The 'Great Schism' between the Western and Eastern churches began over rival claims of universal pre-eminence. (In 1965, 911 years later, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I met to declare an end to the schism.)
Excommunication of Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople
Crusaders herd the Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
Death of Pope Innocent III
Death of Charles I, King of Hungary
Kissing banned in England, in an attempt to stop the spread of pestilence and disease
The Italian painter Andrea del Sarto. born
Caterina da Vinci, mother of Leonardo, arrives in Milan
Legation of Machiavelli to Caterina Sforza, the Countess of Imola and Forti
The Disputation of Leipzig, in which Martin Luther argued that church councils had been wrong and that the church did not have ultimate doctrinal authority, ends.
Anne Askew burnt in England for denying doctrine of transubstantiation
Tommaso Aniello, known as "Masaniello," organizes a strike in Naples
John Kay England, machinist, invented flying shuttle born
Sir Joshua Reynolds England, portrait painter (Simplicity) The Pre-Raphaleites called him "Sir Sloshua." born
Giuseppe Piazzi discovered 1st asteroid (Ceres) born
Spanish Franciscan missionary Father Junipero Serra founded the San Diego deAlcala mission in California -- the first permanent Spanish settlement on America's westcoast.
"The Abduction from the Seraglio" was premiered in Vienna. The reaction was mixed. Mostly it went over well, but there was a loud group of naysayers in the upper gallery. And Emperor Joseph the Second of Austria would later issue his own gentle criticism.
Congress designated the District of Columbia as the permanent seat of the United States government.
French painter Jean Baptiste Camille Corot. His large, grandiose paintings contrasted with the work of the Impressionists. born
Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science Church. born
First major battle of the Civil War -- Bull Run.
David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the United States Navy.
Howard E. Smith, American church organist and composer of the melody to the popular hymn, 'Love Lifted Me.' born
A patent for ready-mixed paint was granted to D.R. Averill, of Newberg, Ohio.
Norwegian explorer Roald Admundsen was born. He was the first to reach the South Pole by land and navigated the Northwest Passage. born
"Shoeless" Joe Jackson black sox player born
Actor Percy Kilbride ("Pa Kettle") born
TV director Vincent Sherman born
Orville Redenbacher popcorn king (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet) born
Actress Barbara Stanwyck (born Ruby Stevens), (Dynasty II, Big Valley, Thorn Birds) born
Actress-dancer Ginger Rogers (born Virginia Katherine McNath) born
Actor Barnard Hughes born
Russia's Czar Nicholas the Second, his empress and their five children were executed by the Bolsheviks.
Bess Myerson NYC, 1st Jewish Miss America (1945) born
Missionary C.T. Studd, one of the famous "Cambridge Seven" and [missionary] to China, India, and Africa, dies.
Former Attorney General Dick Thornburgh born
The first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City.
Actor Corin Redgrave born
Soul singer William Bell born
Former tennis player Margaret Court born
The United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, New Mexico. (Trinity Site)
Pinchas Zukerman was born in Tel Aviv. Zukerman was a prodigy on the violin, one result of which was that he was never quite able to shake the childhood nickname of "Pinky." By his thirties Zukerman was also interested in conducting. born
Actor-singer Ruben Blades born
J.D. Salinger's Catcher in the Rye was published.
Rock composer-musician Stewart Copeland born
The last Ringling Bros. Barnum and Bailey circus held its last show under the canvas tent.
Marine Major John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record when he flew a jet from California to New York in three hours, 23 minutes and eight seconds.
Dancer Michael Flatley born
Actress Phoebe Cates born
In accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."
Actor-comedian Will Ferrell born
"Apollo Eleven" blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon. The astronauts onboard were: Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins.
Rock musician Ed Kowalczyk (Live) born
During the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly revealed the existence of President Nixon's secret taping system.
Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.
Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.
The National League won baseball's 56th All-Star Game, defeating the American League 6-1 at the Metrodome in Minneapolis. The game marked the first program to be broadcast in stereo by a TV network. NBC gets the honor.
Lawrence B. Mulloy, director of the space shuttle's solid rocket booster program at the time of the Challenger disaster, announced he was retiring from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Former White House political director Lyn Nofziger was charged with violating federal ethics laws in a six-count indictment. (Nofziger was later convicted of three counts of illegally lobbying White House officials; however, those convictions were overturned by a federal appeals court.)
The Reverend Jesse Jackson arrived in Atlanta for the Democratic national convention, telling cheering supporters he was seeking "shared responsibility" with nominee-apparent Michael Dukakis.
Leaders of the seven major industrial democracies wrapped up their economic summit in Paris with a call for "decisive action" to fight global pollution.
Conductor Herbert von Karajan died near Salzburg, Austria, at age 81.
An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale devastated the Philippines, killing over 1,600 people. A thousand more were missing. It was the worst earthquake in that part of the world since 1976.
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl announced that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a united Germany's membership in NATO.
Leaders of the group of Seven nations holding their economic summit in London issued a communiqu calling for a "new spirit of cooperation" in the international community.
Bill Clinton delivered his acceptance speech a day after winning the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York.
To the dismay and anger of supporters, Ross Perot announced he would not run for president (however, he later changed his mind).
A train carrying 2,200 tons of New York garbage that spent three weeks winding its way through the Midwest headed home for burial in a Staten Island landfill.
The surging Mississippi River charged through a levee at West Quincy, Missouri, closing the Bayview Bridge, the only bridge across the river to Illinois for more than 200 miles.
The first of 21 pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy Nine smashed into Jupiter, to the joy of astronomers awaiting the celestial fireworks. The collision began a series of spectacular explosions.
William Barloon and David Daliberti, the two Americans who were imprisoned in Iraq for crossing the border from Kuwait four months earlier, were released.
President Clinton told the National Governors Association he was granting states new powers to deny benefits to recipients who refuse to move from welfare to work.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin met a day late with Vice President Al Gore, easing some of the concerns about his fragile health.
Hundreds of FBI agents, some handing out photos in gay bars and hotels, blanketed south Florida in the continuing hunt for alleged prostitute-turned-serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan, who was suspected of gunning down designer Gianni Versace.
The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia refused to block Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr from calling President Clinton's Secret Service protectors before a grand jury.
Stanley Kubrick's final film, "Eyes Wide Shut" starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, made its debut.
Families and friends of the victims of the TWA Flight 800 explosion broke ground for a new memorial on the Long Island shore not far from where the plane went down, killing all 230 people on board.
Concerns over China Oil subsidary of Unocal buying into US Energy infrastructure
Suicide bombing in Kusadasi, Turkey
Three British Army soldiers killed in Iraq
Australian wins World Series of Poker
Shell quits Irish fuel retail market
Super Typhoon Haitang to make landfall in Taiwan
Space Shuttle Discovery launch on indefinite hold
Next season's Coppa Italia football tournament adopts new format
Chinese General threatens U.S. with nuclear weapons over possible Taiwan Strait conflict, Beijing downplays comment
U.S. retailers sue worldâ€™s largest credit card issuer
Texas man arrested after rescuing drowning swimmer
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince released
Common Sense Advisory announces size of worldwide translation and localization market and ranking of top 20 language services companies
Radio host sacked threatened freedom of speech in Hong Kong
54 killed by suicide bomber at Musayyib gas station
North Carolina to see minimum wage increase
20 fleeing Lebanese villagers killed by Israeli missile
Labour peer tells Blair to step down as Prime Minister
UK soldier killed near Basra
Arab League, Group of Eight leaders discuss crisis in the Levant
Michael Schumacher wins French Grand Prix
Hezbollah and Israel exchange fire for fifth day
Seven Canadians killed by Israeli air strike
Spanish police arrest 66 in child pornography raid
UK transport firm Metronet facing administration
Kwik-E-Mart promotion drawing thousands of visitors
Erica Powell, Nkrumah's private secretary dies
Australia: Indian doctor released on bail, detained under immigration laws
Two strong earthquakes jolt Japan
Home-invaders pose as NYC police
United Kingdom expels four Russian diplomats
Orange County bus strike ends as union, board approve contract
AFC Asian Cup: Iran draw with China, Bahrain defeat Korea
Woman fired over husband's email threat to Minnesota professor
Intel launches Centrino 2 aiming for performance and mobility
The Co-operative Group purchases Somerfield supermarket chain for over Â£1.5 billion
Teenager arrested after hijacking Japanese bus
Egyptian train crash at level crossing leaves dozens dead
A false quake warning in Japan exposes problems for practical use
KSTAR tokamak test reactor sees first plasma
Zenit-3SL rocket launches Echostar XI satellite
Cuban cyclist Pedro Pablo Perez to miss Olympics after car crash
Tropical Storm Dolores now active
U.S. Capitol Police kill man during traffic stop turned chase
Tanker explodes on I-75 north of Detroit
Robbie Williams rejoins British musical group Take That
First international flight lands at Delhi airport's new Terminal 3
Canada announces $9 billion plan to purchase 65 F-35 fighters
Researchers discover last common ancestor of apes and monkeys
Magnitude 3.6 earthquake shakes Washington, D.C.
West Virginia governor names Carte Goodwin as new Senator
US freezes assets of suspected terrorist
Australian Centre for Paralympic Excellence unveiled
SEABL Canberra Capitals win over Bendingo Braves in a thriller
House of Lords approve same-sex marriage bill at third reading