Election of Sixtus III as Pope
Death of St, Germanus of Auxerre
Moslems sack Thessalonica
Richard I takes Jaffa back from Saladin (3rd Crusade)
William de Chartres, Master of the Templars, wounded in battle before Damietta (5th Crusade)
The Mameluks take Beirut - end of Latin presence in Palestine & Syria
Gates of Paris treacherously opened for Charles, King of Navarre
Death of Etienne Marcel, Provost of Paris
Death of Giovanni Colombini
Thomas Barton, procurator of Glastonbury Abbey, reasserts the Abbey's rights in the King's Court
On his third voyage to the New World, Columbus discovered the island of Trinidad.
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor born
John Knox captured by Royalists
St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus -- the Jesuit order of Catholic priests and brothers -- died in Rome.
Countess Elizabeth Bathory writes her last Will and Testament
Johann Sebastian Bach's funeral. It would be two centuries before his remains would be rediscovered during excavations to extend the foundations of the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig. He would then be reburied inside the church, Westminster Abbey-style.
Author and jurist James Kent born
The Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was made a major-general in the American Continental Army.
The first U.S. patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont on this day. Mr. Hopkins did not get Patent #1 as thousands of patents were issued before someone came up with the bright idea to number them. The inventor patented a process for making potash and pearl ashes.
Director David Rittenhouse laid the cornerstone in Philadelphia for the United States Mint, the first building of the federal government.
John Ericsson US, invented screw propeller, built USS Monitor born
Confederate Army guerrilla leader William Quantrill, whose wartime raid on Lawrence, Kansas, left some 150 people dead. born
George Melville polar explorer, naval engineer born
The French Army introduced the saxophone to its military band this day. The musical instrument was the invention of Adolphe Sax of Belgium.
S.S. (Sebastian Spering) Kresge (merchant five & dime stores) born
The 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson, died in Carter Station, Tennessee, at age 66.
Roy Bargy Mich, orchestra leader (Jimmy Durante Show) born
Elmo Roper pollster (Roper Poll) born
Arthur Daley sportswriter (NY Times-Pulitzer 1956) born
George Liberace Menasha Wisc, violinist (Liberace Show) born
Economist Milton Friedman born
William Todman (game show producer Productions: The Price is Right, To Tell the Truth, Beat the Clock, I've Got a Secret, What's My Line) born
The words of Richard Strauss, from this day, tell us much about the origins of World War One. He said: "Poets should be permitted to stay home. There is plenty of cannon fodder available critics, stage producers who have their own ideas, Moliere actors, etcetera."
Sportscaster Curt Gowdy born
Germany's Weimar Constitution was adopted.
MGM's Leo, the lion, roared for the first time on this day. HE introduced MGM's first talking picture, White Shadows on the South Seas. Leo's dialogue was more extensive that the film's, whose only spoken word was, Hello.
Actor Don Murray (Bus Stop, Knots Landing, Peggy Sue Got Married) born
Jazz composer-musician Kenny Burrell born
Actor Geoffrey Lewis born
Actress France Nuyen born
11 classic, I've Heard That Song Before, for Columbia Records this day. Helen Forrest sang on the million-seller.
Actress Susan Flannery born
Movie studio executive Sherry Lansing born
Actress Geraldine Chaplin born
Pierre Laval, premier of the pro-Nazi Vichy government, surrendered to U.S. authorities in Austria; he was turned over to France, which later tried and executed him.
Rock singer Bob Welch (formerly of Fleetwood Mac) born
President Truman helped dedicate New York International Airport (later John F. Kennedy International Airport) at Idlewild Field.
Actor Barry Van Dyke born
Tennis player Evonne Goolagong Cawley born
Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, known as "Mr. Republican," died in New York at age 63.
17 year old Marilyn Bell of Toronto, Canada, became the youngest person to swim the English Channel.
Rock singer-musician Daniel Ash (Love and Rockets) born
Rock musician Bill Berry (R.E.M.) born
The American space probe "Ranger Seven" transmitted pictures of the moon's surface.
Country Music Hall of Famer, Jim Reeves, died when his single-engine Beechcraft crashed near Nashville, TN on this day.
Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ending 'Huntley-Brinkley Report' (No more "Goodnight, David" "Goodnight, Chet")
The first men to ride in a vehicle on the moon did so on this day in the LRV (lunar rover vehicle). The sort of lunar dune buggy carried Apollo 15 astronauts, David R. Scott and James B. Irwin for five miles on the lunar surface.
Democratic vice-presidential candidate Thomas Eagleton withdrew from the ticket with George McGovern following disclosures Eagleton had once undergone psychiatric treatment.
Watergate figure John Ehrlichman was sentenced to 20 months in prison for his role in the break-in at the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist. Ellsburg was the Pentagon consultant who leaked the "Pentagon Papers," documents about the war in Vietnam.
Actor Robert Telfer ("Saved by the Bell") born
The leader of Panama, Gen. Omar Torrijos, was killed in a plane crash.
The seven-week-old major league baseball players strike ended as the players and owners agreed on the issue of free agent compensation.
The U.S. men's gymnastics team won the team gold medal at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics in a major upset over the Chinese that included perfect performances by Mitch Gaylord, Bart Conner and Tim Daggett.
House and Senate negotiators reached agreement on legislation to impose economic sanctions against South Africa, in the wake of that country's growing unrest and state of emergency.
Singer Shannon Curfman born
President Reagan, citing executive privilege, refused to allow senators to see Justice Department memos written between 1969 to 1971 by William H. Rehnquist, who was facing confirmation hearings to become chief justice of the United States.
Iranian pilgrims and riot police clashed in the Muslim holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, resulting in some 400 deaths, according to the Saudi government, which blamed the Iranians for the violence.
In a televised speech, Jordan's King Hussein called for an independent Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied territories as he told the Palestinians to take affairs into their own hands.
A pro-Iranian group in Lebanon released a grisly videotape purportedly showing the body of American hostage William R. Higgins dangling from a rope, a day after his kidnappers threatened to kill him.
Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-3.
Shoal Creek, a private country club in Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for being all-white, announced it had accepted a black businessman as an honorary member.
Seven people were killed when a bus carrying Girl Scouts crashed in Palm Springs, Calif.
The Senate overturned a 43-year-old law and voted to allow women to fly military warplanes in combat.
Seven people were killed when an Amtrak passenger train derailed near Camden, S.C.
President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow.
Summer Sanders became the first American athlete to win four gold medals at the Barcelona Olympics as she won the gold in the women's 200-meter butterfly.
The space shuttle "Atlantis" blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a problem-plagued scientific mission.
Belgium's King Baudouin I died at age 62; he was succeeded by his brother, Prince Albert.
A US-brokered truce halted Israel's weeklong military offensive in southern Lebanon, which was launched in retaliation for guerrilla attacks that killed seven Israeli troops.
The U.N. Security Council authorized member states to use "all necessary means" to oust the military leadership in Haiti.
In the second-largest takeover in U.S. corporate history, the Walt Disney Company agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC, Inc. in a $19 billion deal.
The White House won agreement with key Republican lawmakers on a package of anti-terrorism measures.
After Clinton's announcement that he would sign it, 98 Democrats joined the House's Republican majority to pass a historic welfare overhaul bill.
In Brooklyn, New York, police seized five bombs believed bound for terrorist attacks on New York City subways.
IBM's Russian subsidiary agreed to pay $8.5 million in federal fines for selling powerful computers ultimately destined for a Russian nuclear weapons laboratory.
President Clinton said he would "completely and truthfully" answer prosecutors' questions about Monica Lewinsky in testimony to be beamed by closed-circuit television to a grand jury.
Chicago authorities said as many as 46 more residents had died as a result of a relentless heat wave that enveloped much of the nation and produced the hottest July on record in New York City.
The Republican national convention opened in Philadelphia, with George W. Bush's name put into nomination for president.
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak survived a no-confidence vote. North and South Korea agreed to reopen border liaison offices and reconnect a railway linking their capitals.
MiloÅ¡eviÄ‡ may be jailed in Russia
Anti-Mubarak protesters in Cairo beaten by the police
London police question captured bombing suspects
U.S. President given clean bill of health at annual checkup
Former ECB chief Wim Duisenberg dies
Kazakhstan gets hit with bird flu
Hollywood-like car hijacking in Belgrade
Serbian goal keeper debuts in Croatian football club Rijeka
Nine babies' bodies found in Germany
New Zealand's new small change
Lesbians lose High Court marriage bid
Israeli jets attack southern Lebanon despite partial halt to air strikes
Obrador supporters block streets in Mexico City
U.S. says Israel has agreed to suspend air strikes for 48 hours after deadly strike on Qana
Landis asks for additional test
Mel Gibson makes anti-semitic statements while drunk
676,000 Canadian census forms unfilled countrywide
Security Council sets deadline over Iran nuclear program
UK PM Brown meets with US President Bush at Camp David
Cricket: India defeat England in second Test
US Chief Justice John Roberts hospitalized
Scholarships awarded to isolated pacific islanders in Micronesia
Facebook down for "upgrades"; multiple blogs suggest site was hacked
UN to send troops to Darfur, Sudan
Alan Turing Building opens at University of Manchester
US basketball: Cleveland Cavaliers and partner Flash Seats sue Ticketmaster
New Zealand's copyright bill report strikes criticism
England's historic Weston-super-Mare Grand Pier destroyed by fire
Chinese Wikipedia unblocked across China
British hacker may face Guantanamo, 60-year sentence
Israeli PM Olmert to step down in September
Southern Minnesota plane crash kills eight
British doctor killed while on honeymoon
TICA highlights open source applications at Linux Forum & Expo
Man decapitated on Greyhound bus in Manitoba
United States confirms first military death sentence since 1957
Sony refreshes VAIO brand for business and entertainment
South African President Jacob Zuma chooses new Police Chief
Vestas delays closure of Newport plant
Former Philippine President Corazon Aquino dies at age 76
Afghans riot after civilians die in crash
US President Barack Obama test drives Chevy Volt in Michigan
Deadly flooding in Pakistan kills hundreds
US Q2 economic growth slows to 2.4%
After 100 days, Deepwater Horizon oil spill still threatens Gulf coast
Bus crash kills six, injures Iraqi minister in Jordan
British police launch computer hacking investigation
British male gymnasts pick up medal despite last-minute appeal by Japan