Avitus proclaimed Western Roman Emperor
Death of Anastasius, Emperor of the East
Stephen Langton, greatest of the medieval archbishops of Canterbury, dies. He had formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters in the late 1100's. His name also appears on the Magna Carta as counselor to the king.
John of Gaunt sails for Spain
Death of Jan van Eyck, Flemish painter
Vasco Da Gama sets sail to find a sea route to India
Death of Pietro da Vinci, father of Leonardo
England's King Henry the Eighth had his six-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.
Maurice of Saxony defeats Albert of Brandenburg; Maurice of Saxony fatally wounded
The failed Pensacola Bay, Florida colony returns to Santo Domingo
Rudolf II, Emperor of Bohemia, grants freedom of worship in his domain
Elizabeth I, Queen of England, arrives at Kenilworth Castle
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor born
Assassination of William of Orange, "the Silent"
The pastoral play "Rhodon and Iris" opens in Norwich, England
Giovanni Bononcini died in London. He was 77. Bononcini was the second-most-acclaimed composer in London during Handel's day.
Author Ann Radcliffe The Romance of the Forest. born
The Declaration of Independence was read aloud to General George Washington's troops in New York.
James Swan paid off the U. S. National debt of two million dollars.
Thomas Davenport, invented 1st commercially successful electric motor born
Argentina declared independence from Spain.
Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine. Well, he was the first to patent the sewing machine -- but the actual inventor was Walter Hunt. Elias Howe only patented the lock stitch sewing machine. born
Philip P. Bliss, American gospel singer and songwriter. Some of his best-remembered hymns are: Wonderful Words of Life, It is Well with My Soul and Let theLower Lights Be Burning. born
Ralph E. Hudson, sacred composer and music publisher. His most enduring hymns include: At the Cross and Blessed Be the Name. born
Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for the U.S.
The 12th president of the United States, Zachary Taylor, died after serving only 16 months.
Mirza Ali Muhammad, the prophet of the Baha'i faith, was executed by a firing squad in Tabriz, Iran.
The 14th amendment to the constitution was ratified. This amendment defines U. S. citizenship and was declared in effect on July 28, 1868.
The doughnut cutter was patented by John F. Blondel of Thomaston, Maine.
A British tourist recorded in his diary that he had gone for a swim with Brahms, and described the composer as "the very image of strength and vigor" but "too much inclined to stoutness.."
The corncob pipe was patented by Henry Tibbe of Washington, Missouri
Composer Ottorino Respighi born
Historian Samuel Eliot Morison born
Black physician Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the world's first successful open heart surgery, and did so without using anesthesia.
William Jennings Bryan caused a sensation at the Democratic national convention in Chicago with his "cross of gold" speech denouncing supporters of the gold standard. (Bryan went on to win the party's nomination.)
William Cameron Townsend, American missionary and linguist. In 1942 he established what has become the largest evangelical missionary agency in the world -Wycliffe Bible Translators (WBT). born
David Diamond was born in Rochester, New York. Diamond is another tonal composer of the generation after Copland that suffered a certain amount of critical neglect because in the forties and fifties the academic community didn't consider tonal music to be hip.
Former British Prime Minister Edward Heath born
101 people were killed as an inbound local train collided with an outbound express in Nashville, Tennessee.This was the worst railroad disaster in U. S. history.
The future Tarzan - Johnny Weissmuller became the first to swim the 100 meters, freestyle, in less than a minute.
Actor-singer Ed Ames born
Singer-songwriter Lee Hazelwood born
English artist David Hockney born
Actor Richard Roundtree born
Football Hall-of-Famer O.J. Simpson born
The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten was announced.
Actor Chris Cooper ("A Time to Kill") born
President Truman asked Congress to formally end the state of war between the United States and Germany.
TV personality & Emmy Award-winning composer for Tourde France, John Tesh born
Country singer David Ball born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Debbie Sledge (Sister Sledge) born
Bill Haley and the Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" hit number one on Billboard magazine's best-seller records chart, marking what some consider the beginning of the rock `n' roll era.
Dick Clark first hosted "Bandstand" on WFIL TV in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thus began American Bandstand.
The discovery of element 102, Nobelium, was announced.
Actress Kelly McGillis born
Rock singer Jim Kerr (Simple Minds) born
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev threatened the United States with rockets if American forces attempted to oust the communist government of Cuba.
Actress-rock singer Courtney Love born
Actor Scott Grimes ("Party of Five") born
Voyager II flies past Jupiter.
Actress Megan Parlen ("Hang Time") born
Seven people die in a stampede to see the pope in Brazil.
A Pan Am Boeing 727 crashed in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 146 people aboard and eight people on the ground.
Kathy Wilson, the Republican head of the National Women's Political Caucus, called on President Reagan not to seek a second term, saying he was a "dangerous man" for American women.
Canadian Prime Minister John Turner announced national elections in September, saying Canadians needed a "renewal of confidence and certainty in this country."
The largest crowd to watch a basketball game in the United States took place at the Hoosier Dome in Indianapolis, Indiana. They watched the U.S. Men's Olympic Team defeat a team from the NBA, by a score of 97-82.
President Reagan's budget director, Davis A. Stockman, announced his resignation to pursue a career in private business.
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography released the final draft of its two-thousand-page report, which linked hard-core porn to sex crimes.
The first new theater on Broadway in 13 years opened at 46th Street and Broadway. The Marquis Theater seated 1,600 people.
His third day of testimony on Capitol Hill, Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North said he had shredded evidence as part of a long-planned cover-up of his role in the Iran-Contra affair.
Teamsters President Jackie Presser died in Lakewood, Ohio, at age 61.
Dog trainer Barbara Woodhouse died in Buckinghamshire, England, at age 78.
West German tennis players Steffi Graf and Boris Becker won the women's and men's singles titles at Wimbledon.
President Bush arrived in Warsaw, Poland, for a visit that included an address to the National Assembly and a meeting with Solidarity founder Lech Walesa.
Leaders of the world's seven richest nations opened a three-day economic summit in Houston, the first such gathering in the post-Cold War era.
The American League defeated the National League, 4-to-2, in the All-Star Game in Toronto.
The International Olympic Committee readmitted South Africa.
Former CIA officer Alan D. Fiers pleaded guilty to two misdemeanor charges in the Iran-Contra affair.
Democrat Bill Clinton tapped Tennessee Senator Al Gore to be his running mate.
The space shuttle "Columbia" landed at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, ending a two-week mission.
CBS news commentator Eric Sevareid died in Washington at age 79.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Group of Seven leaders as they concluded their three-day summit in Tokyo.
Leaders of Bosnia's Muslim-led government rejected a plan to divide the country into three ethnically separate republics.
Planned talks between North Korea and South Korea were put on hold following the death of North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung.
Members of the Group of Seven nations concluded their economic summit in Naples, Italy, pledging joint efforts for economic growth and stability.
Pete Sampras won the men's singles title at Wimbledon by defeating Boris Becker 6-7 (7-5), 6-2, 6-4, 6-2.
French commandos boarded the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior II in the South Pacific.
Attorney Melvin Belli died in San Francisco at age 88.
Former Colorado Governor Richard Lamm began a drive for the presidential nomination of Ross Perot's fledgling Reform Party.
The National League won the All-Star game, defeating the American League 6-to-0 in Philadelphia.
Boxer Mike Tyson was banned from the ring and fined $3 million for biting opponent Evander Holyfield's ears.
Leaders of 16 NATO nations met with 25 other countries in an unprecedented security summit in Madrid, Spain.
Former high school sweethearts Amy Grossberg and Brian Peterson were sentenced in Wilmington, Delaware, to prison for killing their newborn son at a motel. (Grossberg received two and a-half years; Peterson, who'd cooperated with prosecutors, received two years.)
Congress sent President Clinton an election-year bill overhauling the Internal Revenue Service; Clinton said he would sign it.
A jury in Los Angeles ordered General Motors Corp. to pay $4.9 billion to six people severely burned when their Chevrolet Malibu exploded in flames in a rear-end collision. (A judge later reduced the punitive damages to $1.9 billion, while letting stand $107 million dollars in compensatory damages; GM is continuing to appeal.)
The 13th International AIDS Conference opened in Durban, South Africa.
Twelve people died in a soccer stampede set off when police fired tear gas at bottle-throwing fans during a World Cup qualifier between Zimbabwe and South Africa in Harare, Zimbabwe. (South Africa's 2-0 victory over Zimbabwe was ruled official.)
Top-seeded Pete Sampras won his seventh Wimbledon title as he defeated Patrick Rafter, 6-7 (10), 7-6 (5), 6-4, 6-2.
Hurricane Dennis heads for Gulf Coast, leaves trail of destruction in its wake
Pittsburgh Pirates rally to defeat New York Mets, 6-5
Tour de France week 1 wrap up
Nigerian sentenced to death for admitting to gay relations
Weening takes stage to GÃ©rardmer in photo finish
London Tube bombs went 'bang bang bang, very close together'
London bus bomb 'an hour late'
UK Police evacuate Birmingham city centre
Walt Disney Co. reconciles with Disney heir
Dozens left dead in Caribbean as Hurricane Dennis moves toward U.S.
Appalachian Mountains coal company target of protesters
Baugur Group withdraws from Somerfield bid
Formula 1: Alonso in lead in tomorrow's British Grand Prix
Video game's secret sex scenes spark outrage
San Francisco anti-G8 rally turns violent
Indian royal family disinherits gay scion
Belated New Jersey budget passes, ending most of the shutdown
Elderly man's mutilated body found in Wellington's south coast, NZ
Communal tensions rise in Mumbai as Shiv Sainiks protest desecration of statue
Tory leader to make 'hoodie' plea
Passenger airplane crashes in Siberia
Missing French girls Emeline and Melissa found safe
India successfully test-fires Agni-III missile
India's Agni-III test termed a "partial success".
Italy and France draw 1-1; Italy wins FIFA World Cup on penalties
AFC Asian Cup: Qatar scores late to draw with defending champions Japan
Rower Tuijn halfway across Pacific in record attempt
Federer wins fifth Wimbledon title
Boeing unveils new 787 Dreamliner
Tour de France: Gert Steegmans wins stage 2
AFC Asian Cup: Australia draw with Oman, hosts Vietnam upset UAE
U.S. Hurricane Center director leaves position
TNT blamed for Chinese karaoke bar explosion that killed 25
G8 members release statement on Zimbabwe
Iran conducts nine missile tests
Declassified records show American inaction during South Korean mass killings
Six dead, including assailants, in attack on U.S. Consulate in Istanbul
Bolivia road crash leaves at least 47 dead
Australian businessmen arrested in China for spying
Brush fires threaten neighborhoods in Los Angeles, California
Serbian Mig-29 crashes near Belgrade
NBA: LeBron James announces that he will join the Miami Heat
California jury orders Skilled Healthcare to pay $671 million in damages
UK police involved in stand-off with gunman Raoul Moat
US and Russia announce spy swap
CNN journalist fired for controversial Twitter message
Leader of East Timor tells Australian prime minister to fully form asylum seeker policy
NASCAR driver Jimmie Johnson becomes first time father
'Psychic' octopus backs Spain to win World Cup
June jobs report shows rising US unemployment, economic outlook worsens
Polar bears related to extinct Irish bears, DNA study shows
Murdoch axes News of the World after hacking allegations startle politicians
Mark Webber wins British Grand Prix
Drought conditions hit much of US again in 2012
Mansour announces election plans for Egypt after violence and protests