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Today in History

1872
Suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes (illegally)
1911
Singer, actor and "King of the Cowboys", Roy Rogers born Leonard Franklin Slye in Cincinnati, Ohio
1935
Parker Brothers releases new board game called Monopoly
1940
Golden Globe Award winning actress, Elke Sommer born in Berlin, Germany
1943
Actor and Pulizter Prize winning playwright, Sam Shepard born in Fort Sheridan, Illinois
1965
Fashion model, Bond Girl, and movie actress, Famke Janssen born in Amstelveen, The Netherlands
1193
Council of Compigne nullified King Philip II of France's marriage to Ingeborg of Denmark
1219
Damietta taken by the 5th Crusade, after a 62 week siege
1271
Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol Il-Khan of Iran; made Islam the state religion born
1315
the Florentine city-state authorities sentenced Dante to death, as an attempt to get the exiled writer to return to Florence.
1370
Death of Casimir III "the Great," King of Poland
1414
The Council of Constance opens to end the Great Schism. It deposed all three rival popes, but also executed Bohemian reformers John Huss and Jerome of Prague, and anathematized the teachings of John Wycliffe
1439
Election of Felix V as anti-Pope
1492
Spanish discover maize on Cuba
1494
Hans Sachs born
1494
Occupation of Florence by the French army
1494
Hans Sachs was born in Nuremburg. Sachs was the master singer who inspired Wagner's opera, "Die Meistersinger." That's one of two great German operas based on true life stories. The other one is Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler," based on the painter Matthias Grunewald.
1513
Reform of the Roman University by Pope Leo X
1514
Mary, wife of Louis XII, King of France, crowned Queen
1600
Philip III, King of Spain, tells the Cuban Governor of his reservations about missionary and military efforts in Florida
1605
The "Gunpowder Plot" failed as Guy Fawkes was seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.
1639
1st American colonial post office established, Boston
1733
German-born publisher John Peter Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal in opposition to the British colonial administration.
1781
John Hanson elected 1st 'President of the United States in Congress assembled' (8 years before Washington was elected).
1854
Combined British-French forces scored a decisive victory over the Russians in the Crimea.
1855
Socialist presidential candidate Eugene V. Debs born
1857
Ida Tarbell, muckraker born
1872
Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined 100 dollars for attempting to vote for President Grant. (She never paid the fine.)
1885
Historian Will Durant (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization) born
1891
Football Hall of Famer Alfred 'Greasy' Neale born
1893
Inventor and engineer Raymond Loewy ('father of streamlining,' US Postal Service logo, Air Force One and many other products such as pens, appliances, cars and trains) born
1895
1st US patent granted for the automobile, to George B Selden
1895
George B. Selden of Rochester, New York, received the first US patent for an automobile.
1905
Actor Joel McCrea (Ride the High Country, The Oklahoman, Four Faces West, Buffalo Bill, Barbary Coast, Wichita Town) born
1912
Woodrow Wilson was elected president, defeating Progressive Republican Theodore Roosevelt and incumbent Republican William Howard Taft.
1912
Arizona, Wisconsin and Kansas grant women the right to vote.
1912
Actor-singer (Leonard Slye) Roy Rogers ('King of the Cowboys,' actorin more than 85 westerns, The Roy Rogers Show, The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Show; singer: Happy Trails to You) born
1912
Actress Natalie Schafer Gilligan's Island, The Survivors, Forever Darling, The Time of Your Life) born
1913
Actress Vivien (Hartley) Leigh (Gone with the Wind, A Streetcar Named Desire, Ship of Fools, Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Anna Karenina) born
1913
Actor John McGiver (Midnight Cowboy, The Manchurian Candidate, Breakfast at Tiffany's, The Patty Duke Show, Mr. Terrific, Many Happy Returns, The Jimmy Stewart Show) born
1917
In Moscow, following abdication of Russian Czar Nicholas II, the historic Orthodox Church Council of 1917-18 restored the office of patriarch, suppressed by Peter the Great in 1700.
1919
Musician Myron Floren ("The Lawrence Welk Show") born
1930
The first commercial television broadcast was aired.
1930
Sinclair Lewis is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters."
1931
Singer-songwriter Ike Turner (It's Gonna Work Out Fine, Poor Fool, Tra La La La, I Idolize You, Proud Mary) born
1935
The Cooperative General Association of Free Will Baptists (northern U.S.) and the General Conference of Free Will Baptists (southern U.S.) merged in Nashville, TN, to form the National Association of Free Will Baptists.
1935
Parker Brothers launches Monopoly.
1936
Songwriter, musician Billy Sherrill (Almost Persuaded) born
1938
Actor Chris Robinson born
1940
President Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office as he defeated Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.
1940
Actress Elke Sommer born
1941
Singer songwriter Art Garfunkel (Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia, Mother and Child Reunion, Me and Julio, Kodachrome, 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover, Slip Slidin' Away) born
1941
Songwriter Barry Sadler (Ballad of the Green Berets) born
1942
Actress Elke (Schletz) Sommer (A Shot in the Dark, The Prize, The Oscar, Prisoner of Zenda) born
1943
Actor-playwright Sam (Sam Shepard Rogers) Shepard (Days of Heaven, The Pelican Brief, The Right Stuff, Steel Magnolias, Voyager; playwright: Silent Tongue, Far North, Fool for Love, Zabriskie Point, Paris Texas) born
1946
Republicans captured control of both the Senate and the House in midterm elections.
1947
Singer Peter Noone (Group Herman's Hermits You've Got a Lovely Daughter, I'm Henry VIII, I Am) born
1950
Billy Graham's "Hour of Decision" program was first broadcast over television.
1952
Basketball Hall of Famer Bill Walton born
1956
Britain and France started landing forces in Egypt during fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces around the Suez Canal. (A cease-fire was declared two days later.)
1958
Actor Jon-Erik Hexum (Voyagers, Cover Up) born
1959
Singer Bryan Adam (Heaven, Summer of '69; songwriter Everything I Do; songwriter: Tears are Not Enough) born
1963
Actress Andrea McArdle born
1963
Actress Tatum O'Neal (Paper Moon, Bad News Bears, Little Darlings) born
1965
Rock singer Angelo Moore (Fishbone) born
1968
Shirley Chisholm of Brooklyn, New York, is the first black woman elected to serve in the House of Representatives.
1968
Rock musician Mark Hunter (James) born
1968
Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace.
1970
Singer Jennifer Kinley (The Kinleys) born
1970
Singer Heather Kinley (The Kinleys) born
1971
Actor Corin Nemec born
1971
Rock musician Jonny (cq) Greenwood (Radiohead) born
1974
Country singer-musician Ryan Adams (Whiskeytown) born
1982
Actor Jeremy Lelliott born
1983
In a gesture of Christian unity, the Vatican released a letter by Pope John Paul II in which the pontiff praised Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant Reformation.
1984
The Supreme Court ruled that the NFL could not block future franchise moves and had exceeded antitrust limits in attempting to stop a move by the Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles.
1984
On the eve of Election Day 1984, Ronald Reagan and Walter F. Mondale issued their final appeals, the president asking for another term to extend his conservative legacy and the Democrat seeking support for the biggest upset ever.
1985
Spencer W. Kimball, president of the Mormon Church, died at age 90; he was succeeded by Ezra Taft Benson.
1986
President Reagan named Frank Carlucci to succeed retiring Caspar W. Weinberger as secretary of defense.
1986
The White House reaffirmed a U.S. ban on weapons sales to Iran as it sought to curb speculation that an arms deal with Tehran might have been connected to the release of American hostage David Jacobsen.
1986
Supreme Court nominee Douglas H. Ginsburg admitted using marijuana several times in the 1960's and 70's, calling it a mistake.
1987
In South Africa, Goban Mbeki, an early leader of the African National Congress, is released from the Robben Island prison after serving twenty-four years.
1988
With the end of the 1988 campaign in sight, Michael Dukakis vowed to work for those living on "the family budget, not the family fortune" while George Bush pledged not to be "outhustled by the liberal governor from Massachusetts."
1989
Singer-songwriter Barry Sadler dies in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, at age 49.
1989
Death claimed pianist Vladimir Horowitz in New York at age 85
1990
Rabbi Meir Kahane, a Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist, was shot to death after a speech at a New York hotel. (Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was acquitted of state charges, but was later convicted in federal court of Kahane's killing.)
1992
Malice Green, a black motorist, died when he was beaten by Detroit police officers outside a suspected crack house.
1992
Bobby Fischer defeated Boris Spassky in game 30 to win their rematch in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
1993
Talks on restoring ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power collapsed when military representatives failed to attend.
1993
Dennis Russell Davies, who premiered Gorecki's Third Symphony three years before it became a Billboard hit under another man's baton, conducted the Brooklyn Philharmonic in other compositions of the European mystical school.
1994
George Foreman became boxing's oldest heavyweight champion at age 45 after knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their fight in Las Vegas.
1994
Former President Reagan disclosed he had Alzheimer's disease.
1995
An endless procession of Israelis filed past the simple wooden coffin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated the night before.
1996
Voters returned President Clinton to the White House for a second term, but kept both houses of Congress in Republican control.
1996
Russian President Boris Yeltsin successfully underwent a quintuple heart bypass.
1996
Mississippi Governor Kirk Fordice was seriously injured when his car rolled off an Interstate.
1997
The House overwhelmingly approved a bill calling for the most far-reaching changes at the Internal Revenue Service in 45 years.
1998
The UN Security Council unanimously demanded that Iraq resume cooperation with UN weapons inspectors immediately.
1999
U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly, saying the software giant's aggressive actions were "stifling innovation" and hurting consumers.
1999
Pope John Paul II began his first visit to India in 13 years.
2005
Engine troubles delay Airbus superjumbo tour
2005
Nationwide rallies against anti-terror laws held in Australia
2005
Armed gunmen attack cruise ship off Somali coast
2006
Europe suffers widespread power cuts
2006
FBI raids creator of fake boarding pass generator
2006
President of National Association of Evangelicals resigns over gay sex scandal
2006
Beckett to break ranks again?
2006
Australia capture ICC Champions Trophy
2006
New Zealand prisoners do nothing says National party
2006
People rally worldwide for action against climate change
2006
Jordan's King Abdullah meets survivors of Beslan school siege
2006
401st Guy Fawkes celebrated in parts of the Commonwealth
2006
Saddam Hussein sentenced to death for Dujail killings
2006
"Condi" effigy burned at Lewes Bonfire night
2007
Businessman Álvaro Colom wins Guatemalan Presidency
2007
Australia Votes 2007: Howard and Rudd take 'me-tooism' to new heights
2007
Teachers union says Melbourne Cup may be educational opportunity
2007
Reserve Bank of Australia considers interest rate rise
2007
Italy arrests reputed Mafia boss Lo Piccolo
2007
In pictures: UK celebrates Bonfire night
2007
National Church of Scientology recognized in Spain
2007
Space Shuttle Discovery to return to Earth
2007
Satanism: An interview with Church of Satan High Priest Peter Gilmore
2007
Eleven-day "Taiwan Run for UN" torch relay comes to an end
2008
Barack Obama elected 44th President of the United States
2008
Children of smokers more likely to go hungry, according to study
2008
GNU project releases new version of license to allow Wikimedia projects to switch to Creative Commons license
2008
American author Michael Crichton dies at age 66
2008
Colombian army general resigns over civilian deaths
2008
Japan's Air Self-Defense chief fired over essay on wartime history
2009
New ocean forming in African desert
2009
Lord Burns confirmed as new chairman of Channel 4
2009
Automaker GM to cut 10,000 jobs at Opel
2009
British singer Robbie Williams announces his return to boyband Take That
2009
Thirteen dead, several wounded in Fort Hood, Texas shooting
2009
Toyota quits Formula One
2009
India doubles Commonwealth Games budget
2009
Palestinian president Abbas has "no desire" to seek reelection
2009
Australian rules football International cup "community event": Australian Football League
2009
Political fallout from the sacking of Professor David Nutt gathers momentum
2009
New book Blown for Good reveals details inside Scientology headquarters
2009
Italian judge convicts 23 in CIA kidnapping case
2011
Greek PM survives confidence vote
2012
Coptic Christians select their 118th pope
2012
On the campaign trail, October 2012

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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