Death of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Count Jan Zizka, Bohemian military hero, dies of plague
Pope Julius II forms the "Holy League"
Pope Leo X names King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
The Catholics defeat the Protestants at Kappel during Switzerland's second civil war.
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, gives Milan to his son Philip
Trial of Mary, Queen of Scots
Wexford, Ireland, sacked by Cromwell's troops
George II of England crowned.
Clergyman Mason Locke Weems, who invented the story of George Washington and the cherry tree.
The first naval battle of Lake Champlain was fought during the American Revolution. American forces led by General Benedict Arnold suffered heavy losses, but managed to stall the British.
Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski was killed while fighting for American independence during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Georgia.
The first steam powered ferry, Juliana, plies route between New York City and Hoboken.
Englishman George Williams, founder of the YMCA. born
Chopin's 1st Piano Concerto premiered. Warsaw audiences heard it first. It was a hit from the first hearing, unlike its successor, which struck critics as being diffuse and unmemorable.
Food industry pioneer Henry John Heinz. born
The Confederate Congress in Richmond passes a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service.
Thomas Alva Edison filed papers for his first invention electrical vote recorder to rapidly tabulate floor votes in Congress. Members of Congress rejected it.
Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who killed at least a dozen men, is hanged, but it took two tries; on the first try, the rope slipped and his knees drug the ground.
Roll film for cameras was patented by D.H. Houston of Cambria, Wisconsin.
First lady and author Eleanor Roosevelt. born
The Daughters of the American Revolution was founded in Washington DC.
Classical composer Anton Bruckner died in Vienna. A member of the Romantic school, Bruckner's chorales and symphonies were heavily influenced by Wagner and Beethoven. He was employed as a cathedral organist at Linz and then from the 1860s he was also a professor at the Vienna Conservatory. Bruckner left his last symphony unfinished.
Boers declare war on Great Britain. The term Boers refers to South Africans of Dutch heritage who kept the Calvinist religious tradition and the language of Afrikaans (a dialect of Dutch) They had fled British rule in the Voertrek and were later incorporated back into English South Africa which led to the a series of Boer Wars. In one of these Winston Churchill was captured and later escaped which made him famous.
San Francisco school board orders the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.
American journalist Joseph Alsop born
Despite international protests, Edith Cavell, an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners.
Choreographer Jerome Robbins born
Singer Dottie (Dorothy) West (Marsh) (Here Comes My Baby, Country Sunshine, Is this Me?, Would You Hold It Against Me, What are We Doin' in Love) born
The World War Two Battle of Cape Esperance began in the Solomons, resulting in an American victory over the Japanese.
Country singer Gene Watson. born
Negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down. Nationalist and Communist troops are soon engaged in a civil war.
Singer-musician Daryl Hall. born
Rhythm-and-blues musician Andrew Woolfolk (Earth, Wind and Fire) born
The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts.
Director Catlin Adams born
Country singer Paulette Carlson born
The lunar probe "Pioneer One" was launched; it failed to go as far out as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the atmosphere.
Football player Steve Young born
Pope John the 23rd convened the first session of the Roman Catholic Church's 21st Ecumenical Council, also known as "Vatican Two." This was the largest gathering of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in history.
Actress Joan Cusack. born
Jean Cocteau, who wrote the libretto to Stravinsky's "Oedipus Rex," died. (French songbird Edith Piaf died the same day.)
Actress Jane Krakowski ("Ally McBeal") born
"Apollo Seven," the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham aboard.
Live from New York! It's Saturday Night! The late-night comedy show, "Saturday Night Live", made it's debut this night. George Carlin was the first guest host. Also in the cast, the wonderful ensemble of Chevy Chase, John Belushi, Dan Ackroyd, Gilda Radner, Jane Curtin and the voice of Don Pardo.
William Jefferson Clinton and Hilary Rodham were married in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Bill was 29 and Hilary was just 27 years old.
The so-called "Gang of Four," Chairman Mao Tse-tung's widow and three associates are arrested in Peking, setting in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party.
space shuttle "Challenger" astronaut Kathy Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.
Actress Michelle Trachtenberg born
Arab-American activist Alex Odeh was killed by a bomb blast in Santa Ana, California.
President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev opened two days of talks concerning arms control and human rights in Reykjavik, Iceland.
Thousands of homosexual rights activists marched through Washington to demand protection from discrimination and more federal money for AIDS research and treatment.
Violence began to subside in Algeria, where mass rioting by youths had broken out a week earlier, prompting the government to declare a state of siege.
The House narrowly approved an amendment to an appropriations bill that would restore Medicaid for abortions in cases of rape or incest. (President Bush vetoed the bill, and the veto was upheld.)
About 60,000 people rallied in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in support of a government proposal to seize all Communist Party property without compensation.
Octavio Paz was named the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, the first Mexican writer so honored.
Testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee, law professor Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexually harassing her; Thomas then reappeared before the panel to denounce the proceedings as a "high-tech lynching."
Comedian Redd Foxx died in Los Angeles at age 68.
President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent candidate Ross Perot met for the first of three debates, this one held at Washington University in St. Louis.
In Haiti, army-backed toughs prevented American troops from landing as part of a UN peace mission and drove away US diplomats waiting to greet the soldiers.
Yasser Arafat won endorsement for his peace accord with Israel from the Palestine Central Council.
Iraqi troops began moving north, away from the Kuwaiti border.
The Colorado Supreme Court declared the state's anti-gay rights measure unconstitutional.
U.S. troops in Haiti took over the National Palace.
Americans Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland and Dutch scientist Paul Crutzen won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their controversial work warning that gases once used in spray cans and other items are destroying Earth's protective ozone layer.
Ten Republican presidential candidates used their first televised forum to politely compete for support in the New Hampshire primary.
Roman Catholic Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jose Ramos-Horta of East Timor won the Nobel Peace Prize for their pro-democracy efforts in troubled East Timor.
Authorities reported no survivors from the overnight crash of an Argentine jetliner in Uruguay which killed all 74 people on board.
Pope John Paul II decreed the first Jewish-born saint of the modern era: Edith Stein, a nun who died in the gas chambers of Auschwitz.
Dr. Guenter Blobel of New York's Rockefeller University won the Nobel Prize for medicine for discovering how proteins find their rightful places in cells.
U.S. poll numbers sink on Iraq
Former SA Deputy President Appears In Court
Warrants issued for 28 in Iraqi corruption scandal
Moderate earthquake hits Indonesia
French teacher in hiding after criticizing Islam
New Zealand Government announces record surplus
Trains collide in eastern France
India's Kiran Desai wins Booker Prize for "The Inheritance of Loss"
Giant camel bones found in Syria
Canadian MP Belinda Stronach has first interview since affair with Tie Domi
New agitations over cartoons of Prophet Mohammed
Chinese soldiers shoot Tibetans crossing into Nepal
Dark matter lacks extra gravitational force
Geneva bomb scare causes chaos
Small aircraft crashes into building in New York City
U.S. promises not to invade North Korea
French schoolgirl injured with stones in playground
PM Blair says India's nuclear programme should not be compared to N. Korea's
Imagination Movers to shoot Disney series pilot
Frankfurt International Book Fair opens
PV Taiwan 2007: ITRI Taiwan awards winners of Jinyi Award and shows the solutions on photovoltaic industry
Doris Lessing wins Nobel Prize for Literature
McGuinty wins re-election in Ontario General Election
AMC Airlines charter plane makes emergency landing on belly in Istanbul
PV Taiwan starts with photovoltaic solutions and applications
PAD plan protest for Monday; Thai political crisis ongoing
Iceland and United Kingdom in diplomatic dispute over financial crisis
Preliminary report released on Spanair disaster that killed 154
Several injured in suicide bomb blast near police lane, Islamabad
NFL: Cowboys cornerback Pacman Jones can't discuss police incident
Bush attempts to reassure Americans in radio address
'Troopergate' investigation finds Palin abused her power
Police in Bathurst, NSW assaulted with "sex toy"
G7 says "all available tools" will be used to solve crisis
17 killed after Cambodian ferry capsizes
22 hostages freed after raid in Pakistani army headquarters
Boyzone member Stephen Gately dies at age 33
Author Amy Scobee recounts abuse as Scientology executive
NASCAR: Tony Stewart wins Pepsi Max 400
Andrew Marr angers bloggers, describing them as 'inadequate, pimpled and single'
Gilad Shalit to be exchanged for Palestinian prisoners