Council of Compigne nullified King Philip II of France's marriage to Ingeborg of Denmark
Damietta taken by the 5th Crusade, after a 62 week siege
Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol Il-Khan of Iran; made Islam the state religion born
the Florentine city-state authorities sentenced Dante to death, as an attempt to get the exiled writer to return to Florence.
Death of Casimir III "the Great," King of Poland
The Council of Constance opens to end the Great Schism. It deposed all three rival popes, but also executed Bohemian reformers John Huss and Jerome of Prague, and anathematized the teachings of John Wycliffe
Election of Felix V as anti-Pope
Spanish discover maize on Cuba
Occupation of Florence by the French army
Hans Sachs was born in Nuremburg. Sachs was the master singer who inspired Wagner's opera, "Die Meistersinger." That's one of two great German operas based on true life stories. The other one is Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler," based on the painter Matthias Grunewald.
Reform of the Roman University by Pope Leo X
Mary, wife of Louis XII, King of France, crowned Queen
Philip III, King of Spain, tells the Cuban Governor of his reservations about missionary and military efforts in Florida
The "Gunpowder Plot" failed as Guy Fawkes was seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.
1st American colonial post office established, Boston
German-born publisher John Peter Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal in opposition to the British colonial administration.
John Hanson elected 1st 'President of the United States in Congress assembled' (8 years before Washington was elected).
Combined British-French forces scored a decisive victory over the Russians in the Crimea.
Socialist presidential candidate Eugene V. Debs born
Ida Tarbell, muckraker born
Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined 100 dollars for attempting to vote for President Grant. (She never paid the fine.)
Historian Will Durant (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization) born
Football Hall of Famer Alfred 'Greasy' Neale born
Inventor and engineer Raymond Loewy ('father of streamlining,' US Postal Service logo, Air Force One and many other products such as pens, appliances, cars and trains) born
1st US patent granted for the automobile, to George B Selden
George B. Selden of Rochester, New York, received the first US patent for an automobile.
Actor Joel McCrea (Ride the High Country, The Oklahoman, Four Faces West, Buffalo Bill, Barbary Coast, Wichita Town) born
Woodrow Wilson was elected president, defeating Progressive Republican Theodore Roosevelt and incumbent Republican William Howard Taft.
Arizona, Wisconsin and Kansas grant women the right to vote.
Actor-singer (Leonard Slye) Roy Rogers ('King of the Cowboys,' actorin more than 85 westerns, The Roy Rogers Show, The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Show; singer: Happy Trails to You) born
Actress Natalie Schafer Gilligan's Island, The Survivors, Forever Darling, The Time of Your Life) born
Actress Vivien (Hartley) Leigh (Gone with the Wind, A Streetcar Named Desire, Ship of Fools, Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Anna Karenina) born
Actor John McGiver (Midnight Cowboy, The Manchurian Candidate, Breakfast at Tiffany's, The Patty Duke Show, Mr. Terrific, Many Happy Returns, The Jimmy Stewart Show) born
In Moscow, following abdication of Russian Czar Nicholas II, the historic Orthodox Church Council of 1917-18 restored the office of patriarch, suppressed by Peter the Great in 1700.
Musician Myron Floren ("The Lawrence Welk Show") born
The first commercial television broadcast was aired.
Sinclair Lewis is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters."
Singer-songwriter Ike Turner (It's Gonna Work Out Fine, Poor Fool, Tra La La La, I Idolize You, Proud Mary) born
The Cooperative General Association of Free Will Baptists (northern U.S.) and the General Conference of Free Will Baptists (southern U.S.) merged in Nashville, TN, to form the National Association of Free Will Baptists.
Parker Brothers launches Monopoly.
Songwriter, musician Billy Sherrill (Almost Persuaded) born
Actor Chris Robinson born
President Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office as he defeated Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.
Singer songwriter Art Garfunkel (Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia, Mother and Child Reunion, Me and Julio, Kodachrome, 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover, Slip Slidin' Away) born
Songwriter Barry Sadler (Ballad of the Green Berets) born
Actress Elke (Schletz) Sommer (A Shot in the Dark, The Prize, The Oscar, Prisoner of Zenda) born
Actor-playwright Sam (Sam Shepard Rogers) Shepard (Days of Heaven, The Pelican Brief, The Right Stuff, Steel Magnolias, Voyager; playwright: Silent Tongue, Far North, Fool for Love, Zabriskie Point, Paris Texas) born
Republicans captured control of both the Senate and the House in midterm elections.
Singer Peter Noone (Group Herman's Hermits You've Got a Lovely Daughter, I'm Henry VIII, I Am) born
Billy Graham's "Hour of Decision" program was first broadcast over television.
Basketball Hall of Famer Bill Walton born
Britain and France started landing forces in Egypt during fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces around the Suez Canal. (A cease-fire was declared two days later.)
Actor Jon-Erik Hexum (Voyagers, Cover Up) born
Singer Bryan Adam (Heaven, Summer of '69; songwriter Everything I Do; songwriter: Tears are Not Enough) born
Actress Andrea McArdle born
Actress Tatum O'Neal (Paper Moon, Bad News Bears, Little Darlings) born
Rock singer Angelo Moore (Fishbone) born
Shirley Chisholm of Brooklyn, New York, is the first black woman elected to serve in the House of Representatives.
Rock musician Mark Hunter (James) born
Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace.
Singer Jennifer Kinley (The Kinleys) born
Singer Heather Kinley (The Kinleys) born
Rock musician Jonny (cq) Greenwood (Radiohead) born
Country singer-musician Ryan Adams (Whiskeytown) born
Actor Jeremy Lelliott born
In a gesture of Christian unity, the Vatican released a letter by Pope John Paul II in which the pontiff praised Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant Reformation.
The Supreme Court ruled that the NFL could not block future franchise moves and had exceeded antitrust limits in attempting to stop a move by the Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles.
On the eve of Election Day 1984, Ronald Reagan and Walter F. Mondale issued their final appeals, the president asking for another term to extend his conservative legacy and the Democrat seeking support for the biggest upset ever.
Spencer W. Kimball, president of the Mormon Church, died at age 90; he was succeeded by Ezra Taft Benson.
President Reagan named Frank Carlucci to succeed retiring Caspar W. Weinberger as secretary of defense.
The White House reaffirmed a U.S. ban on weapons sales to Iran as it sought to curb speculation that an arms deal with Tehran might have been connected to the release of American hostage David Jacobsen.
Supreme Court nominee Douglas H. Ginsburg admitted using marijuana several times in the 1960's and 70's, calling it a mistake.
In South Africa, Goban Mbeki, an early leader of the African National Congress, is released from the Robben Island prison after serving twenty-four years.
With the end of the 1988 campaign in sight, Michael Dukakis vowed to work for those living on "the family budget, not the family fortune" while George Bush pledged not to be "outhustled by the liberal governor from Massachusetts."
Singer-songwriter Barry Sadler dies in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, at age 49.
Death claimed pianist Vladimir Horowitz in New York at age 85
Rabbi Meir Kahane, a Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist, was shot to death after a speech at a New York hotel. (Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was acquitted of state charges, but was later convicted in federal court of Kahane's killing.)
Malice Green, a black motorist, died when he was beaten by Detroit police officers outside a suspected crack house.
Bobby Fischer defeated Boris Spassky in game 30 to win their rematch in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Talks on restoring ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power collapsed when military representatives failed to attend.
Dennis Russell Davies, who premiered Gorecki's Third Symphony three years before it became a Billboard hit under another man's baton, conducted the Brooklyn Philharmonic in other compositions of the European mystical school.
George Foreman became boxing's oldest heavyweight champion at age 45 after knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their fight in Las Vegas.
Former President Reagan disclosed he had Alzheimer's disease.
An endless procession of Israelis filed past the simple wooden coffin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated the night before.
Voters returned President Clinton to the White House for a second term, but kept both houses of Congress in Republican control.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin successfully underwent a quintuple heart bypass.
Mississippi Governor Kirk Fordice was seriously injured when his car rolled off an Interstate.
The House overwhelmingly approved a bill calling for the most far-reaching changes at the Internal Revenue Service in 45 years.
The UN Security Council unanimously demanded that Iraq resume cooperation with UN weapons inspectors immediately.
U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly, saying the software giant's aggressive actions were "stifling innovation" and hurting consumers.
Pope John Paul II began his first visit to India in 13 years.
Engine troubles delay Airbus superjumbo tour
Nationwide rallies against anti-terror laws held in Australia
Armed gunmen attack cruise ship off Somali coast
Europe suffers widespread power cuts
FBI raids creator of fake boarding pass generator
President of National Association of Evangelicals resigns over gay sex scandal
Beckett to break ranks again?
Australia capture ICC Champions Trophy
New Zealand prisoners do nothing says National party
People rally worldwide for action against climate change
Jordan's King Abdullah meets survivors of Beslan school siege
401st Guy Fawkes celebrated in parts of the Commonwealth
Saddam Hussein sentenced to death for Dujail killings
"Condi" effigy burned at Lewes Bonfire night
Businessman Ãlvaro Colom wins Guatemalan Presidency
Australia Votes 2007: Howard and Rudd take 'me-tooism' to new heights
Teachers union says Melbourne Cup may be educational opportunity
Reserve Bank of Australia considers interest rate rise
Italy arrests reputed Mafia boss Lo Piccolo
In pictures: UK celebrates Bonfire night
National Church of Scientology recognized in Spain
Space Shuttle Discovery to return to Earth
Satanism: An interview with Church of Satan High Priest Peter Gilmore
Eleven-day "Taiwan Run for UN" torch relay comes to an end
Barack Obama elected 44th President of the United States
Children of smokers more likely to go hungry, according to study
GNU project releases new version of license to allow Wikimedia projects to switch to Creative Commons license
American author Michael Crichton dies at age 66
Colombian army general resigns over civilian deaths
Japan's Air Self-Defense chief fired over essay on wartime history
New ocean forming in African desert
Lord Burns confirmed as new chairman of Channel 4
Automaker GM to cut 10,000 jobs at Opel
British singer Robbie Williams announces his return to boyband Take That
Thirteen dead, several wounded in Fort Hood, Texas shooting
India doubles Commonwealth Games budget
Palestinian president Abbas has "no desire" to seek reelection
Australian rules football International cup "community event": Australian Football League
Political fallout from the sacking of Professor David Nutt gathers momentum
New book Blown for Good reveals details inside Scientology headquarters
Italian judge convicts 23 in CIA kidnapping case
Greek PM survives confidence vote
Coptic Christians select their 118th pope
On the campaign trail, October 2012