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Today in History

1848
Post impressionist painter Paul Gauguin born in Paris, France
1862
US and Britain agree to suppress slave trade
1917
Pulitzer Prize winning poet, Gwendolyn Brooks born in Topeka, Kansas
1940
Grammy Award winning singer Tom Jones born in Treforest, South Wales
1946
Talk show host Jenny Jones born Janina Stranski in Bethlehem, Palestine
1952
Oscar nominated actor Liam Neeson born in Ballymena, Ireland
1958
Academy, Golden Globe and Grammy Award winning musician, singer and songwriter, born Prince Rogers Nelson in Minneapolis, Minnesota
1966
Former movie star Ronald Reagan becomes 33rd governor of the state of California
1967
6 Day War: Israeli forces enter Jerusalem
1981
Tennis player and fashion model, Anna Sergeyevna Kournikova born in Moscow
2008
Watching for 06/07/08 09:10
555
Death of Pope Vigilius
604
Death of St. Augustine
1002
Henry II elected King of Germany
1099
First Crusade reaches the walls of Jerusalem
1159
Death of St. Robert of Newminister
1304
Pope Benedict XI excommunicates William de Nogaret for his part in leading the attack on Pope Boniface
1329
Death of Robert I "the Bruce," King of Scotland, of leprosy
1394
Death of Anne of Bohemia, Queen to Richard II of England
1494
Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal
1498
Columbus leaves on his third voyage
1508
Capitulation of Pisa to Florence
1520
"Field of the Cloth of Gold" - a meeting between Henry VIII and Francis I of France.
1537
Death of Madeline of France, wife of King James of Scotland
1545
Charles V allies with Pope Paul III
1546
Peace of Ardres
1557
England declares war on France
1566
Sir Thomas Gresham lays the foundation stone of the Royal Exchange
1576
Frobisher sails in search of the Northwest Passage
1586
Francis Drake burns St. Augustine, Florida
1610
Jamestown Colony almost abandoned
1628
Charles I of England assents to Parliament's Petition of Rights
1631
Death of Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Shah Jahan of India. The Taj Mahal is her tomb
1654
Louis the 14th was crowned King of France in Rheims.
1769
Recognized by Kentucky's Historical Society as the date that frontiersman Daniel Boone first began to explore the present-day Bluegrass State.
1776
Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.
1778
Beau Brummel, English Dandy. born
1848
French post-Impressionist painter Paul Gauguin born
1864
Abraham Lincoln was nominated for another term as president at his party's convention in Baltimore.
1897
The conductor George Szell was born in Budapest. Grove once wrote that "his specialty was not to have a specialty." (not entirely true - George Szell's specialty was ensemble playing)
1909
Actress Jessica Tandy born
1917
Gwendolyn Brooks, the first black woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry born
1917
Singer actor Dean Martin born
1924
Actress-singer Delores Gray born
1928
Movie director James Ivory ("Howards End") born
1929
The sovereign state of Vatican City came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.
1931
Actress Virginia McKenna born
1934
Igor Stravinsky had his appendix removed.
1939
King George the Sixth and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrived at Niagara Falls, New York from Canada on the first visit to the United States by a reigning British monarch.
1940
Singer Tom Jones born
1943
Actor Ken Osmond ("Leave It to Beaver") born
1943
Poet Nikki Giovanni born
1945
The opera "Peter Grimes" premiered in London. Critics hailed Benjamin Britten as the man who would single-handedly revivify British opera. This happened one month after the end of World War Two, in which Britten had been a pacifist and exiled himself for a time to America
1946
Talk show host Jenny Jones born
1948
The Communists completed their takeover of Czechoslovakia with the resignation of President Eduard Benes
1951
Actress Anne Twomey ("Picture Perfect") born
1952
Actor Liam Neeson born
1955
Actor William Forsythe born
1956
Record producer L.A. Reid born
1958
The artist formerly known as Prince born
1960
Rock singer-musician Gordon Gano (The Violent Femmes) born
1964
Rapper Ecstacy (Whodini) born
1966
Rock musician Eric Kretz (Stone Temple Pilots) born
1967
Author-critic Dorothy Parker, famed for her caustic wit, died in New York.
1970
Actress Helen Baxendale ("Friends") born
1981
Actress Larisa Oleynik born
1981
Israeli military planes destroyed a nuclear power plant in Iraq, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
1981
Tennis player Anna Kournikova born
1983
One day after Nicaragua expelled three U.S. diplomats, the Reagan administration ordered six Nicaraguan consulates closed and expelled six Nicaraguan diplomats.
1987
"Les Miserables" dominated Broadway's Tony Awards, taking eight prizes, including best musical. "Fences," by August Wilson, was named best play.
1988
Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis clinched the Democratic presidential nomination by defeating the Reverend Jesse Jackson in the New Jersey, California, Montana and New Mexico primaries.
1989
169 people were killed when a Suriname Airways DC-8 crashed in a tropical forest near the Paramaribo airport.
1990
South African President de Klerk lifted a four-year-old nationwide state of emergency in all but the strife-torn Indian Ocean province of Natal.
1991
The government reported the nation's unemployment rate had worsened to a four-year high of six-point-nine percent in May, up three-tenths of a percentage point from April.
1991
A US District Court judge rejected a request by San Francisco TV station KQED for permission to televise the execution of convicted murderer Robert Alton Harris.
1992
President Bush, who met with British Prime Minister John Major at Camp David, Maryland, voiced confidence he would win re-election, but embraced the role of underdog, saying, "I do better when I'm coming from behind."
1993
The Supreme Court ruled that religious groups can sometimes meet on school property after hours. The justices also let stand, without comment, a federal appeals court ruling allowing student-led prayers at graduation ceremonies in Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi.
1993
In New York, Woody Allen lost his bitter custody battle against Mia Farrow.
1994
Twelve-year-old Vicki Van Meter of Meadville, Pennsylvania, completed a trans-Atlantic flight, landing in Glasgow, Scotland.
1994
President Clinton addressed the French National Assembly, challenging his generation of Allied leaders to strive for greater European unity or face "the grim alternative" of violence like that rending Bosnia.
1995
Two buses crossed into Serbia with 108 U.N. peacekeepers freed by the Bosnian Serbs.
1995
President Clinton vetoed his first bill, a Republican plan to cut $16.4 billion in spending.
1996
The Clinton White House acknowledged it had obtained the FBI files of House Speaker Newt Gingrich's press secretary, former Bush chief of staff James A. Baker III and other appointees from Republican administrations, calling it "an innocent bureaucratic mistake."
1997
An 18-member presidential commission approved a report saying that cloning a human being was "morally unacceptable," but adding that research using cells of humans and animals should be allowed.
1997
Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner "Silver Charm" failed to win horse racing's Triple Crown, losing the Belmont Stakes to "Touch Gold."
1998
In a crime that shocked the nation, James Byrd Junior, a 49-year-old black man, was chained to a pickup truck and dragged to his death in Jasper, Texas
1998
At the Tony Awards, "The Lion King" won best musical and "Art" was named best play.
1999
Gunmen killed popular Mexican television host Francisco "Paco" Stanley.
1999
The FBI put alleged terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden and anti-abortion activist and accused doctor killer James Charles Kopp on the bureau's Ten Most Wanted list.
2000
US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ordered the breakup of Microsoft Corporation, declaring the software giant should be split into two because it had "proved untrustworthy in the past." Microsoft vowed to appeal.
2005
Rossi won't continue with legal appeals over failed bid for Washington State Governorship
2005
John Kerry's Military records and Yale transcript released
2005
Report finds over $1 trillion per year is spent on arms worldwide
2005
Ireland will hold EU referendum
2005
United Kingdom, Czech Republic suspend referendums on EU constitution
2006
Kenya deports Somali businessman
2006
Australian PM announces nuclear taskforce
2006
11,000 evacuated in Indonesia as Mount Merapi threatens to erupt
2006
Real body found at mock crime scene in Florida
2006
"Ten Commandments" judge loses Alabama gubernatorial primary
2006
U.S. Senate defeats bill banning gay marriage
2006
Billy Preston dies at 59
2006
Kimberly Dozier heading back to US
2006
Wayne Rooney will play in Germany
2006
Portuguese Republican National Guard in Dili confined to headquarters
2006
US reveals Nazi war criminal's location was known two years before his capture
2006
Northern Ireland parties fail to form devolution committee
2006
Rahul Mahjan gets two days in police custody
2006
Body found in the Christchurch, New Zealand Avon River
2006
Terrorists seize 50 in Iraq
2006
White House diverted $1.6b war funds to border security
2006
20 percent of Victorians drive on worn tyres
2006
Security Alert at British Parliament
2006
Two arrested in England with alleged connections to Canadian bomb plot
2006
EPA block massive West Australian energy project
2006
Scientists working to save Chesapeake Bay oyster population
2007
North Korea test-fires two missiles, South Korean officer says
2007
Team New Zealand to challenge Alinghi for America's Cup
2007
Owner wants $10 million for Flight 93 crash site land
2007
Post-Kyoto agreement is subject of G8 debate
2007
Turkey secures Kurdish zone border with Iraq
2007
Rare Middle East cyclone batters Oman
2007
Paris Hilton released under house arrest
2007
Land mine explodes in Siirt, Turkey killing three soldiers, injuring six others
2007
Switzerland lifts ban on motor racing
2007
Anaheim Ducks win Stanley Cup
2007
Philadelphia to become largest city in U.S. without Boy Scout building
2008
Explosion and fire kill three at Indian petrochemical plant
2008
UK tabloid Daily Star pays libel damages to Ozzy Osbourne
2008
Western Australian economy at crisis point say builders
2008
Second "Red Bull Flugtag London" lands in Hyde Park
2008
Missing European divers found alive
2008
TEPCA protests the Taiwanese government on WiMAX in Taiwan
2008
Critics of Robert Mugabe speak at Africa World Economic Forum
2008
Founder of UK sports car manufacturer TVR dies in Spain
2010
San Francisco hit-and-run suspect caught after lying
2010
Slovenia votes in favour of Croatian border deal
2010
Men isolated to mimic Mars flight
2010
Spelbound declared winner of Britain's Got Talent 2010
2010
Hong Kong's only railway company modifies regulations
2010
Ban on YouTube spreads to Google services in Turkey
2010
Chilean football team arrives in South Africa
2010
Boy dies after falling into river in North Yorkshire, England
2011
Apple announces Mac OS X Lion, iOS 5, and iCloud
2011
Skype suffers downtime in Europe
2011
Smoke from Arizona fire spreads to other states
2011
Scottish university to introduce comic studies degree
2011
Scottish singer Jai McDowall wins fifth Britain's Got Talent series
2011
LulzSec attacks Nintendo server
2011
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge to move into Kensington Palace, London
2011
US X Factor producers confirm line-up changes
2011
NATO deploys helicopters in Libya

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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