Death of Leo III (the Isaurian), founder of Byzantine Syrian dynasty
Vikings from Russia repulsed in an attack on Constantinople
Death of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
Coronation of Fredrick "Barbarossa," King of Germany, as Holy Roman Emperor; 1,000 Romans die in riots
Death of St. Elizabeth of Schonau
5 Canterbury monks report explosion on the moon (only such observation known) - proposed time of origin of lunar crater Giordano Bruno
French forces lead by Joan of Arc defeat the English at the Battle of Patay.
Pope Pius II began a Crusade
Roger van der Weyden, Flemish painter, dies at about 64
Publication in Florence of the excommunication of Savonarola
Crossing of the Mississippi River by Hernando DeSoto
Richard Martin of London takes out the first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons. The premium is 383 pounds.
Francis Drake rescues the Roanoke settlers
First known duel in American colonies (Plymouth Colony)
British Redcoats withdraw from Philadelphia when the American forces entered during the Revolutionary War.
War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain.
Battle of Waterloo -- British and Prussians defeat Napoleon.
The greatest tragedy of Giuseppe Verdi's life occurred, when his 25-year-old wife Margherita died of encephalitis. Both of the Verdis' children had died in the months before. Suddenly the young Verdi's entire family had been taken away from him.
Cyrus Curtis, founder and publisher of the Ladies' Home Journal born
Journalist and publisher Edward Scripps born
After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg.
At Petersburg, Grant ends four days of assaults.
Woman's Sufferage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall.
Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President in 1872 (however, the fine was never paid).
James Montgomery Flagg, illustrator, best known for his "I want you" Uncle Sam recruiting poster born
Georgi Mikhailovich Dimitrov Bulgarian communist leader who became the post-World War II prime minister of Bulgaria. He also won worldwide fame for his defense against Nazi accusations during the German Reichstag Fire trial of 1933. born
Macademia nuts first planted in Hawaii.
Actress and singer Jeanette MacDonald ('When I'm calling you...') born
Sammy Cahn U.S. lyricist was an enormously prolific songwriter whose catchy lyrics and precise rhyming were the hallmark of such Academy Award-winning songs as "Three Coins in the Fountain" (1954), "All the Way" (1957), "High Hopes" (1959), and "Call Me. born
Financial writer Sylvia Porter born
Actor Ian Carmichael born
Allan Rex Sandage U.S. astronomer who discovered the first quasi-stellar radio source (quasar), a starlike object that is a strong emitter of radio waves. born
Columnist Tom Wicker born
Amelia Earhart is first woman to cross the Atlantic. She completed a flight from Newfoundland to Wales in about 21 hours.
Eva Bartok (Budapest, Hungry) born
US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized.
Lou Brock. National League baseball player whose career 938 stolen bases (1961-79) set a record. born
Winston Churchill urged perseverance so that future generations would remember that "this was their finest hour."
Singer-composer Paul McCartney born
Movie critic Roger Ebert born
William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), British radio traitor, charged with treason against the Crown.
Linda Thorson (in Canada) born
Columbia Records publicly unveiled its new long-playing phonograph record in New York.
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its International Declaration of Human Rights.
Actress Carol Kane (Taxi, Princess Bride) born
Actress Isabella Rossellini, (Blue Velvet) born
Egypt proclaimed a republic.
Singer Tom Bailey (The Thompson Twins) born
First telecast transmitted from England to U.S.
Rock singer Alison Moyet born
Rock singer-musician Sice (The Boo Radleys) born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Nathan Morris (Boyz II Men) born
118 die in crash of British European Airways jet.
Saudi Prince Faisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz beheaded in Riyadh shopping center parking lot for killing his uncle the king.
Space Shuttle test model the "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for the first time. It was fixed to a modified Boeing 747.
President Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed a strategic arms control treaty in Vienna (SALT Two).
Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires. (replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor first woman on the high court).
Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote.
The space shuttle Challenger was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and Sally Ride became the first American woman in space.
Alan Berg, a Denver radio talk show host, was shot to death outside his home. (Two white supremacists were later convicted of civil rights violations in the slaying.)
52 die in plane/helicopter collision over the Grand Canyon.
Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou's Panhellenic Socialist Movement suffered a defeat as the center-right New Democracy Party finished first in general elections.
James Edward Pough went on a shooting rampage at an auto-financing company office in Jacksonville, Florida, fatally wounding nine people before killing himself.
The Louisiana Legislature enacted a strict anti-abortion law, overriding a veto by Governor Buddy Roemer.
Russia's newly elected president, Boris Yeltsin, arrived in the United States for visits with American officials, including President Bush.
Oscar-winning singer-songwriter Peter Allen died of complications of AIDS at age 48.
A new recording of Mendelssohn's "Elijah" was produced by the French Harmonia Mundi label. Mendelssohn's oratorios made him popular in England, where Handel's oratorio weres venerated above almost all other classical music in Mendelssohn's time.
The presidents of North Korea and South Korea agreed to hold a historic summit (however, plans for the summit were disrupted by the death of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung on July eighth).
About 300 inmates trashed an immigration detention center in Elizabeth, New Jersey.
Serbs in Bosnia released the last 26 United Nations hostages held since NATO airstrikes.
A private plane carrying the Angolan soccer team crashed in Luanda, Angola, killing 48 people.
Two Army helicopters collided and crashed during training exercises near Fort Campbell, Kentucky, killing six and injuring 33.
Federal prosecutors in California charged Theodore Kaczynski in four of the "Unabomber" attacks.
Richard Allen Davis was convicted in San Jose, California, of the 1993 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma.
Three people were killed when a Chicago-bound commuter train rammed a tractor-trailer in Portage, Indiana.
President Clinton appointed UN ambassador Bill Richardson to replace Energy Secretary Federico Pena and named Bosnian peace architect and diplomatic troubleshooter Richard Holbrooke as the new representative to the United Nations. (However, the Holbrooke nomination was held up for a year because of ethics questions.)
The House rejected gun control legislation, 280-147, with many Democrats rebelling against National Rifle Association-backed provisions in the bill.
The Group of Seven leading industrial democracies opened a three-day summit in Cologne, Germany.
Arsonists struck three synagogues in the Sacramento, Calif., area.
Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed to cease hostilities in a two-year-old border war.
Tiger Woods won the US Open by a record 15 strokes.
Emmy-winning actress Nancy Marchand died in Stratford, Connecticut, a day before her 72nd birthday.
Wiltshire constabulary issues European arrest warrant for Hayley Richards murder
Third major earthquake rocks California
Mothers, teachers air more concerns about leukemia cases at California elementary school
Associated Press published today 6 new "Downing Street Memos" labeled "secret" or "confidential".
40 million credit cards compromised
Six killed in Burundi church massacre
Sudanese government signs major deal with opposition group
Youth forum to submit suggestions to UN
Hotel Rwanda hero tours USA
Tyco executives found guilty
Sir Paul McCartney turns 64
Argentina defeat Wales 45-27 in rugby
South Africa defeat Scotland in second rugby test
Romania lose 62-14 to France in rugby
Woman attacks with a dead puppy
Legality of NSW traffic and parking fines to be tested in court
Croatia and Japan share point in Group F
Paris Court of Appeals overturns restrictions on Maryam Rajavi, NCRI officials
Brazil beat Australia with two second half goals in Group F
The second-oldest British survivor of World War I turns 108
Author claims Al Qaeda planned to gas New York's subway system
United States' production of new books declining
France held to 1-1 draw with Korea Republic in Group G
White House press center evacuated after bomb scare
Gunman on the loose in Melbourne
31 children rescued as UK police shut down global paedophile ring
Politically charged murder trial under way in Malaysia
17 hurt in southern Thailand blasts, schools closed
Scottish first minister calls for united front in visit to Northern Ireland
EU, US and Israel to resume aid to and lift financial sanctions against Palestine
Kidnappers of BBC reporter Alan Johnston deny his release
Council of Europe report challenges teaching of Creationism
Restored warplanes flown in Hamilton, Canada
Emergency Air New Zealand landing performed with no landing gear
Boston Celtics win 17th NBA championship
Residents fear environmental hazard on site of partially collapsed building in Buffalo, New York
Mozilla sets record for most software downloads in 24 hours
Blue Coat and AT&T take parts of FOSI for Internet Security
U.S. President Barack Obama fires Inspector General Gerald Walpin amid controversy
Passenger jet lands safely at Newark Airport after pilot dies
Somali minister killed by car bomb
U.S. President Barack Obama calls North Korea a "grave threat"
Aviation experts suggest Air France Flight 447 broke up in midair
Militants kill at least 21 Algerian police in ambush
Report: Members of Iranian Revolutionary Guard arrested for joining 'people's movement'
Former head of Royal Bank of Scotland Fred Goodwin to reduce pension
China Eastern Airlines to purchase twenty new Airbus A320 jets
Greece: Athens Pride 2009
US senator John Ensign resigns from leadership role after admitting extra-marital affair
$106 billion war bill backed by U.S. House of Representatives
First trial without jury given the go-ahead in the UK
Tensions rise between North Korea and United States
Sir Alan Sugar to keep television role on The Apprentice
NASA launches two space probes to the moon
Portuguese writer JosÃ© Saramago dies at 87
Former Australian police media director Stephen Linnell's perjury conviction quashed
Massive flooding in China; over 550 thousand evacuated
UN passes LGBT rights resolution
Stornoway, Scotland shop Wee W announces imminent closure
Montreal mayor Michael Applebaum arrested for corruption