Alexander the Great defeated Persian King Darius III at Granicus, Turkey.
Death of Constantine "the Great." He was largely responsible for turning the empire into a Christian state.
The Peace of Le Goulet was signed, settling differences between King John of England and Philip of France.
French invasion troops land in England
Henry Raspe is elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.
The opening battle in England's 30-year War of the Roses took place at St. Albans, when the Lancastrians defeated the Yorkists. King Henry VI is taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans.
Death of Henry VII Tudor, King of England
Bologna captured by the French
Council of Trent summoned by Pope Paul III
The first modern atlas, containing 70 maps, was published in Belgium by Abraham Ortelius, a Flemish cartographer/map seller.
1st wedding in New England, future Gov. Edward Winslow & Susanna White
The Peace of Luebeck was signed, ending hostilities between the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark.
The first life insurance policy in the United States was issued, in Philadelphia.
William Sturgeon, English scientist who built the first practical electromagnet. born
The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially begins as the Corps of Discovery departs from St. Charles, Missouri.
Former Vice President Aaron Burr was put on trial for treason in Richmond, Virginia, but was acquitted in August.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner in Leipzig. For nearly all of his adult life, Wagner would move to a new city, run up huge debts, and then leave. His personal life was a scandal: his affair with Bulow's wife Cosima was so advanced that he was now stepping out on her to have affairs. Composer notably of "Der Ring des Nibelungen" and "Lohengrin." born
The first steam-propelled vessel to attempt a transatlantic crossing, the "Savannah," departed from Savannah, Georgia. (It arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 20th.)
Pioneer eye surgeon, Albrecht Grafe who founded modern ophthalmology born
An official order was issued ending the practice of sending convicts from Britain to the penal colony of Australia. Effective in August, the last ship arrived there in November.
Henry Kennedy of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, received a patent for the first reclining chair.
American artist Mary Cassatt was born in Pennsylvania. (Some sources list 1845). Most of her paintings and pastels were based on the theme of mother and child.
Abraham Lincoln received patent number 6469 for the floating dry dock.
Senator Brooks of South Carolina strikes Senator Sumner with a cane for his earlier condemnation of slavery.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes born
Union general Ulysses S. Grants second attack on Vicksburg fails and a siege begins.
Seven members of the Reno gang stole $98,000 from a railway car at Marshfield, Ind. It was the original "Great Train Robbery."
The Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners.
Daniel Malan, South African prime minister from 1948-54 and architect of the apartheid system. born
Verdi's "Requiem" was first performed in the majestic Church of San Marco in Milan.
Sir Ernest Oppenheimer, South African mining magnate who formed the Anglo-American Corporation in 1917. born
The same day Wagner died, and in the same city, Venice, Rossini conducted the premiere of his own opera, "The Young Italian Woman in Algiers." It was a success.
French author-writer Victor Hugo died in Paris, France, at age 83. He was mourned as a national hero and buried in the Pantheon.
The first public motion picture show was given. 147 members of the National Federation of Women's Clubs visiting Thomas Edison's lab viewed the film through a one-inch hole in a pine box. It showed a man bowling.
A British dentist, Dr. Sheffield, invented the toothpaste tube.
Edwin S. Votey of Detroit, Michigan, received a patent for his pianola a pneumatic piano player. The device could be attached to any piano.
The Associated Press was incorporated in New York as a non-profit news cooperative.
Actor Laurence Olivier. He won an Oscar in 1948 for "Hamlet." He made his debut at age 15 in "The Taming of the Shrew." His last film was "War Requiem" in 1988. born
The Wright brothers register their flying machine for a U.S. patent..
The worst train disaster in Britain took place when a troop train collided with a passenger train at Gretna Green, Scotland, killing 227.
Astronomer,Thomas Gold who established the steady-state theory of the universe. born
Movie reviewer Judith Crist born
Singer Charles Aznavour born
Sir John French, British soldier and commander of British forces on the western front 1914-15, died. His leadership was noted for its large loss of life, notably at Ypres
Actor Michael Constantine born
Actor Frank Converse born
Actor-director Richard Benjamin born
Actress Susan Strasberg born
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a "Pact of Steel" committing Germany and Italy to a military alliance.
Actor Michael Sarrazin born
Actress Barbara Parkins born
Betty Williams, Northern Irish peace activist and Nobel Prize winner. born
The Third Communist International, known as COMINTERM, was dissolved by the Soviet Union in a gesture to the West.
Baseball's Tommy John born
U.S. troops captured Yonabaro on Okinawa island, Japan.
George Best, one of the greatest Manchester United and Northern Ireland footballers, in Belfast. born
The "Truman Doctrine" was enacted as Congress appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey.
The "Four Last Songs" of Richard Strauss were premiered in London by the Wagnerian diva Kirsten Flagstad. Strauss had died the previous year.
Songwriter Bernie Taupin (Lyricist with Elton John) born
Police in Bridgeport, Connecticut, canceled a dance scheduled at the Ritz ballroom to be headlined by Fats Domino. Authorities say it is because they found "rock and rolls dances might be featured.""
Actor Al Corley ("Dynasty") born
Country musician Dana Williams (Diamond Rio) born
Rock musician Jesse Valenzuela (The Low Watts) born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Johnny Gill (New Edition) born
16-year-old Bruce Springsteen recorded his first song, "That's What You'll Get," with his band, the Castilles.
Rock musician Dan Roberts (Crash Test Dummies) born
"Mister Rogers' Neighborhood," public television's longest-running children's program, premiered on PBS. Rogers is a Presbyterian minister from Pittsburgh.
Fire at the Brussels department store "L'Innovation" killed over 320 people.
The lunar module of "Apollo Ten" separated from the command module and flew to within nine miles of the moon's surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.
Model Naomi Campbell born
The island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka with the adopting of a new constitution.
President Nixon became the first president to visit Russia. His talks in Moscow with the Russian leaders led to the S.A.L.T. Agreement in 1977.
Cecil Day-Lewis, English poet and Poet Laureate, died.
Actress A.J. Langer ("Brooklyn South") born
Canadians went to the polls in parliamentary elections that put the Progressive Conservatives in power, ending the eleven-year tenure of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
In Britain, Peter Sutcliffe (the Yorkshire Ripper) was jailed for life after being convicted of 13 counts of murder.
Four more people died in the wake of floods that were ravaging the Gulf Coast, bringing the death toll in several days of Southern storms to 33.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that law firms may not discriminate on the basis of sex, race, religion or national origin in promoting young lawyers to the status of partner.
U.S. sailor Michael L. Walker was arrested aboard the aircraft carrier Nimitz, two days after his father, John A. Walker Jr., was apprehended; both were later convicted of spying for the Soviet Union.
Baseball player Pete Rose passes Hank Aaron as National League run scoring leader with 2,108.
The House of Representatives approved legislation calling for major import restraints, despite President Reagan's warning that burgeoning protectionism would launch new trade wars.
A deadly tornado devastated the small West Texas town of Saragosa, killing 30 people and injuring 162. The storm destroyed 61 houses and leveled the community center and church.
An Iraqi missile hits the American frigate USS Stark in the Persian Gulf.
Janos Kadar installed by the Soviet Union as head of Hungary's Communist Party in 1956 -- was replaced by Prime Minister Karoly Grosz.
In a serious blow to Chinese Premier Li Peng, more than 100 top military leaders vowed to refrain from entering Beijing to suppress pro-democracy demonstrations.
Soviet authorities announced curbs on the number of staff at the British embassy and other institutions in Moscow, from 375 to 205.
India test-fired an intermediate-range ballistic missile, igniting worries over nuclear proliferation and a spiraling arms race on the subcontinent.
After years of conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merged to form a single nation, the Republic of Yemen.
Boxer Rocky Graziano died in New York at age 71.
Soviet President Gorbachev asked the world's industrialized nations for $100 billion in economic loans and grants to bolster the Soviet economy.
Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born wife of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was designated to lead his Congress Party through national elections, one day after his assassination.
After a reign lasting nearly 30 years, Johnny Carson hosted NBC's "Tonight Show" for the last time, telling his audience, "I bid you a very heartfelt good night." (Carson was succeeded by Jay Leno.)
The United States, Russia, France, Britain and Spain agreed to enforce safe areas in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but stopped short of endorsing President Clinton's proposal to use military force.
A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti went into effect to punish Haiti's rulers for not reinstating the country's ousted leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Rwandan rebels seized the key government army barracks in Kigali, removing the biggest obstacle in their drive to capture the capital.
"The CBS Evening News" resumed a single-anchor format with Dan rather, after Connie Chung was dropped from the broadcast.
The Supreme Court ruled, 5-to-4, that states cannot limit service in Congress without amending the Constitution.
Japan settled lawsuits which bought to an end the mercury poisoning case called Minamata, named after the village where hundreds died between 1953-60 by eating mercury-tainted seafood.
President Clinton counterattacked against Republican criticism of his foreign policy during a commencement address at the US Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut; the president then traveled to New York where he was cheered by sailors from four nations aboard the USS Intrepid
Russian President Boris Yeltsin sacked defense minister Igor Rodionov and head of the general staff Viktor Samsonov for failing to carry through military reforms.
In a case that drew national attention, Kelly Flinn, the Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepted a general discharge, thereby avoiding court-martial on charges of adultery, lying and disobeying an order. The defense began presenting its case in the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh.
Federal Judge Norma Holloway Johnson ruled that Secret Service agents could be compelled to testify before the grand jury in the Monica Lewinsky investigation.
Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland turned out in force to cast ballots giving resounding approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord.
Columbine High School seniors wearing blue-and-silver gowns marched single file in a graduation ceremony that mixed celebration of the day with sorrow for victims of the recent massacre.
A committee of the Arkansas Supreme Court recommended that President Clinton be disbarred for giving false testimony about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky in the Paula Jones sexual harassment case. (Clinton later agreed to give up his Arkansas law license for five years.)
The Supreme Court struck down, 5-to-4, a federal law that shielded children from sex-oriented cable TV channels.
Greece wins Eurovision song contest
Endangered cow cloned in Brazil
Mongolia's ex-communists ahead going into Sunday's election
Martin claims victory in Charlotte
Restrictions imposed in China textile trade with U.S.
BBC prepared for news blackout as staff strike
Mayors back global warming pact
Storms lash northern New Zealand
Venture capital investment in Ireland soars by 35%
Five dead in Louisiana church shooting
Downer welcomes Australian nuclear energy debate
NSW govt to rebuild high school with private funding
One of Saddam Hussein's defense lawyers thrown out of court
Chief of World Health Organization dies
PM John Howard's nuclear push causes alarm
Steel major Arcelor ready to reconsider Mittal's offer
Seven year old boy swims from Alcatraz to San Francisco
Ian Paisley rejects Sinn Fein nomination
Montenegro secedes from Serbia
Sweden wins World Ice Hockey Championships
Mark Rocket first New Zealander to book Virgin space flight
Britain expects troops out of Iraq within next 4 years
Researchers say Ozone Hole "likely to contract, may disappear"
California senator opposed to cell-phones involved in cell-phone related crash
Imam Khamenei says anti-US policies stronger than Hiroshima bomb
Murder charge to be brought in Litvinenko death
Thai puppeteer Sakorn Yang-keawsot dies at 85
Large explosion rocks Turkish capital
French Open 2007: Zvonareva withdraws
English football: Adebayor signs new Arsenal contract
Spirit Rover on Mars finds water made 'silica-rich soil'
China warns US to avoid trade confrontation
An "irresponsible" strike An
Two bomb explosions witnessed in Beirut
UEFA Champions League Final: Manchester United vs. Chelsea F.C.
First supernova seen during explosion breakout
Oil price reaches new high
Swedish men suspected of nuclear plant sabotage released
Indiana Jones returns to the screens
19 Kenyans arrested for 'witch' killings
Signs of ancient hydrothermal vents found on Mars
Egyptian billionaire MP, former policeman to hang for Lebanese pop star's murder
FBI arrests four in alleged plot to bomb Bronx synagogues, shoot down plane
English footballer Beckham visits British troops in Afghanistan
Indian airliner crashes; nearly 160 presumed dead
Car bomb in Iraq leaves at least 30 dead
Hong Kong chief executive invites opponent to television debate
Times Square bomb suspects arrested in Pakistan
Clinton warns North Korea of "provocative behavior"
Volunteers collaborate in reconstruction of Lolol, Chile
Former Illinois governor Blagojevich asks US Supreme Court to delay corruption trial, prosecutors to respond by Friday
Libya releases four foreign journalists
Four killed in militant attack on Karachi military base
Pope speaks with astronauts in orbit for first time
Two dead as earthquake strikes KÃ¼tahya, Turkey
British musician Robin Gibb dies at age 62
Same-sex marriage passes third reading in House of Commons