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Today in History

1922
Babe Ruth strikes out three consecutive times
1929
Author Anne Frank born in Frankfurt am Main, Weimar Germany
1940
Sportscaster Marv Albert born in Brooklyn, New York
1959
Actress Jenilee Harrison born in Los Angeles, California
1964
South Africa sentences Nobel Peace Prize laureate Nelson Mandela to life in prison
1977
Billboard Music Award winning singer and guitarist Kenny Wayne Shepherd born in Shreveport, Louisiana
1979
Bryan Allen flies man-powered Gossamer Albatross across English Channel
816
Death of St. Leo, Pope
918
Death of Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred "the Great," King of England
1099
Crusade leaders visit the Mount of Olives where they meet a hermit who urges them to assault Jerusalem. Taking Jerusalem.
1402
John, Duke of Burgundy, massacres 3500 people in Paris
1442
Alfonso V, King of Aragon, crowned King of Naples
1446
Peace of Constance
1458
College of St. Mary Magdelen founded, Oxford, England
1479
Death of St. John of Sahagun
1587
Ursula Fray and Catharina Kless burned for witchcraft
1616
Pocahontas arrives in England
1623
Rev. Gerville Pooley, of Virginia, files the first breach-of-promise lawsuit against Ciceley Jordan...and loses
1630
The new Governor of Massachusetts, John Winthrop, arrives in Salem
1665
English rename New Amsterdam 'New York' after Dutch pull out.
1776
Virginia first to adopt the Bill of Rights.
1787
It is decided that U.S. Senators be at least 30 years old.
1806
John Augustus Roebling, designer of the Brooklyn Bridge born
1812
Napoleon's invasion of Russia begins.
1819
Author Charles Kingsley (in England) born
1838
Iowa Territory is organized.
1839
The first baseball game is played in America.
1849
The gas mask is patented by L. P. Haslett.
1880
The First baseball perfect game - John Richmond of Worcester beats Cleveland.
1897
British prime minister Anthony Eden born
1898
Philippine nationalists declared their independence from Spain.
1901
Cuba agrees to become an American protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment.
1905
A bitter fight between musical traditionalists and the avante garde ended in Parism in a draw. They agreed on a compromise choice to head the Paris Conservatory its composition teacher Gabriel Faure.
1915
International Power Broker David Rockefeller born
1916
Irwin Allen, disaster movie producer born
1917
Secret Service extends protection of President to his family as well.
1918
The first airplane bombing raid by an American unit occurs on World War I's Western Front in France.
1918
Movie producer Samuel Z. Arkoff born
1919
Uta Hagen born
1920
Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge for vice president.
1923
Harry Houdini frees himself from a straitjacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet above the ground.
1924
George Herbert Walker Bush, President of the United States, and Vice-President under Ronald Reagan born
1928
Singer Vic Damone born
1929
Anne Frank, whose diary told of hiding from the Nazis in occupied Holland born
1930
Actor-singer Jim Nabors born
1931
Gangster Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen are indicted for violating Prohibition laws.
1932
Author Rona Jaffe born
1932
Actor-singer Jim Nabors (Gomer Pyle, USMC; Mayberry RFD) born
1933
Rock singer Reg Presley (The Troggs) born
1934
Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Air Lines.
1936
First radio station with 500,000 watt power, Pittsburgh, Pa.
1937
Eight of Stalin's generals are sentenced to death during purges in the Soviet Union.
1939
Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, NY.
1941
Jazz musician Chick Corea born
1942
American bombers strike the oil refineries of Ploesti, Rumania for the first time.
1942
An American classical work of the first order drew a scathing review from a British listener. "How blessed are those who are born tone deaf," went the letter in the Radio Times of London, "and are spared the agony of listening to the hideous sounds of Symphony No. 3 of Roy Harris."
1943
Sportscaster Marv Albert born
1946
Philippines National Day.
1947
Nina Makarova conducted the premiere of her own symphony in Moscow.
1951
Rock musician Bun E. Carlos (Cheap Trick) born
1951
Rock singer-musician Brad Delp (Boston) born
1952
Country singer-musician Junior Brown born
1953
Singer-songwriter Rocky Burnette born
1957
Actor Timothy Busfield born
1959
Actress Jenilee Harrison born
1959
Rock musician John Linnell (They Might Be Giants) born
1962
Rapper Grandmaster Dee (Whodini) born
1963
A sniper killed civil rights leader Medgar Evers in Jackson, Miss.
1964
Nelson Mandella begins a long jail term in South Africa.
1967
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could NOT outlaw inter-racial marriages.
1967
Israel wins six day war.
1968
Rock musician Bobby Sheehan (Blues Traveler) born
1971
Tricia Nixon and Edward F. Cox married in a White House ceremony.
1972
John Lennon's political "Sometime in NYC" released including "Woman is the Nigger of the World", "Attica State", and "Luck of the Irish".
1977
Ground-breakng ceremonies for President Kennedy library.
1977
Blues musician Kenny Wayne Shepherd born
1978
David Berkowitz was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for each of the six "Son of Sam" .44-caliber killings that had terrified New Yorkers.
1979
Actor Wil Horneff born
1979
Singer Robyn born
1979
Bryan Allen flew man-powered Gossamer Albatross over English Channel.
1981
The 3rd professional baseball players strike starts.
1982
750,000 anti-nuclear demonstrators in Central Park, NYC.
1985
The U.S. House of Representatives approves $27 million in aid to the Nicaraguan contras.
1986
P. W. Botha declares South African national emergency.
1987
President Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to "tear down this wall."
1988
In runoff elections in France, President Francois Mitterrand's Socialist Party fell short of a majority in the National Assembly. But a right-wing coalition also failed to retain its legislative control.
1989
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that white workers who claim to be treated unfairly as a result of affirmative action programs can sue for remedies under civil rights legislation.
1990
In a speech to the Supreme Soviet legislature, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev eased his objection to a reunified Germany holding membership in NATO.
1991
The Chicago Bulls won their first NBA championship, defeating the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.
1991
The Russian republic held its first-ever direct presidential elections and elected Boris N. Yeltsin president of their republic.
1993
Reports surfaced that Judge Stephen Breyer, considered a likely candidate to the Supreme Court, had failed to pay Social Security taxes for a domestic employee. (Although Breyer was passed over by President Clinton in favor of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, he was later nominated to serve on the nation's highest court.)
1994
At the Tony Awards, "Angels in America best play while "Passion" won best musical.
1994
Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home; O.J. Simpson was tried and later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil action.
1994
Rabbi Menachem Scheerson, the charismatic ultra-Orthodox Jewish leader, died in New York at age 92.
1995
Rescued Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady was treated to lunch at the White House and a hero's welcome at the Pentagon.
1995
The Supreme Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same standards as states in offering special help to minorities.
1996
A panel of federal judges in Philadelphia blocked a law against indecency on the Internet, saying the 1996 Communications Decency Act would infringe adults' free speech rights.
1996
Senate Republicans overwhelmingly chose Trent Lott to succeed Bob Dole as majority leader.
1997
Baseball began interleague play, ending a 126-year tradition of separating the major leagues until the World Series.
1997
The Treasury Department unveiled a new 50-dollar bill meant to be more counterfeit-resistant.
1998
A jury in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, convicted 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School.
1998
Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth, bringing home the last American to live aboard Mir and closing out three years of US-Russian cooperation aboard the aging space station.
1999
Thousands of NATO peacekeeping troops poured into Kosovo by air and by land; but in a surprising move, a Russian armored column entered Pristina before dawn to a hero's welcome from Serb residents.
2000
The Supreme Court, in a unanimous ruling, said patients cannot use a federal law to sue HMO's for giving doctors a financial incentive to cut treatment costs.
2005
Italians vote on fertility referendum
2005
French journalist held hostage in Iraq freed
2005
Twenty-five children injured in bus-truck collision in Florida
2005
Chechnya train derailed by blast, 12 injured
2005
China school flood claims 91 lives
2005
Bomb blasts kill several in Iran
2005
More political, soccer-related unrest in Iran follows Bahrain victory
2005
Crown Prince of Kuwait admitted to hospital
2005
Mike Tyson set to retire after loss
2005
Fossett set to recreate first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight
2005
Iraqi police discover 20 bodies
2005
Pink Floyd will reunite to play London's Live 8
2005
Lula's future in the hands of Brazilian Parliament
2006
Snow hits New Zealand
2006
Oklahoma baseball team defeats Rice, evens series in NCAA Super Regional
2006
Blair asked to intervene as British artist faces jail in Turkey for collage
2006
German tax authority migrating 12,000 desktops to SuSE Linux and KDE
2006
Argentina defeat Wales 27 to 25 in rugby
2006
Australian healthcare workers don't wash hands often enough
2006
10-year-old child takes grandmother's car for 85 Km drive
2006
Australian late scores down Japan 3-1 in Group F
2006
Singer Kevin Aviance attacked outside Manhattan, N.Y. gay bar
2006
Tamil Nadu cuts diesel prices by 0.45 rupees
2006
10 killed in shootout in Kashmir
2006
Large meteorite strikes in Norway
2006
Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Roethlisberger hospitalized after motorcycle accident
2006
London terrorist suspects released without charge
2006
Rice University baseball team beats Oklahoma, will play in College World Series
2006
5 killed, 35 injured in train crash in Israel
2006
Czech Republic coast to 3-0 win over USA in Group E
2006
Judge shot at courthouse in Nevada
2006
Italy shut out Ghana for 2-0 win in Group E
2007
With pressure from France, Chad and Sudan open door to possible troop deployment
2007
Singapore and Brunei issue joint banknote
2007
Bail denied in Laos overthrow plot, Hmong protest
2007
NASA extends Space Shuttle Atlantis' mission
2007
Global annual military spending tops $1.2 trillion
2007
Left wing of Atlantis may have been damaged
2007
"Woofstock" dog festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2007
Kurdish militants in Iraq declare cease-fire with Turkey
2007
Recent 'Earth-like planet' found in April 'too hot' for life say some scientists
2008
Euro 2008: Portugal vs. Czech Republic
2008
Google Developer Day starts from Yokohama, Japan
2008
Kai-fu Lee: Developers will rule the next-generation Internet world
2008
Cuba reforms wage laws to pay workers based on amount done
2008
Finland, Estonia and Greece ratify the EU's Treaty of Lisbon
2008
Euro 2008: Austria vs. Poland
2008
Scientists suggest scaring toads to limit population
2008
Canadian Government apologises for Residential Schools
2008
Large forest fire continues to burn into third day in southern Norway
2008
Ariane rocket launches Skynet and Turksat spacecraft
2008
Floodwaters swamp Cedar Rapids, Iowa
2008
Romanian fighter jet hit by UFOs
2008
Four Boy Scouts killed in Iowa tornado
2008
Norwegian national assembly votes to allow same-sex marriage and adoption
2008
Residents evacuated after partial building collapse in Buffalo, New York
2009
Chastity Bono, daughter of Sonny and Cher, to have sex change operation
2010
Komen St. Louis Race for the Cure becomes world's largest Komen race
2010
Rescue underway for teen solo sailor
2010
7.7 magnitude earthquake hits Nicobar Islands, India
2010
Kyrgyzstan: Ethnic unrest continues, government asks Russia for help
2011
Up to 31 reported dead as Libyan government troops attack Misrata
2012
Louisiana State University loses spot in college world series
2012
News briefs: June 11, 2012
2013
Australian Paralympians cycling around Fiji for people with disabilities
2013
County Donegal, Ireland crash kills one, injures two

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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