Birth of St. Augustine of Hippo, greatest of the Early Latin Church Fathers. born
Death of St. Nicholas I, Pope
Ethelred the Redeless massacres the Danes in England
Edward III, King of England. born
Death of Prince Henry "the Navigator," of Portugal
In the Swiss-Burgundian Wars, Swiss infantry shatters the army of Charles the Bold at Hericourt near Belfort, countering his march to Lorraine.
German theologian Johann Eck, Martin Luther's principal Roman Catholic opponent. born
Cyril Lucaris Patriarch of Constantinople born
Battle of Sheriffmuir in Scotland.
During the American Revolution, US forces captured Montreal.
Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which he said, "this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
Pike's Peak is discovered, but not climbed, by Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike during an expedition to locate the source of the Mississippi.
Union Civil War general Joseph Hooker born
Scottish physicist James Maxwell born
Actor Edwin Booth. A major force in English and American theater until his last appearance as Hamlet in 1891. He was the older brother of John Wilkes Booth. born
Texans officially proclaim independence from Mexico, and calls itself the Lone Star Republic, after its flag, until its admission to the Union in 1845. The Alamo's 13 days of glory.
American religious leader Joseph F(ielding) Smith, sixth president (1901-18) of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints born
Donizetti's final opera "Dom Sebastian" was premiered, and someone asked the composer which of his operas he liked most. "How can I say?" he replied. "A father always favors his crippled child, and I have so many!"
Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts.
Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson (Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde, A Child's Garden of Verses) born
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis born
"Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto, like the first pancake, is a flop." So wrote Nicolai Soloviev in the "New Vremya" of St. Petersburg.
New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace offers amnesty to many participants of the Lincoln County War, but not to gunfighter Billy the Kid.
Edward A. Doisy, Biochemist, discoverer of vitamin K (Nobel 1943). born
The first shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii.
Paul Corno achieves the first helicopter flight.
Actor Alexander Scourby (The Big Heat, Affair in Trinidad) born
The brassiere was first patented.
The Battle of the Somme, in which 60,000 lost their lives, ended.
Actor Jack Elam (Support Your Local Sheriff, High Noon, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Cannonball Run series, Pocketful of Miracles, Rawhide, Temple Houston, The Texas Wheelers, The Dakotas) born
Australian composer Septimus Kelly died, a battle fatality in France. He was 35.
The Sheik, starring Rudolph Valentino, was released.
Actor (Josef Schliessmayer) Oskar Werner (Ship of Fools, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, Voyage of the Damned, Fahrenheit 451) born
Actress Madeleine Sherwood (The Flying Nun's Mother Superior, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Broken Vows, Sweet Bird of Youth). born
Actress Linda Christian (The Devil's Hand, Athena) born
After seven years of construction and over $48 million, the Holland Tunnel, was opened under the Hudson River, linking New York City and New Jersey.
Berlin critic Max Chop hailed Darius Milhaud as "arch-amateurish."
The first revolving milk platform was used in Plainsboro, NJ. For the first time, 1,680 cows could be milked in seven hours.
Actor Richard Mulligan (Soap, Empty Nest, S.O.B., The Hero, The Group, Little Big Man, Diana) born
The first recorded "sit-down" strike in the United States was staged by workers at the Hormel Packing Company in Austin, Minn.
Producer-director Garry Marshall (The Odd Couple, Mork & Mindy, Happy Days; director: A League of Their Own, Pretty Woman, Beaches; comedy writer: Dick Van Dyke Show, The Lucy Show) born
Actress Jean Seberg (Paint Your Wagon, The Mouse that Roared, Airport, Joan of Arc, Bonjour Tristesse) born
The Walt Disney animated movie "Fantasia" had its world premiere in New York.
Actor Dack (Norman) Rambo (Dallas, All My Children, The Guns of Will Sonnett, Sword of Justice, The New Loretta Young Show) born
The minimum draft age was lowered from 21 to 18.
The three-day naval battle for Guadalcanal begins. Marine Sergeant Al Schmid lost an eye while heroically manning a machine gun in bloody fighting on Guadalcanal.
Leonard Bernstein replaced an indisposed Bruno Walter as conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Thus began a legendary career and worldwide appreciation for Bernstein's many compositions with the orchestra.
Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France.
Country singer-songwriter Ray Wylie Hubbard born
The first artificial snow was produced by Vincent J. Schaefer on Mt. Greylock, Massachusetts this day.
Actor/Cartoon Voicist, Joe Mantegna (Simpsons' Fat Tony). born
The Archbishop of Canterbury received the original manuscript of "Alice in Wonderland" from the Library of Congress. An American outbid others trying to secure the document, but donations allowed the English to buy it back for the British Museum.
Harvard's Paul Zoll is the first to use electric shock to treat cardiac arrest.
Musician Andrew Rankin (The Pogues) born
Figure skater Charlie Tickner (Bronze medalist Olympics ; U.S. Champion [1977, 1978, 1979, 1980]) born
Actress-comedian (Caryn Johnson) Whoopi Goldberg (Ghost, The Color Purple, Sister Act series, Made in America, Jumpin' Jack Flash, Comic Relief, The Whoopi Goldberg Show, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Bagdad Cafe) born
NBC showed the first live TV program from a foreign country (noncontiguous). Scenes from Havana, Cuba were seen by viewers of Dave Garroway's "Wide Wide World" program.
The Supreme Court ruled in a case from Montgomery, Ala., that segregation on interstate buses is unconstitutional.
Actor Chris Noth (Law & Order, Burnzy's Last Call, Jakarta, Baby Boom) born
Actress Tracy Scoggins (Lois and Clark - The New Adventures of Superman, Hawaiian Heat, Dynasty, The Colbys, Alien Intruder, Dead On, The Gumshoe Kid) born
Heisman Trophy winner Vinny Testaverde born
Rock musician Walter Kibby (Fishbone) born
Carl Stokes is inaugurated mayor of Cleveland, the first black mayor of a major city.
Speaking in Des Moines, Iowa, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network television news departments of bias and distortion, and urged viewers to lodge complaints.
Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Oklahoma: was killed in a car crash.
One of the great lounge lizard songs of all time, "Feelings" by Morris Albert, went gold this day.
After 43 years as a regular feature in hundreds of newspapers, Al Capp brought his comic strip, "Li'l Abner" to a final conclusion.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington.
21-year-old New York Met Dwight Gooden became the youngest pitcher to win the Cy Young Award. In 1984, he was "Rookie of the Year."
Some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a gigantic mudslide, triggered by the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, buried the city.
President Ronald Reagan publicly acknowledged that the United States had sent "defensive weapons and spare parts" to Iran in an attempt to improve relations, but denied the shipments were part of a deal to free hostages in Lebanon.
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega unveiled an eleven-point proposal in Washington for a cease-fire that called for the Contra rebels to lay down their weapons and accept an amnesty.
Former Czechoslovak leader Alexander Dubcek received an honorary degree in Italy, the first time he was allowed outside his country in 18 years.
Polish labor leader Lech Walesa received the Medal of Freedom from President Bush during a White House ceremony.
Members of Congress demanded a larger role in the Persian Gulf policy of the U.S. following President Bush's decision to send more U.S. troops to the region.
Secretary of State James A. Baker III told reporters in Hamilton, Bermuda, the Persian Gulf crisis threatened world recession and the loss of American jobs.
The U.S. House of Representatives approved a Senate-passed bill guaranteeing many workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family emergencies.
The government reported that wholesale prices had risen seven-tenths of one percent the previous month, their biggest leap in a year.
Riddick Bowe won the undisputed heavyweight boxing title in Las Vegas with a unanimous decision over Evander Holyfield.
President Clinton used his weekly radio address to make yet another pitch for the North American Free Trade Agreement, then flew to Memphis, Tennessee, where he delivered an anti-crime speech to black ministers at the Temple Church of God in Christ.
President Clinton, visiting the Philippines, sought to assure world leaders that his party's severe losses in midterm elections wouldn't undercut his foreign policy.
Sweden voted to join the European Union.
A heavily armed gunman traded fire with San Francisco police, hitting two police officers, a paramedic and another person before being killed.
The government braced for an imminent partial shutdown as President Clinton vetoed one budget bill and prepared to veto another in a fiscal standoff with Republicans.
Seven people, including five Americans, were killed when a bomb exploded at a military training facility in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
An all-white jury in Pittsburgh acquitted a suburban police officer, John Vojtas, in the death of black motorist Jonny Gammage in a verdict that angered black activists.
Sergeant Loren B. Taylor, a drill sergeant who'd had sex with three women recruits at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, was given five months in prison and a bad-conduct discharge in the first sentencing of the burgeoning Army sex scandal.
A grand jury in St. Petersburg, Florida, declined to indict police officer Jim Knight, who had shot black motorist TyRon Lewis to death the previous month; the decision prompted angry mobs to return to the streets.
The United Nations decided to withdraw all weapons inspectors from Iraq after Saddam Hussein ordered Americans on the UN team out.
President Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to drop her sexual harassment lawsuit ending the four-year legal battle that spurred the impeachment proceedings against him.
The Navy recovered the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990, which crashed into the Atlantic Ocean October 31 with the loss of all 217 people aboard.
Lennox Lewis became the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world, winning a unanimous decision over Evander Holyfield in Las Vegas.
Donald Mills, last surviving member of the singing Mills Brothers, died in Los Angeles at age 84.
Afghan opposition fighters rolled into Kabul after Taliban troops slipped away under cover of darkness, abandoning the capital without a fight. Eight foreign aid workers - two Americans, two Australians and four Germans - held captive in Afghanistan for three months were freed from a prison by anti-Taliban fighters.
President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin met at the White House, where they pledged to slash Cold War-era nuclear arsenals by two-thirds but remained at odds over American plans to develop a missile defense shield.
Ariane 5 rocket launch postponed
Chinese hunger strike continues at Australian detention centre
Sony to suspend use of controversial CD software
Clinton speaks at Rabin memorial service
20,000 South Koreans take to the streets to protest APEC
UN pressures Iran with nuclear compromise plan
World Trade, Bird Flu to be discussed at APEC
British man fully "recovers" from HIV
French police ban public meetings and increase security measures in Paris
New South Wales water supply problems continue
Alberta premier Ralph Klein joke outrages Liberal MP Belinda Stronach
Orcon New Zealand to provide television via Internet
Former Guantanamo detainees convicted in Morocco
UK to step up anti-terror legislation
Man apologizes for grandfather's duty as a concentration camp guard
Gerald Ford oldest living US President ever
Bush's job approval rating plummets
UFDR rebels seize second town in Central Africa Republic
World climate conference in Nairobi
US denies plans for attack on Iran amid report of hunt for evidence against Iran
American politician Augustus F. Hawkins dies at 100
Intel launches 45nm "Penryn" processor aiming for energy-efficiency
H5N1 strain of Avian Flu found in the UK
US interrogators complain of "sickening" pressure for evidence on Iran
Jailed former Taiwanese President on hunger strike
Iranian diplomat abducted in Pakistan
BBC Radio Bristol presenter fired over 'racist' phone call
Bone marrow transplant potentially linked to cure of patient with AIDS
Taliban in Pakistan captures convoy bound for NATO troops
Protesters demonstrate in front of Latter-day Saint temple in L.A.
Second school in Haiti collapses
British Airways and Iberia agree to merge
Irish priest freed from month long captivity in the Philippines
Italian goalkeeper Carlo Cudicini seriously injured in motorcycle accident
Mozambican opposition rejects election results, calls for another vote
Blown for Good author discusses life inside international headquarters of Scientology
US Supreme Court refuses to block "don't ask, don't tell" policy in US Military
Court jails Gloucestershire, UK cop who left freezing man to die
West Palm Beach, Florida plane crash kills four
Aung San Suu Kyi release orders 'signed'