[an error occurred while processing this directive]
[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Today in History

1633
Catholic authorities forces Galileo to disavow his heliocentric theory of the Solar System
1812
Napoleon invades Russia
1866
Austrian army defeats the Italian army
1898
United States Marines land in Cuba
1933
Two-term Mayor of San Francisco and Senator from California, Dianne Feinstein born in San Francisco, California
1936
US Army Captain, pilot, Golden Globe Award winning actor, singer and songwriter, Kris Kristofferson born in Brownsville, Texas
1949
Emmy Award winning actress, Lindsay Wagner born in Los Angeles, California
1949
Academy, Golden Globe and Grammy Award winning actress, Meryl Streep born in Summit, New Jersey
1960
Actress Tracy Pollan born in New York City
431
Death of St. Paulinus of Nola
1101
Death of Roger I of Sicily
1276
Death of Pope Innocent V
1340
Edward III, King of England, sails for Flanders with his army
1483
Dr. Ralph Shaw preaches against Richard III of England's coronation
1527
Death of Machiavelli
1533
Suleiman "The Lawgiver," Ottoman Sultan, signs a peace treaty with Ferdinand of Hapsburg, King of Hungary
1535
Execution of Bishop Fisher
1535
Execution of St. John of Rochester
1558
The French take Thionville
1559
Marriage of Philip II, King of Spain, to Elizabeth of Valois
1564
Rene de Goulaine de Laudonniere founds Fort Caroline, Florida
1590
Catharine Ross, Lady Foullis, indicted with Hector Munro, in Scotland, for witchcraft 1611
1611
Henry Hudson and 8 other men set adrift in Hudson Bay during mutiny
1627
Beheading of Francois de Montmorency Bouteville, for dueling
1633
Galileo Galilei is forced by the Inquisition to "abjure, curse, & detest" his Copernican heliocentric views
1763
The composer Etienne Mehul born
1808
Zebulon Pike reaches his peak. (Pikes Peak)
1815
Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as Emperor of France second time.
1837
Paul Morphy, an American chess player considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion, born.
1847
The doughnut is invented.
1849
Stephen C. Massett opens at San Francisco courthouse as the city's first professional entertainer with what was allegedly the only piano in California.
1856
English adventure novelist H. Rider Haggard born
1870
Dept of Justice cabinet-level federal agency founded
1878
Bizet's "Carmen" received its first British performance in London and was Well-received, three years and three months after its chilly reception at the world premiere in Paris.
1898
German novelist Erich Remarque ("All Quiet on the Western Front")
1906
Movie director Billy Wilder born
1906
Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh, wife of aviator Charles Lindbergh born
1910
First airship passengers fly aboard the zeppelin Deutscheland.
1911
King George V of England crowned.
1922
Eleanor Parker born
1922
Fashion designer Bill Blass born
1924
William Walton's brief tone poem "Portsmouth Point" was premiered in Zurich.
1928
Actor Ralph Waite born
1933
Dianne Feinstein, former Mayor of San Francisco, U.S. Senator born
1937
Kris Kristofferson, singer, songwriter, actor, Rhodes Scholar born
1937
Joe Lewis, heavyweight pugilist, becomes world champion as he knocks out Max Schmeling in the first round.
1940
France fell to Germany in World War II.
1941
TV reporter Ed Bradley (CBS) born
1941
Actor Michael Lerner born
1941
Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II.
1944
Singer Peter Asher (Peter & Gordon) born
1944
FDR signs the "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act).
1948
Singer Todd Rundgren born
1949
Actress Lindsay Wagner born
1949
Meryl Streep born
1949
Singer Alan Osmond born
1952
Actor Graham Greene born
1957
Rock musician (INXS) Garry Beers born
1959
Rock musician (Cowboy Junkies) Alan Anton born
1960
Actress Tracy Pollan born
1961
Rock singer-musician Jimmy Somerville born
1964
Actress Amy Brenneman born
1964
Rock singer-musician (Jesus Jones) Mike Edwards born
1968
Actress Paula Irvine born
1970
Rock singer Steven Page (Barenaked Ladies) born
1970
President Nixon signs the 26th Amendment (voting age now 18).
1973
Rock musician Chris Traynor (Helmet) born
1973
President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed a pledge to try to avoid nuclear war.
1974
Actor Donald Faison born
1977
John Mitchell became the first former U.S. attorney general to go to jail when he entered a federal prison to serve time for Watergate crimes. (19 month sentence in an Alabama prison.)
1981
Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to killing ex-Beatle John Lennon
1983
First time a satellite is retrieved from orbit, by Space Shuttle
1985
Actress Lindsay Ridgeway born
1987
Actor/Dancer Fred Astaire dies.
1989
The government of Angola and the anti-Communist rebels of the UNITA movement agreed to a formal truce in their 14-year-old civil war.
1990
African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela told the United Nations a democratic, nonracial South Africa was "within our grasp."
1991
An estimated 200,000 Albanians turned out in the capital Tirana to cheer visiting US Secretary of State James Baker.
1993
The London Philharmonic under the direction of Franz Welser-Most recorded an all Stravinsky disc for EMI. It includes the "Symphonies of Winds" and the "Firebird."
1993
Former first lady Pat Nixon died in Park Ridge, New Jersey, at age 81.
1994
President Clinton announced North Korea had confirmed its willingness to freeze its nuclear program.
1994
In game seven of the NBA championship series, the Houston Rockets defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA crown.
1995
House and Senate Republicans announced agreement on a compromise seven-year budget-balancing plan that would cut taxes by $245 billion and slow spending for Medicare, Medicaid and dozens of other programs.
1995
Riot police stormed a hijacked jumbo jet in Hakodate, Japan, freeing all 364 people on board and capturing a lone hijacker.
1996
At their first summit in six years, Arab leaders meeting in Cairo, Egypt, urged Israel to prove its commitment to peace by resuming negotiations without delay
1998
Actress Maureen O'Sullivan died in Scottsdale, Arizona, at age 87.
1998
The Supreme Court made it much harder for students who are sexually harassed by teachers to hold school districts financially responsible, ruling 5-to-4 that a key anti-bias law applies only if administrators know about the misconduct.
1999
President Clinton visited ethnic Albanian refugees at a refugee camp in Macedonia.
1999
The Supreme Court ruled the Americans with Disabilities Act does not extend to people with poor eyesight or other correctable conditions.
2000
The state of Texas executed Gary Graham for the 1981 killing of a man in a holdup outside a Houston supermarket; Graham insisted to the end that he was innocent.
2000
Independent Counsel Robert Ray ended his investigation of the 1993 firings in the White House travel office, issuing no indictments but saying he'd found "substantial evidence" that First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton played a role in the dismissals.
2005
Commemoration of Srebrenica massacre to be held on July 11
2005
Smashing Pumpkins may reunite
2005
Tennessee Governor signs budget bill
2005
Myron Cope, Pittsburgh Steelers color commentator, retires after a 35 year career
2006
85-year-old jailed for shoplifting in New Zealand
2006
Science academies urge teaching of evolution
2006
Interview with BBC Creative Archive project leader
2006
Australian government to provide Internet filters for families
2006
Garden at Elmwood and Forest in Buffalo, N.Y. dedicated
2006
San Jose mayor Gonzales indicted on six counts
2006
Miami win the NBA Title, beat Dallas 95-92
2006
Red Cross movement admits Israeli Magen David Adom
2006
Brazil defeat Japan 4-1 in Group F
2006
Australia draws with Croatia 2-2, advances to next round in Group F
2006
Ghana beat United States of America 2-1 in Group E
2006
Italy sink Czech Republic 2-0 in Group E
2007
Thrill rides in U.S., Canada shut down after girl's feet are severed
2007
Irish president opens new park dedicated to Irish refugees in Toronto, Canada
2007
'Kane' still tops but many changes underneath on American Film Institute's '100'
2007
Suspicious package found outside Holland Tunnel in New Jersey, USA
2007
North Korea agrees to fast-track shut down of nuclear facilities
2007
Firefighters rescue nearly a dozen animals in Buffalo, New York house fire
2007
Former Washington D.C. police officer sues district for racial discrimination and harassment
2007
North Korea denies entry of IAEA inspectors
2007
Maid's escape from high-rise leads to crackdown on agencies in Malaysia
2007
Space Shuttle Atlantis lands in California
2007
We, the two-headed snake, dies in U.S. museum at age 8
2007
Japan changes Iwo Jima's name
2008
Premier League 2008–09: Blackburn Rovers F.C. hire Ince
2008
15 confirmed dead after Iraq bombing
2008
Felipe Massa wins French Grand Prix
2008
Over 700 feared dead after ferry hit by typhoon
2008
MDC pulls out of Zimbabwe elections
2009
UK MPs elect John Bercow as new Speaker of the House of Commons
2009
Tropical Storm Andres is designated
2010
Four coalition soldiers die in Kandahar helicopter crash
2011
Brazil spots unknown tribe of indigenous people in Amazon jungle
2011
UN report says 80 per cent of world's refugees live in poor countries
2012
UK education secretary Michael Gove to drop GCSEs in favour of new O-level-style exams
2012
Assange seeks asylum in Ecuadorian embassy
2012
At Australian gymnastic team announcement, media turns out for Tony Abbott

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

Select a section