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Today in History

1577
Baroque artist Sir Peter Paul Rubens born in Siegen, Westphalia
1613
Globe Theatre in London burns to the ground
1659
Ukranians defeat the Russians at Konotop
1880
France annexes Tahiti
1919
Rodeo cowboy and actor, Slim Pickens born Louis Burton Lindley, Jr in Kingsburg, California
1944
Academy and Golden Globe Award nominated actor, Gary Busey born in Goose Creek, Texas
1945
Soviet Union annexes Carpathian Ruthenia
1962
Actress Amanda Donohoe born in London, England
1976
Independence Day in Seychelles
922
Coronation of Robert I, King of France
1214
The Interdict is removed from England
1236
Ferdinand III, King of Castile-Leon, takes Cordoba
1312
Coronation of Henry VII as Holy Roman Emperor
1397
John II, King of Aragon born
1475
Beatrice Sforza, Duchess of Milan born
1545
Founding of a Botanical Garden at Padua, Italy
1565
Pedro Menendez de Aviles leaves Spain to attack Fort Caroline
1577
The artist Peter Paul Rubens born
1613
Globe Theater burns during performance of "Henry VIII"
1620
An agreement between the English and the Virginia Company prohibited the growing of tobacco in England.
1652
The Massachusetts Colony declares itself an independent Commonwealth
1767
The British Parliament approved the Townshend Revenue Acts, which imposed import duties on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea shipped to America. Colonists bitterly protested the Acts, which were repealed in 1770.
1776
Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay.
1853
The U.S. Senate ratified the $10 million Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, adding more than 29,000 square miles to the territories of Arizona and New Mexico.
1858
George Washington Goethals, engineer who built the Panama Canal born
1861
William Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. born
1863
The very first first National Bank opened in Davenport, Iowa.
1868
Astronomer George Ellery Hale, founder of the Yerkes and Mount Palomar observatories born
1879
The conductor Rafael Kubelik. He was the son of a violinist. Kubelik would become a famous interpreter of the great German and Viennese composers. born
1891
The National Forest Service was formed.
1901
Actor-singer Nelson Eddy born
1911
Bernard Herrmann was born in New York. Herrmann is best known for his movie music. It was Herrmann who wrote the screechy violins in "Psycho."
1915
Actress Ruth Warrick born
1916
Dancer-choreographer Fred Kelly born
1919
Actor Slim Pickens born
1924
Ezra Laderman - in Brooklyn. Laderman is a prolific symphonist in a style that is tonal but very modern and very American. Apart from more than half a dozen numbered symphonies Laderman has also produced other large orchestral works, including Pentimento. born
1928
Actor Ian Bannen born
1930
Movie producer Robert Evans born
1941
Polish statesman, pianist and composer Ignace Jan Paderewski died in New York at age 80.
1941
"Black power" advocate Stokely Carmichael born
1944
Actor Gary Busey born
1945
Singer Little Eva born
1946
British authorities arrested more than 2700 Jews in Palestine in an attempt to stamp out alleged terrorism.
1947
Comedian Richard Lewis born
1948
Rock musician Ian Paice (Deep Purple) born
1948
Actor Fred Grandy born
1953
Rock singer Colin Hay (Men At Work) born
1954
The Atomic Energy Commission voted against re-instating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer's access to classified information.
1957
Actress Maria Conchita Alonso born
1960
Singer Evelyn "Champagne" King born
1961
Actress Sharon Lawrence ("Fired Up;" "NYPD Blue") born
1962
Actress Amanda Donohoe born
1964
Rhythm-and-blues singer Stedman Pearson (Five Star) born
1966
Musician Dale Baker (Sixpence None the Richer) born
1966
The United States bombed fuel storage facilities near the North Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong.
1967
Jerusalem was re-unified as Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.
1972
The Supreme Court ruled that capital punishment, as then administered by individual states, was unconstitutional.
1987
In a surprise move, the chairman of South Korea's ruling party, Roh Tae-woo, demanded democratic reforms of the man he was groomed to succeed, President Chun Doo-hwan, following weeks of violent protests that had racked the country. (Chun agreed two days later.)
1988
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the power of independent counsels to prosecute illegal acts by high-ranking government officials, ruling the 1978 special prosecutor law did not violate the Constitution.
1989
The U.S. House of Representatives voted unanimously in favor of new sanctions against China because of its crackdown on the pro-democracy movement.
1990
Marla Maples father sued the National Enquirer for $12M.
1990
Fernando Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Dave Stewart of the Oakland A's became the first pitchers to hurl no-hitters in both the National and American Leagues on the same day. (Oakland shut out the Blue Jays, 5-0, while Los Angeles blanked the St. Louis Cardinals, 6-0.)
1991
President Bush, speaking to reporters in Kennebunkport, Maine, refused to rule out the possibility of renewed military action against Iraq, calling its interference with U.N. inspectors "very disturbing."
1991
President Bush, speaking to reporters in Kennebunkport, Maine, refused to rule out the possibility of renewed military action against Iraq, calling its interference with U-N inspectors "very disturbing."
1992
The U.S. Supreme Court left intact the basics of the 1973 Roe vs. Wade decision legalizing abortion, but upheld most of Pennsylvania's new restrictions on a woman's right to abortion.
1992
The remains of Polish statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski, interred for five decades in the United States, were returned to his homeland in keeping with his wish to be buried in a free Poland.
1993
Joel Rifkin pleaded innocent at an arraignment in Mineola, New York, to one count of murder, a day after police found a woman's body in his pickup truck. (Rifkin, who later confessed to killing 17 women, is serving multiple life sentences.)
1994
Japan's parliament chose Tomiichi Murayama to be the new prime minister, succeeding Tsutoma Hata.
1994
In a British TV documentary, Prince Charles said he'd been faithful in his marriage to Princess Diana "until it became irretrievably broken down.""
1995
A department store in Seoul, South Korea, collapsed, killing 501 people and injuring more than 900.
1995
The shuttle Atlantis and the space station Mir docked, forming the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth.
1995
Actress Lana Turner died in Century City, California, at age 74.
1996
US allies backed President Clinton's demand that Bosnian Serb leaders indicted for war crimes be forced "out of power and out of influence."
1997
In Albania, gunmen menaced voters, burned ballots and pressured polling officials, marring parliamentary elections meant to steer the country toward recovery after months of chaos.
1998
Students at Peking University peppered President Clinton with polite but critical questions about America's human rights record, Taiwan policy and views on China in an exchange televised live across the vast nation.
1998
With negotiations on a new labor agreement at a standstill, the NBA announced that a lockout would be imposed at midnight.
1999
Urging the biggest expansion in Medicare's history, President Clinton proposed that the government help older Americans pay for prescription drugs.
1999
Abdullah Ocalan, leader of Turkey's rebel Kurds, was convicted of treason and sentenced to death.
1999
About 10,000 demonstrators rallied in central Serbia, demanding the resignation of President Slobodan Milosevic.
2000
President Clinton nominated former Congressman Norman Mineta to lead the Commerce Department and become the first Asian-American Cabinet secretary.
2000
An overloaded ship carrying almost 500 people, many fleeing sectarian violence in Indonesia's Maluku islands, sank, killing all but ten known survivors.
2000
Actor Vittorio Gassman died in Rome at age 77.
2005
Witnesses expose big corruption scheme of the Brazilian ruling party
2005
Many still believe myths associated with cancer, reports American Cancer Society study
2005
AMD files antitrust lawsuit against Intel in US federal district court
2005
United States President George W. Bush makes speech to rally support for war in Iraq
2005
Shelby Foote, 88, noted historian and author, dies
2005
Maciej Zurawski accepts Celtic's offer
2005
Fiji girls missing; feared dead
2005
US helicopter with 17 on board believed to have been shot down in Afghanistan
2005
Fathers mourn slain children in Arizona
2006
35 South Park complaints not upheld, New Zealand
2006
Zapatero announces peace talks with Basque separatists, ETA
2006
Google launches online payment service
2006
Ahern, Blair restate deadline on devolution
2006
Campaigning begins for groundbreaking Congo elections
2006
Portugal receives Russian aerial firefighting airplane
2006
US Federal Reserve raises interest rate from 5% to 5.25%
2006
U.S. military tribunals in Guantanamo Bay lack Congressional authorization, violate U.S. law and Geneva Conventions
2006
Website petitioning in an attempt to save old trillium logo
2007
West Indies cricket team in England - 2nd Twenty20
2007
Lady Bird Johnson released from Austin hospital
2007
"Mrs. Dino" sentenced to one year in prison
2007
EU bans all Indonesian airlines as well as several from Russia, Ukraine and Angola
2007
NFL Europa ceases after 15 seasons
2007
Cricket: Future Cup-2nd ODI
2007
Shares in Blackstone Group fall below IPO price
2007
Car bomb defused in central London
2007
International Red Cross condemns Myanmar regime
2007
Former Japan Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa dies at 87
2007
Chris Benoit mystery editor confesses: claims "terrible coincidence"
2008
Boxing: Pacquiao downs Diaz in nine rounds
2008
Mugabe claims 'sweeping victory' of Zimbawe election
2008
Cargo plane crash in Sudan leaves seven dead with one survivor
2009
Honduran president expelled by army
2009
Crash kills nine on Oklahoma turnpike
2009
Brazil wins FIFA Confederations Cup final, defeats USA 3–2
2009
Miss Georgia relinquishes crown after 12 hours
2010
US Senator Robert Byrd dies at age 92
2010
Jimmie Johnson wins Lenox Industrial Tools 301 NASCAR race in New Hampshire
2010
Australian Prime Minister announces new cabinet
2010
Eleven alleged Russian spies arrested in US
2010
Czech train derails, at least one dead
2010
Wikimedia Foundation addresses controversial content conflict
2011
Google introduces the '+1' button
2011
US Supreme Court rules video games are protected speech
2011
Debris narrowly misses International Space Station
2012
African Olympians and Paralympians prepare for their London odyssey
2012
US singer Will Loomis sues UK singer Jessie J over alleged copyright violation
2013
Judge jails two men for life over Liam Aitchison murder
2013
Quebec to appeal long-gun registry destruction to the Supreme Court
2013
Air Pacific re-brands as Fiji Airways

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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