Louis III, Holy Roman Emperor, blinded
Massacre of Beziers (Albegensian "Crusade")
Philip "The Fair's" secret commission results in the arrest of and confiscation of all the goods and money of, every Jew in France
Coronation of Louis I "the Great" as King of Hungary
Sigsimund again chosen King of Germany
Death of Manuel II, Emperor of Byzantium
Inquisition established in Rome
Death of Antonio de Mendoza, first Viceroy of Mexico
Inquisition created for the Portuguese navy
Sir Francis Drake and the English first meet the Armada
Death of St. Laurence of Brindisi.
Pope Clement XIV dissolves the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), which was founded during in 1534. Clement did not condemn the Society, but explained it was an administrative move for the peace of the church. The Society was restored in 1814.
Goethe wrote in his diary that he had spent the evening with Beethoven. He said the composer "played deliciously."
Belgium became independent as Leopold the First was proclaimed King of the Belgians.
The inventor of the metronome died. Johann Maelzel was 65 and was sailing to New York at the time. Maelzel's invention changed classical music forever, because it enabled composers to leave much more specific tempo markings.
Composer Chauncey Olcott ("When Irish Eyes Are Smiling") born
The first major military engagement of the Civil War occurred at Bull Run Creek in Virginia. It was a Confederate victory.
The first daily black newspaper "The New Orleans Tribune" was published.
City Gardens on Folsom opens.
The world's 1st train robbery, by Jesse James.
Author Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois.
Violinist Isaac Stern born
Jazz musician-critic Billy Taylor born
Actor-comedian Don Knotts born
The so-called "Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tennessee, with John T. Scopes convicted of violating state law for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution. John T. Scopes is fined $100 for the offense. (The conviction was later overturned.)
Movie director Norman Jewison born
Actor Paul Burke ("Dynasty") born
The U.S. Veterans Administration was established.
Attorney General Janet Reno born
Actress Patricia Elliott ("One Life to Live") born
Actor Edward Herrmann born
American forces landed on Guam during World War Two.
The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated Senator Harry S. Truman to be vice president.
Actor Leigh Lawson ("Tess") born
Actor Wendell Burton born
Yusuf Islam (formerly singer Cat Stevens) born
The US Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.
Comedian-actor Robin Williams born
France surrendered North Vietnam to the Communists.
During the Geneva summit, President Eisenhower presented his "open skies" proposal under which the US and the Soviet Union would trade information on each other's military facilities.
Actor Lance Guest ("Lou Grant") born
Actor Matt Mulhern ("Major Dad") born
Captain Virgil "Gus" Grissom became the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the "Liberty Bell Seven."
Basil Rathbone, the South African-born English actor, died. Famed for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes on the screen, he also became the Hollywood villain in "The Adventures of Robin Hood" and "Mark of Zorro.""
Rock singer Emerson Hart (Tonic) born
Coronation of Bruce of Cloves as first King of the East (SCA)
Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin climbed back into the lunar module, Eagle, and lifted off from the surface of the moon.
Country singer Paul Brandt born
The British ambassador to the Irish Republic, Christopher Ewart-Biggs, was killed by a bomb placed under his car outside his home.
Actor Josh Hartnett ("The Faculty") born
The National Women's Hall of Fame is dedicated. Its purpose is to honor women important to American history.
Draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.
Poland ended 19 months of martial law.
The U.S. announced American hostage David Dodge had been freed in Lebanon.
A robot accidentally crushed a worker in a Jackson, Michigan, auto plant. This was the first recorded robot homicide.
Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres arrived in Morocco for talks with King Hassan II.
South African Bishop Desmond Tutu met with President P.W. Botha in Pretoria. Robert J. Brown withdrew from consideration as U.S. ambassador to South Africa.
Defying a threatened veto by President Reagan, the Senate approved a trade bill containing a provision requiring companies to give 60 days' notice to employees of impending plant closings and large-scale layoffs. (Although Reagan successfully vetoed the bill, he ended up allowing a separate plant-closing notice measure to become law.)
Baroda Airport in India was re-opened after the runway had been blocked by a damaged Boeing 737, which had been charged by a wild bull when it came in to land. The passengers survived; the bull didn't.
Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis accepted the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Atlanta, declaring, "this election isn't about ideology, it's about competence."
The State Department confirmed an ABC News report that Felix S. Bloch, a veteran US diplomat, was being investigated as a possible Soviet spy. (Bloch was never charged with espionage, but was fired from his job in 1990.)
A day after Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan announced his retirement, President Bush convened a meeting with key administration officials to begin finding a replacement.
Jordan joined Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia in agreeing to regional peace talks.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin paid a quick visit to Cairo, where he met with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who said afterward that he'd accepted Rabin's invitation to visit Israel.
A judge in Pontiac, Michigan, dismissed murder charges against euthanasia advocate Jack "Dr. Death" Kevorkian.
More rain set back cleanup and recovery efforts in parts of the Midwest; Transportation Secretary Federico Pena examined flood damage along the Mississippi in Keokuk, Iowa.
Former Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott died in Falls Church, Virginia, at age 93.
Britain's Labor Party elected Tony Blair its new leader, succeeding the late John Smith.
After a two-month trek across Russia following his return from 20 years of exile, Alexander Solzhenitsyn arrived back in Moscow.
At a 16-nation conference in London, the United States and NATO allies warned Bosnian Serbs that further attacks on U.N. safe havens would draw a "substantial and decisive response."
Dozens of memorial services were held across the country to remember the 230 people lost in the crash of TWA Flight 800.
At the Atlanta Olympics, swimmer Tom Dolan gave the United States its first gold, in the 400-meter individual medley. The men's 800-meter freestyle relay team also won.
The USS "Constitution," which defended the US during the War of 1812, set sail under its own power for first time in 116 years, leaving its temporary anchorage at Marblehead, Massachusetts, for a one-hour voyage marking its 200th anniversary. (The actual anniversary was the following October.)
The Pentagon said it found no evidence to support allegations in a CNN report that US troops had used nerve gas during a 1970 operation in Laos designed to hunt down American defectors.
President Clinton announced a crackdown on nursing homes that were lax about quality and on states that do a poor job of regulating them.
Actor Robert Young died in Westlake Village, California, at age 91.
Astronaut Alan Shepard died in Monterey, California, at age 74.
Navy divers found the bodies of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and sister-in-law, Lauren Bessette, in the wreckage of Kennedy's plane in the Atlantic Ocean off Martha's Vineyard.
Advertising executive David Ogilvy died in Bonnes, France, at age 88.
Special Counsel John C. Danforth concluded "with 100 percent certainty" that the federal government was innocent of wrongdoing in the siege that killed 80 members of the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, in 1993.
Group of Eight leaders met for an economic summit on the Japanese island of Okinawa, where President Clinton also futilely sought to soothe long-simmering tensions over the huge American military presence.
No evidence against London Bombing suspects says cleric
Five Commissioners rescind welcome of 2006 Gay Games in Chicago
Four small explosions strike London's transport system
South Dakota duck population gets help from rain
UK markets up despite London incident
Rice angry after abuse of aides in Sudan
Chinese yuan revalued against dollar
Prime Minister, Police chief urge London to 'get moving again'
Stores drop game "Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas" after given 'Adults Only' rating
German president dissolves parliament; elections in September
Kent Hovind faces a 58-count federal indictment
Khmer Rouge "Butcher" dies ahead of trial
Indonesia's president visits victims of tsunami
Microsoft to buy back US$40 B of its stock over 5 years
Ninety New Zealanders evacuated from Lebanon
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper assigned airforce aircraft to pick up Canadians in Lebanon
Israel masses troops, tanks along Lebanon border
St. Louis hit by massive power outages after 80 m.p.h. winds, National Guard mobilized
Suspect in Colorado anti-evolution death threats case is missing
Final Harry Potter book goes on sale
Lindsay Lohan surrenders to police
Vietnamese police blamed for deaths of over 100 political protesters
North Korea wants light-water reactors
Kimi RÃ¤ikkÃ¶nen will start first for European Grand Prix, Lewis Hamilton suffers a crash
Tour de France: Alexander Vinokourov wins stage 13
Pratibha Patil becomes the first woman president of the Republic of India
Taiwan breaks bicycle parade world record
Hanoi hosts International Mathematical Olympiad
Ukraine: media riddles around the phosphorous cloud
German League Cup: Werder Bremen 1-4 FC Bayern Munich
Earthquakes shake Argentina and Brazil
Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry reinstated as Chief Justice of Pakistan
Cyclone Nargis aid effort to cost one billion US$
Leisure Taiwan: Safety first before sporting
One-Two-Go Airlines cease operating over fuel costs as legal action begins over September air disaster
Search underway after US B-52 bomber crashes off Guam's coast
Brazilian actress Dercy GonÃ§alves dies at age 101
Black spot on Jupiter is impact site, says NASA
20 years on: Sioux City, Iowa remembers crash landing that killed 111
Workers at England wind turbine plant stage occupation
Australian election debate moved to avoid clash with cookery show
Coalition ups ante on Australian school tax rebates
Astronomers discover largest star on record
China launches major cleanup operation after oil spill
Australian Gliders squeak out first place victory over Germany women's national wheelchair team
China women's national wheelchair basketball team tops Japan for third place at Rollers & Gliders World Challenge
Australia men's national wheelchair basketball team beat Japan 80-49 in final game of pool play
Nineteenth Maccabiah Games open in Jerusalem
Noosa defeat Caloundra in Sunshine Coast Rugby Union round seventeen