The Great Fire of Rome began. The cause of the fire was blamed on the Christians.
Gauls defeat Romans and sack Rome
Death of St. Arnulf of Metz
Death of Godfrey de Boullion; Baldwin becomes King of Jerusalem
Election of Honorius III as Pope
Death of Alfonso, King of Aragon
A treaty safeguarding liberties of Scots against the English
Edward I, King of England, expels the Jews from England
The authority of the pope was declared void in England.
Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor born
Death of Caravaggio, painter
French explorers noted oil seeping out of the ground near Cuba, New York, and described the phenomenon in a letter to Joseph de la Roche de Allion back in France.
Death of Bernard of Saxe-Weimar
Johann Sebastian Bach, still settling in as the music director of Leipzig, produced the motet "Jesu, meine Freunde" for a memorial service for the widow of the Leipzig postmaster.
Lemuel Haynes, colonial American Congregational clergyman. In 1785, Haynes, then 32, was ordained to a church in Torrington, Connecticut, making him the first African-American to pastor a white church. born
American naval hero John Paul Jones died in Paris at age 45.
English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray. Victorian novelist, wrote 'Vanity Fair'. born
The Vatican I Ecumenical Council issued the proclamation 'Pastor Aeternus,'declaring the pope's primacy and infallibility in deciding faith and moral matters. (Few Protestants agree with this doctrine.)
Britain introduced the concept of voting by secret ballot.
The composer Bernard Wagenaar was born.
Harriet Nelson (born Peggy Louise Snyder). She performed under the name Harriet Hilliard. born
Comedian Red Skelton born
Former South African President Nelson Mandela born
Former astronaut and senator from Ohio John Glenn. born
Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4000th time in his career.
"Mahagonny," by Kurt Weill, premiered at the Baden-Baden Festival to cheers and catcalls.
Skating champion and commentator Dick Button born
Singer Screamin' Jay Hawkins born
The United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the St. Lawrence Seaway.
The Russian poet Yevgeni Yevtushenko was born in Irkutsk in Siberian Russia. born
The Spanish Civil War began as General Francisco Franco led an uprising of army troops based in Spanish North Africa.
Author-journalist Hunter S. Thompson, the founder of gonzo journalism. born
Movie director Paul Verhoeven ("Basic Instinct") born
Singer Martha Reeves born
Blues guitarist Lonnie Mack born
Hideki Tojo was removed as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War Two.
President Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act, which placed the Speaker of the House and the Senate President Pro Tempore next in the line of succession after the vice president.
Country singer Ricky Skaggs born
Rock musician Nigel Twist (The Alarm) born
Actress Audrey Landers born
Actress Elizabeth McGovern born
Rock musician Jack Irons (Pearl Jam) is 35. born
Rock musician John Hermann (Widespread Panic) born
Actor Vin Diesel ("Saving Private Ryan") born
Intel Corporation is incorporated.
A car driven by Senator Edward M. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha's Vineyard. His passenger, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, died.
Brazilian soccer player Pel played his last game, in a match in Rio de Janiero with the Yugoslavian team. It was a tie game.
The serious, potentially fatal arthritic condition called Lyme disease was named on this day. It is contacted from deer ticks. Its name comes from the Connecticut town near which the disease was first observed.
Vietnam was admitted to the United Nations.
Rock musician Tony Fagenson (Eve 6) born
Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
A gunman opened fire at a McDonald's fast food restaurant in San Ysidro, California, killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
Appearing publicly for the first time since his cancer surgery, President Reagan waved to photographers from a window at Bethesda Naval Hospital, flashing an "OK" sign when asked how he felt.
The world got its first look at the remains of the Titanic as videotapes of the British luxury liner, which sank in 1912, were released by researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
President Reagan used his weekly radio address to call on Congress to give more aid to the Nicaraguan Contras. Molly Yard was elected the new president of the National Organization for Women, succeeding Eleanor Smeal.
Texas Treasurer Ann Richards delivered the keynote address at the Democratic national convention in Atlanta, needling Republican nominee-apparent George Bush as having been "born with a silver foot in his mouth."
Actress Rebecca Schaeffer, 21, was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
Reversing an earlier decision, Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski declared his candidacy for Poland's presidency, which he won the following day.
Baseball great Pete Rose was sentenced to five months in prison for tax evasion.
Dr. Karl Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six decades, died in Topeka, Kan., four days short of his 97th birthday.
The first Ibero-American Summit Conference opened in Guadalajara, Mexico.
Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon demanded the release of two Lebanese brothers being held in Germany, warning there could be "grave consequences."
Britain's opposition Labor Party chose John Smith as its leader, replacing Neil Kinnock.
FBI Director William Sessions continued to resist White House suggestions he step down, saying he would resign only if President Clinton asked him to.
A car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 95.
Bosnia-Herzegovina's Muslim-dominated parliament endorsed a peace plan, but later withdrew its support after Bosnian Serbs rejected it.
Tutsi rebels declared an end to Rwanda's 14-week-old civil war.
Senate Republicans opened a new round of Whitewater hearings.
Opening statements were presented in the trial of Susan Smith, the South Carolina woman charged with drowning her two young sons.
Recovery efforts continued off Long Island, New York, for the bodies of the 230 people who died in the fiery crash of TWA Flight 800; President Clinton, meanwhile, urged Americans not to immediately assume the crash was the work of terrorists.
German businessman Thomas Kramer was slapped with a record $323,000 penalty by the Federal Election Commission for making illegal US political contributions.
All key systems on the Russian space station "Mir" returned to near-normal, about 24 hours after the already disabled spacecraft had lost power.
Residents along the northern coast of Papua, New Guinea were left reeling after a 23-foot-high tidal wave hit the night before, killing an estimated three-thousand people.
Authorities looking into the disappearance of the plane carrying John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife and sister-in-law announced that the search and rescue operation had become search and recovery.
Paul Lawrie won the British Open after Jean Van de Velde triple-bogeyed on the 72nd hole.
David Cone of the New York Yankees pitched a perfect game against the Montreal Expos, leading his team to a 6-0 victory.
Shrugging off a veto threat from President Clinton, the Senate voted 61-to-38 in favor of eliminating the so-called "marriage penalty" by cutting taxes for virtually every married couple.
Senator Paul Coverdell (Republican, Georgia) died in Atlanta at age 61.
Yankees win 3 in 4 game series with Red Sox
Cooper claims he learned of Plame through Rove
11-year-old California girl charged for throwing stone in defense
Six people arrested under immigration laws in Leeds, England
Utah bill requiring divine design education withdrawn by Senator Chris Buttars
Afghan warlord convicted by British court of torture
Hurricane Emily is second strike for Jamaica
Governor of Tokyo is sued for insulting French language
Report: invasion of Iraq provided boost for Al-Qaeda
UEFA CL: Second leg of first qualifying round starts tomorrow
Harvard lawyer who advises IDF asked about "rules of engagement" in 2004
Light aircraft makes emergency landing in major industrial estate
Heatwave sweeps USA, many struggling to keep cool
Day 7 of the Hezbollah-Israel conflict
Discovery lands at Kennedy Space Center
Poll finds support for Australian PM
Commerce Commission fines BNZ $5 million
US Senate to vote on troop pullout from Iraq today
TAM Linhas AÃ©reas plane crashes at SÃ£o Paulo airport in Brazil
UK tube company Metronet goes into administration
US Senate says no to pullout of US troops from Iraq
Driver dies after truck falls onto railway line in County Durham, England
Toxic air from Ukraine train derailment continues to make people sick
Explosion, steam eruption near Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Tour de France: CÃ©dric Vasseur wins stage 10
MUFON releases report on UFO sighting in Stephenville, Texas
Three firefighters killed in blaze at Chinese plastics factory
Cuba to receive high speed internet connection from Venezuela
Searching for asteroids, extraterrestrial life a little more rocky: Budget cuts threaten to close Arecibo, world's largest radio telescope
Blob off Alaskan coast identified
Swine flu cases in Fiji reach 97
Australian and New Zealander freemasons arrested for sorcery in Fiji
Iceland makes application for membership of the European Union
Iconic American newscaster Walter Cronkite dies at 92
U.S. investigators probe in-flight hole in passenger jet
Australian federal election announced for August 21
Jonathan Ross departs from BBC