Constantinople was dedicated as the new capital of the Roman Empire. It was named after the Emperor Constantine and built over the ancient city of Byzantium.
Justinian I "the Great," Eastern Roman Emperor born
Coronation of Edgar as King of England
King Guy of Jerusalem lands on Cyprus to meet Richard I of England
The Abbot of the Herrzongenburg Monastery grants some property near Raabs on the Thaya River of Austria to Hannsen Hydler (Hitler) and his wife for 40 Pounds in the currency of Vienna
Columbus leaves Spain on his fourth, and last, voyage
Louis II crowned King of Bohemia
Sailing of the "Edward Bonaventure," the "Bona Esperanza" and the "Bona Confidentia" from England to search for the Northwest Passage
John Knox preaches a sermon in Perth that leads to a riot
Death of Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, architect
Henry of Anjou becomes first elected King of Poland
Death of Matteo Ricci, Jesuit missionary in China
Henrietta Marie of France married by proxy to Charles I, King of England
Rioting in Blackfriars and Southwark, England
"Mercurius Civicus," the first regular illustrated periodical in London, appeared
Peter Stuyvesant arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor.
Construction begins on the Wall Street wall, NYC
Otto von Guericke, German physicist who demonstrated the vacuum, died. He also invented the first air pump.
Robert Treat Paine American jurist, member of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was the first attorney general of Massachusetts, where he became a judge and member of the Massachusetts supreme court. born
During the War of the Austrian Succession, French forces besieged Tournai and defeated the English and their allies at the Battle of Fontenoy. The English lost over 7,000 killed or wounded.
1st US fire insurance policy is issued, in Philadelphia.
William Pitt the Elder, British statesman, died. He conducted most of the Seven Years' War (1756-63) which secured Britain a huge new empire.
Chang and Eng Bunker Siamese-born twins who toured the U.S. as part of a circus act for Barnum and Bailey Circus. They lived full lives, marrying and fathering 21 children between them. born
British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval was assassinated by a bankrupt broker, John Bellingham, as he entered the House of Commons.
The American Bible Society was formed in New York City.
Johnny Appleseed American folk hero whose real name was John Chapman died.
Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of the Linotype typesetting machine born
Minnesota became the 32nd state of the Union.
The independence and neutrality of the duchy of Luxembourg was guaranteed by the European powers under the Treaty of London.
British astronomer Sir John Herschel died. He added over 500 nebulae and clusters of stars to the known universe.
Irving Berlin, U.S. composer. He was born, Israel Baline, in Temun, Russia. He wrote some 1,500 songs including, "White Christmas," "Easter Parade," and "Always." He also wrote music for several stage shows, including ``Annie Get Your Gun,'' and also wrote ``Alexander's Ragtime Band.''
Dame Margaret Rutherford English actress who gained fame on stage as Miss Prism in ``The Importance of Being Earnest.'' She appeared in films as Miss Marple in a series based on Agatha Christie stories. She won an Academy Award in ``The VIPs.'' born
Dancer-choreographer Martha Graham in Pittsburgh. She is credited with bringing a new psyhcological depth to modern dance by exploring primal emotions and ancient rituals. Graham danced 'til she was 75. born
Workers at the Pullman Palace Car Company in Illinois went on strike. (The American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, subsequently began a boycott of Pullman that blocked freight traffic in and out of Chicago.)
William Grant Still was born in Woodville, Massachusetts. He was the first acclaimed black composer. His music is very traditional. Like Dvorak, Still used folk idiom in the service of otherwise Germanic classical music. born
In an effort to regain the heavyweight boxing title, James J. Corbett, "Gentleman Jim," was knocked out by James J. Jeffries -- in the 23rd round.
Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dali, in Figueras, Spain. "The Persistence of Memory", painted by Dali in 1931, is perhaps the most widely recognized surrealist painting in the world. He also designed film and stage sets, furniture and jewelry. He was equally celebrated for his theatrical appearance, flamboyant behavior and genius for self-promotion. born
The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound Jacqueline Cochrann. She was an Air Force colonel and cosmetics maker. born
Glacier National Park in Montana was created by an act of Congress.
Actor-comedian Foster Brooks. born
Phil Silvers American comic actor who began entertaining at the age of 11. He worked in vaudeville, won a Tony for ``Top Banana,'' and found fame as Sgt. Bilko in the TV series ``The Phil Silvers Show.'' born
Max Reger was found dead of a heart attack in a Leipzig hotel room. Reger left behind more music than almost any other modern composer, opus numbers well above a hundred, including everything from piano miniatures to massive pieces for organ.
Oxford University permits the admission of women.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded; although the first Oscars were not presented for several years after its founding.
The failure of Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, marked the beginning of the financial collapse of Central Europe.
Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan born
Actor Doug McClure. He appeared in the TV series ``The Virginian,'' ``The Men From Shiloh,'' ``Burke's Law'' and ``Kung Fu: The Legend Continues'' and films ``Riders in the Storm'' and ``Maverick.'' born
Rock singer Eric Burdon (The Animals; War) born
Rock musician Les Chadwick (Gerry & The Pacemakers) (John) born
During World War Two, American forces landed on Japanese-held Attu island in the Aleutians. (The territory was retaken in three weeks.)
Olympic gold medal skier Nancy Greene born
Allied forces launched a major offensive in central Italy.
Jarvik heart inventor Dr. Robert Jarvik born
The first packages from the relief agency CARE (Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) arrived in Europe, at Le Havre, France.
The B.F. Goodrich Company of Akron, Ohio, announced the development of a tubeless tire.
Siam changed its named to Thailand.
Israel was admitted to the United Nations as the world body's 59th member.
Jay Forrester patents computer core memory.
Actress Frances Fisher born
Country musician Mark Herndon (Alabama) born
Video DJ Martha Quinn born
The world's longest liner, SS France, was launched.
Actress Natasha Richardson. She appeared in the films ``Nell,'' ``Widow's Peak'' and ``The Handmaid's Tale.'' born
Country singer-musician Tim Raybon (The Raybon Brothers) born
Britain, Denmark and Ireland formally applied to join the European Economic Community.
The French government bowed to Paris student demands, premier Georges Pompidou announcing concessions in an effort to end more than a week of the worst street fighting since World War Two.
Steve Dunning of the Cleveland Indians became the last pitcher to hit a grand slam home run in the American League. When the designated hitter rule came to the American League, pitchers were rarely sent to bat.
The San Francisco Giants announced that they would trade Willie Mays to the New York Mets.
Charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the "Pentagon Papers" case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
Barbara Hutton American heiress to the Woolworth fortune died.
Actor Austin O'Brien ("Promised Land") born
Reggae artist Bob Marley, 36, died in a Miami hospital.
Abby followed Ann Landers in confessing to re-using letters without informing readers.
Actor Jonathan Jackson born
Secretary of State Geroge P. Shultz returned to Washington from the Mideast, expressing confidence Syria would withdraw its troops from Lebanon along with Israeli forces.
Eight teen-agers were killed when fire broke out inside the Haunted Castle attraction at the Six Flags Great Adventure Park in Jackson Township, New Jersey.
56 people died and more than 200 were injured when a flash fire swept a jam-packed soccer stadium in Bradford, England.
Chester Gould American cartoonist who introduced crime and violence into the comics with the creation of ``Dick Tracy'' died. He created a rogues' gallery of bizarre criminals and masterminded the strip until his retirement in 1977.
Soviet physicist Yevgeny Velikhov was quoted by the official news agency Tass as saying the situation at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant had reached a turning point, and it was no longer possible for it to get worse.
In a medical first, doctors in Baltimore transplanted the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to a patient who gave up his own heart to a second recipient. (Clinton House, the nation's first living heart donor, died 14 months later.)
Former National Security Adviser Robert C. McFarlane began testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings. The trial of former Gestapo official Klaus Barbie began in Lyons, France.
Emmanuel Vitria died in Marseilles in southern France at age 67, 18 years after receiving a transplanted human heart. He was the longest-surviving heart transplant patient.
The government of Indian imposed direct rule on Punjab because of the terror campaign being waged by Sikh extremists.
The trial of former Gestapo official Klaus Barbie began in Lyons, France.
Master spy Harold "Kim" Philby (Harold Adrian Russell), the notorious "Third Man" of a British espionage ring, died in the Soviet Union at age 76.
Fans of Irving Berlin paid tribute on his 100th birthday with celebrations that included a gala at New York's Carnegie Hall.
Kenya announced that it would seek a worldwide ban on the trade of ivory -- a move intended to preserve its fast-dwindling elephant herds.
President Bush ordered nearly 2,000 combat troops to Panama, saying the increase in U.S. military strength there was designed "to protect the lives of American citizens.""
President Bush, on a two-day trip of college commencement speeches, told reporters aboard Air Force One that there were "no conditions" going into a budget summit with Congress.
Ho Dam, senior member of North Korea's communist party, died. As foreign minister in 1977, he was the first senior North Korean official to visit the United States.
President Bush dispatched an amphibious task force with thousands of Marines and dozens of helicopters to help cyclone-ravaged Bangladesh with disaster relief efforts.
A three-day ordeal on Oregon's Mount Hood ended safely for three climbers stranded with minimal gear by a sub-zero whiteout.
EC foreign ministers decided to recall their ambassadors from Belgrade and to seek Yugoslavia's suspension from the CSCE.
Twelve European countries recalled their ambassadors from Serb-dominated Yugoslavia to protest Serb involvement in Bosnia's ethnic war.
Nera White and Luisa Harris (Stewart) became the first women to be inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
The Senate approved the so-called "motor voter" bill, designed to make voter registration easier.
The Senate Armed Services Committee heard emotional testimony from Marine Colonel Fred Peck, who affirmed his love for his homosexual son, Scott, while restating his opposition to lifting the ban on openly gay servicemen.
Arkansas put to death two convicted murderers; it was the first time a state executed two people on the same day since the U.S. Supreme Court allowed states to restore the death penalty in 1976.
Deir Al-Balah became the first Gaza town to come under Palestinian self-rule.
Haiti's military-backed government installed Emile Jonassaint as new provisional president.
Italian media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi was installed as prime minister at the head of a coalition government that brought neo-fascists to power for the first time since World War Two.
South African President Nelson Mandela named his main black political rival, Zulu chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and his estranged wife Winnie, to his new government of national unity.
A United Nations conference indefinitely extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years.
An Atlanta-bound ValuJet DC-9 caught fire shortly after takeoff from Miami and crashed into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 people on board.
Nnamdi Azikiwe, Nigeria's first president, died. Widely known as ``Zik of Africa,'' the politician, scholar, poet and journalist helped to end the Biafran civil war. Azikiwe became president in 1963.
The "Deep Blue" IBM computer demolishd an overwhelmed Garry Kasparov and won the six-game chess match between man and machine in New York.
A French mint produced the first coins of Europe's single currency, the euro.
India set off three underground atomic blasts, its first nuclear tests in 24 years.
Attorney General Janet Reno requested an independent counsel to investigate Labor Secretary Alexis Herman for alleged influence-peddling and solicitation of illegal campaign contributions.
Stung by an espionage scandal, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson said he would halt the Clinton administration's aggressive declassification of Cold War-era nuclear documents.
In Beijing, protests outside the U.S. Embassy over NATO's bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade eased after state-run television aired U.S. and NATO apologies for the attack.
Pope John Paul the Second named Bishop Edward M. Egan of Bridgeport, Connecticut, the new head of the New York archdiocese, succeeding the late Cardinal John O'Connor.
Canadian Liberal government loses House of Commons vote, won't call election
Chesapeake Bay Program issues first-ever water quality forecast
Soviet rockets on sale in Moldovan breakoff region
Accuser admits he lied, former Canadian immigration minister cleared of wrongdoing
Romanian opposition gets more TV time than governing coalition
Italians interested in investing in Romanian tourism
North Korea removes spent nuclear fuel rods
Foot and mouth scare in New Zealand likely to be hoax
White House, Capitol Building evacuated as small plane enters no-fly zone
Critics against USA and Israel in Summit of South American-Arab Countries in Brazil
California refuses gay marriage ban
Fight Continues, 100 dead in Somalia
Marxists retain West Bengal, regain Kerala
Explosives stolen from a California mine, partially returned
AEK Athens fans damage ferry-boat in Greece
Legislative Assembly election results declared in 5 Indian States
Australian Parliament hears reply to Budget
Hubble Space Telescope successor unveiled by NASA
Two Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants close in Buffalo, New York, USA
Hottest planet to date found in the constellation Hercules
U.S. Vice President Cheney warns Iran about nuclear weapons
Tamil Nadu film 'Sivaji: The Boss' expectations peak
US Army General requests more troops for Diyala Province, Iraq
Race for leadership of Parti QuÃ©bÃ©cois begins
Startup web broadcaster Joost signs deal with Warner Brothers
Hostage crisis ends at Russian embassy in Costa Rica
Turkish newspaper alleges cover-up in Hrant Dink case
Felipe Massa wins Turkish Grand Prix
The Next Consortium of ITRI launches 'RoboScooter'
Computex Preview: A decisive battle for IT industry and trade show quality
Fighting continues in Tripoli, Lebanon
Galatasaray clinch 17th Turkish title
Tornadoes in central US kill nearly two dozen people
High school orders shot glasses as prom favors
Moscow celebrates Victory Day with military parade
Rights group in Afghanistan investigating claim of US use of phosphorus bombs
UK elections: David Cameron becomes Prime Minister
Attacks in Iraq kill over 100
Swedish Navy confirms investigation of border violation
British MP David Cairns dies aged 44
Former F.A. chairman alleges FIFA 2018 World Cup vote was riddled with bribes, corruption
World Bank gives Kiribati emergency aid
Ugandan parliament revisits Anti-Homosexuality Act
Report blames New Zealand skydive plane crash that killed nine on overloading