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Today in History

Sun rises over Heelstone at Stonehenge
1882
Artist, illustrator and author, Rockwell Kent born in Tarrytown, New York
1921
Academy Award winning actress Judy Holliday born Judith Tuvim in New York City
1921
Actress and pin-up girl, Jane Russell born in Bemidji, Minnesota
1940
Author and Emmy Award winning actress, Mariette Hartley born in Weston, Connecticut
1940
France surrenders to Germany.
1947
Model railroadist and historian, actor Michael Gross born in Chicago, Illinois
1947
Emmy Award winning actress, Meredith Baxter born in Pasadena, California
1948
Berlin airlift begins
1957
Pulizter Prize winning cartoonist, Berkeley Breathed born in Encino, California
1983
NSA contractor who leaked details of top-secret US mass surveillance programs to the press, Edward Snowden born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina
2002
WHO declares Europe polio free
1002
St. Leo IX, Pope born
1208
Murder of Philip, King of Germany, by his daughter's rejected suitor
1306
Philip IV "the Fair", King of France, gives a secret commission to William de Nogaret (see 21 July)
1314
Edward II, King of England, relieves the siege of Edinburgh
1377
Richard II become King of England
1497
Discovery Day (by John Cabot) celebrated in Newfoundland
1547
Death of Sebastian del Piombo
1582
Murder of Oda Nobunaga
1591
Death of St. Aloysius
1598
English capture El Morro, the fort at San Juan, Puerto Rico
1607
1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown, Va.
1631
Death of Captain John Smith
1639
Increase Mather, American Congregationalist minister, theologian born
1731
First lady Martha Washington (Dandage). She was born in New Kent County, Virginia, USA. Her first husband Daniel Custis died in 1757 leaving her quite wealthy. She married George Washington in 1759. During the American Revolution, she spent winters in army camps with her husband and organized a women's sewing circle to mend clothes for the troops.
1788
The Constitution became effective when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
1805
Great Stoneface Mountain found in New Hampshire
1813
There was inspiration for Beethoven in the form of Wellington's victory. He composed a "Battle Symphony" using French and British patriotic music and the sounds of actual muskets, fired at specific intervals like percussion instruments.
1834
Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1879
F. W. Woolworth opens his first store
1882
Rockwell Kent, artist born
1887
Britain celebrated the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria.
1893
The first Ferris wheel is premiered at Chicago's Columbian Exposition.
1903
Al Hirschfeld, cartoonist born
1908
Rimsky-Korsakov died. The death of Rimsky-Korsakov is particularly tragic because his music was advancing rapidly in those last few years.
1912
Mary McCarthy, author born
1921
Actress Jane Russell born
1922
Judy Holliday, actor born
1925
Actress Maureen Stapleton born
1931
Lawrence K. Grossman, NBC News president born
1933
Actor Bernie Kopell born
1935
Actor Monte Markham born
1936
Singer O.C. Smith born
1938
Actor Ron Ely born
1939
Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic laterial sclerosis.
1940
Actresse Mariette Hartley born
1940
Comedian Joe Flaherty born
1943
Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit (30 dead).
1944
Ray Davies, singer, songwriter (The Kinks) born
1945
Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to the US during WW II.
1947
Actress Meredith Baxter born
1947
Actor Michael Gross born
1948
Dr. Peter Goldmark of CBS demonstrated the 'long playing record'.
1948
Country singer Leon Everette born
1950
Rock musician Joey Kramer (Aerosmith) born
1951
Rock musician Nils Lofgren born
1953
Actress Robyn Douglass born
1954
Actor Robert Pastorelli born
1955
Michel Platini (French soccer player) born
1957
Cartoonist Berke Breathed born
1959
Country singer Kathy Mattea born
1962
Actor Marc Copage born
1963
Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds John XXIII
1964
Three civil rights workers, Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James E. Chaney, disappear after release from a Mississippi jail.
1964
Country musician Porter Howell born
1964
Actress Sammi Davis-Voss born
1964
Actor Doug Savant born
1965
Actor Michael Dolan born
1968
Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren resigns.
1975
Soyuz 19 returns to Earth.
1977
Former White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman enters prison.
1982
William Montbatten, Prince of Wales, Prince Charles and Lady Di's baby. born
1982
John Hinckley Jr. was found not guilty by reason of insanity of the March 1981 shooting of President Reagan and three other people.
1985
International experts in Sao Paulo, Brazil, conclusively identified the bones of a 1979 drowning victim as the remains of Nazi war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele, ending a 40-year search for the so-called "angel of death" of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1986
President Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments.
1989
The Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political protest is protected by the First Amendment.
1990
Some 50,000 Iranians were killed in a major earthquake.
1991
Secretary of State James Baker visited Yugoslavia, where he pleaded for a peaceful solution to multi-ethnic conflicts that were threatening to erupt into civil war.
1993
Two piano concert goes by the British composer Ronald Stevenson have been recorded by Murray McLachlan on the Olympia label. The concert goes are called "The Continents" and "Faust Triptych." The Cheetham School of Music Orchestra is conducted by Julian Clayton.
1994
President Clinton, addressing members of the Business Roundtable, made an impassioned call for action on health-care reform, saying: "I refuse to declare defeat."
1994
American teen-ager Michael Fay was released from a Singapore prison, where he'd been flogged for vandalism.
1995
Dr. Henry Foster lost a crucial Senate vote in his bid to become surgeon general as only 57 senators voted to cut off debate, three short of the 60 needed. (One last vote the next day also fell short.)
1996
Pentagon officials said American troops destroyed an Iraqi ammunition depot in March 1991 that may have contained chemical weapons.
1996
European leaders agreed to gradually lift a global ban on British beef exports imposed three months earlier following a scare over the "mad cow" disease.
1998
In Colombia, former Bogota mayor Andres Pastrana was elected the country's president, defeating Horacio Serpa, a key player in the scandal-tainted administration of President Ernesto Samper.
1998
In World Cup soccer, Iran defeated the United States, 2-to-1.
1999
President Clinton visited Slovenia, formerly part of Yugoslavia, where he publicly urged Serbs to reject Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic. NATO and the Kosovo Liberation Army, meanwhile, signed an accord providing for the demilitarization of the KLA.
2000
North Korea promised to refrain from long-range missile tests after the United States lifted some economic sanctions against it.
2000
Some 55 years after World War Two ended, 22 Asian-American veterans received the Medal of Honor for bravery on the battlefield during a White House ceremony.
2005
International Whaling Commission adjourns for private talks
2005
Iraq's Justice Minister accuses U.S. of having "lots of secrets they want to hide"
2005
Priest charged in exorcism death
2005
Lebanese politician George Hawi assassinated as historic elections end
2005
Killen convicted of manslaughter for 1964 civil rights workers murders
2006
NZ law exempts working farm dogs from embedded ID tag rule
2006
Australia's Old Parliament House becomes heritage listed
2006
England fans watch match in cinema
2006
Mexico lose 1-2 to Portugal but still qualify in Group D
2006
Angola draw 1-1 with Iran in Group D
2006
Argentina and Netherlands play 0-0 stalemate in Group C
2006
Ivory Coast beats Serbia and Montenegro 3-2 in Group C
2007
Two killed, high damages as storm hits Vienna, Austria
2007
Roadside bomb kills three Canadian soldiers in Panjwaye, Afghanistan
2007
Thai scientist has deodorized the stinky 'king of fruits'
2007
First high level meeting between US and North Korea in five years occurs
2007
Recall of Thomas the Tank Engine toys due to lead-paint fears
2007
Adam Aircraft receive $105 million in funding for A500 and A700
2007
Melbourne gunman missed court
2007
Date set for Royal Mail strike
2007
Love Ulster group proposes new Dublin march
2007
Landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis postponed due to bad weather
2007
Transit chief apologises to girls kicked off bus for kissing
2007
Indonesia pledges to cut haze-causing forest fires by half
2008
48th International Children's Festival in Å ibenik - 2008
2008
Poison sue Capitol Records and EMI Music Marketing over royalties
2008
National Hockey League news: June 21, 2008
2008
Sudan Airways grounded
2008
Euro 2008: Netherlands vs. Russia
2008
12 dead following police raid of Mexican night club
2008
'Pregnancy pact' grabs international attention for small Massachusetts town
2009
Sebastian Vettel wins British Grand Prix
2009
Violence in Iran increases
2009
Greenland assumes self rule Sunday
2010
Militant leader hanged by Iran
2010
Sweden's Crown Princess marries long-time boyfriend
2010
Ailing social networking website MySpace loses co-president after four months
2010
Wreckage of crashed plane in Africa found
2011
Soviet human rights activist Yelena Bonner dies aged 88
2011
Jackass star Ryan Dunn dies in car accident aged 34
2012
Kate Lundy and Tony Abbott assist in Olympic dreams with Gymnastics Australia's artistic gymnastics team announcement
2013
Scientists create micro-battery using 3D printing

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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