobby Murcer, former New York Yankees player dead at 62
Two found dead at Norway Rock Festival
Three hostages return home to Florida
BronisÅaw Geremek, former Polish Foreign Affairs Minister, dies at age 76
World Health Organization: Stay away from Ugandan caves
Flash flooding kills fourteen hikers near Chongqing, China
North Korean leader Kim Jong-il 'has cancer'
Former Lebanese Prime Minister Amin al-Hafez dies at age 83
Mark Webber wins German Formula One Grand Prix
Six H1N1 cases appear in the Philippines
Switzerland sets Polish film director Roman Polanski free
Australia's Governor-General cuts trip short over looming election
ARM: worst year for Afghanistan since US invasion
Luxembourg head of government resigns after eighteen years