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Today in History

October Socialist Revolution
1833
Lawyer, novelist, journalist and poet, Jonas Lauritz Idemil Lie born in Modum, Norway
1946
Academy, Golden Globe and Emmy Award winning actress, Sally Margaret Field Mahoney born in Pasadena, California
1955
Author and journalist, Maria Shriver born in Chicago, Illinois
1957
Actress and cellist, Lori Singer born in Corpus Christi, Texas
1984
Ronald Reagan defeats Walter Mondale
1990
14 Saudi women arrrested for driving a car
1991
Boris Yeltsin outlaws Communist Party
1315
Dante Alighieri sentenced to death by Florence, in absentia
1406
Death of Pope Innocent VII
1429
Coronation of Henry VI as King of England
1460
Death of Sir John Falstaff
1479
Joaana "the Mad," Queen of Castile born
1521
Magellan's fleet reaches the Moluccas
1558
Thomas Kyd, playwright ("The Spanish Tragedy"). born
1632
King Gustavus Aldophus of Sweden, dies in battle
1650
Death of William II of Orange, from smallpox
1771
Aloys Senefelder, inventor of lithography. born
1789
The election of the Rt. Rev. John Carroll by Pope Pius VI to be the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States (the diocese of Baltimore), was confirmed.
1796
Catherine the Great died.
1814
Belgian instrument-maker Adolphe Sax, inventor of the saxophone. born
1831
James Garfield, 20th president of the United States. born
1851
Charles Henry Dow, co-founder of Dow Jones and Co. and first editor of The Wall Street Journal. born
1853
The first Chinese Presbyterian Church in the U.S. was organized in San Francisco, California.
1854
"March King" John Philip Sousa(Stars and Stripes Forever, Semper Fidelis, El Capitan, King Cotton, The Thunderer, Washington Post March). born
1860
Polish patriot and piano great Ignace Jan Paderewski (brought white Zinfandel wine grapes to U.S. for the first time) . born
1860
Former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency.
1861
James Naismith, the inventor of the game of basketball. born
1861
Jefferson Davis was elected to a six-year term as president of the Confederacy.
1869
In the first formal intercollegiate football game, Rutgers beat Princeton, 6-4.
1880
Robert Musil, novelist ("The Man Without Qualities"). born
1888
Benjamin Harrison of Indiana won the presidential election, defeating incumbent Grover Cleveland by gaining the required number of electoral votes, even though Cleveland led in the popular vote..
1892
Vaudevillian Ole (John Sigvard) Olsen (team Johnson) born
1893
Composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky died in St. Petersburg Russia, at age 53.
1900
President McKinley was re-elected Jennings Bryan.
1913
Mohandas K. Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
1916
Band leader, Ray Conniff (Theme from Dr. Zhivago, Somewhere My Love) . born
1917
The Bolshevik revolution began in Russia. Because it took place under the old czarist calendar, it is known as the October Revolution.
1917
After three months of horrific fighting, the Third Battle of Ypres finally ends when Canadian forces take the village of Passchendaele in Belgium.
1921
Novelist, James Jones (From Here to Eternity). born
1928
In a first over Alfred E. Smith were flashed onto an electric sign outside the New York Times building.
1931
Actor and director Mike (Michael Igor Peschkowsky) Nichols (The Graduate, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Silkwood, Postcards from the Edge, The Day of the Dolphin). born
1932
Country singer Stonewall Jackson (Waterloo, Me and You and a Dog Named Boo, Help Stamp Out Loneliness, B.J. the D.J., Why I'm Walkin') born
1932
Three months after the Nazi Party gained a majority in German parliamentary elections, the Nazis lose thirty seats in a second election but remain the largest party in the Reichstag.
1937
Singer Eugene Pitt (The Jive Five) born
1938
Singer P.J. Proby born
1941
Singer-musician Doug Sahm (Sir Douglas Quintet; Texas Tornadoes) born
1941
Country singer Guy Clark born
1943
Singer Mike Clifford (Close to Cathy) born
1946
Actress Sally Field (Norma Rae, Places in the Heart ; Gidget series, Steel Magnolias, Mrs. Doubtfire, Smokey and the Bandit series, Hooper, Forrest Gump, Absence of Malice, Sybil, The Flying Nun, Gidget, The Girl with Something Extra, Alias Smith and Jones) born
1947
Meet the Press debuted on American TVnd it is still running.
1948
Pop singer-musician Glenn Frey (The Eagles) born
1950
Copland's Clarinet Concerto was premiered with Benny Goodman playing the solo part under Fritz Reiner and the NBC Symphony. The piece has a soft, even pastoral sound at first, then transforms into something jazzier.
1952
The United States exploded the world's first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the South Pacific.
1954
The French artist Henri Matisse, one of the fauves at the turn of the century, died.
1955
NBC TV newscaster Maria Shriver born
1956
President Eisenhower won re-election Adlai E. Stevenson.
1960
Actor Lance Kerwin (James at 15, The Family Holvak, The Loneliest Runner, The Mysterious Stranger, Salem's Lot, The Snow Queen) born
1962
Actress Lori Singer (Footloose, Short Cuts, Sunset Grill, Summer Heat, Equinox, Fame; musician: cellist) born
1962
The General Assembly of the United Nations adopts a resolution condemning South Africa's racist apartheid policies, and calls on all member states to terminate economic and military relations with South Africa.
1964
Rock singer Corey Glover (Living Colour) born
1966
Actor Peter DeLuise (seaQuest DSV, 21 Jump Street, Children of the Night, Rescue Me, The Midnight Hour) born
1968
Actress Kelly Rutherford born
1970
Actor Ethan Hawke born
1972
Model Rebecca Romijn (hostess, "MTV's House of Style") born
1975
King Hassan II of Morocco launches the Green March, a mass migration in which over 300,000 unarmed Moroccans march into the newly sovereign nation of Western Sahara, waving Moroccan flags and brandishing copies of the Koran.
1976
Benjamin L. Hooks was chosen to be the new executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: succeeding Roy Wilkins.
1977
In Toccoa Falls, Georgia, the Barnes Lake Dam burst, following heavy rains, and the resulting flood destroyed the (Christian and Missionary Alliance) campus of Toccoa Falls Bible Institute. Thirty-eight students and instructors were also killed in the tragedy
1978
Actress Nicole Dubuc (Our House, Major Dad) born
1983
U.S. Army choppers dropped hundreds of leaflets over northern and central Grenada, urging residents to cooperate in locating any Grenadian army or Cuban resisters to the U.S-led invasion.
1984
President Ronald Reagan overwhelmed challenger Walter F. Mondale, winning re-election by a landslide.
1984
For the first time in 193 years, the New York Stock Exchange remained open during a presidential election day. Traders shouted "Boo! Boo! Boo!", in disgust, but the Dow average jumped almost 15 points.
1985
Leftist guerrillas belonging to Columbia's April 19 Movement seized control of the Palace of Justice in Bogota.
1986
Iran arms-for-hostages deal revealed.
1986
Former Navy radioman John A. Walker Jr., the admitted head of a family spy ring, was sentenced in Baltimore to life imprisonment.
1987
Education Secretary William Bennett, acting with President Reagan's approval, asked Supreme Court nominee Douglas H. Ginsburg to withdraw from consideration because of revelations that Ginsburg had used marijuana.
1988
Andrei D. Sakharov, the father of the Soviet dissident movement, arrived in the United States for a two-week trip, less than two years after he was freed from internal exile in the Soviet Union.
1989
Kitty Dukakis, wife of Massachusetts Governor Michael S. Dukakis, was hospitalized after ingesting rubbing alcohol.
1990
About one-fifth of the Universal Studios backlot in southern California was destroyed in an arson fire.
1990
Democrats increased their congressional voting strength in midterm elections.
1991
Kuwait celebrated the dousing of the last of the oil fires ignited by Iraq during the Persian Gulf War.
1992
President-elect Bill Clinton asked Vernon Jordan and Warren Christopher to lead the White House transition team as Clinton accelerated his efforts to select a Cabinet, build a staff and fill thousands of positions.
1993
Heavyweight boxer Evander Holyfield defeated Riddick Bowe in a 12-round fight in Las Vegas; the match was interrupted in the seventh round when an intruder, using a paraglider, tried to fly into the ring.
1994
About 300 people crowded a small church in Union, South Carolina, for the funeral of three-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex Smith, who'd been drowned by their mother, Susan Smith.
1995
Funeral services were held in Jerusalem for assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. President Clinton led the U.S. delegation; Arab dignitaries also attended, including Jordan's King Hussein.
1995
Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell announced plans to move his team to Baltimore.
1996
A day after being re-elected, President Clinton threw a party on the White House lawn; that same day, Clinton also received resignations from his secretaries of state, defense, energy and commerce.
1996
A cyclone struck southeastern India, claiming an estimated one-thousand lives
1997
Former President George Bush opened his presidential library at Texas A&M University; among the guests of honor was President Clinton, the man who'd sent him into retirement.
1997
The Clinton administration warned Iraq it could face military action or economic sanctions if it continued to bar UN weapons inspections.
1998
Newt Gingrich told fellow lawmakers he intended to give up his bid for a third term as House Speaker, following unforeseen Republican losses in mid-term elections.
1998
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (Democrat, New York) announced he would not run for re-election in 2000.
1998
Two suicide bombers were killed when they set off blasts in a crowded open-air market in Jerusalem, injuring a couple of dozen bystanders.
1999
During his visit to India, Pope John Paul II praised Christian missionaries and exhorted his bishops to spread the Christian message across Asia.
1999
Australians rejected a referendum to drop Britain's queen as their head of state.
2001
Billionaire Republican Michael Bloomberg won New York City's mayoral race, defeating Democrat Mark Green.
2001
The Federal Reserve slashed its federal funds rate, the key benchmark for overnight loans, by a half-point to 2 percent, its lowest level in 40 years.
2001
Baseball owners voted 28-2 to eliminate two major league teams by the 2002 season.
2005
Farmers hunt for missing bull semen
2005
Man charged in £26.5m robbery
2005
First television channel in Esperanto launches online
2005
Thunderbird wins MBA rugby tournament
2006
Ipsos Reid: Poll shows more Canadians oppose Afghan mission
2006
Record amount of fires during New Zealand Guy Fawkes
2006
Liberal Leadership Candidate Bob Rae warns about reopening Constitution
2006
First female governor in Nigeria sworn in amid misconduct controversy
2006
Supreme Court orders resumption of sealing drive in New Delhi
2006
Palestinian teenager killed in Israeli airstrike
2006
Taiwan president speaks to defend himself from corruption charges
2006
Canadian PM and Quebec premier announce plans for highway development in Montreal
2006
Historic Florida attraction, Gatorland, partly destroyed by fire
2006
Pranab and Oli discuss Nepal peace talks
2006
Prachanda and Koirala resume Nepal peace talks
2006
Hackers try to use German Wikipedia to spread links to malicious code
2006
Air America radio files for bankruptcy, allegedly due to advertiser blackout
2006
U.S. mid-term race tightens on the eve of election
2007
Caribou plays the Bowery Ballroom
2007
Belgium still without government, new record set
2007
ING Taipei Marathon: Charity & Kids Running comes back to Taipei
2007
Australian soldier dies in East Timor barracks
2007
Founder of Alibaba Group Jack Ma talks about e-commerce in Taiwan
2007
Iraqi troops uncover mass grave
2007
Colbert officially withdraws Presidential bid; Obama supporters pressured South Carolina
2007
Efficient wins Melbourne Cup
2007
Mukasey nomination as attorney general moves to US Senate
2007
Ron Paul receives US$4 million in donations in 24 hours
2007
US Air Force suspends most F-15 operations following crash
2007
Senate committee investigating six televangelists
2007
Bush pledges support for Turkey after meeting with PM
2008
Indian filmmaker Baldev Raj Chopra dies at age 94
2009
Two NATO soldiers reported missing in Afghanistan, search underway
2009
Saudi Arabia resumes livestock trade with Somalia
2009
Hurricane Ida comes ashore in Nicaragua
2009
22 killed after bus falls into gorge in northern India
2009
Local community on Australian Sunshine Coast compromises with McDonald's
2009
Stolen minibus recovered 35 years after theft
2009
Shooting rampage in Orlando, Florida leaves one dead, seven injured
2009
WHO states H1N1 swine flu world's most dominant virus
2009
Ousted Honduran president says crisis deal has failed
2009
UN endorses Israel-Palestinian war crimes report
2009
Zimbabwe prime minister Tsvangirai ends cabinet boycott
2009
US unemployment rate surpasses 10%
2009
Olympic condoms auctioned: "faster, higher, stronger"
2009
Four people die after contracting H1N1 swine flu virus in West Midlands, England
2010
UK judge reveals gang warfare crimes of policeman
2012
Officer dies in Glasgow police station shooting incident

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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