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Today in History

St Swithin's Day (if it does rain
Full forty days, it will remain
St Swithin's Day, if it be fair
For forty days, t'will rain no more.')
1606
Painter, etcher and printmaker, Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn born in Leiden, Netherlands
1799
Rosetta Stone found in Egypt
1946
Grammy and Emmy Award winning singer, Linda Rondstadt born in Tuscon, Arizona
1950
Author, columnist, and founder of the Huffington Post, Arianna Huffington born in Athens, Greece
1954
Maiden flight of the Boeing 707
1957
Edsel automobile production begins
1960
Marathon runner, actress and supermodel, Kim Alexis born in Lockport, New York
1963
Actress Brigitte Nielsen born in Rødovre, Denmark
2003
Mozilla Foundation established
303
Death of St. Felix of Thibiuca
338
Death of St. James of Nisibus
668
Death of Constans II, Eastern Roman Emperor
1015
Death of St. Vladimir
1024
Death of St. Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
1099
The Muslim citizens of Jerusalem surrendered their city to the armies of the First Crusade. The Crusaders then proceeded to massacre thousands of unarmed men, women and children. "The city was filled with corpses and blood," wrote one chronicler.
1189
Elanor of Aquitane, Queen of England, released from her husband's prison
1205
Pope Innocent III says Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude & subjugation due to the crucifixion of Jesus
1258
Death of Pierre de Grandson
1291
Death of Rudolph I, King of Germany
1381
Execution of John Ball
1430
Jeanne d'Arc handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the Bishop of Beauvais
1573
Inigo Jones London, architect; restored St Paul's cathedral. He brought the Palladium style of Italian Renaissance architecture to England. born
1575
St. Philip Neri organizes the Congregation of the Oratory
1606
Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn born
1609
Death of Annibale Carricci, painter
1779
Poet Clement Clark Moore, American Episcopal educator and the author of "A Visit from St. Nicholas" ("'Twas the Night Before Christmas") born
1796
Thomas Bulfinch mythologist (Bulfinch's Mythology) born
1814
Edward Caswall, English clergyman and hymn translator. Caswall's English versions of some hymns are still sung today. 'Jesus, The Very Thought of Thee' and 'When Morning Gilds the Skies.' born
1823
In Rome, the church known as St Paul's Outside the Walls was destroyed by a fire. Its original edifice was erected in AD 324 by the Roman Emperor Constantine.
1850
Roman Catholic nun Frances Xavier Cabrini, the first U.S. citizen to be made a saint born
1876
Saint Louis's Washington Bradley pitched baseball's first no-hitter.
1922
A first duck-billed platypus imported from Australia was displayed in the Bronx Zoo.
1925
Actor Philip Carey born
1933
Guitarist Julian Bream born
1934
The British composer Harrison Birtwistle was born in the factory town of Accrington, Lancashire. born
1935
Actor Alex Karras born
1935
Actor Ken Kercheval born
1936
Senator George V. Voinovich, former Ohio Governor born
1939
Actor Patrick Wayne born
1944
Actor Jan-Michael Vincent born
1944
Rhythm-and-blues singer Millie Jackson born
1945
Rock singer-musician Peter Lewis (Moby Grape) born
1946
Singer Linda Ronstadt born
1952
Actor Terry O'Quinn born
1956
Rock musician Joe Satriani born
1960
Actor Willie Aames born
1960
Model Kim Alexis born
1961
Actor-director Forest Whitaker born
1961
Actress Lolita Davidovich born
1963
Actress Brigitte Nielsen born
1965
Congress passed a law requiring all cigarette packages to carry a health warning.
1967
Rock musician Phillip Fisher (Fishbone) born
1968
Actor-comedian Eddie Griffin ("Malcolm and Eddie") born
1968
Actor Stan Kirsch ("Highlander") born
1972
Actor Scott Foley ("Felicity") born
1973
Actor Brian Austin Green ("Beverly Hills 90210") born
1981
Rhythm-and-blues singer Kia Thornton (Divine) born
1982
George Schultz was confirmed as Secretary of State.
1984
In the face of in-party protests, Democratic nominee-apparent Walter F. Mondale reinstated Charles T. Manatt as the party's national chairman, after trying to oust him in favor of President Carter's old confidant, Bert Lance.
1986
Britain and the Soviet Union settled accounts on the $75 million in bonds issued under Russia's czars and defaulted on after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.
1987
Former National Security Adviser John Poindexter testified at the Iran-Contra hearings that he never told President Reagan about using Iranian arms sales money for the Contras, in order to protect the president from political embarrassment.
1988
The leadership of the Teamsters Union chose William J. McCarthy to fill out the remaining term of the late Jackie Presser as president, narrowly rejecting Secretary-Treasurer Weldon Mathis, Presser's hand-picked successor.
1989
Leaders of the seven major industrial democracies, meeting in Paris, voiced support for democracy behind the Iron Curtain and condemned repression in China.
1990
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and visiting West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl held talks on the issue of a united Germany's membership in NATO.
1990
Tens of thousands of people marched in Moscow to protest the Communist Party's control of the government, the army and the KGB.
1991
The leaders of the world's wealthiest democracies, the Group of Seven, opened their 17th annual economic summit in London, plunging into debate over aid the Soviet Union.
1993
Authorities in Los Angeles announced eight arrests in connection with an alleged plot by white supremacists to ignite a race war by bombing a black church and killing prominent black Americans.
1994
Microsoft Corp. reached a settlement with the Justice Department, promising to end practices it used to corner the market for personal computer software programs.
1995
A 19-year-old sales clerk was rescued after being buried in the rubble of a collapsed shopping mall in Seoul, South Korea, for 16 days.
1997
Fashion designer Gianni Versace was shot to death outside his home in Miami; the man believed to be the gunman, suspected serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan, was found dead eight days later.
1998
The Congressional Budget Office estimated federal surpluses of $1.55 trillion over the next decade.
1998
Three days of ceremonies to bury Russia's last czar and his family, who were killed by the Bolsheviks, began in the city of Yekaterinburg.
1999
The government acknowledged for the first time that thousands of workers were made sick while making nuclear weapons and announced a plan to compensate many of them.
1999
The Seattle Mariners played their first game in their new home, Safeco Field, losing to the San Diego Padres, 3-to-2.
1999
China declared that it had invented its own neutron bomb.
2000
The United Nations launched a successful military operation to help 222 Indian peacekeepers and eleven military observers break out of a rebel stronghold in Sierra Leone.
2000
Former Rhode Island governor and longtime US senator John O. Pastore died at age 93.
2000
Lennox Lewis stopped Francois Botha at 2 round to retain his WBC and IBF heavyweight titles in London.
2005
Possible 'mastermind' of London bombings captured in Egypt
2005
Torino & Messina thrown out of Italy's Serie A football championship for next season
2005
Wilson calls for Rove removal
2005
British girl hospitalized after riding Disney's Tower of Terror
2005
Kenyans flee homes after Tuesday's raids
2005
Yankees power surge blacks out Sox relief in 8-6 win
2005
China to launch second space mission in October
2005
Pollution in Arctic carried by seabirds
2005
Bones of a Mammoth possibly found in Silicon Valley
2005
New species of dolphin found off Australia
2005
TeleSUR promotional campaign causes controversy in Colombia
2005
Transporting food costs the UK billions
2005
A timeline: Novak, Rove, Cooper
2005
US Senate debates Rove and intelligence access
2005
Riots in ÃŽle-de-France : 70 arrested after 200 cars burned
2006
Suicide bomber assassinates prominent Shia cleric in Karachi, Pakistan
2006
Australia thrash South Africa in Tri Nations rugby match
2006
All Ferrari front row on French Grand Prix
2006
United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on North Korea
2006
California wildfires continue blazing
2006
Royal Navy sailing for Lebanon
2006
Hezbollah-Israel conflict continues
2007
Canadian judge strikes down marijuana possession laws as unconstitutional
2007
Doughnut on display in Springfield, New Zealand
2007
Former Flemish Minister Paul Akkermans dies at 83
2007
Tour de France: Michael Rasmussen wins stage 8
2007
Osama bin Laden praises martyrdom in video
2007
Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki says U.S Troops can leave when they want
2007
Lady Bird Johnson buried today
2007
North Korea shuts down nuclear reactor
2007
Suicide bombers kills 31 in Pakistan
2007
First computer game in Piedmontese language
2007
Researchers to launch expedition to find remains of Amelia Earhart
2007
US congressman causes controversy by comparing Bush to Hitler
2007
AFC Asian Cup: Saudi Arabia edge out Indonesia, Uzbekistan trounce Malaysia
2008
New Yorker's Obama cover sparks outrage
2008
Bus bombing in Myanmar kills man, wounds another
2008
US Army sergeant sentenced for sodomy of a minor and child porn
2008
First ever video showing Guantanamo questioning released
2008
23 killed, 36 injured by stampede at Sudanese stadium
2008
Italian officials found guilty of abusing G8 protestors
2008
Chanchangi Airlines 737 crashes on landing in Nigeria
2008
ICC prosecutor seeks arrest of Sudanese president
2008
Nine US troops killed in Afghanistan as Taliban attack base
2009
Ahmedi of Iran's PDKI discusses Kurdistan's general strike and the democratic future of Iran
2010
Animal rights protestor found guilty of Oxford arson plot
2010
Same-sex marriage legalized in Argentina
2010
Scholastic sued for Harry Potter copyright infringement
2010
New York Yankees executive George Steinbrenner dies at 80
2010
Dog's throat cut in Cairns, Australia
2010
Australian Prime Minister denies striking a deal with predecessor
2010
India approves symbol for currency
2010
6.5 magnitude aftershock hits Bío Bío, Chile
2010
BP: New cap on Gulf of Mexico oil well in place
2010
United States Senate passes financial overhaul bill
2012
Green Party of the United States nominates Jill Stein for president

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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