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Today in History

1865
'Juneteenth' Emancipation Day in Texas
1893
Lizzie Borden acquitted
1897
Author, actor and comedian, Moe Howard born Harry Moses Horwitz in Brooklyn, New York
1910
First Father's Day (Spokane, Washington)
1912
8 hour work day codified in US
1948
Tony Award winning actress Phylicia Rashad born in Houston, Texas
1950
Floutist and singer Ann Wilson born in San Diego, California
1953
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed
1954
Academy Award nominee, and Golden Globe Award winning actress, Kathleen Turner born in Springfield, Missouri
1962
Cheerleader, Emmy Award winning choreographer and Grammy Award winning singer Paula Abdul born in San Fernando, California
1975
Actress Poppy Montgomery born in Sydney, Australia
325
The early Christian church opened the general council of Nicaea, which settled on rules for computing the date of Easter.
936
Coronation of Louis IV as King of France
1097
Capture of Nicea (1st Crusade)
1157
Bertrand de Blanquefort, 6th Master of the Templars, captured by the Moslems at the Siege of Bayas
1312
Beheading of Piers Galveston, Earl of Cornwall
1341
Death of St Juliana Falconeri
1429
Jeanne d'Arc raises Siege of Orleans
1498
Machiavelli appointed Secretary to the Signoria
1566
James VI of Scotland, later James I of England born
1586
English colonists of North Carolina left to return to England
1586
English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
1605
Czar-pretender enters Moscow
1623
French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal born
1639
Pacification of Berwick; end of the First Bishop's War
1717
Johann Stamitz was Christened in Nemecky Brod, Bohemia. Stamitz would become one of the most prolific composers of the prolific late Baroque, writing at least 74 symphonies and a large quantity of other works.
1778
Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge.
1787
The U.S. Constitutional Convention voted to strike down the Articles of Confederation and form a new government.
1846
First baseball game - NY Nines 23, NY Knickerbockers 1.
1856
Elbert Hubbard, Essayist born
1862
Slavery is abolished in the US territories.
1864
CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France.
1867
Mexico's deposed emperor Maximilian is executed.
1875
Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at the Presidio.
1886
Duchess of Windsor, famous divorcee born
1902
Band leader Guy Lombardo born
1903
Henry Louis Gehrig, baseball player, the "Iron Horse" of the Yankees born
1908
Mildred Natwick, actor born
1908
Quentin N. Burdick, Democratic Senator from North Dakota born in Munich, North Dakota
1910
Father's Day is celebrated for the first time in Spokane Wash.
1914
Alan Cranston, Former Democratic Senator from California born
1917
After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames. They took the name Windsor.
1919
Movie critic Pauline Kael born
1921
Louis Jourdan, actor born
1926
"Ballet Mecanique" by George Antheil premiered in Paris. It was scored for 13 different keyboards, lots of percussion, propellers and a siren.
1928
Actress Nancy Marchand born
1931
First photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, CT.
1932
Pier Angeli (in Italy) born
1934
The Federal Communications Commission was created.
1936
Actress Gena Rowlands born
1939
Singer Al Wilson born
1942
Singer Spanky MacFarlane (Spanky and Our Gang) born
1945
Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi born
1947
First plane to exceed 600 mph -- Albert Boyd at Muroc, CA.
1948
Actress Phylicia Rashad born
1950
Rock singer Ann Wilson (Heart) born
1953
Musician Larry Dunn (formerly of Earth, Wind and Fire) born
1953
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed at Sing Sing Prison, Ossining, NY
1954
Actress Kathleen Turner born
1956
Country singer Doug Stone born
1959
Singer and musician Mark DeBargea born
1961
US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to belief in the existence of God.
1962
Singer-dancer Paula Abdul born
1963
Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova returned to Earth after spending nearly three days as the first woman in space.
1964
Rock singer-musician Brian Vander Ark (Verve Pipe) born
1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964 survived an 83-day filibuster in Senate.
1965
Actor Andy Lauer ("Caroline in the City") born
1972
Actress Poppy Montgomery born
1973
Pete Rose and Willie Davis both get career hit # 2000.
1974
Actor Bumper Robinson born
1977
Pope Paul VI makes 19th-century bishop John Neumann first male saint.from the US
1978
Garfield the Cat born
1981
Boeing Commercial Chinook two-rotor helicopter gets certified.
1986
Artificial heart recipient Murray P. Haydon died in Louisville, KY.
1986
Len Bias, first pick of the Boston Celtics, suffers a fatal cocaine-induced seizure.
1987
The Supreme Court struck down the 1981 Louisiana law that required schools to teach the creationist theory of human origin espoused by fundamentalist Christians.
1989
Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sued baseball, arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that Rose had gambled on baseball games.
1990
Opening statements were presented in the drug and perjury trial of Washington D.C., Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. (Barry was later convicted of a single count of misdemeanor drug possession, and sentenced to six months in prison.)
1991
Actress Jean Arthur died at age 90.
1991
Newly elected Russian President Boris Yeltsin lobbied Congress during a Washington visit as he sought closer ties.
1991
Pablo Escobar, head of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, surrendered to authorities.
1994
Former President Jimmy Carter, just returned from North Korea, said he believed the crisis with Pyongyang was over following talks with North Korean President Kim Il Sung on how to resolve the nuclear issue.
1995
Chechen rebels and more than 100 human shields rode a convoy of buses back to Chechnya following the end of a hostage drama at a Russian hospital.
1995
Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu was detained as he tried to enter China; he was jailed for 66 days before being expelled from the country.
1996
Chief executives from seven states, police, state attorney generals and members of Congress met with President Clinton at the White House to discuss ways of stopping the recent torching of black churches.
1996
New York City police announced that a shooting suspect in custody had been linked to the "Zodiac" shootings that terrorized New Yorkers in the early 1990's.
1998
Pope John Paul the Second began his third visit to Austria.
1998
A study published in the British medical journal The Lancet said smoking more than doubles the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
1998
Switzerland's three biggest banks offered $600 million to settle claims they'd stolen the assets of Holocaust victims; outraged Jewish leaders called the offer insultingly low.
1999
The Dallas Stars won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Buffalo Sabres 2-1 in Game 6, which had gone into triple overtime and ended past midnight.
1999
Turin, Italy, was chosen as the site of the 2006 Winter Olympic Games.
1999
Britain's Prince Edward married commoner Sophie Rhys-Jones in Windsor, England.
2000
The Supreme Court reaffirmed, 6-to-3, that praying in public schools had to be private, barring officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.
2000
Former Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita died in Tokyo at age 76.
2000
The Los Angeles Lakers won their first championship in 12 years, defeating the Indiana Pacers 116-to-111 in game six of the NBA Finals (the post-game celebration, however, was marred by violent fans).
2005
Michelin's tyre mistake sends US Formula One Grand Prix into farce
2005
Los Angeles Times launches editorial wiki
2006
Niobium discovered in Mbeya
2006
2000 houses still have no power in Canterbury, New Zealand
2006
United Kingdom Home Secretary proposes paedophile law
2006
Geoff Ogilvy wins U.S. Open
2006
Major League Baseball, June 19
2006
Spain passes Tunisia test to win 3-1 in Group H
2006
Switzerland too much for Togo in Group G
2006
Ukraine beats Saudi Arabia 4-0 in Group H
2006
IWC passes pro-whaling resolution after close vote
2007
CNN and YouTube partner for democratic debate
2007
Thaksin ordered back to Thailand on stock-sale charges
2007
Supporters of Myanmar's Suu Kyi mark detained leader's 62nd birthday
2007
North Korea launches missile in 'military drill'
2007
Caterpillars force temporary closure of Wisconsin state park
2007
Failings identified in response to Iranian seizure of Royal Navy personnel
2007
Aid group reports 110 North Koreans killed in explosion
2008
Imperial Tobacco to cut over 2000 jobs
2008
San Francisco's Green Party endorses Cindy Sheehan in bid against Speaker Pelosi
2008
Police charge Australian man over laser incident
2008
Technology innovations unveiled on Research at Intel Day 2008
2008
Swedish Parliament passes electronic surveillance law
2008
Kosmos-3M rocket launches six Orbcomm satellites
2008
Water level rising in Chinese rivers, further flooding expected
2008
Judge orders residents and city to come to agreement on partially collapsed building in Buffalo, New York
2008
French director Jean Delannoy dies at age 100
2008
Bush calls for US offshore oil exploration
2008
Nepal officials strike after minister locks official in toilet
2009
U.S. Conference Board says leading economic indicators rose 1.2% in May
2009
World War One veteran becomes world's oldest man
2009
Mexican therapy increases survival of cervical cancer patients
2009
U.K. MPs' expenses to be investigated by police
2009
Health and safety culture is damaging children's learning in the UK, survey suggests
2009
Fans worldwide queue for new iPhone
2009
Hackers attack Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting website
2009
News services and web companies increase Farsi services in light of Iranian political situation
2009
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaks about Iranian presidential election protests at prayers
2009
Airliner catches fire at Indonesian airport
2009
Porsche automaker's global sales drop 28%
2009
Committee to Protect Journalists calls for release of Gambian journalists
2009
Canada's supercomputer goes online
2009
900 oil refinery workers fired after strike at Lindsey
2009
Formula One teams to set up breakaway championship
2009
Historic building in Moscow collapses, three people killed
2010
Russia's main airport faces high danger from dump birds
2010
Car bomb attack in Iraqi town, at least two dead and 45 injured
2010
Oxford elects poetry professor by email vote
2011
South Korean troops mistakenly attack passenger jet
2011
US Food and Drug Administration proposes new regulations on sunscreen labeling

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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