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Today in History

LOTR...
Aragorn takes the Paths of the Dead
1618
Kepler discovers 3rd law of planetary motion
1856
Impressionist painter Colin Campbell Cooper born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1884
Susan B. Anthony argues before House of Representatives for amendment granting women the right to vote
1909
International Women's Day
1943
Academy award winning actress Lynn Redgrave born in London, England
1945
Director, actor, musician and singer for The Monkees, Mickey Dolenz born in Los Angeles, California
1958
Golden Globe award winning stage and screen actress, Miranda Richardson born in Lancashire, England
648
Death of St. Felix of Dunwich
690
Death of St. Julian of Toledo
1144
Death of Pope Celestine II
1198
Election of Phillip, King of Germany
1550
Death of St. John of God
1556
Holy Trinity College at Oxford, England, chartered
1574
An English expedition sets out from Galway to hunt down and kill pirate and clan chieftain Grace O'Malley (Granuaile)
1616
Edward Brounde sails from Dartmouth, England to Cape Cod, looking for pearls
1618
Johann Kepler discovers Third Law of Planetary Motion
1622
Crown forbids owners of Virginia colony from continuing the lottery
1702
England's Queen Anne ascended the throne upon the death of King William the Third.
1714
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was born. CPE Bach wasn't as great a composer as his father. But he was a more popular composer by far during the last years of the Baroque era and for decades after his death. born
1783
U.S. First Lady Hannah Van Buren ( wife of Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the U.S.) born
1787
Karl Ferdinand von Grafe, helped create modern plastic surgery born
1841
US Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Junior, the "Great Dissenter." born
1854
US Commodore Matthew C. Perry made his second landing in Japan. Within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese.
1855
A train passed over the first railway suspension bridge at Niagara Falls, New York.
1859
Scottish children's writer Kenneth Grahame, author of "The Wind in the Willows" born
1865
American printer and type designer Frederic William Goudy born
1874
The 13th president of the United States, Millard Fillmore, died in Buffalo, New York.
1879
German nuclear chemist Otto Hahn, discoverer of nuclear fission born
1887
The telescopic fishing rod - made of steel tubes inside one another - was patented by Everett Horton.
1888
Writer Stuart Chase ( Men and Machines, Power of Words) born
1894
A dog license law was enacted in the state of New York. This was the first such animal control law in the U.S. It cost dog owners a $2 annual fee per dog in cities with a population over 1,200,000.
1909
Actress Claire Trevor born
1917
Strikes and riots in St. Petersburg marked the start of the Russian Bolshevik revolution. (New Style calendar)
1917
The U-S Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
1921
After Germany failed to make its first war reparation payment, French troops occupied Dusseldorf and other towns on the Ruhr River in Germany's industrial heartland.
1921
Actress-dancer Cyd Charisse born
1930
The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft, died in Washington.
1936
Actress Sue Ane Langdon born
1939
Baseball player-turned-author Jim Bouton born
1942
Japanese forces captured Rangoon, Burma, during World War Two.
1943
Actress Lynn Redgrave born
1944
Actress Susan Clark born
1944
U-S bombers resumed bombing Berlin.
1945
Actor-director Micky Dolenz born
1947
Lyricist Carole Bayer Sager born
1949
Actress Jaime Lyn Bauer born
1953
Baseball player Jim Rice born
1953
A census bureau report indicated that 239,000 farmers had quit tilling the soil and planting crops (giving up farming) over the past two years.
1954
A world record for the quarter mile was set by Herb McKenley in Melbourne, Australia. Herb ran the distance in 46.8 seconds.
1957
The International Boxing Club was ruled a monopoly, in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law.
1958
Singer Gary Numan born
1959
Actor Aidan Quinn born
1961
Actress Camryn Manheim ("The Practice") born
1961
Conductor, Sir Thomas Beecham died at the age of 81.
1961
The U.S. nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrived in Holy Loch, Scotland, from Charleston, S.C., to become the first American sub to use the Scottish naval base.
1963
Actress Kathy Ireland born
1965
Nearly 4,000 U.S. Marines landed in South Vietnam.
1969
Actress Andrea Parker ("The Pretender") born
1971
A new undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion was crowned, as "Smokin'" Joe Frazier of Philadelphia won a decision over Muhammad Ali, who was previously undefeated.
1975
Olivia Newton-John reached the top spot on the pop charts with "Have You Never Been Mellow".
1976
Actor Freddie Prinze Junior born
1977
Actor James Van Der Beek ("Dawson's Creek") born
1978
Rhythm-and-blues singer Kameelah Williams (702) born
1983
Ronald Reagan gives the "evil empire" speech.
1984
Pop musicians David, Bob and Clint Moffatt born
1985
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announced that 407,700 Americans were millionaires - more than double the total of just five years before.
1986
Four French television crew members were abducted in west Beirut; a caller claimed Islamic Jihad was responsible. (All four were eventually released.)
1987
The emotional process of identifying victims from the British ferry disaster continued in Zeebrugge, Belgium, two days after the "Herald of Free Enterprise" capsized, claiming 189 lives; meanwhile, Sunday services were held in honor of the victims.
1988
Vice President George Bush was the big winner in the "Super Tuesday" Republican presidential primaries. Among Democrats, Michael S. Dukakis, Jesse Jackson and Al Gore split the lion's share of delegates.
1988
Seventeen soldiers were killed when two Army helicopters from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, collided in mid-flight.
1989
In Lebanon, daily artillery barrages between Christian and Syrian forces and their militia allies began in Beirut; at least 930 people were killed before a cease-fire took hold the following September.
1990
Opening arguments were heard in the Iran-Contra trial of former national security adviser John M. Poindexter.
1991
Planeload after planeload of US troops arrived home from the Persian Gulf to an emotional welcome from relatives.
1991
Iraq handed over 40 foreign journalists and two American soldiers whom it had captured.
1992
President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton headed toward "Super Tuesday" claiming big boosts from weekend victories. Ninety people were killed when a ferry carrying pilgrims to a Buddhist shrine collided with an oil tanker in the Gulf of Thailand.
1993
The Metropolitan Opera sang the music of Francis Poulenc, his "Dialogues of the Carmelites." Kent Nagano conducted and the cast was headed by Dawn Upshaw
1993
On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average soared to a record high, climbing 64.84 to end the day at 3469.42.
1993
Singer-bandleader Billy Eckstine died in Pittsburgh at age 78.
1994
The Defense Department announced a smoking ban for workplaces ranging from the Pentagon to battle tanks.
1994
President Clinton announced the appointment of Washington attorney Lloyd Cutler as senior counsel, replacing Bernard Nussbaum.
1995
Two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
1995
The plummeting dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan called the decline unwarranted.
1996
Wall Street plummeted in a major selloff triggered by seemingly good economic news -- a drop in the nation's unemployment rate and the biggest jobs gain in more than a decade. (Investors apparently worried that a stronger economy would mean no more interest rate cuts from the Federal Reserve.)
1996
Dr. Jack Kevorkian was acquitted of assisted suicide for helping two suffering patients kill themselves.
1997
President Clinton, in keeping with his push for private businesses and churches to hire off welfare rolls, ordered federal agencies to do the same.
1998
More than a foot of wind-driven snow paralyzed travel across the central Plains and Midwest.
1998
Hall of Fame linebacker Ray Nitschke died in Florida at age 61.
1998
James McDougal, one of the most important cooperating witnesses in Kenneth Starr's Whitewater investigation, died in a federal medical prison in Fort Worth, Texas, at age 57.
1999
President Clinton began a tour of Central America.
1999
The Clinton administration directed the firing of nuclear scientist Wen Ho Lee from his job at the Los Alamos National Laboratory because of alleged security violations.
1999
New York Yankees baseball star Joe DiMaggio died in Hollywood, Fla., at age 84.
2000
A letter carrier, two firefighters and a sheriff's deputy were shot to death in Memphis, Tennessee, allegedly by the letter carrier's husband, who was also a firefighter. _____________________________________________________________
2000
President Clinton submitted to Congress legislation to establish permanent normal trade relations with China.
2005
Peruvians sue Newmont Mining Company over mercury poisoning
2005
Invisibility shield gets blueprint
2005
The President of Bolivia resigns
2005
British Airways announces new CEO
2005
Chechen leader killed by Russian Special Forces
2005
Syria begins withdrawing troops from Lebanon
2005
Premature aging disease reversed in cells
2005
China declares "the state shall employ nonpeaceful means"
2006
Small plane crashes on median of Interstate 75 in Michigan
2006
Australian emergency services personnel exposed to asbestos
2006
Sault professor sides with students during college strike
2006
Events cancelled at Humber due to college strike
2006
Police release photographs of those of interest in connection with Cronulla riots
2006
Bonobo chimp threatened in Congo
2006
Study reveals 10% of telecommuters work nude
2006
Gordon Parks, African American filmmaker, dies at 93
2006
North Korea fires missiles during training exercise
2006
Buffalo, NY magazine to publish Prophet Muhammad cartoons
2006
Largest mass extinction in 65 million years underway, scientists say
2006
Witness convicted of perjury in Best Bakery trial sentenced to one year
2006
Eighteen found dead in a bus in Iraq
2007
Computer glitch delays online tax filing in Canada
2007
African Union peacekeepers come under attack in Mogadishu
2007
John Lewis Partnership announces increased profits, 18% partner bonus
2007
British actor John Inman dies at 71
2007
Gormley's statue Another Place stays in Sefton, UK
2007
DUP and Sinn Féin make gains in Northern Ireland Assembly election
2007
UEFA Cup - Round of Sixteen first leg results
2007
France bans filming of violence
2008
South American leaders end border dispute
2008
International arms dealer Viktor Bout arrested in Thailand
2008
Nightwish added to billing of UK's Bloodstock Open Air festival
2008
BBC Outside Broadcasts to be sold to Satellite Information Services
2008
President Bush vetoes CIA waterboarding ban
2008
National Hockey League news: March 8, 2008
2008
Mari Luz, missing child from Huelva, Spain, found dead
2008
Vietnam bans pet hamsters
2009
Explosion in Baghdad claims 28 lives
2009
Two killed in gun attack in Northern Ireland
2009
Windows 7 will allow users to disable Internet Explorer
2009
Real IRA claims responsibility for gun attack
2010
Body of missing teenager Amber Dubois found
2010
Eight teens shot outside Indiana skating rink
2010
Bronx, New York church destroyed in suspicious blaze
2010
Clashes in Nigeria kill hundreds, troops on alert
2011
Microsoft waits for death of Internet Explorer 6
2012
Super Tuesday 2012: Mitt Romney wins six of ten GOP contests
2012
Labor employees celebrate International Women’s Day

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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