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Today in History

1811
Independence Day in Venezuela
1928
Emmy nominated actress Katherine Helmond born in Galveston, Texas
1928
US Marine and actor, Warren Oates born in Muhlenberg County, Kentucky
1946
Bikini is introduced in Paris, France
1950
Grammy Award winning musician, songwriter and singer, Huey Lewis born in San Francisco, California
1962
Independence Day in Algeria
1975
Independence Day in Cape Verde
1995
Constitution Day in Armenia
862
Death of St. Swithin
907
Bavarians defeated by the Hungarians
971
St. Swithin's body moved to a basilica
1097
Capture of Jerusalem (1st Crusade) 10,000 massacred
1100
Election of Godfrey of Bologne as King of Jerusalem
1187
The castle of Tiberias surrenders to Saladin
1346
English army sails for France
1394
Charles VI, King of France, expels the Jews from France
1436
Sigsimund recognized as King of Bohemia; agreement with the Hussites is confirmed
1450
Cade's Rebellion accepts pardons and leaves London
1517
Sultan Selim enters Cairo
1539
Death of St Anthony Zaccaria
1543
Death of Bevill Grenville
1580
Proclamation to restrict the growth of London forbids new building
1585
Maria Reich, Trauben Wirth, Waldburg Lachenmayer, and Anna Treher, of Waldsee, Germany, burned as witches
1632
Knighting of Anthony Van Dyck, artist
1641
Courts of Star Chamber & High Commission are abolished in Britain
1704
August Gottlieb Spangenberg founder of Moravian Church in North America born
1704
John Broughton, Boxer, English, was the "father of the sport of boxing", replacing sword fighting. born
1709
Etienne de Silhouette, French minister of finance, outline portrait artist born
1755
Sarah Siddons, Welsh actress, gained fame playing Lady Macbeth in Macbeth born
1794
Sylvester W. Graham, Health food pioneer and Inventor of the, Graham Cracker. born
1801
David Farragut, the first U.S. Navy admiral born
1810
Showman P.T. Barnum American showman who formed the Barnum and Bailey Circus born
1811
Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
1830
The French occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1853
English-born colonist and statesman in southern Africa, Cecil Rhodes born
1865
William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London
1870
Georgia became the last of the Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
1876
A friend of Brahms read him a newspaper report that a musician in the orchestra at Bayreuth had died. Brahms' reply, in its entirety: "The first corpse."
1879
American tennis player Dwight Davis, founder of the Davis Cup. born
1881
Wanda Landowsky was born in Warsaw. Landowsky would become the first great harpsichordist of the 20th century, and the one who brought the instrument back to popularity. Without Wanda Landowsky there might not have been so great a revival of Baroque music.
1889
French writer and film director Jean Cocteau born
1891
Biochemist, John Northrop - crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946) born
1902
Henry Cabot Jr. Lodge born
1904
Milburn Stone, TV Actor, Gunsmoke's Dr. Galen 'Doc' Adams born
1911
George Pompidou, Prime Minister of France, 1968 born
1912
Led by all-round athlete Jim Thorpe, the United States team took more medals than any other nation at the Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden.
1916
Boeing Company, originally known as Pacific Aero Products, was founded in Seattle by William Boeing.
1918
The Second Battle of the Marne began during World War One.
1923
Football coach John McKay born
1926
Musician Janos Starker born
1928
Actor Warren Oates born
1932
Movie Actor, William Robert Laughlin (Our Gang's Froggy) born
1934
Actress Katherine Helmond born
1936
TV/Movie/Stage Actress, Shirley Knight born
1942
Dancer-choreographer Eliot Feld born
1944
Singer-musician Robbie Robertson born
1945
Italy declared war on its former Axis partner, Japan.
1946
The bikini made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. Model Micheline Bernardini wore the daringly skimpy two-piece outfit, which was created by Louis Reard
1948
Julie Nixon Eisenhower born
1948
President Truman was nominated for another term of office by the Democratic national convention in Philadelphia.
1950
Rock star Huey Lewis born
1951
Baseball pitcher Rich "Goose" Gossage born
1952
Country musician Charles Ventre (River Road) born
1959
Singer-songwriter Marc Cohn born
1964
Senator Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona was nominated for president by the Republican national convention, meeting in San Francisco.
1971
President Nixon announced he would visit the People's Republic of China to seek a "normalization of relations."
1973
Rock musician Bengt Lagerberg (The Cardigans) born
1975
Actor Dale Godboldo ("Shasta McNasty") born
1975
Three American astronauts blasted off aboard an "Apollo" spaceship hours after two Soviet cosmonauts were launched aboard a "Soyuz" spacecraft for a mission that included a linkup of the two ships in orbit.
1976
A 36-hour kidnap ordeal began for 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver as they were abducted near Chowchilla, California, by three gunmen and imprisoned in an underground cell. (The captives escaped unharmed.)
1978
Rapper Bizarre (D12) born
1979
President Carter delivered his "malaise" speech in which he lamented what he called a "crisis of confidence" in America.
1980
Rock singer Jason Wade (Lifehouse) born
1987
Pat Cash of Australia defeated Ivan Lendl in straight sets to win the Wimbledon men's single final.
1987
Former National Security Adviser John Poindexter testifed at the Iran-Contra hearings that he had never told President Reagan about using Iranian arms sales money for the Contras in order to protect the president from possible political embarrassment.
1988
Attorney General Edwin Meese the Third announced he would resign, saying he had been completely vindicated by an independent prosecutor's 14-month probe into his official conduct.
1989
Former National Security Council aide Oliver North received $150,000 fine and a suspended prison term as a judge sentenced him for his Iran-Contra convictions. His convictions were later overturned.
1990
NATO leaders opened a two-day meeting in London to revise the alliance's strategy in light of easing East-West tensions in Europe and the unraveling of the Warsaw Pact.
1991
A former POW released a photograph showing three U.S. servicemen, missing in Southeast Asia since the Vietnam War, holding a sign dated May 25, 1990.
1991
A worldwide financial scandal erupted as regulators in eight countries shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, charging it with fraud, drug money-laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system.
1992
Leader's of the world's seven richest nations gathered in Munich, Germany, for their 18th annual economic summit. President Bush, en route to the summit, told cheering Poles in Warsaw, "America shares Poland's dream."
1992
Andre Agassi won his first Grand Slam title, defeating Goran Ivanisevic at Wimbledon.
1992
Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York.
1993
In the Tanglewood the show was all-Tchaikovsky. Mariss Jansons conducted the Boston Symphony in the "Pathetique" Symphony after Andre Watts performed the First Piano Concerto.
1993
A United Nations team left Iraq after trying for more than a month to persuade the Baghdad government to allow surveillance cameras at two former missile test sites. President Clinton left Washington for a Group of Seven summit in Japan.
1994
In an attempt to halt a surge of Haitian refugees, the Clinton administration announced that it was refusing entry to new Haitian boat people.
1994
President Clinton set out on a four-nation European trip that included a Group of Seven summit in Naples, Italy.
1995
More than 100 Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were dancing collapsed near Wentzville, Missouri.
1996
MSNBC, a 24-hour all-news network, made its debut on cable and the Internet.
1996
Nervous investors, fearing higher interest rates, gave the stock market its worst beating in four months, sending the Dow industrials down 114 points.
1996
Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole picked New York congresswoman Susan Molinari to deliver the keynote address at the upcoming GOP convention.
1996
The government reported the nation's unemployment rate fell to a six-year low in June
1997
Cambodia's Second Prime Minister Hun Sen launched a bloody coup that toppled First Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh.
1997
Sixteen-year-old Martina Hingis became the youngest Wimbledom singles champion this century as she beat Jana Novotna, 2-6, 6-3, 6-3 in the women's finals. (Charlotte "Lottie" Dod won in 1887 at age 15.)
1997
NASA scientists brainstormed to fix problems that left Mars Pathfinder's robot rover stuck aboard the lander.
1998
British security forces in Northern Ireland blocked a group of Protestants from parading through the main Catholic neighborhood of Portadown.
1998
Pete Sampras won Wimbledon for the fifth time in six years with a 6-7 (2-7), 7-6 (11-9), 6-4, 3-6, 6-2 triumph over Goran Ivanisevic.
1999
President Clinton began a four-day cross-country tour to promote a plan for drawing jobs and investment to areas that had not shared in the prosperity of the 1990s.
2000
The UN Security Council imposed a diamond ban on Sierra Leone's rebels in a bid to strangle their ability to finance a civil war.
2000
At the United Nations, President Clinton signed an international agreement to ban the forcible recruitment of youths as soldiers in armed conflict, and a companion accord to protect children from being forced into slavery, prostitution and pornography.
2005
Israeli man faces attempted murder charges for stabbing three gay pride marchers
2005
Aid ship sailing to Somalia hijacked; aid supply threatened
2005
Sunnis fighting al-Qa'eda insurgents in Western Iraq
2005
Three killed in Tennessee vehicle crash
2005
House votes to repeal Washington D.C. handgun ban
2005
Australian Prime Minister's popularity at all time low
2005
34% more Americans killed in Iraq during past 12 months than in previous 12 months
2005
United Church of Christ endorses same-sex marriage, largest Christian denomination to do so
2005
Tropical Storm Cindy threatens U.S. Gulf Coast
2006
Poland wins in Wagner's Volleyball memorial
2006
Australian Big Brother cleared of breaching content laws
2006
Five convicted in abortion case in Portugal
2006
Microsoft to drop parts of WGA program amid controversy
2006
Scientist makes world's smallest soccer pitch
2006
British soldier killed in Afghanistan
2006
Enron founder Ken Lay dies in Aspen, Colorado
2006
Yell threatens to shut down Yellowikis
2006
Singer Lorraine Hunt Lieberson dies in Santa Fe, New Mexico
2006
Italian intelligence chief arrested over CIA kidnap
2006
France beat Portugal 1-0 and reach FIFA World Cup final
2007
Several police officers killed in suicide bombing in Afghanistan
2007
London Underground train derails leaving passengers trapped
2007
Third US soldier charged in investigation into murder of Iraqi civilians
2007
Nigerian gunmen kidnap three-year-old British girl
2007
Commuter chaos in Sydney after wind damages lines on Harbour Bridge
2007
Fred Thompson accused of being a "mole" for Nixon White House
2007
A dozen 7-Elevens transformed into Kwik-E-Marts to promote Simpsons movie
2007
Five kidnapped from Nigerian oil rig
2007
25 killed and 33 injured as explosion rips through Chinese karaoke bar
2007
Son of former US VP Al Gore arrested for drug possession
2008
Iran says its nuclear program is unchanged
2008
London police launch new anti-gang taskforce
2008
Train cars derail into the Thompson River, British Colombia, chemicals spilled
2008
Taste of Taiwan Cuisine: A complex to redefine Taiwan's MICE industry
2008
South African president wrongly announces death of Zambian counterpart
2008
UK court rules Pringles are potato-light
2008
Death toll in Arizona helicopter collision at seven as only survivor dies
2009
One dead, eighteen injured in Florida lightning strike
2009
Two explosives factories explode in India
2009
Former NFL quarterback Steve McNair shot dead
2009
UK Serious Fraud Office to investigate MG Rover collapse
2009
Ousted president Manuel Zelaya heads back to Honduras
2010
Overdue supply ship docks with International Space Station
2010
Australian rules football: Six goal win moves Morwell to second on Gippsland Football League ladder
2010
Pichilemu, Chile former post office is demolished
2010
Scientists develop 'Smart Bomb' treatment that targets cancer cells
2010
China sentences geologist to eight years in prison despite US appeal
2012
On the campaign trail, June 2012

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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